PubMed Journals Articles About "Americans For Nonsmokers' Rights" RSS

10:26 EDT 23rd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Americans Nonsmokers Rights" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,400+

Ethnic variation in gratitude and well-being.

Gratitude is positively associated with health and well-being. Past studies of gratitude have primarily focused on the distinct cultural context of European Americans. The current studies aimed to extend gratitude research to Latino and East Asian Americans, 2 collectivistic contexts known to differently value positive emotions. Two studies explored whether Latino and East Asian Americans varied in gratitude experience and whether the disposition toward gratitude was associated with well-being for both. In ...

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Among Nonsmokers - United States, 1988-2014.

Exposure to secondhand smoke from burning tobacco products can cause sudden infant death syndrome, respiratory infections, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children, and coronary heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer in adult nonsmokers (1). There is no risk-free level of secondhand smoke exposure (2). CDC analyzed questionnaire and laboratory data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to assess patterns of secondhand smoke exposure among U.S. nonsmokers. The p...

Novel locus for atopic dermatitis in African Americans and replication in European Americans.

The present study provides the first genetic locus associated with AD in African Americans.

Increased Morbidity and Mortality of Scleroderma in African Americans Compared to Non-African Americans.

African Americans with scleroderma have more severe disease and higher mortality than non-African Americans. Differences in rates of diffuse disease, autoantibody status, or socioeconomic status have not completely explained this phenomenon. Our study evaluates these risks at our site.

The effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy on pentraxin 3 levels in smokers and nonsmokers with chronic periodontitis.

The purpose of this study was to determine the pentraxin 3 (PTX3) levels in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva of smokers and nonsmokers with chronic periodontitis and to compare these levels before and after initial nonsurgical periodontal therapy. Forty subjects were divided into 2 groups with chronic periodontitis (smokers and nonsmokers) and 2 clinically healthy groups (smokers and nonsmokers). At baseline, clinical periodontal parameters, including plaque index, gingival index, probing dept...

The ACCOuNT Consortium: a model for the discovery, translation and implementation of precision medicine in African Americans.

The majority of pharmacogenomic studies have been conducted on European ancestry populations, thereby excluding minority populations and impeding the discovery and translation of African American specific genetic variation into precision medicine. Without accounting for variants found in African Americans, clinical recommendations based solely on genetic biomarkers found in European populations could result in misclassification of drug response in African Americans patients. To address these challenges, we ...

The association of metformin use with prostate cancer aggressiveness among Black Americans and White Americans in a population-based study.

Metformin has been associated with a reduced incidence of prostate cancer and improved prostate cancer outcomes. However, whether race modifies the association between metformin use and prostate cancer aggressiveness remains uncertain. The association between metformin use and prostate cancer aggressiveness was examined separately in Black Americans (Blacks) and White Americans (Whites).

Patterns of awareness and use of electronic cigarettes in Mexico, a middle-income country that bans them: Results from a 2016 national survey.

Among high-income countries, awareness and use of e-cigarettes is lower in countries with more restrictive e-cigarette regulations. Little is known about e-cigarettes in middle-income countries, many of which like Mexico, ban e-cigarette sales and marketing. The current study determined the national-level prevalence and correlates of e-cigarette awareness and consumption in Mexico. Data were analyzed from a 2016 nationally representative survey. Prevalence of e-cigarette awareness, trial and current use was...

Modifiers of Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D and Chronic Kidney Disease Outcomes in Black Americans: The Jackson Heart Study.

25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is lower in black compared to white Americans, but is not consistently associated with outcomes in this group, possibly due to genetic and other biological differences. We examined the association of plasma 25(OH)D and renal outcomes in black Americans with a focus on effect modifiers.

The burden of Staphylococcus aureus among Native Americans on the Navajo Nation.

Native Americans in the southwestern United States have a higher risk for many infectious diseases and may be at higher risk for Staphylococcus aureus due to the high prevalence of risk factors for S. aureus. Recent data on invasive S. aureus infections among Native Americans are limited.

Association of Cardiac Injury and Malignant Left Ventricular Hypertrophy With Risk of Heart Failure in African Americans: The Jackson Heart Study.

African Americans have a higher burden of heart failure (HF) risk factors and clinical HF than other racial/ethnic groups. However, the factors underlying the transition from at-risk to clinical HF in African Americans are not well understood.

A Systematic Review of Patient and Family-Level Inhaled Corticosteroid Adherence Interventions in Adult African-Americans.

Inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) adherence rates are suboptimal among adult African-Americans. Comprehensive studies characterizing the effectiveness and the methodological approaches to the development of interventions to improve ICS adherence in adult African-Americans have not been performed.

Effects of smoking on cognition and BDNF levels in a male Chinese population: relationship with BDNF Val66Met polymorphism.

Recent studies demonstrate that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) might be associated with nicotine addiction, and circulating BDNF is a biomarker of memory and general cognitive function. Moreover, studies suggest that a functional polymorphism of the BDNF Val66Met may mediate hippocampal-dependent cognitive functions. We aimed to explore the relationships between smoking, cognitive performance and BDNF in a normal Chinese Han population. We recruited 628 male healthy subjects, inducing 322 smokers ...

Interethnic Variability in CYP2D6, CYP2C9, and CYP2C19 Genes and Predicted Drug Metabolism Phenotypes Among 6060 Ibero- and Native Americans: RIBEF-CEIBA Consortium Report on Population Pharmacogenomics.

Pharmacogenetic variation in Latin Americans is understudied, which sets a barrier for the goal of global precision medicine. The RIBEF-CEIBA Network Consortium was established to characterize interindividual and between population variations in CYP2D6, CYP2C9, and CYP2C19 drug metabolizing enzyme genotypes, which were subsequently utilized to catalog their "predicted drug metabolism phenotypes" across Native American and Ibero American populations. Importantly, we report in this study, a total of 6060 heal...

Talk to Patients About: Polio.

Polio once terrified Americans. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the virus crippled around 35,000 Americans a year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Because polio often attacked abdominal muscles used to breathe, many died or permanently needed a respirator called an iron lung.

The Relationship Among Health Beliefs, Depressive Symptoms, Medication Adherence, and Social Support in African Americans With Hypertension.

African Americans are disproportionately affected by hypertension and have lower medication adherence when compared to other racial groups. Antecedent factors such as beliefs surrounding hypertension, the presence or absence of social support, and depressive symptoms have not been extensively studied collectively in relation to hypertension medication adherence in African Americans.

The influence of immigrant generation on obesity among Asian Americans in California from 2013 to 2014.

We aimed to examine the association between immigrant generation and obesity among Californian adults and Asian Americans.

Substance Use and Psychiatric Disorders Among Mexican Americans and Non-Hispanic Whites by Immigration Status.

To compare prevalence rates of alcohol, nicotine, and other drug use and major psychiatric disorders (major depressive disorder, persistent depression, bipolar I disorder, agoraphobia, social and specific phobias, and antisocial, schizotypal, and borderline personality disorders) between US-born and foreign-born Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites and between early entry versus later-entry foreign-born Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites.

Effects of Secondhand Smoke Exposure on Hearing and Auditory Evoked Potentials, ABR and AMLR in Young Adults.

Population health is impacted by environmental secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. Although the negative health effects of SHS exposure include respiratory problems in children (nonsmokers) as seen in cigarette smokers, other health impacts such as sensory function are not assumed to be the same for both passive nonsmokers and smokers. However, hearing loss was recently reported in adolescents and aging adults with SHS exposure, suggesting that SHS might impact auditory function similarly to cigarette smoking....

Discrimination, medical distrust, stigma, depressive symptoms, antiretroviral medication adherence, engagement in care and quality of life among women living with HIV in North Carolina: a mediated structural equation model.

Women represent 23% of all Americans living with HIV. By 2020, more than 70% of Americans living with HIV are expected to be 50 and older.

Resected lung cancer in nonsmokers.

Informativeness of dental morphology in ancestry estimation in African Americans.

Our objective is to assess the informativeness of dental morphology in estimating biogeographic ancestry in African Americans.

Variation in dental morphology and inference of continental ancestry in admixed Latin Americans.

To investigate the variation in dental nonmetric traits and to evaluate the utility of this variation for inferring genetic ancestry proportions in a sample of admixed Latin Americans.

Protection of patients' rights in the european court of human rights.

Introduction: Currently, there is little attention paid to studying the characteristic features of the protection of patients' rights in the European Court of Human Rights, which is the fact determining the relevance of the scientific research in this area. The aim: To define the basic rights of patients and summarize the practice of the European Court of Human Rights with regard to protection of patients' rights in order to formulate proposals as to the ways of the current legislation improvement.

A New Look at the Living Arrangements of Older Americans Using Multistate Life Tables.

We extend existing research on the living arrangements of older Americans by focusing on geographic proximity to children, examining transitions in living arrangements across older ages, and describing differences by both race/ethnicity and educational attainment.

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