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Apelin Involved Progression Diabetic Nephropathy Inhibiting Autophagy Podocytes PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Apelin Involved Progression Diabetic Nephropathy Inhibiting Autophagy Podocytes articles that have been published worldwide.
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Apoptosis of podocytes plays a crucial role in diabetic nephropathy (DN) development, and astragaloside (AS-IV) has a significant impact on podocyte apoptosis. This study aims to explore the effect of AS-IV on diabetic nephropathy progression.
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between the brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level and prognosis of diabetic nephropathy. The subjects were 100 Japanese outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with microalbuminuria. Associations between metabolic parameters at baseline, including BNP, and prognosis of diabetic nephropathy (progression of diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular events, and death) were examined for 7 years. In Cox proportional hazard analysis, HbA1c, albumin-creatinine rati...
It's known that long non-coding RNA CASC2 overexpression inhibit the JNK pathway in some disease models, while JNK pathway activation exacerbates diabetic nephropathy. Therefore we speculate that long non-coding RNA CASC2 can improve diabetic nephropathy by inhibiting JNK pathway. Thus, our study was carried out to investigate the involvement of CASC2 in diabetic nephropathy. We found that serum level of CASC2 was significantly lower in diabetic nephropathy patients than in normal people, and serum level of...
What is the central question of this study? Up-regulation of lncRNA XIST in injured podocytes and membranous nephropathy has been noted, but its implication in membranous nephropathy pathogenesis has not been elucidated in detail. What is the main finding and its importance? We demonstrated that XIST was up-regulated in kidney tissue of membranous nephropathy and in injured podocytes. Down-regulation of XIST inhibited podocytes apoptosis. XIST negatively regulated miR-217, and miR-217 controlled TLR4. XIST ...
Diabetic nephropathy is a common complication of diabetes. This study explored the renal protective effect and possible mechanism of gliquidone in mice with diabetic nephropathy.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of rapamycin (RAP) on autophagy in podocytes and the therapeutic effects of RAP on idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN).
Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in the world. Although recent development of sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitors offers a new antidiabetic therapeutic strategy, it remains unclear whether such treatments are beneficial for limiting the progression of type 2 diabetic overt nephropathy. This study examined the effect of the SGLT2 inhibitor ipragliflozin on the progression of nephropathy in uninephrectomized KK/A type 2 diabetic mice, which exhibit not only typ...
We aimed to investigate whether there are differences in the risk factors or markers for the progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic nephropathy (DN) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) contributes to end-stage renal disease and kidney dysfunction with a proverbial feature of podocyte injury. Inflammation and insulin resistance is recently implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney injury. Celastrol exerts critical roles in inflammatory diseases and injury progression. However, its function and mechanism in DN remains elusive. Here, celastrol dose-dependently restored podocyte viability under high glucose (HG) conditions, but with little cytotoxicity in pod...
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a leading cause of death worldwide. Reliable biomarkers are demanded for the non-invasive diagnosis of DN. This study aims to investigate whether miRNA in urinary exosomes could serve as a potential biomarker in the diagnosis and progression of DN.
Intracellular Ca2+ signaling plays an important role in the regulation of autophagy. However, very little is known about the role of Ca2+ influx, which is induced by plasma membrane Ca2+ channels. Our previous study showed that transient receptor potential canonical channel-6 (TRPC6), a major Ca2+ influx pathway in podocytes, was activated by hypoxia. Here, we investigated whether TRPC6 is involved in hypoxia-induced autophagy in cultured human podocytes.
Genetic mutations in dozens of monogenic genes can lead to serious podocyte dysfunction, which is a major cause of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). The NUP160 gene is expressed in both human kidney and mouse kidney. However, whether knockdown of NUP160 impairs podocytes has not yet been established. Therefore, we knocked down NUP160 by targeted short hairpin RNA (shRNA) in conditionally immortalized mouse podocytes and observed the effect of NUP160 knockdown on the proliferation, apoptosis, auto...
