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Showing "AskTheLawyers derfield score derval DESC" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,600+

Added Value of Myocardial Blood Flow Quantification and Calcium Scoring During CZT SPECT Myocardial Perfusion Imaging for Coronary Artery Disease Screening.

Dedicated cadmium-zinc-telluride cardiac cameras have been shown to provide accurate measurements of absolute myocardial blood flow and flow reserve when PET is not available. We report the case of a 66-year-old woman who underwent 1-day stress/rest myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for coronary artery disease (CAD) screening. Relative MPI analysis was normal, whereas low-dose CT showed high calcium score. Myocardial blood flow and flow reserve were strongly impaired in all territories. Coronary angiograph...

68Ga-Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen-11 PET/CT: Incidental Finding of a Vestibular Schwannoma.

A 77-year-old man with newly diagnosed prostate adenocarcinoma with a total prostate-specific antigen level of 6.4 ng/mL and Gleason score 7 (4 + 3) was referred to Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen-11 (PSMA) PET/CT for initial staging. An intense focal PSMA uptake was shown in the right peripheral zone of the prostate gland consistent with the primary tumor. Additionally, PET/CT demonstrated a PSMA-avid soft tissue mass in the left cerebellopontine angle. The patient had a history of left-sided sensori...

Noninvasive Methods For Assessing Inflammatory Bowel Disease Activity in Pregnancy: A Systematic Review.

Active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may increase the risk of adverse outcomes during pregnancy. Our aim was to systematically review the role of noninvasive fecal tests, such as fecal calprotectin (FCP) and lactoferrin (FL), and laboratory tests including C-reactive protein (CRP), hemoglobin, and albumin in the assessment of IBD during pregnancy. A systematic search of electronic databases was performed through October 2018 for studies assessing the utility of fecal and laboratory tests in predicting IB...

Impact of Post-Discharge Bleeding on Long-Term Mortality in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Patients Taking Oral Anticoagulants.

Although post-discharge bleeding (PDB) are known to negatively affect long-term outcome in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with antiplatelet therapy (APT), the prognostic importance of PDB in patients who require both oral anticoagulant (OAC) and APT has not been fully elucidated. Among 3718 consecutive patients who underwent PCI, 302 patients were treated with both OAC and APT. We evaluated the association between PDB and 3-year all-cause mortality, as estimated by a time-updat...

Comparision of Low and High Volume of Resistance Training on Body Fat and Blood Biomarkers in Untrained Older Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Cunha, PM, Tomeleri, CM, Nascimento, MA, Mayhew, JL, Fungari, E, Trindade, L, Barbosa, DS, Venturini, D, and Cyrino, ES. Comparision of low and high volume of resistance training on body fat and blood biomarkers in untrained older women: a randomized clinical trial. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of resistance training (RT) performed with 2 different volumes on body fat and blood biomarkers in untrained older women. Sixty-five physically indepen...

The Effect of 2 Weeks of Inactivated Probiotic Bacillus coagulans on Endocrine, Inflammatory, and Performance Responses During Self-Defense Training in Soldiers.

Hoffman, JR, Hoffman, MW, Zelicha, H, Gepner, Y, Willoughby, DS, Feinstein, U, and Ostfeld, I. The Effect of 2-Weeks of Inactivated Probiotic Bacillus coagulans on Endocrine, Inflammatory and Performance Responses During Self-Defense Training in Soldiers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The effect of 2 weeks of inactivated Bacillus coagulans (iBC) ingestion on performance and inflammatory cytokines was examined during a self-defense course in soldiers. Sixteen male soldiers were randomly assigned t...

Altered individual behavioral and EEG parameters are related to the EDSS score in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients.

Functional neuroanatomy of cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis is currently still a challenge. During the progression of the disease, several cognitive mechanisms deteriorate thus diminishing the patient's quality of life. A primary objective in the cognitive assessment of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients is to find reliable measures utilizing diverse neuroimaging techniques. Moreover, especially relevant in the clinical environment is finding technical approaches that could be applied to individual ...

Development of a predictive score for potentially avoidable hospital readmissions for general internal medicine patients.

Identifying patients at high risk of hospital preventable readmission is an essential step towards selecting those who might benefit from specific transitional interventions.

Timing of quality of life improvements in psoriatic patients treated with different systemic therapies.

Psoriasis impacts the quality of life by disrupting overall health and social life. Thus, the use of a quality of life evaluation item is crucial in assessing a therapeutic regimen. Also, faster improvements in quality of life lead to better patient compliance, but very few studies compare psoriasis traditional and biologic therapies timing. To evaluate how much different systemic therapies improve disease severity and quality of life, a retrospective analysis was performed on 56 patients. Subjects were adm...

Transplantation of Aggregates of Autologous Synovial Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Treatment of Cartilage Defects in the Femoral Condyle and the Femoral Groove in Microminipigs.

Previous work has demonstrated that patients with cartilage defects of the knee benefit from arthroscopic transplantation of autologous synovial mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in terms of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), qualitative histologic findings, and Lysholm score. However, the effectiveness was limited by the number of cells obtained, so large-sized defects (>500 mm) were not investigated. The use of MSC aggregates may enable treatment of larger defects by increasing the number of MSCs adhering to t...

Interrater Reliability and Concurrent Validity for the Apraxia of Speech Rating Scale 3.0: Application With Persons With Acquired Apraxia of Speech and Aphasia.

