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Age-Related Gait Changes And Hip Flexibility PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Age-Related Gait Changes And Hip Flexibility articles that have been published worldwide.
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Quantification of differences in gait kinematics between young and older adults provides insight on age-related gait changes and can contribute to the investigation of risk of falls. Gait Profile Score (GPS) is an index that indicates gait quality, using kinematic gait data, but so far it has not been used in an elderly population without neurological conditions.
The electroencephalogram (EEG) can be a useful tool to investigate the neurophysiology of gait during walking. Our aims were to develop an approach that identify and quantify event related potentials (ERPs) during a gait cycle and examine the effects of aging and dual tasking on these gait related potentials (GRPs).
Growing evidence suggests that the reliance on cognitive control processes during normal walking increases as the locomotor task gets more complex and challenging. The aims of the present study were to explore the (negative) effects of smartphone gaming on gait performance in healthy young adults, and to identify cognitive resources that might help to maintain high gait performance during dual-task walking. Gait speed and gait variability during walking at a self-selected comfortable speed were assessed in ...
Age-associated physiological changes result in modified gait, such as slower speed, for older adults. Identifying the onset of age-related gait changes will provide insight into the role of aging on locomotor control. It is expected that a more challenging gait task (obstacle crossing) puts more demands on physiological systems, and may reveal gait modifications in a middle-aged group that are not evident in an easier gait task (level walking).
Gait asymmetries are a matter of discussion concerning gait adaptation in older adults. While most studies perform unilateral gait assessments, the hypothesis that asymmetry in gait biomechanics is influenced by muscular and functional performance in older people needs to be confirmed.
Gait-related changes in older adulthood may be related to changes in cognition (e.g., executive functioning), and recent work suggests that different self-reported measures of sleep may be tied to contrasting aspects of executive functioning. However, the relationship between these self-reported sleep measures and gait domains has not been explored. Such an investigation would be useful in helping to determine which older adults might exhibit changes in gait as well as experience other gait-associated chang...
Only a portion of the increased variability in gait parameters observed in ageing can be explained by age and gait speed alone. Other factors, like musculoskeletal changes of the spine, might contribute to higher variability of gait parameters, slower walking speed and subsequently increased fall-risk in ageing.
Persons with Parkinson's disease exhibit gait deficits during comfortable-pace overground walking and data from pressure sensitive mats have been used to quantify gait performance. The Primary Gait Screen is a new assessment which includes gait initiation, overground walking, turning, and gait termination. Although overground assessments are useful, the Primary Gait Screen offers a more complex evaluation than traditional gait assessments.
Robotic rehabilitation has been attracting attention as a means to carry out "intensive", "repetitive", "task-specific", gait training. The newly developed robotic device, the Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL), is thought to have the possibility of having an excellent effect on gait speed improvement over the conventional automatic programed assist robot. The purpose of this study was to investigate the spatiotemporal characteristics related to gait speed improvement using the HAL in chronic stroke patients.
Gait event detection (GED) is an important aspect in identifying and interpret a user's gait to assess gait abnormalities and design intelligent assistive devices.
Complex clinical gait analysis results can be expressed as single number gait deviations by applying multivariate processing methods. The original Movement Deviation Profile (MDP) quantifies the deviation of abnormal gait using the most trusted nine dynamic joint angles of lower limbs.
Measures of overall gait deviations such as the Gait Profile Score (GPS) and the Gait Variable Score (GVS) are used to evaluate gait in clinical practice and for research purposes. In the clinical setting, gait deviations are often visually assessed and classified using structured protocols such as the Clubfoot Assessment Protocol (CAP).
The gait variables that are related to the risk of incident dementia have not yet been clarified. To examine whether quantitative gait variables can predict incident dementia in older adults.
A biomechanical analysis can provide valuable information on osteoarthritis (OA) gait, but important multidimensional interactions are often ignored. The Gait Deviation Index (GDI) was designed to address the issue of data complexity in gait analyses by providing a single, encompassing, value for one's deviation from a normative reference group.
An observational treatment-based gait pattern classification method for targeting interventions for older adult males with mobility problems: Validity based on movement control and biomechanical factors.
A reliable and valid observational gait assessment intended to guide clinical intervention for gait deficits in older adults has not been proposed. A quick gait classification method which tailors clinical management for different patterns of gait dysfunction may be useful for clinicians with limited access to apply computer-assisted gait analyses.
There is a clinical need to be able to reliably detect meaningful changes (0.1 to 0.2 m/s) in usual gait speed (UGS) considering reduced gait speed is associated with morbidity and mortality.
Recent studies have shown that individuals with chronic idiopathic neck pain (CINP) exhibit altered spatiotemporal gait parameters. Problems arising from the neck joints and related soft tissues, and most mechanical neck pain appear asymmetric. However, whether individuals with CINP have an asymmetric gait has not been clarified.
Long-term gait adaptations after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) have been reported. However, it is still unclear if they persist more than 4 years after surgery and if they are affected by gait speed.
Leg muscle weakness is a major impairment for individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) and is related to reduced functional capacity. Evidence is limited regarding the translation of strength improvements following conventional resistance training to improved gait outcomes.
Clinical tests of foot posture and mobility are not strongly related to the dynamic kinematics of the foot during gait. These measures may be more directly related to foot and ankle kinetics. The supination resistance test (SRT) is a clinical test that may more directly measure forces acting on the weightbearing foot to provide clinicians with insight about the loading of foot structures.
Altered knee motion is one of the most common gait deviations in pediatric populations with gait disorders. The potential for pediatric gait retraining using visual feedback based on knee kinematic patterns is under-explored.
Freezing of gait (FOG) during gait initiation in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) may be related to a diminished ability to generate anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). Externally applied perturbations that mimic the desired motion of the body during an APA have been demonstrated to shorten and amplify APAs; however, no portable device has been tested. In this study, a portable powered ankle-foot orthosis (PPAFO) testbed was utilized to investigate the effect of mechanical assistance, provided at ...
Quantification of gait with wearable technology is promising; recent cross-sectional studies showed that gait characteristics are potential prodromal markers for Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this longitudinal prospective observational study was to establish gait impairments and trajectories in the prodromal phase of PD, identifying which gait characteristics are potentially early diagnostic markers of PD.
Adolescents tend to exhibit more variability in their gait patterns than adults, suggesting a lack of gait maturity during this period of ongoing musculoskeletal growth and development. However, there is a lack of consensus over the age at which mature gait patterns are achieved and the factors contributing to gait maturation. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate gait control and maturity in adolescents by determining if differences existed between adolescents and adults in a) the amount ...
Patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) are considered to present a magnetic, slow, wide-based gait, also called frontal gait. However, this gait profile is not specific for iNPH and encountered in patients with other neurological conditions mimicking iNPH (i.e. iNPH mimics), such as vascular dementia. We aimed to characterize the gait profiles in iNPH and their mimics and to compare the prevalence of clinical gait abnormalities between both groups.