PubMed Journals Articles About "Antibiotics Pipeline Lively Sponsors Fragile" RSS

16:29 EST 14th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Antibiotics Pipeline Lively Sponsors Fragile" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,700+


Fragile X Syndrome is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disabilities and autism spectrum disorders and it is an X-linked disorder in which there is a deficiency of the Fragile X Mental Retardation 1 protein. This protein is crucial in regulating translation of mRNAs related to dendritic maturation and cognitive development. The phenotype of FXS is characterized by neurobehavioral alterations, social deficits, communication difficulties, and findings which suggest an alteration of connective ti...

Microglial cell activation and senescence are characteristic of the pathology FXTAS.

Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder associated with premutation alleles of the FMR1 gene. Expansions of more than 200 CGG repeats give rise to fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form of cognitive impairment. Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome is characterized by cerebellar tremor and ataxia, and the presence of ubiquitin-positive inclusions in neurons and astrocytes. It has been previously suggested that fragile X-associated trem...

Thrombogenicity assessment of Pipeline Flex, Pipeline Shield, and FRED flow diverters in an in vitro human blood physiological flow loop model.

Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms with endoluminal flow diverters (single or multiple) has proven to be clinically safe and effective, but is associated with a risk of thromboembolic complications. Recently, a novel biomimetic surface modification with covalently bound phosphorylcholine (Shield Technology™) has shown to reduce the material thrombogenicity of the Pipeline flow diverter. Thrombogenicity of Pipeline Flex, Pipeline Shield, and Flow Redirection Endoluminal Device (FRED) in the p...

The Rules of Engagement: CTTI Recommendations for Successful Collaborations Between Sponsors and Patient Groups Around Clinical Trials.

To identify the elements necessary for successful collaboration between patient groups and academic and industry sponsors of clinical trials, in order to develop recommendations for best practices for effective patient group engagement.

Inhaled antibiotics for pulmonary exacerbations in cystic fibrosis.

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder in which abnormal mucus in the lungs is associated with susceptibility to persistent infection. Pulmonary exacerbations are when symptoms of infection become more severe. Antibiotics are an essential part of treatment for exacerbations and inhaled antibiotics may be used alone or in conjunction with oral antibiotics for milder exacerbations or with intravenous antibiotics for more severe infections. Inhaled antibiotics do not cause the same adverse effects as intravenou...

Cognitive function impacts gait, functional mobility and falls in fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome.

Executive function and information processing speed deficits occur in fragile X premutation carriers (PMC) with and without fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS). Gait is negatively impacted by cognitive deficits in many patient populations resulting in increased morbidity and falls but these relationships have not been studied in FXTAS.

Assessing the Financial Value of Patient Engagement: A Quantitative Approach from CTTI's Patient Groups and Clinical Trials Project.

While patient groups, regulators, and sponsors are increasingly considering engaging with patients in the design and conduct of clinical development programs, sponsors are often reluctant to go beyond pilot programs because of uncertainty in the return on investment. We developed an approach to estimate the financial value of patient engagement.

Congruence and placement in sponsorship: An eye-tracking application.

Sporting events can be announced using sports posters and by disseminating advertisements on the internet, on the street and in print media. But until now, no prior research has measured the effectiveness of sponsorship in sporting event posters. This study uses eye tracking to measure the effectiveness of sporting event posters and proposes considering the level of the viewer's attention as an indicator. This research involves a factorial experiment based on the following variables: congruence, the number ...

Repurposing available drugs for neurodevelopmental disorders: The fragile X experience.

Many available drugs have been repurposed as treatments for neurodevelopmental disorders. In the specific case of fragile X syndrome, many clinical trials of available drugs have been conducted with the goal of disease modification. In some cases, detailed understanding of basic disease mechanisms has guided the choice of drugs for clinical trials, and several notable successes in fragile X clinical trials have led to common use of drugs such as minocycline in routine medical practice. Newer technologies li...

VCPA: genomic Variant Calling pipeline and data management tool for Alzheimer's Disease Sequencing Project.

We report VCPA, our SNP/Indel Variant Calling Pipeline and data management tool used for analysis of whole genome and exome sequencing (WGS/WES) for the Alzheimer's Disease Sequencing Project. VCPA consists of two independent but linkable components: pipeline and tracking database. The pipeline, implemented using the Workflow Description Language and fully optimized for the Amazon elastic compute cloud environment, includes steps from aligning raw sequence reads, to variant calling using GATK. The tracking ...

Biochar-mediated sorption of antibiotics in pig manure.

Using manure contaminated with antibiotics as fertilizer is a primary source of soil pollution with antibiotics and concomitantly with antibiotic resistance genes (ARG). Bioavailable antibiotics trigger further ARG amplification during manure storage. Consequently it is aimed to facilitate the immobilization of antibiotics in manure. To this end, five biochars derived from pine cone (BCP), rice husk, sewage sludge, digestate and Miscanthus were tested as additional sorbents in liquid pig manure for sulfamet...

Stand-by antibiotics encourage unwarranted use of antibiotics for travelers' diarrhea: A prospective study.

As antibiotics predispose travelers to acquiring multidrug-resistant intestinal bacteria, they should no longer be considered a mainstay for treating travelers' diarrhea. Stand-by antibiotics are justified as a means to avoid visits with local healthcare providers often causing polypharmacy.

