PubMed Journals Articles About "Antineoplaston Therapy In Treating Patients With Advanced Mesothelioma" RSS

22:46 EDT 22nd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Antineoplaston Therapy Treating Patients With Advanced Mesothelioma" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 44,000+

Pharmacokinetics and important drug-drug interactions to remember when treating advanced chronic kidney disease patients with hepatitis C direct acting anti-viral therapy.

Hepatitis C direct acting antiviral (DAA) therapy has evolved so that infected patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) can now anticipate the opportunity for sustained virologic response equivalent to that of the broader population of patients with hepatitis C. This has revolutionized the field of transplantation as it relates to renal transplant candidates with hepatitis C and the use of grafts from hepatitis C virus (HCV) viremic donors. In treating this population of patients, special conside...

Efficacy and Safety of Avelumab Treatment in Patients With Advanced Unresectable Mesothelioma: Phase 1b Results From the JAVELIN Solid Tumor Trial.

Patients with malignant mesothelioma whose disease has progressed after platinum and pemetrexed treatment have limited options. Anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) antibodies have antitumor activity in this disease, but little is known about the activity of anti-programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibodies in patients with mesothelioma.

Dosimetric Correlates of Pulmonary Toxicity in Patients with Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Receiving Radiation Therapy to the Intact Lungs.

We aimed to determine dose-volume constraints that correlate with severe (grade ≥3) radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients diagnosed with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), treated using volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT).

How to Achieve a Higher Pathologic Complete Response in Patients With Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer Who Receive Preoperative Chemoradiation Therapy.

The current standard of care for treating patients with locally advanced rectal cancer includes preoperative chemoradiation therapy (PCRT) followed by a total mesorectal excision and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. A subset of these patients has achieved a pathologic complete response (pCR) and they have shown improved disease-free and overall survival compared to non-pCR patients. Thus, many efforts have been made to achieve a higher pCR through PCRT. In this review, results from various ongoing and r...

Nivolumab or nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with relapsed malignant pleural mesothelioma (IFCT-1501 MAPS2): a multicentre, open-label, randomised, non-comparative, phase 2 trial.

There is no recommended therapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma that has progressed after first-line pemetrexed and platinum-based chemotherapy. Disease control has been less than 30% in all previous studies of second-line drugs. Preliminary results have suggested that anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody could be efficacious in these patients. We thus aimed to prospectively assess the anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody alone or in combination with anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protein 4 (CTL...

Adjuvant and Neoadjuvant Therapy, Treatment for Advanced Disease, and Genetic Considerations for Adrenocortical Carcinoma: An Update from the SSO Endocrine and Head and Neck Disease Site Working Group.

This is the second of a two-part review on adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) management. While margin-negative resection provides the only potential cure for ACC, recurrence rates remain high. Furthermore, many patients present with locally advanced, unresectable tumors and/or diffuse metastases. As a result, selecting patients for adjuvant therapy and understanding systemic therapy options for advanced ACC is important. Herein, we detail the current literature supporting the use of adjuvant mitotane therapy, ...

Apatinib monotherapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer after the failure of chemotherapy or other targeted therapy.

Apatinib, a small-molecule inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2), has proven to be effective and safe for treating patients with advanced gastric cancer after second-line chemotherapy failure. As VEGFR-2 targeted therapy has made encouraging progress for the treatment of a broad range of malignancies, we explored the efficacy and safety of apatinib for the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer after the failure of chemotherapy or other targeted therapy.

Maintenance Defactinib Versus Placebo After First-Line Chemotherapy in Patients With Merlin-Stratified Pleural Mesothelioma: COMMAND-A Double-Blind, Randomized, Phase II Study.

Inhibition of focal adhesion kinase has been shown to selectively kill mesothelioma cells that express low levels of moesin-ezrin-radixin-like protein (merlin). On this basis, we designed a randomized, phase II trial to investigate whether defactinib as maintenance therapy after standard first-line chemotherapy could improve progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM).

Clinical benefit from afatinib in an advanced squamous cell lung carcinoma patient harboring S310Y mutation: a case report.

mutations are identified in approximately 2% of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases and are predominantly observed in non-smokers, females, and adenocarcinoma patients. Although afatinib is recommended for treating NSCLC patients with mutation, the therapy is most efficacious in patients harboring exon 20 insertions, especially the in-frame insertion YVMA. Research on the treatment of the extracellular domain mutation is relatively rare.

Making the Best of Available Options for Optimal Sarcoma Treatment.

For 35 years options for treating advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS) were limited to doxorubicin, dacarbazine and ifosfamide. In 2007, trabectedin was approved. Since then, several other agents have become available and many more are in development, ushering in a new era in disease management. Considerable scope exists for improving outcomes of advanced STS through better trial design and improved patient care in everyday practice. After anthracycline failure, there are a range of treatment options and, inc...

Effects of removing reimbursement restrictions on targeted therapy accessibility for non-small cell lung cancer treatment in Taiwan: an interrupted time series study.

Targeted therapies have been proven to provide clinical benefits to patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Gefitinib was initially approved and reimbursed as a third-line therapy for patients with advanced NSCLC by the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) in 2004; subsequently it became a second-line therapy (in 2007) and further a first-line therapy (in 2011) for patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive advanced NSCLC. Another targeted therapy, erlotinib, was...

Neoadjuvant Crizotinib in Resectable Locally Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer with ALK-rearrangement: A Brief Report.

Locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most heterogeneous condition with multidimensional treatments involved. Neoadjuvant therapy was commonly considered as an optimal management for operable locally advanced patients. However, as targeted therapy has been widely applied in advanced NSCLC, neoadjuvant targeted therapy remains poorly explored in locally advanced disease.

