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PubMed Journals Articles About "Anti Treatment Reduces Tumor Size Post Surgical Relapse" RSS

02:01 EDT 24th May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Anti Treatment Reduces Tumor Size Post Surgical Relapse PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Anti Treatment Reduces Tumor Size Post Surgical Relapse articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Anti treatment reduces tumor size post surgical relapse" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 51,000+

Gene Signature-Based Approach Identified MEK1/2 as a Potential Target Associated With Relapse After Anti-TNFα Treatment for Crohn's Disease.

Anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNFα) therapy has become the mainstay of therapy for Crohn's disease (CD). However, post-therapy, the recurrence rate is still high. The aim of this study was to dissect the molecular mechanism for recurrence of CD treated with anti-TNFα therapy and investigate novel therapeutic options that could induce complete remission.


Resection of melanocytic nevi as a potential treatment of anti-NMDAR encephalitis patients without tumor: report of three cases.

The most common underlying tumor associated with anti-N-methyl D-aspartate-receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is ovarian teratoma. Resection of the underlying tumor may decrease exposure of autoantigen and make for faster response of immunotherapy and less relapse frequency. Similar to teratoma, expression of NMDAR in human epidermal melanocytes was suspected recently. The dense melanocytes in melanocytic nevus may serve as potential autoantigens and are prone to increase relapse frequency in the tumor-negative ...

Unusual size, topography, and surgical resolution of an acquired fibrokeratoma.

Acquired fibrokeratoma is a rare benign skin tumor that usually manifests as a slow-growing solitary nodular lesion of the digits. We report a case of plantar acquired fibrokeratoma evidencing its atypical size and topography, in addition to the treatment with simple surgical excision followed by healing by second intention. Nondigital fibrokeratomas may occur in 18% of cases and rarely affect the palmoplantar region. These lesions are usually asymptomatic and show ≥ 3cm in size at the time of diagnosis d...


Adjunct antibody administration with standard treatment reduces relapse rates in a murine tuberculosis model of necrotic granulomas.

Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 is a zinc-dependent protease associated with early immune responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, macrophage recruitment and granuloma formation. We evaluated whether adjunctive inhibition of MMP-9 could improve the response to standard TB treatment in a mouse model that develops necrotic lesions. Six weeks after an aerosol infection with M. tuberculosis, C3HeB/FeJ mice received standard TB treatment (12 weeks) comprising rifampin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide alone...

TNFα blockade overcomes resistance to anti-PD-1 in experimental melanoma.

Antibodies against programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) have considerably changed the treatment for melanoma. However, many patients do not display therapeutic response or eventually relapse. Moreover, patients treated with anti-PD-1 develop immune-related adverse events that can be cured with anti-tumor necrosis factor α (TNF) antibodies. Whether anti-TNF antibodies affect the anti-cancer immune response remains unknown. Our recent work has highlighted that TNFR1-dependent TNF signalling impairs the accumulatio...

SURGICAL TREATMENT OF METASTATIC DISEASE OF THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN.

Spinal metastatic disease is a rather common occurrence and definitely warrants attention and treatment due to the high likelihood of leaving cancer patients severely disabled in their final months of life. Recent developments in the understanding of the behavior of different tumor types, as well as advances in surgical treatment, are allowing for the evolution of treatment algorithms, especially when surgical treatment is to be considered. This paper gives an overview of the decision-making process and the...

TNF-α blockade suppresses pericystic inflammation following anthelmintic treatment in porcine neurocysticercosis.

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an infection of the brain with the larval cyst of the tapeworm, Taenia solium. Cysticidal treatment induces parasite killing resulting in a post inflammatory response and seizures, which generally requires corticosteroid treatment to control inflammation. The nature of this response and how to best control it is unclear. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of pretreatment with etanercept (ETN), an anti-tumor necrosis factor agent, or dexamethasone (DEX), a high potency ...

Metformin reduces the relapse rate of tuberculosis patients with diabetes mellitus: experiences from 3-year follow-up.

