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PubMed Journals Articles About "Alder Biopharma Host Conference Call Discuss Second Quarter" RSS

21:00 EST 24th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

Alder Biopharma Host Conference Call Discuss Second Quarter PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Alder Biopharma Host Conference Call Discuss Second Quarter articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Alder Biopharma Host Conference Call Discuss Second Quarter" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,900+

Non-corticosteroid adherence and itch severity influence perception of itch in atopic dermatitis.

Topical corticosteroid phobia is an important problem in the treatment of atopic dermatitis as it can affect the ability to control disease severity and itch by reducing treatment adherence. Topical corticosteroid phobia often ends up even non-corticosteroid adherence. As such, non-corticosteroid adherence, disease severity and itch are likely to be associated with each other, but their relationship has yet to be thoroughly investigated. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate it in atopic dermati...


Alternatives to biodiversity offsets for mitigating the effects of urbanization on stream ecosystems.

Globally, offset schemes have emerged in many statutory frameworks relating to development activities, with the aim of balancing biodiversity conservation and development. While the theory and use of biodiversity offsets in terrestrial environments is broadly documented, little attention has been paid to offsets in stream ecosystems. Here we examine the application of offset schemes to stream ecosystems and explore whether they suffer similar shortcomings to those of offset schemes focused on terrestrial bi...

Global substrate specificity profiling of post-translational modifying enzymes.

Enzymes that modify the proteome, referred to as post-translational modifying (PTM) enzymes, are central regulators of cellular signaling. Determining the substrate specificity of PTM enzymes is a critical step in unraveling their biological functions both in normal physiological processes and in disease states. Advances in peptide chemistry over the last century have enabled the rapid generation of peptide libraries for querying substrate recognition by PTM enzymes. In this review, we highlight various pep...


Tuning the flexibility of glycine-serine linkers to allow rational design of multidomain proteins.

Flexible polypeptide linkers composed of glycine and serine are important components of engineered multidomain proteins. We have previously shown that the conformational properties of Gly-Gly-Ser repeat linkers can be quantitatively understood by comparing experimentally determined FRET efficiencies of ECFP-Linker-EYFP proteins to theoretical FRET efficiencies calculated using Worm-Like Chain (WLC) and Gaussian Chain (GC) models. Here we extend this analysis to include linkers with different glycine content...

Comparative proteomic analysis of lysine acetylation in Trypanosomes.

Protein acetylation is a post-translational modification regulating diverse cellular processes. By using proteomic approaches we identified N-terminal and ε-lysine acetylated proteins in Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma brucei, which are protozoan parasites that cause significant human and animal diseases. We detected 288 lysine acetylation sites in 210 proteins of procyclic form, an insect stage of T. brucei, and 380 acetylation sites in 285 proteins in the form of the parasite that replicates in mammali...

Tracking silent hypersensitivity reactions to asparaginase during leukemia therapy using single-chip indirect plasmonic and fluorescence immunosensing.

Microbial asparaginase is an essential component of chemo-therapy for the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL). Silent hypersensitivity reactions to this microbial enzyme need to be monitored accurately during treatment to avoid adverse effects of the drug and its silent inactivation. Here, we present a dual-response anti-asparaginase sensor that combines indirect SPR and fluo-rescence on a single chip to perform ELISA-type immunosensing, and correlate measurements with classical ELISA...

TGFβ as a therapeutic target in cystic fibrosis.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease characterized by progressive lung disease. Most CF therapies focus on treating secondary pulmonary complications rather than addressing the underlying processes inducing airway remodeling and ineffective response to infection. Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) is a cytokine involved in fibrosis, inflammation, and injury response as well as a genetic modifier and biomarker of CF lung disease. Targeting the TGFβ pathway has been pursued in other diseases, but t...

Computational prediction of the phenotypic effects of genetic variants: basic concepts and some application examples in Drosophila nervous system genes.

Predicting the phenotypic impact of mutations is a central challenge in population and functional genetics. The analysis of DNA and amino acid sequence variation in an evolutionary context is a robust approach to infer the fitness effects of genetic variants. In this review, we discuss the most popular methods based on this approach, covering both theoretical and practical aspects, and introduce compelling software for predicting the functional effects of mutations, and to highlight functionally relevant nu...

