PubMed Journals Articles About "Antibiotics Pipeline Lively Sponsors Fragile" RSS

18:17 EDT 19th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Antibiotics Pipeline Lively Sponsors Fragile" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,700+

Fragile x-associated premature ovarian failure in a large Turkish cohort: Findings of Hacettepe Fragile X Registry.

To determine frequency of fragile X associated premature ovarian insufficiency (FXPOI) among Turkish premutation carriers.

Validation of a customized bioinformatics pipeline for a clinical next-generation sequencing test targeting solid tumor-associated variants.

Bioinformatic analysis is an integral and critical part of clinical next-generation sequencing. It is especially challenging for some pipelines to consistently identify insertions and deletions. We present the validation of an open source tumor amplicon pipeline (OTA-pipeline) for clinical next-generation sequencing targeting solid tumor-associated variants. Raw data generated from 557 TruSight Tumor 26 samples as well as in silico data were analyzed by the OTA-pipeline and legacy pipeline and compared. Dis...

Fragility Extraordinaire: Unsolved Mysteries of Chromosome Fragile Sites.

Chromosome fragile sites are a fascinating cytogenetic phenomenon now widely implicated in a slew of human diseases ranging from neurological disorders to cancer. Yet, the paths leading to these revelations were far from direct, and the number of fragile sites that have been molecularly cloned with known disease-associated genes remains modest. Moreover, as more fragile sites were being discovered, research interests in some of the earliest discovered fragile sites ebbed away, leaving a number of unsolved m...

Risk-based underground pipeline safety management considering corrosion effect.

Due to the long term usage and irregular maintenance for corrosion checks, catastrophic accidents have been increasing in underground pipelines. In this study, a new safety management methodology of underground pipeline, risk-based pipeline management, is introduced reflecting corrosion effect. First, principle of the risk-based pipeline management is presented compared with an original method, qualitative measure. It is distinguished from the qualitative measure by reflecting societal risk and corrosion in...

COPTEM: A Model to Investigate the Factors Driving Crude Oil Pipeline Transportation Emissions.

Previous transportation fuel life cycle assessment studies have not fully accounted for the full variability in the crude oil transport stage - e.g. transporting a light crude through a high-diameter pipeline, vs. transporting a heavy crude through a small-diameter pipeline. We develop a first principles, fluid mechanics-based crude oil pipeline transportation emissions model (COPTEM) that calculates the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with pipeline transport as a function of crude oil parameters,...

Time for a change in how new antibiotics are reimbursed: Development of an insurance framework for funding new antibiotics based on a policy of risk mitigation.

Healthcare systems depend on the availability of new antibiotics. However, there is a lack of treatments for infections caused by multidrug resistant (MDR) pathogens and a weak development pipeline of new therapies. One core challenge to the development of new antibiotics targeting MDR pathogens is that expected revenues are insufficient to drive long-term investment. In the USA and Europe, financial incentives have focussed on supporting R&D, reducing regulatory burden, and extending market exclusivity. Us...

Diurnal changes of glycogen molecular structure in healthy and diabetic mice.

Glycogen is a complex branched glucose polymer functioning as a blood-sugar reservoir in animals. Liver glycogen β particles can bind together to form α particles, which have a slower enzymatic degradation to glucose. The linkage between β particles in α particles in diabetic liver breaks (is fragile) in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), a H-bond disruptor, consistent with blood-sugar homeostasis loss in diabetes. We examined diurnal changes in the molecular structure of healthy and diabetic mouse-liver glycog...

Effects of different resistance mechanisms on susceptibility to different classes of antibiotics in Klebsiella pneumoniae strains: a strategic system for the screening and activity testing of new antibiotics.

A strategic system for the screening and testing of new antibiotics was created to facilitate the development of antibiotics that are robustly effective against MDR bacteria.

Risperidone Treatment for Irritability in Fragile X Syndrome.

The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of risperidone monoantipsychotic therapy targeting irritability in patients with Fragile X syndrome (FXS) in a naturalistic outpatient clinical setting.

Health problems in females carriers of premutation in the FMR1 gene.

Premutation in the FMR1 gene occur in the general population with an estimated prevalence 1 in 130-260 females and 1 in 250-810 males. Carriers of premutation are at risk of development of spectrum of neurological, psychiatric and immunological disorders in adulthood. Fragile X-associated disease caused by dynamic mutation (expansion of CGG repeats) can be divided into three disorders: FXS - Fragile X syndrome, FXPOI - Fragile X-associated primary ovarian insufficiency, FXTAS -Fragile X-associated tremor/at...

Filling the Pipeline: AOA Critical Issues.

This is the Presidential Address, "Filling the Pipeline," that was given by Sanford E. Emery, MD, MBA, at the Annual Meeting of the American Orthopaedic Association in June 2016.

Aqueous extract of Codium fragile alleviates osteoarthritis through the MAPK/NF-κB pathways in IL-1β-induced rat primary chondrocytes and a rat osteoarthritis model.

Codium fragile (Suringar) Hariot has been used as a potential remedy in traditional medicine because of its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. Osteoarthritis is a chronic progressive joint disease, characterized by complex mechanisms related to inflammation and degeneration of articular cartilage. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the cartilage protective effect of an aqueous extract of Codium fragile (AECF) using rat primary chondrocytes and the osteoarthritis animal model induced by destabiliza...

CRISPR-DAV: CRISPR NGS Data Analysis and Visualization Pipeline.

