PubMed Journals Articles About "Aravive Biologics Initiates Phase Study Novel GAS6 Pathway" RSS

03:14 EDT 20th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Aravive Biologics Initiates Phase Study Novel GAS6 Pathway" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 68,000+

Multiple Roles of Adenomatous Polyposis Coli gene in Wnt Signalling - a Computational Model.

The Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) gene is a multifunctional gene that plays a major role in regulating the Wnt signalling pathway. The Wnt pathway, when activated by Wnt signalling molecules, initiates cell division. Mutation of APC disrupts the regulation and causes continuous activation of the Wnt pathway even in the absence of Wnt signals, thus causing uncontrolled cell proliferation. APC regulates the Wnt pathway by controlling the formation of the nuclear complex β-catenin/TCF that initiates the tr...

The Current Status of Drug Discovery and Development as Originated in US Academia: The Influence of Industrial and Academic Collaboration on Drug Discovery and Development.

Academic drug discovery is a vital component to current drug discovery and development environments. In this study we investigated 798 drug discovery projects that took place between 1991 and 2015 at 36 academic institutions in the US. The observed success rates of academic drug discovery and development were 75% at Phase 1, 50% at Phase 2, 59% at Phase 3, and 88% at the new drug application/biologics license application (NDA/BLA) phase. These results were similar to the corresponding success rates of the p...

Ixekizumab provides superior efficacy compared to ustekinumab over 52-weeks of treatment: results from IXORA-S, a phase 3 study.

Biologics targeting interleukin (IL)-17A allow for rapid clearance of psoriatic plaques, with a clinically favorable safety profile.

Biologics for pityriasis rubra pilaris treatment: a review of the literature.

Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is a rare inflammatory papulosquamous skin disease, often refractory to conventional therapies. The off-label use of biologics, such as anti-TNF, -IL-12/IL-23, -IL-17 agents, has been proven successful, in the last two decades, in PRP treatment. Our aim was to analyse the literature for the use of biologics in PRP treatment. We conducted a review by "Pubmed" and "" searches. 68 articles met our selection criteria and were herein discussed. Out of 86 PRP patien...

Patients' experiences and care needs during the diagnostic phase of an Integrated Brain Cancer Pathway: A Case Study.

To identify and describe patients' experiences and care needs throughout the diagnostic phase of an Integrated Brain Cancer Pathway.

Patient reported outcomes more important than objective inflammatory markers for sick leave in biologics-treated rheumatoid arthritis patients.

To study the impact of common, non-composite disease activity measures on sick leave in biologics-treated RA-patients.

Postoperative course of Crohn disease according to timing of bowel resection: Results from the CONNECT Study.

Previous studies have demonstrated that early surgery in Crohn disease (CD) can result in a better clinical course than late surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical course of CD following bowel resection performed at the time of diagnosis (early surgery) and during the course of the disease (late surgery).We reviewed medical records from a hospital-based cohort database that includes Korean CD patients diagnosed before 2009. Patients who underwent bowel resection were included. Age, sex, ...

A new temperature-dependent strategy to modulate the epidermal growth factor receptor.

The dynamic manipulation of kinases remains a major obstacle to unraveling cell-signaling networks responsible for the activation of biological systems. For example, epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/ErbB1); however, EGF also recruits other kinases (HER2/ErbB2) involved with various signaling pathways. To better study EGFR we report a new strategy to selectively activate receptor tyrosine kinases fused to elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs), which can be visual...

Facilitated recruitment of mesenchymal stromal cells by bone marrow concentrate and platelet rich plasma.

Biologics containing growth factors are frequently used to enhance healing after musculoskeletal injuries. One mechanism of action is thought to be though the ability of biologics to induce homing and migration of endogenous mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to a target tissue. However, the ability of biologics to stimulate chemotaxis (directed migration of cells) and chemokinesis (increase rate of cell migration) of MSCs is unknown.

Polymorphic phase transitions in carbamazepine and 10,11-dihydrocarbamazepine.

Temperature-induced phase transitions in carbamazepine (CBZ) and 1,10-dihydrocarbamazepine (DHC) were studied by simultaneous differential scanning calorimetry - X-ray diffraction in this work. The transitions generally involve a transitional melt phase which is quickly followed by recrystallisation. The expansions of the unit cell as a function of temperature could be quantified and allow us to determine a directional order of stability in relation to the lattice constants. Dihydrocarbamazepine form II und...

Tofacitinib Versus Non-Tumor Necrosis Factor Biologics for Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis.

This study aims to compare the disease status of patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) after treatment with tofacitinib or non- tumor necrosis factor (TNF) biologics.

Persistence of treatment with biologics for patients with psoriasis: a real-world analysis of 16,545 biologic-naïve patients from the French national health insurance database (SNIIRAM).

Long-term clinical effectiveness of biologics in psoriasis is needed.

Biologics Monitoring: Incongruity between Recommendations and Clinician Monitoring Trends.

Biologics are a commonly used treatment for moderate to severe psoriasis. Monitoring laboratory test overuse provide little definitive benefit to patients.

The Role of TAM Family Receptors and Ligands in the Nervous System: From Development to Pathobiology.

Tyro3, Axl, and Mertk, referred to as the TAM family of receptor tyrosine kinases, are instrumental in maintaining cell survival and homeostasis in mammals. TAM receptors interact with multiple signaling molecules to regulate cell migration, survival, phagocytosis and clearance of metabolic products and cell debris called efferocytosis. The TAMs also function as rheostats to reduce the expression of proinflammatory molecules and prevent autoimmunity. All three TAM receptors are activated in a concentration-...

