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Showing "Aeglea Biotherapeutics AGLE Presents Society Immunotherapy Cancer Slideshow" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 27,000+

Combined immunotherapy encompassing intratumoral poly-ICLC, dendritic-cell vaccination and radiotherapy in advanced cancer patients.

Combination immunotherapy has the potential to achieve additive or synergistic effects. Combined local injections of dsRNA analogues (mimicking viral RNA) and repeated vaccinations with tumor-lysate loaded dendritic cells shows efficacy against colon cancer mouse models. In the context of immunotherapy, radiotherapy can exert beneficial abscopal effects.

Liquid Biopsies and Cancer Immunotherapy.

Cancer immunotherapy has recently undergone rapid advances and has become an integral part of the treatment armamentarium in various malignancies. However, tissue-based biomarker development in this arena has been slow, and valid biomarker identification to guide immunotherapeutic management is desperately needed. "Liquid" or blood-based biopsies potentially offer more convenient and efficient means to judge the immune milieu of individual patients and identify who will benefit most from immunotherapy. The ...

Immunotherapy in Prostate Cancer: Teaching an Old Dog New Tricks.

Immunotherapy is rapidly transforming cancer care across a range of tumor types. Although Sipuleucel-T represented the first successful vaccine for the treatment of established cancer, other immunotherapeutic approaches for prostate cancer such as checkpoint inhibitors have been relatively disappointing to date. However, significant promise is on the horizon as there is a wide array trials evaluating immunotherapy in prostate cancer patients. These include both immune checkpoint inhibitors and antigen-speci...

Allergen extracts for immunotherapy in Latin America.

The Latin American Society of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (SLAAI) presents a document about the use of immunotherapy (IT) in Latin America, where administration patterns, indications and contraindications, effects on health, adverse events and socioeconomic impact are reviewed.

Immune tumor board: integral part in the multidisciplinary management of cancer patients treated with cancer immunotherapy.

Recent progress in the understanding of immune responses to cancer and how tumor cells evade immune control have led to the successful introduction of cancer immunotherapy, in particular immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI). Treatment of cancer patients with immunotherapy such as ICIs has led to new challenges, including starting and stopping rules for immunotherapy, the management of immune-related adverse events, and logistic issues for the production of cellular therapies and viral delivery vectors. These ...

A Randomized Phase 2 Study of ADXS11-001 Listeria monocytogenes-Listeriolysin O Immunotherapy With or Without Cisplatin in Treatment of Advanced Cervical Cancer.

A global unmet medical need exists for effective treatments for persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer, as patients have a short life expectancy. Recently, immunotherapies have shown promising survival benefits for patients with advanced forms of cancer. Axalimogene filolisbac (ADXS11-001), a Listeria monocytogenes immunotherapy with a broad effect on the immune system, is under investigation for treatment of human papillomavirus-associated cancers including cervical cancer.

Recent advances in applying nanotechnologies for cancer immunotherapy.

Cancer immunotherapy aimed at boosting cancer-specific immunoresponses to eradicate tumor cells has evolved as a new treatment modality. Nanoparticles incorporating antigens and immunomodulatory agents can activate immune cells and modulate the tumor microenvironment to enhance antitumor immunity. The nanotechnology approach has been demonstrated to be superior to standard formulations in in-vivo settings. In this article, we focus on recent advances made within the last 5 years in nanoparticle-based cancer...

as a Vector for Cancer Immunotherapy: Current Understanding and Progress.

, a Gram-positive facultative anaerobic bacterium, is becoming a popular vector for cancer immunotherapy. Indeed, multiple vaccines have been developed utilizing modified as a tool for generating immune responses against a variety of cancers. Moreover, over a dozen clinical trials testing cancer vaccines are currently underway, which will help to understand the utility of vaccines in cancer immunotherapy. This review aims to summarize current views on how -based vaccines induce potent antitumor immunity ...

Targeting immunotherapy for bladder cancer using anti-CD3× B7-H3 bispecific antibody.

