PubMed Journals Articles About "Apple China Unter Druck Elektronikh Ndler Senken IPhone" RSS

15:09 EST 21st February 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Apple China unter Druck Elektronikh ndler senken iPhone" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,000+

Genomic Analysis, Sequence Diversity, and Occurrence of Apple necrotic mosaic virus, a Novel Ilarvirus Associated with Mosaic Disease of Apple Trees in China.

China accounts for over 50% of apple production worldwide. Very recently, a novel ilarvirus, Apple necrotic mosaic virus (ApNMV), was isolated from apple trees showing mosaic symptoms in Japan. This study compared different types of mosaic symptoms observed in apple trees in China under field conditions. Complete nucleotide sequences were obtained for six isolates of ApNMV. The genomic components varied in size from 3,378 to 3,380 nt (RNA1), 2,778 to 2,786 nt (RNA2), and 1,909 to 1,955 nt (RNA3), respective...

Alternaria malicola sp. nov., a New Pathogen Causing Fruit Spot on Apple in China.

Alternaria spp. are pathogens of several diseases that pose significant threats to apple production. Several putative Alternaria sp. isolates were obtained from lesions of a disease commonly referred to as black dot on apple fruit in Shaanxi Province, China. Pathogenicity tests using mycelial plugs and conidial suspensions indicated that this isolate could cause leaf blotch, as well as moldy core and black dot on fruit. On the basis of sequence analysis of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), R...

iPhone-based Pupillometry: A Novel Approach for Assessing the Pupillary Light Reflex.

The response of the pupil to a flash of light, the pupillary light reflex (PLR), is an important measure in optometry and in other fields of medicine that is typically evaluated by qualitative observation. Here we describe a simple, portable, iPhone-based pupillometer that quantifies the PLR in real time.

Apple rootstocks of different nitrogen tolerance affect the rhizosphere bacterial community composition.

To select apple rootstocks that are tolerant to low nitrogen and reveal the relationship between the rhizosphere bacterial communities and the low nitrogen tolerance of the apple rootstock.

Discovery of Negative-Sense RNA Viruses in Trees Infected with Apple Rubbery Wood Disease by Next-Generation Sequencing.

Apple rubbery wood is a disease of apple found around the world, often associated with Apple flat limb disease, and regulated in many countries. Despite its long history in apple cultivation, the disease's causal agent has remained elusive. In this study, next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to identify and characterize several related novel viral agents from apple rubbery wood-infected plants, which have been named Apple rubbery wood virus (ARWV) 1 and 2. Additional specimens with apple rubbery wood d...

Paecilomyces Rot: A New Apple Disease.

Paecilomyces niveus is an important food spoilage fungus that survives thermal processing in fruit products, where it produces the mycotoxin patulin. Spoilage of products has been attributed to soil contamination; however, little is known about the ecology of this organism. In this study, orchard soils and culled apple fruit were surveyed and the ability of P. niveus to infect apple was tested on two popular apple varieties. P. niveus was found in 34% of sampled orchard soils from across New York. Completin...

Incorporating Adjuvants with Captan to Manage Common Apple Diseases.

Captan has become an increasingly important fungicide in the management of common apple diseases such as apple scab (Venturia inaequalis) and bitter rot (Colletotrichum spp.) due to the low risk of fungicide resistance evolving in either pathogen population to this product. Restrictions on the amount of captan that can be applied per season limits the amount and the number of applications a grower may use, resulting in control failures during high disease pressure years. This 3-year field study evaluated ho...

Distribution and Characterization of Monilinia spp. Causing Apple Fruit Decay in Serbia.

Brown rot, caused by Monilinia spp., is an economically important pre- and postharvest disease of pome and stone fruits worldwide. In Serbia, apple is the most widely grown pome fruit, and the distribution of economically important Monilinia spp. responsible for apple brown rot is unknown. Hence, we conducted a three year survey, from 2010 to 2012, where 349 isolates were obtained from six orchards and four storage facilities from five different apple cultivars with brown rot symptoms. Morphological charact...

Active edible films of methylcellulose with extracts of green apple (Granny Smith) skin.

The aim a present study was developed methylcellulose (MC) active edible films with extracts of green apple skin, as model systems of edible coating. Active edible films were developed by incorporation of ethanolic extract of freeze-dried apple skin (EEFD) and aqueous extract of apple skin (AES) at 10, 20 and 25% (v/v) concentrations. Analysis of thermal, mechanical and functional properties was carried out. Results showed that incorporation of green apple skin extracts into MC films contribute to total phe...

Apple SUMO E3 ligase MdSIZ1 is involved in the response to phosphate deficiency.

In plants, SIZ1 regulates abiotic and biotic stress responses by promoting the SUMOylation of proteins. The apple MdSIZ1 protein has conserved domains similar to those of Arabidopsis AtSIZ1. Real-time fluorescent quantitative analysis showed that MdSIZ1 gene expression was induced by phosphate-deficient conditions. In addition, the level of SUMOylation was also significantly increased under these conditions. The MYB transcription factor MdPHR1 might be a target for the SUMO protein, which is a phosphorus st...

Effect of chewing an apple on dental plaque removal and on salivary bacterial viability.

Studies on dental plaque removal by chewing an apple are scarce and dated, with conflicting findings. This study aimed to determine whether chewing an apple produced mechanical removal of dental plaque or had any effect on salivary bacterial viability.

Upgrading Pectin Production from Apple Pomace by Acetic Acid Extraction.

