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PubMed Journals Articles About "Auris Medical Tinnitus Candidate Keyzilen Fails Second Phase" RSS

12:41 EST 12th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Auris Medical Tinnitus Candidate Keyzilen Fails Second Phase" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 18,000+

Tinnitus.

Objective and subjective tinnitus can often be differentiated based on comprehensive history, physical examination, and audiogram. Examples of objective tinnitus include vascular abnormalities, palatal myoclonus, patulous eustachian tube, and stapedial/tensor tympani muscle spasm. Subjective tinnitus is usually associated with hearing loss. Rarely, tinnitus is the result of an underlying condition. In these cases, imaging and additional testing may be indicated. Classification of the type, quality, and inte...


Phenotypic switching in newly emerged multidrug-resistant pathogen Candida auris.

Candida auris is an emerging, multidrug-resistant yeast that can spread rapidly in healthcare settings. Phenotypic switching has been observed in other Candida species and can potentially interfere with correct identification. The aim of this study is to address misidentification of C. auris by describing alternate phenotypes after broth enrichment and subculturing on CHROMagar Candida. Each isolate displayed different frequencies of phenotypic switching, suggesting a strain to strain variability. Increased...

Neuro-otology counseling for patients with chronic tinnitus.

The diagnosis and treatment of tinnitus requires professional competence in neuro-otology and also an appropriate and comprehensible clarification for the individual patient.According to the Tinnitus-Guidelines of 2015 the counselling by the physician in charge is essential regarding the individual aetiopathogenesis, as well as the patient's individual coping mechanism with tinnitus, the prognosis, exacerbating factors and also as to the damaging impact on the ear.Therefore the therapeutic aim is to depatho...


A Candida auris Outbreak and Its Control in an Intensive Care Setting.

Candida auris is an emerging and multidrug-resistant pathogen. Here we report the epidemiology of a hospital outbreak of C. auris colonization and infection.

A pilot study examining the effect of integrative tinnitus management (ITM) on tinnitus distress and depression symptoms in veterans.

Tinnitus, or the perception of sound in the absence of an acoustic stimulus, is a highly prevalent and distressing symptom that currently lacks an effective medical treatment. Tinnitus is highly comorbid with insomnia, depression, and anxiety and is the most common service-connected disability among veterans of the U.S. military. This article evaluates Integrative Tinnitus Management (ITM), a multidisciplinary 9-week education and skills-based program aimed at reducing distress related to tinnitus. Thirty U...

The Relationship between Severity of Hearing Loss and Subjective Tinnitus Loudness among Patients Seen in a Specialist Tinnitus and Hyperacusis Therapy Clinic in UK.

Hearing loss is often associated with the phantom sound of tinnitus. However, the degree of the association between severity of hearing loss and tinnitus loudness taking into account the impact of other variables (e.g., emotional disturbances) is not fully understood. This is an important question for audiologists who are specialized in tinnitus rehabilitation as patients often ask whether the loudness of their tinnitus will increase if their hearing gets worse.

Subtyping patients with somatic tinnitus: Modulation of tinnitus and history for somatic dysfunction help identify tinnitus patients with temporomandibular joint disorders.

Determine in a cohort of patients with normal hearing and chronic tinnitus if self-reported history for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction and a positive modulation of tinnitus in the TMJ region could be suggestive of an underlying TMJ disorder.

A Qualitative Study on Factors Modulating Tinnitus Experience.

It is well recognized that tinnitus can severely interfere with important aspects of life such as sleep, concentration abilities, social activities, and mood. However, the impact of tinnitus may vary greatly from one individual to another, with some being severely affected and others only experiencing a slight handicap. Information from participants' experiences with tinnitus could help explain such variability. The full experience of living with tinnitus from a patient's perspective has been under-investig...

Candida auris: Epidemiology, risk factors, virulence, resistance, and therapeutic options.

Candida auris emerged as a pathogen resistant to multiple antifungal and has been associated with nosocomial outbreaks with high transmission capacity between hospitalized individuals. C. auris was first described in 2009, after being isolated from the external ear canal discharge of a patient in Japan. The difficulty in identification, incorrect use of antifungal drugs, and treatment failure are causes of high mortality. Since then, C. auris has been increasingly reported from East Asia to North America, w...

Association between tinnitus and mental health among Korean adolescents: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

The pathophysiology of tinnitus is not clearly understood, but its prevalence is relatively high. Persistent symptoms of tinnitus are linked to various mental health conditions, and in particular, tinnitus prevalence is high in Korean adolescents. Accordingly, this study aimed to reveal the associations between tinnitus and mental health in Korean adolescents using a nationally representative sample.

Chronic Sound-induced Tinnitus and Auditory Attention in Animals.

Attention may be an important factor in tinnitus. Individuals most disturbed by their tinnitus differ from those who are not in terms of attention allocation. This study used an operant conditioning animal model to examine the interaction between tinnitus and auditory vigilant attention as well as auditory selective attention. Tinnitus was induced in 90-day-old rats by a unilateral exposure to band-limited noise (120 dB, SPL). Tinnitus testing began 90 days following exposure; afterward animals were divided...

