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PubMed Journals Articles About "Apelin Involved Progression Diabetic Nephropathy Inhibiting Autophagy Podocytes" RSS

15:53 EDT 23rd June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Apelin Involved Progression Diabetic Nephropathy Inhibiting Autophagy Podocytes PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Apelin Involved Progression Diabetic Nephropathy Inhibiting Autophagy Podocytes articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Apelin involved progression diabetic nephropathy inhibiting autophagy podocytes" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 15,000+

Mangiferin prevents diabetic nephropathy progression and protects podocyte function via autophagy in diabetic rat glomeruli.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most severe microangiopathies of diabetes mellitus and is a leading cause of end stage renal disease. Numerous studies suggest that podocyte injury contributes to progressive proteinuria. Podocytes are highly specialized, terminally differentiated cells that are unable to proliferate, autophagy plays a key role in maintaining the structure and function of podocytes. Autophagy impairment is involved in the pathogenesis of podocyte loss, which leads to massive proteinur...


Astragaloside suppresses apoptosis of the podocytes in rats with diabetic nephropathy via miR-378/TRAF5 signaling pathway.

Apoptosis of podocytes plays a crucial role in diabetic nephropathy (DN) development, and astragaloside (AS-IV) has a significant impact on podocyte apoptosis. This study aims to explore the effect of AS-IV on diabetic nephropathy progression.

Berberine attenuates podocytes injury caused by exosomes derived from high glucose-induced mesangial cells through TGFβ1-PI3K/AKT pathway.

Diabetic nephropathy is the most common microvascular complications of diabetes. Berberine is the main active ingredient of Coptis chinensis and previous studies have been showed that berberine could delay the progression of diabetic nephropathy by regulating related cytokines and signaling pathways. Glomerular mesangial cells and podocytes are two vital indigenous cells of kidney and interaction between these two cellular components via exosomes might affect function of glomerulus in diabetic nephropathy c...


Apelin impairs myogenic response to induce diabetic nephropathy in mice.

The cause of the invalid reaction of smooth muscle cells to mechanical stimulation that results in a dysfunctional myogenic response that mediates the disruption of renal blood flow (RBF) in diabetic patients is debatable. The present study revealed that increased apelin concentration in serum of diabetic mice neutralized the myogenic response mediated by apelin receptor (APJ) and resulted in increased RBF, which promoted the progression of diabetic nephropathy. The results showed that apelin concentration,...

Mapping Txnip: Key connexions in progression of diabetic nephropathy.

Studies demonstrates the major involvement of inflammatory and apoptotic pathway in the pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy. The cross talk between inflammatory and apoptotic pathway suggests Txnip as a molecular connexion in progression of disease state. Txnip modulates inflammatory pathway (via ROS production and NLRP3 inflammasome activity) and apoptotic pathway (via mTOR pathway). The key contribution of Txnip in both the pathways, reflects, its crucial role in diabetic nephropathy. In the present r...

Advances in early biomarkers of diabetic nephropathy.

Diabetic nephropathy is the main cause of chronic kidney disease, and represents the most common and serious complication of diabetes. The exact pathogenesis is complex and not elucidated. Several factors and mechanisms contribute to the development and outcome of diabetic nephropathy. An early diagnosis and intervention may slow down disease progression. A variety of biological markers associated with diabetic nephropathy were found in recent years, which was important for predicting the occurrence and dev...

Relationship Between the Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) Level and Prognosis of Diabetic Nephropathy with Microalbuminuria: A 7-Year Follow-Up Study.

The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between the brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level and prognosis of diabetic nephropathy. The subjects were 100 Japanese outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with microalbuminuria. Associations between metabolic parameters at baseline, including BNP, and prognosis of diabetic nephropathy (progression of diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular events, and death) were examined for 7 years. In Cox proportional hazard analysis, HbA1c, albumin-creatinine rati...

Swiprosin-1 Promotes Mitochondria-Dependent Apoptosis of Glomerular Podocytes via P38 MAPK Pathway in Early-Stage Diabetic Nephropathy.