The role of metformin (MET) on treatment effect of diabetic tuberculosis (TB) patients has not been studied in China. Thus, we conducted a retrospective study to investigate whether MET exhibited more efficacy in combination with anti-TB regimens for diabetic TB patients. All patients recruited came from five tuberculosis control and prevention institutes from July 2009 to July 2016 and completed 3 years of follow-up. We used chi-square test or Fisher's exact test to evaluate the demographic characteristic...

Prosthetic Replacement of the Ocular Surface Ecosystem (PROSE) treatment of ocular surface disease following skull base tumor resection.

Prosthetic Replacement of the Ocular Surface Ecosystem (PROSE) treatment is an effective, non-surgical therapeutic option for patients with ocular surface disease related to cranial nerve deficits secondary to skull base tumor resection. This case series describes the impact of PROSE treatment in patients with symptomatic exposure keratopathy or neurotrophic keratitis after skull base tumor surgery. All patients improved symptomatically and functionally with PROSE treatment, and have had sustained improveme...

The Rationale and Emerging Use of Neoadjuvant Immune Checkpoint Blockade for Solid Malignancies.

Unprecedented advances in the treatment of cancer have occurred through the use of immunotherapy, with several agents currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of widespread metastatic disease across cancer types. Immune checkpoint blockade represents a particularly promising class of agents that block inhibitory molecules on the surface of T cells, resulting in their activation and propagation of an immune response. Treatment with these agents may re-invigorate anti-tum...

Liver transplantation beyond or downstaging within the Milan criteria for hepatocellular carcinoma.

Unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common indication for liver transplantation (LT). The Milan criteria became standard criteria but expansion beyond the Milan criteria (tumor size and number) have resulted in similar post-transplant outcomes, thus suggesting LT is a viable treatment option for HCC presenting beyond the Milan criteria Areas covered: Expanded criteria and the use of downstaging therapies to meet Milan criteria are reviewed. Surrogates of tumor biology (including biomarkers and ...

Changes in maxillofacial morphology and velopharyngeal function with two-stage maxillary distraction-mandibular setback surgery in patients with cleft lip and palate.

Maxillary distraction is increasingly used for the correction of severe maxillary retrusion in patients with cleft lip and palate. However, control of the maxillary movement is difficult, and the need to wear visible distractors for a long period of time causes psychosocial problems. A two-stage surgical approach consisting of maxillary distraction and mandibular setback was developed to overcome these problems. In this study, changes in maxillofacial morphology and velopharyngeal function were examined in ...

The role of Thyroid Transcription Factor-1 and Tumor differentiation in Resected Lung Adenocarcinoma.

To investigate the role of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) and tumor differentiation in resected lung adenocarcinoma. A total of 520 patients with clinical early stage lung adenocarcinoma who underwent surgical resection were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical data and outcomes were evaluated with an average follow-up of 117 months. The results were validated via lung cancer cell line studies. The clinical parameters did not differ between relapse and nonrelapse patients. Exceptions were tumor differ...

Nucleolin and ErbB2 inhibition reduces tumorigenicity of ErbB2-positive breast cancer.

ErbB2, a member of the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases, is an essential player in the cell's growth and proliferation signaling pathways. Amplification or overexpression of ErbB2 is observed in ∼30% of breast cancer patients, and often drives cellular transformation and cancer development. Recently, we have shown that ErbB2 interacts with the nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling protein nucleolin, an interaction which enhances cell transformation in vitro, and increases mortality risk and disease progre...

Treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer.

Despite optimal surgery and appropriate first-line chemotherapy, ∼70%-80% of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer will develop disease relapse. The same modalities as used primarily are available for treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC). The rationale for repetitive surgery in ROC was based on a stable body of retrospective data; however, prospective data were missing. Now, preliminary data from the prospective AGO-DESKTOP III give evidence that surgery for ROC seems to be of benefit for selecte...

Early Reconstitution of NK and Γδ T Cells and Its Implication for the Design of Post-Transplant Immunotherapy.

Relapse is the most frequent cause of treatment failure after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT). NK cells and γδ T cells reconstitute early after allo-HCT, contribute to tumor immunosurveillance via MHC independent mechanisms and do not induce graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Here we performed a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the NK and γδ T cell repertoire in healthy individuals, recipients of HLA-matched sibling or unrelated donor allo-HCT (MSD/MUD-HCT) and umbil...