The simplicity and precision of CRISPR/Cas9 system has brought in a new era of gene editing. Screening for desired clones with CRISPR-mediated genomic edits in a large number of samples is made possible by next generation sequencing (NGS) due to its multiplexing. Here we present CRISPR-DAV (CRISPR Data Analysis and Visualization) pipeline to analyze the CRISPR NGS data in a high throughput manner. In the pipeline, BWA and ABRA are used for small and large indel detection, and results are presented in a comp...

AID and Reactive Oxygen Species Can Induce DNA Breaks within Human Chromosomal Translocation Fragile Zones.

DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) occurring within fragile zones of less than 200 base pairs account for the formation of the most common human chromosomal translocations in lymphoid malignancies, yet the mechanism of how breaks occur remains unknown. Here, we have transferred human fragile zones into S. cerevisiae in the context of a genetic assay to understand the mechanism leading to DSBs at these sites. Our findings indicate that a combination of factors is required to sensitize these regions. Foremost, ...

A family with two cases of melanocytic tumors and fragile X syndrome.

Fragile X syndrome (FXS), a leading cause of inherited intellectual disability, most commonly results from an expansion of the CGG trinucleotide repeat in the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene to more than 200 copies (full mutation). The FXS phenotype differs by sex and is associated with intellectual and cognitive impairment, characteristic physical features, epilepsy, and/or behavioral challenges including autism spectrum disorder. In this patient population, tumors involving blood cells, digesti...

Exploring Patient Awareness and Perceptions of the Appropriate Use of Antibiotics: A Mixed-Methods Study.

In the outpatient setting, estimates suggest that 30% of the antibiotics prescribed are unnecessary. This study explores patient knowledge and awareness of appropriate use of antibiotics and expectations regarding how antibiotics are used for their treatment in outpatient settings. A survey was administered to a convenience sample of patients, parents, and caregivers (n = 190) at seven primary care clinics and two urgent care locations. Fisher's exact tests compared results by patient characteristics. Altho...

Antibiotics in primary care in England: which antibiotics are prescribed and for which conditions?

To analyse antibiotic prescribing behaviour in English primary care with particular regard to which antibiotics are prescribed and for which conditions.

Prudent Use and Regulatory Guidelines for Veterinary Antibiotics - Politics or Science?

Regulatory guidelines are in place across the world to ensure that approval of antibiotics is consistent with current scientific understanding of quality, efficacy and safety including minimising the risk of development of antibiotic resistance. We suggest the regulatory process is fit for purpose and does indeed approve products that are safe for use with regard to development of antibiotic resistance. However we maintain that in order to preserve the longevity of antibiotics, treatment should be based on ...

Presence of Antibiotics in Shallow Groundwater in the Northern and Southwestern Regions of China.

Antibiotics are widely used, and there is a serious concern about its adverse impacts on the environment and human health. To our knowledge, prior to this work, there was no evidence of the potential presence of antibiotics in groundwater in China, despite populous speculations. This study reported the detection of 35 target antibiotics of 6 groups (chloramphenicois, lincosamides, marcrolides, quinolones, sulfonamides, and tetracyclines), in shallow groundwater samples collected in northern and southwestern...

Sequence-Based Synteny Analysis of Multiple Large Genomes.

Current methods for synteny analysis provide only limited support to study large genomes at the sequence level. In this chapter, we describe a pipeline based on existing tools that, applied in a suitable fashion, enables synteny analysis of large genomic datasets. We give a hands-on description of each step of the pipeline using four avian genomes for data. We also provide integration scripts that simplify the conversion and setup of data between the different tools in the pipeline.

Recent advances in assays for the fragile X-related disorders.

The fragile X-related disorders are a group of three clinical conditions resulting from the instability of a CGG-repeat tract at the 5' end of the FMR1 transcript. Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) and fragile X-associated primary ovarian insufficiency (FXPOI) are disorders seen in carriers of FMR1 alleles with 55-200 repeats. Female carriers of these premutation (PM) alleles are also at risk of having a child who has an FMR1 allele with >200 repeats. Most of these full mutation (FM) allel...

A functional pipeline framework for landmark identification on 3D surface extracted from volumetric data.

Landmarks, also known as feature points, are one of the important geometry primitives that describe the predominant characteristics of a surface. In this study we proposed a self-contained framework to generate landmarks on surfaces extracted from volumetric data. The framework is designed to be a three-fold pipeline structure. The pipeline comprises three phases which are surface construction, crest line extraction and landmark identification. With input as a volumetric data and output as landmarks, the pi...

Antibiotics use among Palestine refugees attending UNRWA primary health care centers in Jordan - A cross-sectional study.

The irrational use of antibiotics is increasing in Jordanian refugee camps and consequently so too is bacterial resistance. About one-third of health expenditures at UNRWA health centers in Jordan are attributed to antibiotics.

Learning normalized inputs for iterative estimation in medical image segmentation.

In this paper, we introduce a simple, yet powerful pipeline for medical image segmentation that combines Fully Convolutional Networks (FCNs) with Fully Convolutional Residual Networks (FC-ResNets). We propose and examine a design that takes particular advantage of recent advances in the understanding of both Convolutional Neural Networks as well as ResNets. Our approach focuses upon the importance of a trainable pre-processing when using FC-ResNets and we show that a low-capacity FCN model can serve as a pr...

A method for simulating the release of natural gas from the rupture of high-pressure pipelines in any terrain.

The rupture of a high-pressure natural gas pipeline can pose a serious threat to human life and environment. In this research, a method has been proposed to simulate the release of natural gas from the rupture of high-pressure pipelines in any terrain. The process of gas releases from the rupture of a high-pressure pipeline is divided into three stages, namely the discharge, jet, and dispersion stages. Firstly, a discharge model is established to calculate the release rate of the orifice. Secondly, an impro...

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