Tinnitus, Depression, Anxiety, and Suicide in Recent Veterans: A Retrospective Analysis.

The purpose of this project was to investigate whether there is an association between tinnitus diagnosis and suicide and whether depression and anxiety strengthen that association. Given that tinnitus is the top service-connected disability among U.S. Veterans (Veterans Benefits Administration, 2016) and that suicide among Veterans has been occurring at a higher frequency as compared with community suicide rates (Hoffmire et al., 2015), the possible associations between tinnitus and suicide will be explore...

Expectations for Tinnitus Treatment and Outcomes: A Survey Study of Audiologists and Patients.

Roughly 10-15% of the general population is affected by tinnitus and this percentage is estimated to rise in future. Because there is currently no cure for tinnitus, treatment is limited and is primarily achieved through management of symptoms and counseling.

Tinnitus Severity Is Related to the Sound Exposure of Symphony Orchestra Musicians Independently of Hearing Impairment.

Tinnitus can be debilitating and with great impact of musicians professional and private life. The objectives of the study were therefore to: (1) describe the epidemiology of tinnitus including its severity in classical orchestra musicians, (2) investigate the association between tinnitus severity in classical musicians and their cumulative lifetime sound exposure, and (3) the association between tinnitus and hearing thresholds.

Epidemiology of Clinically Significant Tinnitus: A 10-Year Trend From Nationwide Health Claims Data in South Korea.

Prevalence of tinnitus has been reported to vary according to the target population and definition of tinnitus. To improve the understanding of tinnitus, authors used the nation-wide health claim data to study the tinnitus in the entire population of South Korea.

Tinnitus in patients with hearing loss due to mitochondrial DNA pathogenic variants.

Tinnitus described as individual perception of phantom sound constitutes a significant medical problem and has become an essential subject of many studies conducted worldwide. In the study, we aimed to examine the prevalence of tinnitus among Polish hearing loss (HL) patients with identified mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants.

Invasive Candida auris infections in Kuwait hospitals: epidemiology, antifungal treatment and outcome.

Candida auris is a recently recognized yeast pathogen, which has attracted worldwide attention due to its multidrug-resistant nature and associated high mortality rates. Its persistence in hospital environment and propensity of nosocomial transmission underscores the need of continuous monitoring to prevent outbreaks. Since the first case of C. auris candidemia in May, 2014, we have identified 17 additional invasive cases, which are described here.

Transcranial direct current stimulation for the treatment of tinnitus: a review of clinical trials and mechanisms of action.

Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of any external acoustic stimulation. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has shown promising though heterogeneous therapeutic outcomes for tinnitus. The present study aims to review the recent advances in applications of tDCS for tinnitus treatment. In addition, the clinical efficacy and main mechanisms of action of tDCS on suppressing tinnitus are discussed.

Candida auris.

To give an update on the recent emergence of Candida auris.

Tinnitus and neuropathic pain share a common neural substrate in the form of specific brain connectivity and microstate profiles.

Tinnitus and neuropathic pain share similar pathophysiological, clinical, and treatment characteristics. In this EEG study, a group of tinnitus (n = 100) and neuropathic pain (n = 100) patients are compared to each other and to a healthy control group (n = 100). Spectral analysis demonstrates gamma band activity within the primary auditory and somatosensory cortices in patients with tinnitus and neuropathic pain, respectively. A conjunction analysis further demonstrates an overlap of tinnitus an...

An outbreak due to Candida auris with prolonged colonization and candidemia in a tertiary care European hospital.

Multi-drug resistant Candida auris has emerged as a cause of insidious hospital outbreaks and complicated infections. We present the analysis of an ongoing C. auris outbreak including the largest published series of C. auris bloodstream infection. All C. auris positive patients from April-2016 to January-2017 were included. Environmental, clinical and microbiological data were recorded. Definitive isolate identification was performed by ITS-rDNA sequencing, and typing by amplified fragment length polymorphi...

Inhibition of Experimental Tinnitus With High Frequency Stimulation of the Rat Medial Geniculate Body.

Neuromodulation is a promising treatment modality for tinnitus, especially in chronic and severe cases. The auditory thalamus plays a key role in the pathophysiology of tinnitus, as it integrates and processes auditory and limbic information.

Tinnitus and hyperacusis in Danish children and adolescents.

Although prevalence studies on tinnitus and hyperacusis indicate, that these symptoms are very common in children, data vary considerably according to study design, study population and the research question posed. Only a small number are seen in specialised centres with an established tinnitus programme, suggesting that either the children are seen at general practitioners or not being referred at all, or that the incidence of troublesome tinnitus in childhood is lower, than the epidemiological data propos...

First case of Candida auris in Switzerland: discussion about preventive strategies.

Change of Tinnitus with Xenon Phototherapy of the Stellate Ganglion.

To develop a treatment for tinnitus called xenon phototherapy of the stellate ganglion (XPSG) and analyze its effect on tinnitus.


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