Podocyte injury, especially podocyte apoptosis, plays a major role in early-stage diabetic nephropathy (DN). Swiprosin-1, also known as EF hand domain containing 2 (EFhd2), is a Ca2+-binding protein in different cell types. However, the function of swiprosin-1 in podocytes remains unknown.

Long Non-Coding RNA CASC2 Improves Diabetic Nephropathy by Inhibiting JNK Pathway.

It's known that long non-coding RNA CASC2 overexpression inhibit the JNK pathway in some disease models, while JNK pathway activation exacerbates diabetic nephropathy. Therefore we speculate that long non-coding RNA CASC2 can improve diabetic nephropathy by inhibiting JNK pathway. Thus, our study was carried out to investigate the involvement of CASC2 in diabetic nephropathy. We found that serum level of CASC2 was significantly lower in diabetic nephropathy patients than in normal people, and serum level of...

Diabetic nephropathy: is it always there? Assumptions, weaknesses and pitfalls in the diagnosis.

Diabetic nephropathy is defined as a microvascular complication of the kidneys induced by diabetes mellitus and is characterized by albuminuria and progressive loss of kidney function. However, neither albuminuria nor glomerular filtration rate decline are diabetic nephropathy-specific markers, thus the diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy greatly depends on assumptions. Several factors should be taken into account when urinary albumin levels are assessed before establishing the diagnosis of diabetic nephropat...

ROS-Autophagy pathway mediates monocytes-human umbilical vein endothelial cells adhesion induced by apelin-13.

Apelin is the endogenous ligand of APJ receptor. Both monocytes (MCs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) express apelin and APJ, which play important roles in the physiological processes of atherosclerosis. Our previous research indicated that apelin-13 promoted MCs-HUVECs adhesion. Here, we further explore the mechanism responsible for MCs-HUVECs adhesion induced by apelin-13. Apelin-13 promoted reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and NOX4 expression in HUVECs. Apelin-13 inducedautoph...

Salvianolic Acid A Protects Against Diabetic Nephropathy through Ameliorating Glomerular Endothelial Dysfunction via Inhibiting AGE-RAGE Signaling.

Glomerular endothelium dysfunction leads to the progression of renal architectonic and functional abnormalities in early-stage diabetic nephropathy (DN). Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and receptor for AGEs (RAGE) are proved to play important roles in diabetic nephropathy. This study investigated the role of Salvianolic acid A (SalA) on early-stage DN and its possible underlying mechanism.

Enhanced insulin receptor, but not PI3K, signalling protects podocytes from ER stress.

Disruption of the insulin-PI3K-Akt signalling pathway in kidney podocytes causes endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, leading to podocyte apoptosis and proteinuria in diabetic nephropathy. We hypothesised that by improving insulin sensitivity we could protect podocytes from ER stress. Here we use established activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6)- and ER stress element (ERSE)-luciferase assays alongside a novel high throughput imaging-based C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) assay to examine three models of im...

Prevention of progression of diabetic nephropathy by the SGLT2 inhibitor ipragliflozin in uninephrectomized type 2 diabetic mice.

Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in the world. Although recent development of sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitors offers a new antidiabetic therapeutic strategy, it remains unclear whether such treatments are beneficial for limiting the progression of type 2 diabetic overt nephropathy. This study examined the effect of the SGLT2 inhibitor ipragliflozin on the progression of nephropathy in uninephrectomized KK/A type 2 diabetic mice, which exhibit not only typ...

Icariin modulates mitochondrial function and apoptosis in high glucose-induced glomerular podocytes through G protein-coupled estrogen receptors.

Podocyte apoptosis in glomerular lesions has been found to have a dominant role in the progression of diabetic nephropathy. The present research aimed to explore the beneficial effect of icariin on diabetic podocytes by interfering in the process of apoptosis. Podocyte apoptosis was significantly exacerbated after high glucose treatment, with the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) increasing simultaneously. Here, we demonstrated that icariin, which is a G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER) agoni...

Urinary afamin levels are associated with the progression of diabetic nephropathy.

In this study, we applied quantitative proteomic analysis to identify urinary proteins associated with diabetic nephropathy (DN).