B7-H3 is attractive for cancer immunotherapy with B7-H3 overexpressed tumors. To explore whether B7-H3 is an effective target for patients with bladder cancer, anti-CD3× anti-B7-H3 bispecific antibodies (B7-H3Bi-Ab) was armed with activated T cells (ATC) to kill bladder cancer cells.

Immunotherapy for pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma and colon carcinoma with pembrolizumab: A case report.

Novel treatment strategies such as immunotherapy are being evaluated to further improve the outcomes of colorectal cancer patients. To our knowledge, this is the first report to show both the successful treatment of pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with pembrolizumab alongside histological and immunohistochemical findings of resected colon cancer under immunotherapy for lung cancer.

Cancer screening in the United States, 2018: A review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and current issues in cancer screening.

Each year, the American Cancer Society publishes a summary of its guidelines for early cancer detection, data and trends in cancer screening rates from the National Health Interview Survey, and select issues related to cancer screening. In this 2018 update, we also summarize the new American Cancer Society colorectal cancer screening guideline and include a clarification in the language of the 2013 lung cancer screening guideline. CA Cancer J Clin 2018. © 2018 American Cancer Society.

Modulating T-cell-based cancer immunotherapy via particulate systems.

Immunotherapy holds tremendous promise for improving cancer treatment in which an appropriate stimulator may naturally trigger the immune system to control cancer. Up-to-date, adoptive T-cell therapy has received two new FDA approvals that provide great hope for some cancer patient groups. Nevertheless, expense and safety-related issues require further study to obtain insight into targets for efficient immunotherapy. The development of material science was largely responsible for providing a promising horiz...

Regulatory mechanisms of PD-L1 expression in cancer cells.

Immunotherapy targeting the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway using antibodies is effective in the clinical treatment of a multitude of cancers. This makes research of the regulatory mechanisms of PD-1 expression in cancer cells intriguing. PD-L1 expression can be categorized into inducible expression, attributed to extrinsic factors in the microenvironment, and constitutive expression, attributed to intrinsic cancer-driving gene alteration. The mechanisms of PD-L1 expression in cancer cells operate at multiple levels, in...

Targeting Programmed Cell Death -1 (PD-1) and Ligand (PD-L1): A new era in cancer active immunotherapy.

Improved understanding of the immune system and its role in cancer development and progression has led to impressive advances in the field of cancer immunotherapy over the last decade. Whilst the field is rapidly evolving and the list of drugs receiving regulatory approval for the treatment of various cancers is fast growing, the group of PD1- PDL-1 inhibitors is establishing a leading role amongst immunomodulatory agents. PD1- PDL-1 inhibitors act against pathways involved in adaptive immune suppression re...

Checkpoint blockade-based immunotherapy in the context of tumor microenvironment: Opportunities and challenges.

A dynamic and mutualistic interaction between tumor cells and tumor microenvironment (TME) promotes the progression and metastasis of solid tumors. Cancer immunotherapy is becoming a major treatment paradigm for a variety of cancers. Although immunotherapy, especially the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors, has achieved clinical success, only a minority of patients exhibits durable responses. Clinical studies directed at identifying appropriate biomarkers and immune profiles that can be used to predict imm...

Mouse Models for Studying Oral Cancer: Impact in the Era of Cancer Immunotherapy.

Model systems for oral cancer research have progressed from tumor epithelial cell cultures to in vivo systems that mimic oral cancer genetics, pathological characteristics, and tumor-stroma interactions of oral cancer patients. In the era of cancer immunotherapy, it is imperative to use model systems to test oral cancer prevention and therapeutic interventions in the presence of an immune system and to discover mechanisms of stromal contributions to oral cancer carcinogenesis. Here, we review in vivo mouse ...

Self-supplied tumor oxygenation through separated liposomal delivery of H2O2 and catalase for enhanced radio-immunotherapy of cancer.

The recent years have witnessed the blooming of cancer immunotherapy, as well as their combinational use together with other existing cancer treatment techniques including radiotherapy. However, the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) caused by hypoxia seems to impair the efficacy of such treatment approaches. Herein, we develop an innovative strategy to relieve tumor hypoxia by delivering exogenous H2O2 into tumors and the subsequent catalase-triggered H2O2 decomposition. In our experiment, H2O2...