Apelin, an endogenous ligand for the G protein-coupled receptor APJ, is widely expressed in various organs. Recent research has indicated that the Apelin/APJ system plays an important role in aging. Apelin and APJ receptor expression are down-regulated with increasing age. In murine models, Apelin and APJ knockouts exhibit accelerated senescence whereas Apelin-restoration results in enhanced vigor and rejuvenated behavioral and circadian phenotypes. Furthermore, aged Apelin knockout mice develop progressive...
Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most frequent micro-vascular complications both in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients and is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide. Although disparate mechanisms give rise to the development of diabetic nephropathy, prevailing evidence accentuates that hyperglycemia-associated generation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) plays a central role in the disease pathophysiology. Engagement of the receptor for AGE (RAGE) with its ligands provokes oxidati...
Diabetes mellitus (DM) can increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in patients. However, no effective approaches are available to prevent its progression and development. Recently, autophagy dysfunction was identified to be involved in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. This study was designed to investigate the effect of metformin on hyperphosphorylated tau proteins in diabetic encephalopathy (DE) by regulating autophagy clearance. db/db mice were randomly divided into four groups, db/+ ...
Alteration of glycosphingolipid (GSL) expression plays key roles in the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of many important human diseases, including cancer, diabetes, and glycosphingolipidosis. Inflammatory processes are involved in development and progression of diabetic nephropathy, a major complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus. GSLs are known to play roles in inflammatory responses in various diseases, and levels of renal GSLs are elevated in mouse models of diabetic nephropathy; however, little is kn...
Alzheimer's disease (AD) by progressive neurodegenerative pattern is associated with autophagy stress which is suggested as a potential cause of amyloid β (Aβ) aggregation and neural loss. Apelin-13, a neuropeptide with modulatory effect on autophagy, has been shown the beneficial effects on neural cell injuries. We investigated the effect of Apelin-13 on Aβ-induced memory deficit as well as autophagy and apoptosis processes. We performed bilateral intra-CA1 injection of Aβ25-35 alone or in combination ...
Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) of glomerular endothelial cells (GEnCs) can induce albuminuria in diabetic nephropathy. Melatonin attenuates diabetic nephropathy, but its role and mechanism in EndMT of GEnCs in diabetic nephropathy remain unknown.
Hemorheologic alterations have been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of diabetic microvascular complications. We measured various hemorheologic parameters and assessed their possible role as a diagnostic tool for diabetic nephropathy (DN).
Diabetes mellitus is an extremely prevalent endocrine disease and a major global public health concern. Diabetic complications, such as retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and cardiovascular disease, are common and majorly impact a patient's quality of life. Curcumin, the major active component of turmeric, possesses extensive known pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antitumor effects. Increasing evidence suggests that curcumin may offer protection against diabetic co...
Diabetic nephropathy (DN), as the most common and serious diabetic microvascular complication, has become the first cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in many countries and regions. However, the pathogenesis of renal fibrosis during the development of DN remains unknown.
Natriuretic peptide system (NPS) alterations are involved in pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) and nephropathy (DN), however its epigenetic regulation is still unclear. Interestingly, histone acetylation epigenetically regulates neprilysin expression in Alzheimer's disease.
Progestin and AdipoQ Receptor 3 (PAQR3), a member of the PAQR family, was involved in multiple biological processes, including tumorigenesis, cholesterol homeostasis, autophagy, obesity, insulin sensitivity and energy metabolism. However, the role of PAQR3 in diabetic nephropathy is still unclear. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effects of PAQR3 on cell proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation in human glomerular mesangial cells (MCs) cultured under high glucose (HG), and expl...
Autophagy is a major cellular clearance mechanism that maintains cellular survival and homeostasis. Autophagy has a crucial role in the progression of diabetes and kidney diseases.
Diabetes mellitus is the most prevalent metabolic disorder worldwide. Glycemic control is the main focus of antidiabetic therapy. However, there are data suggesting that some antidiabetic drugs may have intrinsic beneficial renal effects and protect against the development and progression of albuminuria, thus minimizing the risk of diabetic nephropathy. These pharmacological agents can suppress upstream molecular pathways involved in the pathophysiology of diabetes-induced renal dysfunction such as oxidativ...