Potential Value of Urinary Exosome-Derived let-7c-5p in the Diagnosis and Progression of Type II Diabetic Nephropathy.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a leading cause of death worldwide. Reliable biomarkers are demanded for the non-invasive diagnosis of DN. This study aims to investigate whether miRNA in urinary exosomes could serve as a potential biomarker in the diagnosis and progression of DN.

Knockdown of NUP160 inhibits cell proliferation, induces apoptosis, autophagy and cell migration, and alters the expression and localization of podocyte associated molecules in mouse podocytes.

Genetic mutations in dozens of monogenic genes can lead to serious podocyte dysfunction, which is a major cause of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). The NUP160 gene is expressed in both human kidney and mouse kidney. However, whether knockdown of NUP160 impairs podocytes has not yet been established. Therefore, we knocked down NUP160 by targeted short hairpin RNA (shRNA) in conditionally immortalized mouse podocytes and observed the effect of NUP160 knockdown on the proliferation, apoptosis, auto...

Diabetic dyslipidemia and microvascular complications of diabetes.

Diabetic dyslipidemia is one of the main risk factors for atherosclerosis. Although its participation in diabetic microvascular complications is not that dominant, dyslipidemia may play an important role in formation and progression of these complications. Pathophysiological mechanisms by which diabetic dyslipidemia affects the etiopathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy, neuropathy and diabetic foot are presented. The data from clinical studies and treatment possibilities for particular microvasc...

Histamine H4 receptor antagonism prevents the progression of diabetic nephropathy in male DBA2/J mice.

Due to the incidence of diabetes and the related morbidity of diabetic nephropathy, identification of new therapeutic strategies represents a priority. In the last few decades new and growing evidence on the possible role of histamine in diabetes has been provided. In particular, the histamine receptor H4R is emerging as a new promising pharmacological target for diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of selective H4R antagonism by JNJ39758979 on the prevention of diabetic ...

Effects of the SGLT2 inhibitor ipragliflozin on various diabetic symptoms and progression of overt nephropathy in type 2 diabetic mice.

Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease and is associated with high-cardiovascular risk and significant morbidity and mortality. The recent development of sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitors offers a new antidiabetic therapy via enhanced glucose excretion; however, the beneficial effect of these drugs on the development of type 2 diabetic overt nephropathy is still largely unclear. We examined the therapeutic effects of the SGLT2 inhibitor ipragliflozin on various d...

Effects of exercise training on adipose tissue apelin expression in streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced diabetic rats.

Apelin is an adipocyte-derived peptide that plays an important role in regulation of energy homoeostasis and decrease of insulin resistance. We investigated the effects of exercise training on adipose tissue apelin expression in streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced diabetic rats. In this experimental study, 38 male Wistar rats were assigned to 4 groups: sedentary diabetic, trained diabetic, sedentary non-diabetic and trained non-diabetic. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was induced by intraperitoneal injecti...

Antidiabetic and renoprotective effect of Anogeissus acuminata leaf extract on experimentally induced diabetic nephropathy.

Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Hyperglycemia, oxidative stress, and inflammation are some of the mechanisms involved in renal damage. Anogeissus acuminata (AA) is used in India as an antidiabetic agent and has potent antioxidant activity. However, it has never been evaluated for its effect on diabetic nephropathy. Hence, in the present study we aimed to evaluate its effect on streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus and its renal complications.

AGE-RAGE axis blockade in diabetic nephropathy: current status and future directions.

Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most frequent micro-vascular complications both in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients and is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide. Although disparate mechanisms give rise to the development of diabetic nephropathy, prevailing evidence accentuates that hyperglycemia-associated generation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) plays a central role in the disease pathophysiology. Engagement of the receptor for AGE (RAGE) with its ligands provokes oxidati...

Effect of post-transplant glycemic control on long-term clinical outcomes in kidney transplant recipients with diabetic nephropathy: A multicenter cohort study in Korea.

Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end stage renal disease. The number of kidney transplantation (KT) due to diabetic nephropathy is increasing and there is debate on glycemic control after KT. In this study, we used a multi-center database to determine the relationship between post-transplant glycemic control and the outcomes of KT in patients with diabetic nephropathy.


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