A brief summary of the epidemiology and genetic relatedness of avian influenza H9N2 virus in birds and mammals in the Middle East and North Africa.

H9N2 is the most widespread avian influenza virus subtype in poultry worldwide. It infects a broad spectrum of host species including birds and mammals. Infections in poultry and humans vary from silent to fatal. Importantly, all AIV, which are fatal in humans (e.g. H5N1, H7N9) acquired their 'internal' gene segments from H9N2 viruses. Although H9N2 is endemic in the Middle East (ME) and North Africa since the late 1990s, little is known about its epidemiology and genetics on a regional level. In this revie...

A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for rapid detection of antibodies against Trichinella spiralis and T. britovi - one test for humans and swine.

Infection with parasites from the Trichinella genus occurs in many vertebrates but disease only occurs in humans (trichinellosis). Humans are infected after the consumption of raw or undercooked meat from infected wild or domestic animals (usually swine or horses). Using the monoclonal antibody (mAb) 7C2C5, specific for an epitope unique to the muscle larvae of the genus Trichinella, we have developed a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (c-ELISA) that enables the rapid detection of Trichinella-s...

Barcoding in trypanosomes.

Trypanosomes (genus Trypanosoma) are parasites of humans, and wild and domestic mammals, in which they cause several economically and socially important diseases, including sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in the Americas. Despite the development of numerous molecular diagnostics and increasing awareness of the importance of these neglected parasites, there is currently no universal genetic barcoding marker available for trypanosomes. In this review we provide an overview of the methods used f...

Single-crystal-to-single-crystal intercalation of a low-bandgap superatomic crystal.

The controlled introduction of impurities into the crystal lattice of solid-state compounds is a cornerstone of materials science. Intercalation, the insertion of guest atoms, ions or molecules between the atomic layers of a host structure, can produce novel electronic, magnetic and optical properties in many materials. Here we describe an intercalation compound in which the host [Co6Te8(P(n)Pr3)6][C60]3, formed from the binary assembly of atomically precise molecular clusters, is a superatomic analogue of ...

A gut bacterial pathway metabolizes aromatic amino acids into nine circulating metabolites.

The human gut microbiota produces dozens of metabolites that accumulate in the bloodstream, where they can have systemic effects on the host. Although these small molecules commonly reach concentrations similar to those achieved by pharmaceutical agents, remarkably little is known about the microbial metabolic pathways that produce them. Here we use a combination of genetics and metabolic profiling to characterize a pathway from the gut symbiont Clostridium sporogenes that generates aromatic amino acid meta...

DNA replication stress and cancer chemotherapy.

DNA replication is one of the fundamental biological processes in which dysregulation can cause genome instability. This instability is one of the hallmarks of cancer and confers genetic diversity during tumorigenesis. Numerous experimental and clinical studies have indicated that most tumors have experienced and overcome the stresses caused by the perturbation of DNA replication, which is also referred to as DNA replication stress (DRS). When we consider therapeutic approaches for tumors, it is important t...

Molecular characterization of Helicobacter pylori resistance to rifamycins.

Antibiotic resistance is a major contributing factor in treatment failure of Helicobacter pylori eradication. Rifabutin (RB) is a rescue treatment and rifampicin (RP) is used to screen RB resistance in vitro. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of rifamycins resistance and to determine the mutations in the rpoB gene conferring resistance to discuss the current break point.

The role of seed size, phenology, oogenesis and host distribution in the specificity and genetic structure in seed weevils (Curculio spp.) in mixed forests.

Synchrony between seed growth and oogenesis are suggested to largely shape trophic breadth of seed-feeding insects and ultimately contribute to their co-existence by means of resource partitioning or in the time when infestation occurs. Here we investigated: i) the role of seed phenology and sexual maturation of females in the host specificity of seed-feeding weevils (Curculio spp) predating in hazel and oak mixed forests and ii) the consequences that trophic breadth and host distribution have in the geneti...

Immune defense of wild-caught Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout, 1769) is characterized by increased levels of basal activity but reduced capability to respond to further immune stimulation.

