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Association For Laboratory Automation PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Association For Laboratory Automation articles that have been published worldwide.
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Previous studies have observed a positive association between automation risk and employment loss. Based on the job insecurity-health risk hypothesis, greater exposure to automation risk could also be negatively associated with health outcomes.
Laboratory automation improves test reproducibility, which is vital to patient care in clinical laboratories. Many small and specialty laboratories are excluded from the benefits of automation due to low sample number, cost, space, and/or lack of automation expertise. The Minimum Viable Option (MVO) automation platform was developed to address these hurdles and fulfill an unmet need. Consumer 3D printing enabled rapid iterative prototyping to allow for a variety of instrumentation and assay setups and proce...
A seminal work by Sheridan and Verplank (1978) depicted ten levels of automation, ranging from no automation to an automation that acts completely autonomously without human support. These levels of automation were later complemented with a four-stage model of human information processing (Parasuraman, Sheridan, and Wickens 2000). Next, human-machine cooperation centred models and associated cooperation modes were introduced (Hoc, Young, and Blosseville 2009). The objective of the experiment was to test whi...
The aim of this study was to understand how to secure driver supervision engagement and conflict intervention performance while using highly reliable (but not perfect) automation.
Frequent laboratory testing may be necessary at times for critically ill patients. However, the practice of indiscriminate laboratory test ordering is common.
Bomb attacks on civil aviation make detecting improvised explosive devices and explosive material in passenger baggage a major concern. In the last few years, explosive detection systems for cabin baggage screening (EDSCB) have become available. Although used by a number of airports, most countries have not yet implemented these systems on a wide scale. We investigated the benefits of EDSCB with two different levels of automation currently being discussed by regulators and airport operators: automation as a...
Until the level of full vehicle automation is reached, users of vehicle automation systems will be required to take over manual control of the vehicle occasionally and stay fallback-ready to some extent during the drive. Both, drowsiness caused by inactivity and the engagement in distracting non-driving related tasks (NDRTs) such as entertainment or office work have been suggested to impair the driver's ability to safely handle these transitions of control. Thus, it is an open question whether engagement in...
The introduction of smart virtual assistants (VAs) and corresponding smart devices brought a new degree of freedom to our everyday lives. Voice-controlled and Internet-connected devices allow intuitive device controlling and monitoring from all around the globe and define a new era of human-machine interaction. Although VAs are especially successful in home automation, they also show great potential as artificial intelligence-driven laboratory assistants. Possible applications include stepwise reading of st...
This paper aims to explore the role of factors pertaining to trust in real-world automation systems through the application of observational methods in a case study from the railway sector.
We investigated adapting the interaction style of intelligent tutoring system (ITS) feedback based on human-automation etiquette strategies.
Order entry protocol selection of advanced imaging studies is labor-intensive, can disrupt workflow, and may displace staff from more valuable tasks. The aim of this study was to explore and compare the behaviors of radiologic technologists and radiologists when determining protocol to identify opportunities for workflow automation.
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To investigate the influence of prior experience with Level 2 automation on additional task performance during manual and Level 2 partially automated driving.
Various tasks within health care processes are repetitive and time-consuming, requiring personnel who could be better utilized elsewhere. The task of assigning clinical urgency categories to internal patient referrals is one such case of a time-consuming process, which may be amenable to automation through the application of text mining and natural language processing (NLP) techniques.
To evaluate the association of several clinical markers with acute laboratory-positive Dengue Virus infection.
Most laboratory results are valid for only a certain time period (laboratory tests shelf-life), after which they are outdated and the test needs to be re-administered. Currently, laboratory test shelf-lives are not centrally available anywhere but the implicit knowledge of doctors. In this work we propose an automated method to learn laboratory test-specific shelf-life by identifying prevalent laboratory test order patterns in electronic health records. The resulting shelf-lives performed well in the evalua...
Although remote access to beamline synchrotron facilities is now a common operation mode at macromolecular crystallography beamlines thanks to substantial efforts in automated processes for sample preparation and handling, experiment planning and analysis, this is still not the case for XAFS beamlines. Here the experience and developments undertaken at LNLS and Diamond in automation are described, in an attempt to tackle the specific challenges posed by the high variability in experimental conditions and co...
The impact on time to results (TTR) and clinical decisions was evaluated for mono-microbial positive blood cultures (BC) processed using the BD Kiestra Work Cell Automation (WCA) system. Positive BC were processed by the WCA system by full-automatic subculture on solid media and digital imaging after 8 h of incubation (8-h method) followed by identification (ID) and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST). To evaluate the accuracy of the 8-h method, ID and AST from 8-h and overnight incubated colonies w...
Working in a laboratory is very difficult and needs special attention. Laboratory workers can be exposed to numerous potential hazards including chemical, biological, physical, and radioactive. That is why it is really important to follow the working principles in laboratories for the sake of the lab analyzers and others who work with them in the lab. Laboratory safety includes the use of certain laboratory rules, methods, infrastructures, and devices during work to protect the working person and the workin...
Much of the Human Factors research into vehicle automation has focused on driver responses to critical scenarios where a crash might occur. However, there is less knowledge about the effects of vehicle automation on drivers' behaviour during non-critical take-over situations, such as driver-initiated lane-changing or overtaking. The current driving simulator study, conducted as part of the EC-funded AdaptIVe project, addresses this issue. It uses a within-subjects design to compare drivers' lane-changing be...
The MARS (Medical Admission Risk System) uses 11 physiological and laboratory data and had promising results in its derivation study for predicting 5 and 7 day mortality.
Exclusion of analytical interference is important when there is discrepancy between clinical and laboratory findings. However, interferences on immunoassays are often mistaken as isolated laboratory artefacts. We characterized and report the mechanism of a rare cause of interference in two patients that caused erroneous thyroid function tests, and also affects many other biotin dependent immunoassays.
It is well-established that vitamin D status is closely associated with the susceptibility to infections. We aimed to study the association between vitamin D status and sepsis risk and death, and also analyzed the correlation between vitamin D level and sepsis-related factors.
Serum and urinary protein electrophoresis play an important role in the identification of monoclonal gammopathy. Recently, capillary electrophoresis (CE) has been adapted in many clinical laboratories because of several advantages such as short turnaround time, automation, and high reproducibility. However, there have been unsolved concerns for the concordance between conventional gel and automated capillary electrophoresis methods for protein separation in clinical specimens. In this study, we investigated...
Laboratory testing is a common component of preanesthesia evaluation and is designed to identify medical abnormalities that might otherwise remain undetected. While blood testing might optimally be performed shortly before surgery, it is often done earlier for practical reasons. We tested the hypothesis that longer periods between preoperative laboratory testing and surgery are associated with increased odds of having a composite of 30-day morbidity and mortality.