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22:19 EST 16th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "After stroke women significantly more likely have dangerous" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 23,000+

Stroke risks in women with dysmenorrhea by age and stroke subtype.

Dysmenorrhea and stroke are health problems affecting women worldwide in their day-to-day lives; however, there is limited knowledge of the stroke risk in women with dysmenorrhea, and there have been no studies assessing the specific distribution of stroke subtypes. This case-control study assessed stroke subtypes by age and the role of comorbidities in women with dysmenorrhea.

Short-term exposure to air pollution and incidence of stroke in the Women's Health Initiative.

Evidence of the association between daily variation in air pollution and risk of stroke is inconsistent, potentially due to the heterogeneity in stroke etiology.

Novel insights into stroke pain beliefs and perceptions.

: Chronic pain is common following stroke, yet its characteristics are poorly understood.: To characterize the beliefs and perceptions of people with stroke who experience chronic pain and compare these to a non-stroke population with chronic pain.: An online survey of the Pain Beliefs and Perceptions Inventory for stroke and non-stroke individuals with chronic pain. Pain beliefs and perceptions, including perceived causes of pain, were compared across the two groups.: A total of 223 participants completed ...

Women's successful aging.

The authors investigated women's successful aging in the context of well-being and satisfaction with life. This study was conducted with 129 women in Women's Rest Homes in the province of Adana, Turkey. It was found that satisfaction with life (SL) was significantly associated with successful aging (SAS) ( = .350; = .005;  = 2.833), and SAS ( = .358; = .008;  = 2.632) and SL ( = .669;  ≤ 0.001;  = 4.774) were significantly associated with women's well-being (WBI). Women in the 60-66 age ...

Physical Activity, Hormone Therapy Use, and Stroke Risk among Women in the California Teachers Study Cohort.

Postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) increases the risk of stroke. Here we evaluate whether leisure time physical activity (LTPA) can change stroke risk in women using HT, leveraging data from the California Teachers Study.

Sex differences in risk factors for stroke in patients with hypertension and hyperhomocysteinemia.

Data on the sex-specific differences in risk of stroke among patients with H-type hypertension are limited. We aimed to analyze interactions between sex and other risk factors on stroke, including the sex-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) interaction. A retrospective analysis of baseline data from 2040 patients with hypertension and hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) included demographic characteristics, biomarkers, history of chronic diseases and lifestyle factors. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction ...

Cases in Precision Medicine: A Personalized Approach to Stroke and Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Women.

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among women in the United States, and stroke is third. This article uses a case scenario to examine female sex-specific cardiovascular risk factors across the lifespan and describes a precision medicine-based approach to risk factor modification and primary prevention. It also presents recent updates to the role of genetic testing and polygenic risk scores for the prediction of stroke and cardiovascular disease.

Women's Preferences for Maternal and Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality in Childbirth.

To measure utility values that describe women's willingness to tradeoff maternal morbidity for fetal benefit among pregnant and nonpregnant women of reproductive age. We recruited English-speaking women aged 18 to 45 years in clinical and community-based settings. Eight health states were studied: 4 maternal (healthy, stroke, hysterectomy, death) and 4 neonatal (healthy, severe cerebral palsy [CP], severe mental retardation [MR], death). Utilities were assessed on a subset of 9 pairs of mom/baby delivery o...

The management of infective endocarditis complicated by stroke.

Every year stroke affects 230 per 100,000 population in the United Kingdom and accounts for 11% of all deaths (1). Infective endocarditis (IE) has an incidence of 3-9 per 100,000 in developed countries and is 2.5 times more common in men than women (2). Stroke is the commonest neurological complication of IE and complicates 20-40% of all cases (3-5). Stroke can present as the primary manifestation of IE and the risk remains high for recurrence several months following the diagnosis (4,6). Ischaemic and haem...

Utilization of acute vascular imaging and neurointervention for acute ischaemic stroke patients in 20 Hungarian stroke centers.

Acute mortality rate of stroke in Hungary is significantly higher than in Western Europe, which is likely to be partially attributable to suboptimal treatment.

Effect of a Novel Transition Program on Disability After Stroke: A Trial Protocol.

A gap in care for stroke survivors exists at the point of transition from inpatient rehabilitation to home, when survivors encounter new environmental barriers because of the cognitive and sensorimotor sequelae of stroke. Resolving these barriers and improving independence in the community have the potential to significantly improve stroke survivors' long-term morbidity.

RNA expression studies in stroke: what can they tell us about stroke mechanism?

Diagnosis of stroke and understanding the mechanism of stroke is critical to implement optimal treatment. RNA expressed in peripheral blood cells is emerging as a precision biomarker to aid in stroke diagnosis and prediction of stroke cause. In this review, we summarize available data regarding the role of RNA to predict stroke, the rationale for these changes, and a discussion of novel mechanistic insight and clinical applications.

Comparison of Awareness of Stroke Warning Signs between Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors and Families and the General Population without Stroke.

Association of gene polymorphisms with ischemic stroke.