Synthetic Biology and Engineered Live Biotherapeutics: Toward Increasing System Complexity.

Recent advances in synthetic biology and biological system engineering have allowed the design and construction of engineered live biotherapeutics targeting a range of human clinical applications. In this review, we outline how systems approaches have been used to move from simple constitutive systems, where a single therapeutic molecule is expressed, to systems that incorporate sensing of the in vivo environment, feedback, computation, and biocontainment. We outline examples where each of these capabiliti...

The roles of PD-1/PD-L1 and its signalling pathway in gastrointestinal tract cancers.

Cancer immunotherapy has been increasingly applied in the treatment of advanced malignancies. Consequently, immune checkpoints have become a major concern. As PD-1 is an important immunomodulatory protein, the blockade of PD-1 and its ligand PD-L1 is a promising tumour immunotherapy for human carcinoma. In this review, we first discussed the role of the PD-1/PD-L1 interaction in gastrointestinal tract cancers. Targeting PD-1 and PD-L1 in immune cells and tumour cells may show remarkable efficiency in gas...

Immunotherapy for Prostate Cancer: Where Do We Go From Here?-PART 1: Prostate Cancer Vaccines.

Immunotherapies have emerged as a revolutionary modality for cancer treatment, and a variety of immune-based approaches are currently being investigated in the field of prostate cancer. Despite the 2010 approval of sipuleucel-T, subsequent progress in prostate cancer immunotherapy development has been limited by disappointing results with novel vaccination approaches and by prostate cancer's general resistance to immune checkpoint blockade. Nevertheless, there remains strong preclinical and clinical evidenc...

Expression of NY-ESO-1, MAGE-A3, PRAME and WT1 in different subgroups of breast cancer: An indication to immunotherapy?

Cancer Testis Antigens are immunogenic tumor-specific proteins. We investigated NY-ESO-1, MAGE-A3 and PRAME, in addition to WT1 expression in different Breast Cancer (BC) subtypes. We then evaluated the expression rate of NY-ESO-1 in early Triple Negative breast cancer (TNBC), and investigated whether its expression would be maintained or lost in the metastatic setting to explore possible immunotherapy indication.

Nanoparticle-based photo-triggered cancer immunotherapy and its domino effect in the tumor microenvironment.

Immune system evasion by cancer cells is one of the hallmarks of cancers, and it occurs with the support of tumor-associated immune cells (TICs) in the tumor microenvironment that increase the growth and invasiveness of tumor cells. With recent advancements in the development of novel near infrared (NIR)-responsive nanoparticles, specifically eradicating TICs or inducing an inflammatory immune response by activating killer T cells has become possible. This review will discuss the mechanisms and applications...

The 46th David A. Karnofsky Memorial Award Lecture: Oligometastasis-From Conception to Treatment.

Metastasis from most adult solid tumors generally has been considered to be widespread and incurable. Here, I present clinical and molecular data to support the hypothesis that some metastases are limited in number and pace and are curable with ablative therapies. I advance the hypothesis that immunotherapy combined with radiotherapy may be a general strategy to increase the number of patients with metastatic cancer amenable to cure. I further suggest that, in the context of ablative radiotherapy, the poten...

Cell Penetration Profiling Using the Chloroalkane Penetration Assay.

Biotherapeutics are a promising class of molecules in drug discovery, but they are often limited to extracellular targets due to their poor cell penetration. High-throughput cell penetration assays are required for the optimization of biotherapeutics for enhanced cell penetration. We developed a HaloTag-based assay called the ChloroAlkane Penetration Assay (CAPA), which is quantitative, high-throughput, and compartment-specific. We demonstrate the ability of CAPA to profile extent of cytosolic penetration w...

Older melanoma patients aged 75 and above retain responsiveness to anti-PD1 therapy: results of a retrospective single-institution cohort study.

The utility of immunotherapy in elderly melanoma patients is debated. We aimed in this study to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of immunotherapy among elderly patients.

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