PubMed Journals Articles About "Association For Laboratory Automation" RSS

17:01 EST 16th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Association For Laboratory Automation PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Association For Laboratory Automation articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Association Laboratory Automation" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

MVO Automation Platform: Addressing Unmet Needs in Clinical Laboratories with Microcontrollers, 3D Printing, and Open-Source Hardware/Software.

Laboratory automation improves test reproducibility, which is vital to patient care in clinical laboratories. Many small and specialty laboratories are excluded from the benefits of automation due to low sample number, cost, space, and/or lack of automation expertise. The Minimum Viable Option (MVO) automation platform was developed to address these hurdles and fulfill an unmet need. Consumer 3D printing enabled rapid iterative prototyping to allow for a variety of instrumentation and assay setups and proce...

Influence of Human-Machine Interactions and Task Demand on Automation Selection and Use.

A seminal work by Sheridan and Verplank (1978) depicted ten levels of automation, ranging from no automation to an automation that acts completely autonomously without human support. These levels of automation were later complemented with a four-stage model of human information processing (Parasuraman, Sheridan, and Wickens 2000). Next, human-machine cooperation centred models and associated cooperation modes were introduced (Hoc, Young, and Blosseville 2009). The objective of the experiment was to test whi...

Adding clinical utility to the laboratory reports: automation of interpretative comments.

In laboratory medicine, consultation by adding interpretative comments to reports has long been recognized as one of the activities that help to improve patient treatment outcomes and strengthen the position of our profession. Interpretation and understanding of laboratory test results might in some cases considerably be enhanced by adding test when considered appropriate by the laboratory specialist - an activity that was named reflective testing. With patient material available at this stage, this might c...

Impact of total laboratory automation on workflow and specimen processing time for culture of urine specimens.

Total laboratory automation (TLA) has the potential to reduce specimen processing time, improve standardization of cultures, and decrease turnaround time (TAT). The objective of this study was to perform a detailed interrogation of the impact of TLA implementation in all aspects of the workflow for routine culture of urine specimens. Using a detailed motion capture study, the time required for major steps of processing and result reporting were prospectively assessed for urine samples prior to (n = 215)...

Automation Expectation Mismatch: Incorrect Prediction Despite Eyes on Threat and Hands on Wheel.

The aim of this study was to understand how to secure driver supervision engagement and conflict intervention performance while using highly reliable (but not perfect) automation.

Impact of the acute care nurse practitioner in reducing the number of unwarranted daily laboratory tests in the intensive care unit.

Frequent laboratory testing may be necessary at times for critically ill patients. However, the practice of indiscriminate laboratory test ordering is common.

Vigilance and Automation Dependence in Operation of Multiple Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS): A Simulation Study.

This simulation study investigated factors influencing sustained performance and fatigue during operation of multiple Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS). The study tested effects of time-on-task and automation reliability on accuracy in surveillance tasks and dependence on automation. It also investigated the role of trait and state individual difference factors.

Automation in airport security X-ray screening of cabin baggage: Examining benefits and possible implementations of automated explosives detection.

Bomb attacks on civil aviation make detecting improvised explosive devices and explosive material in passenger baggage a major concern. In the last few years, explosive detection systems for cabin baggage screening (EDSCB) have become available. Although used by a number of airports, most countries have not yet implemented these systems on a wide scale. We investigated the benefits of EDSCB with two different levels of automation currently being discussed by regulators and airport operators: automation as a...

From partial and high automation to manual driving: Relationship between non-driving related tasks, drowsiness and take-over performance.

Until the level of full vehicle automation is reached, users of vehicle automation systems will be required to take over manual control of the vehicle occasionally and stay fallback-ready to some extent during the drive. Both, drowsiness caused by inactivity and the engagement in distracting non-driving related tasks (NDRTs) such as entertainment or office work have been suggested to impair the driver's ability to safely handle these transitions of control. Thus, it is an open question whether engagement in...

Introducing a Virtual Assistant to the Lab: A Voice User Interface for the Intuitive Control of Laboratory Instruments.

The introduction of smart virtual assistants (VAs) and corresponding smart devices brought a new degree of freedom to our everyday lives. Voice-controlled and Internet-connected devices allow intuitive device controlling and monitoring from all around the globe and define a new era of human-machine interaction. Although VAs are especially successful in home automation, they also show great potential as artificial intelligence-driven laboratory assistants. Possible applications include stepwise reading of st...

Order Entry Protocols Are an Amenable Target for Workflow Automation.

Order entry protocol selection of advanced imaging studies is labor-intensive, can disrupt workflow, and may displace staff from more valuable tasks. The aim of this study was to explore and compare the behaviors of radiologic technologists and radiologists when determining protocol to identify opportunities for workflow automation.

Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity.

Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with ObesityMaterials...

Performance of an Additional Task During Level 2 Automated Driving: An On-Road Study Comparing Drivers With and Without Experience With Partial Automation.