Dosing considerations for inhaled biologics.

The number of biologics in the therapeutic development pipeline is increasing including those delivered though inhalation (Morales, 2017; Fathe, 2016). Biologics comprise a broad variety of complex macromolecules with unique physicochemical characteristics. These distinctive characteristics control their pharmacological mechanisms of action, stability, and ultimately affect their processing, formulation, and delivery requirements. This review systematically covers crucial aspects of biologic powders formula...

Adherence and resource use among psoriasis patients treated with biologics.

The emergence of immune-modulating drugs such as biologics has altered the treatment landscape for psoriasis. However, their use presents high financial costs to patients and healthcare systems. Patient demographic and socioeconomic status may influence adherence to biologic medications and usage of healthcare resources. Areas covered: We performed a systematic literature review to summarize the available evidence pertaining to biologic medication adherence and resource use. PubMed was searched using the te...

Melatonin induces mechanisms of brain resilience against neurodegeneration.

Melatonin is an endogenous pleiotropic molecule which orchestrates regulatory functions and protective capacity against age-related ailments. The increase in circulating levels of melatonin through dietary supplements intensifies its health benefits. Investigations in animal models have shown that melatonin protects against Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like pathology, although clinical studies have not been conclusive. We hypothesized that melatonin induces changes in the brain that prevent or attenuate AD by i...

The Receptor Tyrosine Kinase AXL Is Required at Multiple Steps of the Metastatic Cascade during HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Progression.

AXL is activated by its ligand GAS6 and is expressed in triple-negative breast cancer cells. In the current study, we report AXL expression in HER2-positive (HER2) breast cancers where it correlates with poor patient survival. Using murine models of HER2 breast cancer, Axl, but not its ligand Gas6, was found to be essential for metastasis. We determined that AXL is required for intravasation, extravasation, and growth at the metastatic site. We found that AXL is expressed in HER2 cancers displaying epitheli...

An Integrated Genome-wide CRISPRa Approach to Functionalize lncRNAs in Drug Resistance.

Resistance to chemotherapy plays a significant role in cancer mortality. To identify genetic units affecting sensitivity to cytarabine, the mainstay of treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we developed a comprehensive and integrated genome-wide platform based on a dual protein-coding and non-coding integrated CRISPRa screening (DICaS). Putative resistance genes were initially identified using pharmacogenetic data from 760 human pan-cancer cell lines. Subsequently, genome scale functional characteri...

A comparison between phase-III trials and a phase-IV study of nalmefene in alcohol use disorder patients. Is there a difference?

Concerns regarding the external validity of phase-III trials are common to many medical disciplines, with relevant discrepancies found between experimental and clinical samples in some diseases such as hypertension. The aim of this study was to compare the samples included in the pivotal, phase-III clinical trials of nalmefene with that of a recently conducted phase-IV trial. Baseline characteristics of the studies were compared through univariate analysis. Significant differences were found in the percenta...

RGNNV-induced cell cycle arrest at G1/S phase enhanced viral replication via p53-dependent pathway in GS cells.

Nervous necrosis virus (NNV) is a ubiquitous pathogen in the aquaculture worldwide. Little is known about the relationship between NNV virus and host cells. Our studies showed that RGNNV infection could induce cell cycle arrest via activation of p53 signaling in cultured host cells. Infection of RGNNV redistributed NPM1, stabilized p53 and inhibited cell proliferation by inducing G1 arrest. RGNNV infection also led to phosphorylation and accumulation of p53 in a time-dependent manner. Furthermore, RGNNV inf...

Tivantinib for second-line treatment of MET-high, advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (METIV-HCC): a final analysis of a phase 3, randomised, placebo-controlled study.

Tivantinib (ARQ 197), a selective, oral MET inhibitor, improved overall survival and progression-free survival compared with placebo in a randomised phase 2 study in patients with high MET expression (MET-high) hepatocellular carcinoma previously treated with sorafenib. The aim of this phase 3 study was to confirm the results of the phase 2 trial.

Heavy metals transport pathways: The importance of atmospheric pollution contributing to stormwater pollution.

Pollution has become a serious issue in the urban water environment as stormwater runoff transports a range of pollutants to receiving water bodies, undermining water quality and posing human and ecosystem health risks. Commonly, the primary focus of stormwater quality research is on the role of pollutants directly accumulating at the ground phase. However, atmospheric phase can also exert a significant impact on stormwater quality through atmospheric deposition. Unfortunately, only limited research has foc...

Introduction of a Process Mass Intensity Metric for Biologics.

Biopharmaceuticals (or biologics), large molecule therapeutics typically produced using biotechnology, are a rapidly growing segment of the pharmaceutical market. As such, the environmental footprint of the production of these molecules is coming under scrutiny from various stakeholders such as healthcare providers, investors, and even employees. Process mass intensity (PMI), originally adopted for small molecules by the Green Chemistry Institute Pharmaceutical Roundtable, is a simple metric that can also b...

Using insurance claims to predict and improve hospitalizations and biologics use in members with inflammatory bowel diseases.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is an inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract that can necessitate hospitalization and the use of expensive biologics. Models predicting these interventions may improve patient quality of life and reduce expenditures.

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