DIAPH1 is a formin protein involved in actin polymerization with important roles in vascular remodeling and thrombosis. To investigate potential associations of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with hypertension and stroke, 2,012 patients with hypertension and 2,210 controls, 2,966 stroke cases [2,212 ischemic stroke (IS), 754 hemorrhagic stroke (HS)] and 2,590 controls were enrolled respectively in the case-control study. A total of 4,098 individual were included in the cohort study. mRNA expressio...

Evaluation of Patients with High National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale as Thrombectomy Candidates Using the Kentucky Appalachian Stroke Registry.

Mechanical thrombectomy has become standard of care for emergent large vessel occlusive stroke. Estimates of incidence for thrombectomy eligibility vary significantly. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) of 10 or greater is highly predictive of large vessel occlusion. Using our Kentucky Appalachian Stroke Registry (KApSR), we evaluated temporal trends in stroke admissions with NIHSS ≥10 to determine patient characteristics among that group along with effects and needs in thrombectomy utiliz...

Ischaemic heart disease and stroke mortality by specific coal type among non-smoking women with substantial indoor air pollution exposure in China.

Lifetime use of bituminous ('smoky') coal is associated with nearly a 100-fold higher risk of lung cancer mortality compared with anthracite ('smokeless') coal use in rural Xuanwei, China, among women. Risk of mortality from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke for these coal types has not been evaluated.

Apolipoprotein B/AI ratio as an independent risk factor for intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis.

To investigate the relation of higher apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein AI (apoB/AI) ratio with the risk of suffering intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) in both stroke and non-stroke population, we enrolled 1138 patients with acute ischemic stroke (359 with ICAS, 779 without ICAS) and 1072 non-stroke controls (239 with ICAS, 833 without ICAS) into the study. ICAS was defined as atherosclerotic stenosis >50% or the occlusion of the several main intracranial arteries. ApoB/AI ratio of patients with IC...

Platelet count and mean volume in acute stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Changes of mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet count (PC) could be a marker or a predictor of acute stroke (AS). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature on the reporting of MPV and PC in AS. Studies were included in accordance with Patient Population or Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcomes, and Setting framework. The PRISMA strategy was used to report findings. Risk of bias was assessed with the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. We included 34 eligible articles retrie...

Effects of chronic antidepressant use on neurophysiological responses to tDCS post-stroke.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) induces neuroplastic changes in the motor cortex of healthy individuals and has become a candidate intervention to promote recovery post-stroke. However, neurophysiological effects of tDCS in stroke are poorly understood. Antidepressant medications, which are commonly prescribed post-stroke, have the potential to significantly affect cortical excitability and alter responsiveness to tDCS interventions, yet these effects have not previously been examined.

Development of stroke identification algorithm for claims data using the multicenter stroke registry database.

Identifying acute ischemic stroke (AIS) among potential stroke cases is crucial for stroke research based on claims data. However, the accuracy of using the diagnostic codes of the International Classification of Diseases 10th revision was less than expected.

Visit-to-Visit Variability of Lipids Measurements and the Risk of Stroke and Stroke Types: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Previous studies suggested increased visit-to-visit variability of total cholesterol (TC) is associated with stroke. This study aimed to investigate the associations of various lipids measurements variability and the risk of stroke and stroke type (ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke).

Cancer-Related Stroke: An Emerging Subtype of Ischemic Stroke with Unique Pathomechanisms.

Systemic cancer and ischemic stroke are common conditions and two of the most frequent causes of death among the elderly. The association between cancer and stroke has been reported worldwide. Stroke causes severe disability for cancer patients, while cancer increases the risk of stroke. Moreover, cancer-related stroke is expected to increase due to advances in cancer treatment and an aging population worldwide. Because cancer and stroke share risk factors (such as smoking and obesity) and treatment of canc...

Pediatric stroke: diagnosis and management in the emergency department.

Although pediatric stroke is rare, it is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. The diagnosis of stroke is often delayed in children, which can contribute to death and disability. Management of pediatric stroke is challenging because there are few data to support the efficacy of interventions, and management is based on society guidelines and expert opinion, as well as extrapolation from adult stroke management. This issue reviews the most common causes of pediatric stroke, provides guidanc...

Chemogenetics-mediated acute inhibition of excitatory neuronal activity improves stroke outcome.

Ischemic stroke significantly perturbs neuronal homeostasis leading to a cascade of pathologic events causing brain damage. In this study, we assessed acute stroke outcome after chemogenetic inhibition of forebrain excitatory neuronal activity.

Micro RNA 181c-5p: a promising target for post-stroke recovery in socially isolated mice.

Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been tied to several neurological disorders, including ischemic stroke. It has also been established that social environments can modulate miRNA profiles. We have previously shown that post-stroke social isolation (SI) is linked to poor stroke outcomes and that miR-181c-5p emerged as one of few lead miRNAs that was downregulated in both stroke and SI. Therefore, in this study we examined the potential role of miR-181c-5p mimic in reversing the detrimental effects of p...

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