Studying wild animal's immunity often use comparison with laboratory-raised individuals. Using such an approach different data were obtained concerning wild Norway rat's immunity. Lower or higher potential of immune system cells to respond to activation stimuli were shown, because of analysis of disparate parameters and/or small number of analyzed individuals. Inconsistent differences between laboratory and wild rats were shown too, owing to great response variability in wild rats. We hypothesized that wild...

Gut microbes limit growth in House Sparrows nestlings (Passer domesticus), but not through limitations in digestive capacity.

Recent research often lauds the services and beneficial effects of host-associated microbes on animals. However, hosting these microbes may come at a cost. For example, germ-free and antibiotic-treated birds generally grow faster than their conventional counterparts. In the wild, juvenile body size is correlated with survival, so hosting a microbiota may incur a fitness cost. Avian altricial nestlings represent an interesting study system in which to investigate these interactions, given that they exhibit t...

Factors shaping life history traits of two proovigenic parasitoids.

What shapes the relative investment in reproduction vs. survival of organisms is one of the key questions in life history. Proovigenic insects mature all their eggs prior to emergence and are short lived, providing a unique opportunity to quantify their lifetime investments in the different functions. We investigated the initial eggloads and longevity of two proovigenic parasitoid wasps (Anagrus erythroneurae and Anagrus daanei, (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) that develop within leafhopper eggs in both agricultur...

Genetic adaptation as a biological buffer against climate change: potential and limitations.

Climate change profoundly impacts ecosystems and their biota, resulting in range shifts, novel interactions, food web alterations, changed intensities of host-parasite interactions, and extinctions. An increasing number of studies documented evolutionary changes in, amongst others, phenology and thermal tolerance. In this opinion paper, we argue that, while evolutionary responses have the potential to provide a buffer against extinctions or range shifts, a number of constraints and complexities blur this si...

Arterial spin labeling for the measurement of cerebral perfusion and angiography.

Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is an MRI technique that was first proposed a quarter of a century ago. It offers the prospect of non-invasive quantitative measurement of cerebral perfusion, making it potentially very useful for research and clinical studies, particularly where multiple longitudinal measurements are required. However, it has suffered from a number of challenges, including a relatively low signal-to-noise ratio, and a confusing number of sequence variants, thus hindering its clinical uptake. Re...

Co-Creating an Expansive Health Care Learning System.

How should practices of co-creation be integrated into health professions education? Although co-creation permits a variety of interpretations, we argue that realizing a transformative vision of co-creation-one that invites professionals to genuinely reconsider the purposes, relationships, norms, and priorities of health care systems through new forms of collaborative thought and practice-will require radically rethinking existing approaches to professional education. The meaningful enactment of co-creative...

Therapeutic Potential of Cholera Toxin B Subunit for the Treatment of Inflammatory Diseases of the Mucosa.

Cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) is a mucosal immunomodulatory protein that induces robust mucosal and systemic antibody responses. This well-known biological activity has been exploited in cholera prevention (as a component of Dukoral(®) vaccine) and vaccine development for decades. On the other hand, several studies have investigated CTB's immunotherapeutic potential in the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as Crohn's disease and asthma. Furthermore, we recently found that a variant of CTB could induc...

Dissection of Resistance Genes to Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola in UI3 Common Bean Cultivar.

Few quantitative trait loci have been mapped for resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola in common bean. Two F₂ populations were developed from the host differential UI3 cultivar. The objective of this study was to further characterize the resistance to races 1, 5, 7 and 9 of Psp included in UI3. Using a QTL mapping approach, 16 and 11 main-effect QTLs for pod and primary leaf resistance were located on LG10, explaining up to 90% and 26% of the phenotypic variation, respectively. The homologou...

Long Non-Coding RNAs in Hepatitis B Virus-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Regulation, Functions, and Underlying Mechanisms.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death in the world. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and its X gene-encoded protein (HBx) play important roles in the progression of HCC. Although long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) cannot encode proteins, growing evidence indicates that they play essential roles in HCC progression, and contribute to cell proliferation, invasion and metastasis, autophagy, and apoptosis by targeting a large number of pivotal protein-codin...


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