Purpose This investigation was designed to provide interrater reliability data for the Apraxia of Speech Rating Scale 3.0 (ASRS 3.0; Strand, Duffy, Clark, & Josephs, 2014 ). Importantly, ratings were completed by investigators who were not involved with the ASRS development. Another aim was to evaluate the relationship of the ASRS 3.0 total score to word intelligibility. Method Two investigators independently completed ASRS 3.0 ratings for 28 participants with chronic apraxia of speech and aphasia. Intellig...

Adjuvant radiotherapy did not reduce recurrence of WHO grade I meningiomas with venous sinus involvement: a propensity score adjusted analysis and literature review.

Most of the meningiomas are classified as WHO grade I and adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) is commonly recommended for subtotal resections with documented progressive regrowth of lesions with venous sinus involvement. We investigated if recurrence of grade I meningiomas was influenced by adjuvant RT.

Solving visual pollution with deep learning: A new nexus in environmental management.

Visual pollution is a relatively new concern amidst the existing plethora of mainstream environmental pollution, recommending the necessity for research to conceptualize, formalize, quantify and assess it from different dimensions. The purpose of this study is to create a new field of automated visual pollutant classification, harnessing the technological prowess of the 21 century for applications in environmental management. From the wide range of visual pollutants, four categories have been considered viz...

PRSice-2: Polygenic Risk Score software for biobank-scale data.

Polygenic risk score (PRS) analyses have become an integral part of biomedical research, exploited to gain insights into shared aetiology among traits, to control for genomic profile in experimental studies, and to strengthen causal inference, among a range of applications. Substantial efforts are now devoted to biobank projects to collect large genetic and phenotypic data, providing unprecedented opportunity for genetic discovery and applications. To process the large-scale data provided by such biobank re...

Intraoperative heparin prophylaxis during liver transplantation.

As indicated by Groose et al article1, patients with advanced ESLD and high MELD score appear to be at risk of developing ICT. Higher MELD indicates a coagulation imbalance which can trigger unpredictably ICT. Under those circumstances, a prophylactic dose of heparin appears protective against ICT. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Anti-androgenic therapy with finasteride in patients with chronic heart failure - a retrospective propensity score based analysis.

Sex hormones influence the prevalence and the outcome of heart diseases. The conversion of testosterone to its more active metabolite dihydrotestosterone drives cardiac growth and dysfunction, while inhibition of this step by the anti-androgenic drug finasteride counteracts these pathological processes in preclinical models. In this retrospective, observational study, we aim to investigate whether finasteride, which is in clinical use mainly for prostate disease, might ameliorate cardiac hypertrophy and hea...

The Associations Between Maladaptive Personality Traits, Craving, Alcohol Use, and Adolescent Problem Gambling: An Italian Survey Study.

Although gambling disorder (GD) criteria do not explicitly address craving, it has received increased attention because it has been found to be a significant predictor of gambling severity. Furthermore, recent findings have suggested that both alcohol consumption and maladaptive personality traits may be risk factors among adult GD. To date, no study has evaluated the relative contribution of these factors in adolescent gambling behavior. Consequently, the present study investigated the relationship between...

Use of Continuous Metabolic Syndrome Score in Overweight and Obese Children.

To assess the utility of continuous metabolic syndrome score (cMetS) for predicting metabolic syndrome (MS) and determine the cut-off values in overweight and obese children.

Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Traumatic Brain Injury: A Meta-analysis.

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most severe complications in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and is considered a risk factor for poor outcomes. However, the incidence of VAP among patients with TBI reported in studies varies widely. What is more, the risk factors and outcomes of VAP are controversial. This study estimates the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of VAP in patients with TBI and provides evidence for prevention and treatment. PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, a...

Evaluation of Safety and Efficacy of Growth Hormone Therapy by IGF-1 Z Score in Children with Short Stature.

This study aims to explore the safety and efficacy of growth hormone (GH) therapy by retrospectively analyzing the changes of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) Z-scores in children with short stature after treatment with GH.

Alopecia areata predictive score: A new trichoscopy-based tool to predict treatment outcome in patients with patchy alopecia areata.

There are no evidence-based data how to predict response to therapy in patients with alopecia areata.

The VALID-CRT risk score reliably predicts response and outcome of cardiac resynchronization therapy in a real-world population.

The aim of the study was to confirm the value of the VALID-cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) risk score in predicting outcome and to assess its association with clinical response (CR) in an unselected real-world CRT population.

Molecular Markers of Prognosis in Canine Cortisol-Secreting Adrenocortical Tumours.

Hypercortisolism is caused by a cortisol-secreting adrenocortical tumour (ACT) in approximately 15-20% of cases in dogs. Little is known about which molecular markers are associated with malignant behaviour of canine ACTs. The objective of this study was to identify molecular markers of prognosis, which could be useful to refine prognostic prediction and to identify potential treatment targets. Cortisol-secreting ACTs were included from 40 dogs, of which follow-up information was available. The ACTs were cl...

Clinical prediction score of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adolescent girls with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS-HS index).

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is common in obese adolescents with Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but there are no inexpensive ways to accurately identify NAFLD in PCOS. The objective was to develop a simple clinical score to screen for NAFLD risk in obese adolescents with PCOS.

The Diagnosis, Outcome, and Management of Chylous Ascites Following Pediatric Liver Transplantation.

Data on postoperative chylous ascites (CA) after pediatric liver transplantation (LT) are scarce. This retrospective study was conducted to identify the incidence, risk factors, management, and outcome of postoperative CA in a large single-center pediatric LT cohort (2000-2016). The study cohort comprised 317 LTs (153 living donors and 164 deceased donors) in 310 recipients with a median age of 2.71 years. The incidence of CA was 5.4% (n = 17), diagnosed after a median time of 10 days after LT. Compared to ...

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