Revisiting localized malignant mesothelioma.

Malignant Mesothelioma is an uncommon tumor that usually presents with diffuse pleural involvement and carries a dismal prognosis. Rarely, however, it can present as a localized, circumscribed mass or focal pleural lesion without evidence of diffuse spread. We found four such cases in our database. Three patients had localized epithelioid malignant mesothelioma and one had localized sarcomatoid mesothelioma. These localized tumors are a potential diagnostic pitfall for the pathologists as well as radiologis...

Profiling Preexisting Antibodies in Patients Treated With Anti-PD-1 Therapy for Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Administration of anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (anti-PD-1) is now standard therapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, immune checkpoint inhibitors, including anti-PD-1, have not been assessed in patients with subclinical disease with advanced NSCLC, and no useful clinical biomarkers have been associated with immune-related adverse events (irAEs) among these patients treated with anti-PD-1.

Surgical Management of Advanced Kidney Cancer: The Role of Cytoreductive Nephrectomy and Lymphadenectomy.

Despite the evolution of systemic therapy from the immunotherapy to targeted therapy eras, surgical management remains a mainstay of treatment of patients with locally advanced, lymph node-positive, and distant metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Balancing patient and disease characteristics with the potential morbidity of surgery has gained increasing attention to better define the role of cytoreductive nephrectomy and lymphadenectomy. In this review, we critically evaluate the literature for the potential th...

Ipilimumab and nivolumab in the treatment of recurrent malignant pleural mesothelioma (INITIATE): results of a prospective, single-arm, phase 2 trial.

Single-drug checkpoint inhibition has shown efficacy in patients with recurrent malignant pleural mesothelioma. Here, we assessed the safety and efficacy of the combination of nivolumab, an anti-programmed cell death 1 antibody, plus ipilimumab, an anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protein 4 antibody, in patients with previously treated and relapsed malignant pleural mesothelioma.

Computational prediction of diagnosis and feature selection on mesothelioma patient health records.

Mesothelioma is a lung cancer that kills thousands of people worldwide annually, especially those with exposure to asbestos. Diagnosis of mesothelioma in patients often requires time-consuming imaging techniques and biopsies. Machine learning can provide for a more effective, cheaper, and faster patient diagnosis and feature selection from clinical data in patient records.

Psychotherapy With Suicidal Patients Part 2: An Alliance Based Intervention for Suicide.

This column, which is the second in a 2-part series on the challenge of treating patients struggling with suicide, reviews one psychodynamic approach to working with suicidal patients that is consistent with the elements shared across evidence-based approaches to treating suicidal patients that were the focus of the first column in this series. Alliance Based Intervention for Suicide is an approach to treating suicidal patients developed at the Austen Riggs Center that is not manualized or a stand-alone tre...

Long-Term Effects and Adverse Events of Nintedanib Therapy in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Patients with Functionally Advanced Disease.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is one of the most common interstitial lung diseases with limited survival. The effect of IPF therapy in patients with severely impaired lung function is not well established. The aim of this study was to characterize IPF patients with a forced vital capacity (FVC) 

Neoadjuvant Therapy for Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer Should be Targeted to Tumor Histology.

Controversy exists over the optimal neoadjuvant therapy in patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer (EC). While most groups favor neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT), some prefer preoperative chemotherapy (nCT) without radiation. The objective of this study was to compare outcomes in EC patients undergoing either regimen, followed by surgery.

MUC21 is a novel, negative immunohistochemical marker for epithelioid mesothelioma for its differentiation from lung adenocarcinoma.

The process of differential diagnosis between epithelioid mesothelioma and lung adenocarcinoma has been progressing; however, there are no absolute immunohistochemical markers to definitively diagnose epithelioid mesothelioma. The aim of this study was to search for a novel negative marker of epithelioid mesothelioma.

Clinical Inquiries: What's the best secondary treatment for patients who fail initial triple therapy for H pylori?

Treating patients with infection who have failed clarithromycin-based triple therapy with either levofloxacin-based triple therapy (with amoxicillin and a proton pump inhibitor [PPI]) or a bismuth-based quadruple therapy produces cure rates of 75% to 81%. Ten-day regimens produce higher cure rates than 7-day regimens. Repeating the initial clarithromycin-based triple therapy cures fewer than half of patients (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials [RCTs]).

Sensitivity to asbestos is increased in patients with mesothelioma and pathogenic germline variants in BAP1 or other DNA repair genes.

Pathogenic germline variants in the BAP1 tumor suppressor gene can cause a cancer syndrome called BAP1 tumor predisposition syndrome (BAP1-TPDS), which is characterized by predisposition to mesothelioma, melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, and other tumors. Other genes that may predispose to mesothelioma are CDKN2A and DNA repair genes. Asbestos exposure has often been reported in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and germline variants in BAP1, but this exposure has never ...

Effects of Long-term Norfloxacin Therapy in Patients with Advanced Cirrhosis.

There is debate over the effects of long-term oral fluoroquinolone therapy in patients with advanced cirrhosis. We performed a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of long-term treatment with the fluoroquinolone norfloxacin on survival of patients with cirrhosis.

Adherence to hormonal deprivation therapy in prostate cancer in clinical practice: a retrospective, single-centre study.

Androgen-deprivation therapy is one of the options available for treating both advanced and metastatic prostate cancer (PCa). It is used as an adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy, either alone or in combination with radiotherapy (RT) or surgery. The aim of this study is to appraise adherence to ADT.

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