To investigate the influence of prior experience with Level 2 automation on additional task performance during manual and Level 2 partially automated driving.

When to re-order laboratory tests? Learning laboratory test shelf-life.

Most laboratory results are valid for only a certain time period (laboratory tests shelf-life), after which they are outdated and the test needs to be re-administered. Currently, laboratory test shelf-lives are not centrally available anywhere but the implicit knowledge of doctors. In this work we propose an automated method to learn laboratory test-specific shelf-life by identifying prevalent laboratory test order patterns in electronic health records. The resulting shelf-lives performed well in the evalua...

Clinical markers associated with acute laboratory-confirmed Dengue infection: results of a national epidemiological surveillance system.

To evaluate the association of several clinical markers with acute laboratory-positive Dengue Virus infection.

Steps towards XAFS beamline automation and remote access.

Although remote access to beamline synchrotron facilities is now a common operation mode at macromolecular crystallography beamlines thanks to substantial efforts in automated processes for sample preparation and handling, experiment planning and analysis, this is still not the case for XAFS beamlines. Here the experience and developments undertaken at LNLS and Diamond in automation are described, in an attempt to tackle the specific challenges posed by the high variability in experimental conditions and co...

Laboratory automation reduces time to report of positive blood cultures and improves management of patients with bloodstream infection.

The impact on time to results (TTR) and clinical decisions was evaluated for mono-microbial positive blood cultures (BC) processed using the BD Kiestra Work Cell Automation (WCA) system. Positive BC were processed by the WCA system by full-automatic subculture on solid media and digital imaging after 8 h of incubation (8-h method) followed by identification (ID) and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST). To evaluate the accuracy of the 8-h method, ID and AST from 8-h and overnight incubated colonies w...

What is happening to laboratory medicine in Denmark?

A number of current trends will affect and probably change laboratory medicine, as we know it. Scientific and technological developments, digital health with big data and artificial intelligence, and centralization will change the interfaces among the specialties of laboratory medicine. They might even challenge the identity of some specialties. Other trends such as demographic changes, increased complexity of health care, digital health with electronic health records, and more demanding and well-informed p...

Laboratory Safety in Parasitology Laboratory.

Working in a laboratory is very difficult and needs special attention. Laboratory workers can be exposed to numerous potential hazards including chemical, biological, physical, and radioactive. That is why it is really important to follow the working principles in laboratories for the sake of the lab analyzers and others who work with them in the lab. Laboratory safety includes the use of certain laboratory rules, methods, infrastructures, and devices during work to protect the working person and the workin...

Apparent hyperthyroidism caused by biotin-like interference from IgM anti-streptavidin antibodies.

Exclusion of analytical interference is important when there is discrepancy between clinical and laboratory findings. However, interferences on immunoassays are often mistaken as isolated laboratory artefacts. We characterized and report the mechanism of a rare cause of interference in two patients that caused erroneous thyroid function tests, and also affects many other biotin dependent immunoassays.

Association Between Vitamin D Status and Sepsis.

It is well-established that vitamin D status is closely associated with the susceptibility to infections. We aimed to study the association between vitamin D status and sepsis risk and death, and also analyzed the correlation between vitamin D level and sepsis-related factors.

Results of Laboratory Tests not Accessed in Brazilian Private Laboratories.

Laboratory medicine is an important part of the healthcare system and directly contributes to preventive actions, diagnostics, treatment, and management of diseases. The level and quality of the utilization of laboratory resources have been frequently questioned. A dissemination of conflicting data regarding the quantity of laboratory tests not accessed by the requesting doctors or by the patients themselves is observed, although very often the sources and methodologies used to raise those numbers are not p...

The Association between Infertility and Helicobacter pylori Infection: a Meta-Analysis of Case-control Studies.

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is increasingly associated with extra-digestive diseases. Infertility is a common condition, with an incidence of 10 to 15% of couples. Studies examining the association of H. pylori infection and infertility have reported conflicting results. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the association between H. pylori infection and infertility.

Concordance of Capillary Electrophoresis and Conventional Gel Electrophoresis in Two Different Groups of Patients with.

Serum and urinary protein electrophoresis play an important role in the identification of monoclonal gammopathy. Recently, capillary electrophoresis (CE) has been adapted in many clinical laboratories because of several advantages such as short turnaround time, automation, and high reproducibility. However, there have been unsolved concerns for the concordance between conventional gel and automated capillary electrophoresis methods for protein separation in clinical specimens. In this study, we investigated...

Automation in intensity-modulated radiotherapy treatment planning - a review of recent innovations.

Radiotherapy treatment planning of complex radiotherapy techniques, such as Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) and Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT), is a resource-intensive process requiring a high level of treatment planner intervention to ensure high plan quality. This can lead to variability in the quality of treatment plans and the efficiency in which plans are produced, depending on the skills and experience of the operator and available planning time. Within the last few years, there has b...

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