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Acne is a common skin disease in adolescence. It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous units, which mainly occurs on the face and upper parts of the trunk. Based on severity of the lesions, acne can be mild, moderate or severe. Severe acne is usually featured with a protracted course and residual scars. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been demonstrated to be effective in severe acne recently. We report a case of monozygotic twins with severe acne who were successfully treated with PDT.
The evaluation of Acne using ordinal scales reflects the clinical perception of severity but has shown low reproducibility both intra- and inter-rater. In this study, we investigated if Artificial Intelligence trained on images of Acne patients could perform acne grading with high accuracy and reliabilities superior to those of expert physicians.
Acne is the most common skin condition in the United States, affecting 50 million Americans annually. The disease's severity can range from mild to severe, with approximately 20% of people with acne experiencing moderate to severe disease.
Acne vulgaris (acne) is the most common skin disease in patients who have darker skin with most frequent sequelae of post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).
Acne vulgaris has been associated with deficits in psychological well-being and health-related quality of life. Few studies have investigated how stigma contributes to our understanding of the well-being of acne sufferers, although it is clear that acne is stigmatized and stigmatization is associated with impaired well-being. The current study aimed to investigate the ability of perceived stigma to predict health-related quality of life, psychological distress, and somatic symptoms over and above establishe...
Acne has a prevalence of 90% among adolescents. Facial scarring affects 75% of patients. Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a novel treatment option for acne scar management and can be used as an adjuvant to acne scar revision procedures. Owing to its remodeling properties, PRP when used as an adjuvant reduces the total number of sittings.
Topical tretinoin has been extensively studied in clinical trials, and its essential role in the treatment of acne vulgaris (acne) established through evidence-based guidelines.
Acne vulgaris is the most common skin disorder and contributes an estimated 0.29% of the global burden of disease. The pathophysiology of acne involves excess sebum production and altered lipid composition by the sebaceous glands, follicular hyperkeratinization, bacterial colonization by Cutibacterium acnes (C. acnes), and perifollicular inflammation. 13-cis Retinoic Acid (13-cis RA), also known as isotretinoin, is the only acne therapy that targets all four pathologic mechanisms and is often prescribed to ...
Acne vulgaris and postacne scarring are common in the general population. Even after lesions have resolved, scarring can lead to detrimental psychologic effects and can negatively impact patients' quality of life. Fortunately, there have been several recent advances in therapeutic options to treat acne scarring. This article discusses these treatments with a focus on microneedling, lasers, chemical peels, and dermal fillers.
Dapsone gel, 7.5% is a topical medication approved for acne in patients aged 12 years and older. Clinical trials have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of once-daily dapsone gel, 7.5% in patients with moderate acne.
While the commensal bacterium Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is involved in the maintenance of a healthy skin, it can also act as an opportunistic pathogen in acne vulgaris. The latest findings on P. acnes shed light on the critical role of a tight equilibrium between members of its phylotypes and within the skin microbiota in the development of this skin disease. Indeed, contrary to what was previously thought, proliferation of P. acnes is not the trigger of acne as patients with acne do not harbour...
Acne scarring is a widely prevalent condition that can have a negative impact on a patient's quality of life and is often worsened by aging. A number of options are available for the treatment of acne scarring, including retinoids, microdermabrasion, dermal fillers, and surgical techniques such as subcision. The aim of this review is to evaluate the different laser modalities that have been used in peer-reviewed clinical studies for treatment of atrophic acne scars, and summarize current clinical approaches...
Our main objective was to compare Cutibacterium acnes (C. acnes) skin colonisation in patients with mild to moderate acne versus healthy controls and secondly, to evaluate a Myrtacine -based cream on C. acnes total population and antibioresistant Cutibacteria in patients with acne.
Today we see more cases of acne after adolescence, with a greater prevalence in females than males. Adult female acne has a distinct clinical presentation and is associated with a number of specific pathophysiological features and gender-specific triggers. The psychological impact of acne is generally significant and largely underestimated; stress during professional and private life, anxiety and sleep quality, in particular, have a reciprocal relationship with disease susceptibility and severity. It is ess...
Acne vulgaris (AV) is a very common inflammatory facial disorder that is complex in its pathophysiology, heterogenous in clinical presentation, and affects children and adults of all ethnicities, races, and skin types.
Topical treatment is the mainstay of acne therapy. The most commonly prescribed topical medications for acne include benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin, and retinoids. Despite their effectiveness in treating mild to moderate acne vulgaris, these topical medications are found to be irritating, and are historically associated with poor tolerability and diminished patient adherence. Thus, choosing the right formulation that will be effective and well tolerated is essential. Novel formulations that optimize drug con...
We describe a case of unilateral acne which appeared after an episode of facial nerve palsy. An 18-year-old female patient presented with papules and pustules predominantly located on the side where the facial paralysis occurred. The patient suffered right facial paralysis, which was treated with prednisone and kinesiotherapy with massages, electrostimulation, and infrared light. Two weeks later, acne lesions appeared in the area affected by the paralysis. As suggested in other cases of paralysis, including...
Side effects may limit the use of current tetracycline-class antibiotics for acne.
Long-term oral antibiotic use in acne may be associated with a variety of adverse effects including antibiotic resistance, pharyngitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and breast and colon cancer. Spironolactone may represent an effective and safe alternative to oral antibiotics for women with moderate to severe acne, however comparative studies are lacking.
Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory skin disease of the pilosebaceous follicles that affects patients of all ages with a younger onset being more common than in the past.
Acne is one of the most common diseases worldwide and affects approximately 50 million individuals in the United States. Oral antibiotics are the most common systemic agent prescribed for the treatment of acne. However, their use may be associated with a variety of adverse outcomes including bacterial resistance and disruption of the microbiome. As a result, multiple treatment guidelines call for limiting the use of oral antibiotics in the treatment of acne, although actual prescribing often does not follow...
Acne is based on a complex, multifactorial pathophysiology beginning with a microcomedo. Comedogenesis involves follicular hyperproliferation and disturbed keratinization, hyperseborrhea and hyperplasia of sebaceous glands as well as disturbances in skin microbiome. Acne is treated with antibiotics, retinoids, keratolytics, hormonal and anti-inflammatory agents. Efficacy and side effects of given medications are well known. The uppermost layer of the stratum corneum is acidic. The low pH provides protection...
Acne is one of the most common skin diseases worldwide and results in major health care costs and significant morbidity to severely affected individuals. However, the pathophysiology of this disorder is not well understood. Host-microbiome interactions that affect both innate and adaptive immune homeostasis appear to be a central factor in this disease, with recent observations suggesting that the composition and activities of the microbiota in acne is perturbed. Staphylococcus epidermidis and Cutibacterium...
Acne vulgaris is a common inflammatory skin condition which is treated using Tretinoin (TRE), a widely used retinoid. Nano emulations (NEs) are colloidal nano-sized particles that enhance the therapeutic efficacy of TRE and minimize adverse effects. This study is aimed at developing a TRE-loaded NE (NE-TRE) and at assessing the therapeutic effects of the formulation in acne vulgaris lesions, compared to conventional 0.05% TRE emulsion.