Pulsed Radiofrequency Treatment for Chronic Post-Surgical Orchialgia: A Double-Blind, Sham-Controlled, Randomized Trial: Three-Month Results.

Chronic post-surgical pain in the groin region represents a challenge for the managing physician and is a burden on the quality of life of the patient. None of the existing interventions or medical treatment is satisfactory.

Technical aspects and complications in the surgical treatment of poliomyelitis-affected lower limb fractures.

Post-polio patients present problems such as small and deformed bones, with narrow intramedullary canal and osteoporosis, affecting surgical treatment. The aim of this article is to describe the main preoperative and intraoperative complications of the surgical treatment of fractures in this population.

Lupeol and stigmasterol suppress tumor angiogenesis and inhibit cholangiocarcinoma growth in mice via downregulation of tumor necrosis factor-α.

Lupeol and stigmasterol, major phytosterols in various herbal plants, possess anti-inflammatory activities and have been proposed as candidates for anti-cancer agents, but their molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Here, we investigated the effects of lupeol and stigmasterol on tumor and endothelial cells in vitro and their anti-cancer activities in vivo. Our results demonstrated that lupeol and stigmasterol suppressed cell viability, migration, and morphogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells...

Pre-Treatment with Metformin in Comparison with Post-Treatment Reduces Cerebral Ischemia Reperfusion Induced Injuries in Rats.

To explore the effects of pre post ischemic treatment with metformin after global cerebral ischemia in rats.

The incidence and predictors of HBV relapse after cessation of tenofovir therapy in chronic hepatitis B patients.

This study investigates the incidences and predictors of hepatitis B virus (HBV) relapse after tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) therapy in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive and -negative patients. We retrospectively recruited 143 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients without cirrhosis (39 HBeAg-positive and 104 HBeAg-negative patients) who were previously treated with TDF and had post-treatment follow-up for at least 6 months (median: 55, IQR 36-85 weeks). All the patients fulfilled the stopping criter...

Effective treatment of the primary tumor and lymph node metastasis by polymeric micelles with variable particle sizes.

Nanoparticles (NPs) offer new solutions for the diagnosis and treatment of tumors. However, the anti-tumor effect has not been greatly improved. Tumors are easily spread through the lymphatic system while the traditional NPs (~100 nm) can hardly reach lymph nodes for the treatment of metastasis. In addition, the NPs with fixed particle size cannot achieve efficient "penetration" and long-term "retention" simultaneously. Herein, we established "transformable" micelles modified with azide/alkyne groups for ...

T cell mediated immunity after combination therapy with intralesional PV-10 and blockade of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway in a murine melanoma model.

Intralesional (IL) injection of Rose Bengal (PV-10) induces regression of injected and uninjected lesions in several murine tumor models. In this study, we investigated the anti-tumor response of combining IL PV-10 with blockade of the PD-1 / PD-L1 pathway and the role of immune cell populations in eliciting this response. To investigate the role of T cell subsets in mediating an immune response, B16 or M05 melanoma-bearing mice received combination therapy as well as CD8+, CD4+, or CD25+ depleting antibodi...

Combining Anti-TNF-α and Vedolizumab in the Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Case Series.

Anti-tumor necrosis factor α (anti-TNF-α) is important in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, but some patients experience only a partial response. In these patients, a combination of anti-TNF-α and vedolizumab (VDZ) may act as a bridge until the full VDZ effect occurs. At present, clinical data on combination treatment with anti-TNF-α and VDZ are not available. The aim of this case series was to evaluate the safety and clinical response of combination therapy with anti-TNF-α and VDZ in clinic...

Contralateral trigeminal neuralgia in a rapidly growing vestibular schwannoma: A case report.

We present a rare case of vestibular schwannoma (VS) with contralateral trigeminal neuralgia. A 59 year-old woman presented with right-sided trigeminal neuralgia and a small VS in the left cerebellopontine angle (CPA) that was found via magnetic resonance imaging. The patient was administered medication; however, her symptoms gradually aggravated, and the size of the tumor increased. Two years after the initial diagnosis, the patient underwent surgical resection. After surgical resection, the patient's fa...


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