Pectin, as one of the most widely used functional polysaccharide, can be abundantly extracted from apple pomace which is the main by-product of apple juice industry. In the case of 110 min, 10% (w/w) acetic acid (AA), and 100 °C, extraction yield of pectin reached 19.6%. Compared with mineral acid-extracted pectin, the yield, molecular weight, galacturonic acid content, and DE of the AA-extracted pectin were higher while neutral sugars were lower. Furthermore, the AA-extracted pectin solution demonstrate...

Apple Replant Disease: Causes and Mitigation Strategies.

After replanting apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) on the same site severe growth suppressions, and a decline in yield and fruit quality are observed in all apple producing areas worldwide. The causes of this complex phenomenon, called apple replant disease (ARD), are only poorly understood up to now which is in part due to inconsistencies in terms and methodologies. Therefore we suggest the following definition for ARD: ARD describes a harmfully disturbed physiological and morphological reaction of apple plan...

Analysis of the dissipation kinetics of thiophanate-methyl and its metabolite carbendazim in apple leaves using a modified QuEChERS-UPLC-MS/MS method.

As one of the main fungicides for the apple leaf disease control, thiophanate-methyl (TM) mainly exerts the fungicidal activity in the form of its metabolite carbendazim (MBC), whose dissipation kinetics is very distinct from its parent but was paid little attention. The aim of this work was to investigate the dissipation kinetics of TM and its active metabolite MBC in apple leaves using a modified QuEChERS-UPLC-MS/MS method. Results showed TM and MBC could be quickly extracted by this modified QuEChERS pro...

Proteomic and metabolomic study of Wax apple (Syzygium samarangense) fruit during ripening process.

Wax apple is one of the underutilized fruits that is considered a good source of fibres, vitamins minerals as well as antioxidants. In this study, a comparative analysis of the developments of wax fruit ripening at the proteomic and metabolomic level was reported. Two-dimensional electrophoresis coupled with MALDI-TOF/TOF was used to compare the proteome profile from three developmental stages named immature, young and mature fruits. In general, the protein expression profile, as well as the identified prot...

Changes in the sucrose metabolism in apple fruit following postharvest acibenzolar-S-methyl treatment.

Apple (cv. Ralls) fruit were treated with 0.1 g L acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM) for 10 min to evaluate the changes of enzyme activities and gene expression in the sucrose metabolism during storage at 20 C with 30-40 % relative humidity.

Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of brassinosteroid biosynthesis and metabolism genes regulating apple tree shoot and lateral root growth.

In plants, brassinosteroid biosynthesis and metabolism genes affect endogenous brassinosteroid metabolic processes as well as stem and root growth. However, there is little information available regarding these genes in apple. In this study, 22 brassinosteroid biosynthesis and metabolism genes were identified in apple (Malus domestica). These genes were named according to their chromosomal locations and the Arabidopsis thaliana homologs. Their conserved characteristic domains, evolutionary relationships, sy...

Letale Thrombozytopenie unter Avelumab beim metastasierten Merkelzellkarzinom.

Validation of Dried Blood Spot Cards to Determine Apple Phenolic Metabolites in Human Blood and Plasma After an Acute Intake of Red-Fleshed Apple Snack.

The application of dried blood spot (DBS) cards for the study in human blood of dietary polyphenol bioavailability has been poorly studied.

How sulphur dioxide and storage temperature contribute to patulin degradation in homemade apple juice.

Mycotoxin patulin is one of the quality indicators for apple juice. Like other mycotoxins, it raises consumer health concerns. The issue of low quality is particularly relevant for apples provided by small producers, whose quality control may not be standardised. As sulphur dioxide (SO2) is common in fruit preservation against fungi, the aim of this study was to determine how efficient it is in degrading patulin in apple juices stored in real-life conditions. This included refrigerated (4 °C) and non-refri...

Neoformation and summer arrest are common sources of tree plasticity in response to water stress of apple cultivars.

Depending on the species, water stress affects different growth and developmental processes, mainly due to changes in hydraulic properties and hormonal signalling. This study compared the impact of water stress on tree development and organ growth in three apple cultivars.

Overexpression of a protein kinase gene MpSnRK2.10 from Malus prunifolia confers tolerance to drought stress in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana and apple.

Members of the sucrose non-fermenting-1-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2) family play central roles in the abscisic acid (ABA) signaling pathway and in mediating osmotic stress signaling and tolerance in plants. Previously, 12 full-length coding sequences that belong to SnRK2 gene family were identified and cloned in wild apple species Malus prunifolia. In this study, one of the members, MpSnRK2.10, was overexpressed in Arabidopsis and apple to investigate its potential function in response to drought stress...

Plaques und Tumoren unter der Therapie mit Mogamulizumab bei einer Patientin mit refraktärem Sézary-Syndrom.

Ultrasound-assisted vacuum impregnation on the fortification of fresh-cut apple with calcium and black carrot phenolics.

This study evaluated the simultaneous effect of ultrasound on vacuum impregnation process to enhance infusion of calcium lactate and black carrot phenolics into ready to eat apple tissues. A vacuum - ultrasonic equipment was developed for this purpose and effects of different ultrasound powers (96-198 W) at 35 kHz and stage of ultrasound application at vacuum and restoration periods were investigated. The simultaneous application of 130 W ultrasound during vacuum impregnation did not rupture cellular ...

Komplette Remission eines Patienten mit metastasierten Uveamelanom nach initialem Progress unter Immuntherapie mit Pembrolizumab.

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