Antibiotics in early life: dysbiosis and the damage done.

Antibiotics are the most common type of medication prescribed to children, including infants, in the Western world. While use of antibiotics has transformed previously lethal infections into relatively minor diseases, antibiotic treatments can have adverse effects, as well. It has been shown in children, adults and animal models that antibiotics dramatically alter the gut microbial composition. Since the gut microbiota plays crucial roles in immunity, metabolism, and endocrinology, the effects of antibiotic...

Biobehavioral composite of social aspects of anxiety in young adults with fragile X syndrome contrasted to autism spectrum disorder.

Social anxiety is a common disorder that has negative impacts across multiple domains of function. Several clinical groups are at elevated risk for social anxiety, including those with fragile X syndrome and those with autism spectrum disorder. Measuring social anxiety in these clinical subgroups is fraught with challenge, however, given the complexity of social anxiety and measurement limitations that are particularly acute in persons with neurodevelopmental disorders. The over-arching aim of this study wa...

Novel Therapeutics in Psoriatic Arthritis. What Is in the Pipeline?

To highlight the recently approved therapeutic agents in psoriatic arthritis (PsA), drugs in the pipeline, as well as to discuss efficacy with regard to different clinical domains of PsA.

Antibiotics: a risk factor for irritable bowel syndrome in a population-based cohort.

Use of antibiotics affects the composition of the gut microbiome. The microbiome is thought to play a role in development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but antibiotics as a possible risk factor for IBS has not been clarified. We aimed to explore if antibiotics is a risk factor for IBS by investigating use of antibiotics and development of IBS in a cohort from the Danish background population.

Understanding mode of action can drive the translational pipeline towards more reliable health benefits for probiotics.

The different levels of knowledge described in a translational pipeline (the connection of molecular mechanisms with pre-clinical physiological and human health effects) are not complete for many probiotics. At present, we are not in a position to fully understand the mechanistic basis of many well established probiotic health benefits which, in turn, limits our ability to use mechanisms to predict which probiotics are likely to be effective in any given population. Here we suggest that this concept of a tr...

Introduction and geographic availability of new antibiotics approved between 1999 and 2014.

Despite the urgent need for new, effective antibiotics, few antibiotics of value have entered the market during the past decades. Therefore, incentives have been developed to stimulate antibiotic R&D. For these incentives to be effective, geographic availability for recently approved antibiotics needs to be better understood. In this study, we analyze geographic availability and market introduction of antibiotics approved between 1999 and 2014.

Exposure of adults to antibiotics in a Shanghai suburban area and health risk assessment: A biomonitoring-based study.

An extensive exposure to antibiotics has been demonstrated in children and pregnant women by biomonitoring, but data from general adults remain limited. In the current study, we studied 822 adults aged 21-75 years in Shanghai in 2017 and analyzed 18 common antibiotics (five veterinary antibiotics (VAs), four human antibiotics (HAs), and nine human/veterinary antibiotics (H/VAs)) in spot urine by liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry. All 18 antibiotics were detected in urine wit...

A Small Molecule-Screening Pipeline to Evaluate the Therapeutic Potential of 2-Aminoimidazole Molecules Against .

Antibiotics are considered to be the first line of treatment for mild to moderately severe infection (CDI) in humans. However, antibiotics are also risk factors for CDI as they decrease colonization resistance against by altering the gut microbiota and metabolome. Finding compounds that selectively inhibit different stages of the life cycle, while sparing the indigenous gut microbiota is important for the development of alternatives to standard antibiotic treatment. 2-aminoimidazole (2-AI) molecules are ...


Pipeline validation for connectivity-based cortex parcellation.

Structural connectivity plays a dominant role in brain function and arguably lies at the core of understanding the structure-function relationship in the cerebral cortex. Connectivity-based cortex parcellation (CCP), in the context of this article a framework to process structural connectivity information gained from diffusion MRI and diffusion tractography, identifies cortical subunits that furnish functional inference. The underlying pipeline of algorithms interprets similarity in structural connectivity ...

Peptide based Antimicrobials: Design Strategies and Therapeutic Potential.

Therapeutic activity of antibiotics is noteworthy, as they are used in the treatment of microbial infections. Regardless of their utility, there has been a steep decrease in the number of drug candidates due to antibiotic resistance, an inevitable consequence of noncompliance with the full therapeutic regimen. A variety of resistant species like MDR (Multi-Drug Resistant), XDR (Extensively Drug-Resistant) and PDR (Pan Drug-Resistant) species have evolved, but discovery pipeline has already shown signs of ge...

An alternative strategy for combination therapy: Interactions between polymyxin B and non-antibiotics.

Antimicrobial resistance is increasing and few new antibiotics are in the development pipeline. Alternative strategies to treat infectious diseases such as combination therapy are urgently needed. Polymyxin B is a neglected and disused antibiotic with moderate antibacterial activity, and in this study we aimed to find synergistic interactions between polymyxin B and a wide range of non-antibiotics to improve its efficacy. Thirty non-antibiotic compounds from various drug classes were screened for synergisti...

Morphological Feature Elongation Can Predict Occlusion Status Following Pipeline Embolization of Intracranial Aneurysms.

To explore whether computed morphological features can be used as independent predictors of incomplete occlusion of aneurysms treated with pipeline embolization device.

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