PubMed Journals Articles About "Australia Proposes Mandatory Reporting Major Failings Medicines Shortages" RSS

19:23 EST 19th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Australia Proposes Mandatory Reporting Major Failings Medicines Shortages" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 13,000+

Pharmacists and patients sharing decisions about medicines: Development and feasibility of a conversation guide.

In Australia, the Home Medicines Review (HMR) is a nationally-funded program, led by pharmacists to optimize medication use for older people. A Medicines Conversation Guide was developed for pharmacists to use in the context of a HMR. The Guide aims to increase patient involvement and support discussions about: general health understanding, decision-making and information preferences, health priorities related to medicines, patient goals and fears, views on important activities and trade-offs.

Community pharmacists' knowledge and perspectives of reporting adverse drug reactions in Australia: a cross-sectional survey.

Background Under-reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) by healthcare professionals is prevalent worldwide. Community pharmacists are the most frequently visited healthcare professional and are well placed to document ADRs as a part of their routine practice. Objective To measure community pharmacists' knowledge and perspectives towards ADR reporting and their reporting practices. Setting Community pharmacists in the New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria and Tasmania, Australia. Method A survey tool con...

Pharmaceutical Policy Reforms to Regulate Drug Prices in Asia Pacific Region: The Case of Australia, China, India, Malaysia, New Zealand, and South Korea.

Medicine price directly affects affordability and access to medicines particularly in countries where a major portion of pharmaceutical spending is through out-of-pocket payment, such as in the Asia Pacific region. We have undertaken a detailed appraisal of the pharmaceutical policy reforms to regulate drug prices in 3 developed (Australia, New Zealand, and South Korea) and 3 emerging (China, India, and Malaysia) economies of the Asia Pacific region. Despite continuous efforts by the authorities in adopting...

The challenges in providing safe, effective, affordable cannabis-based medicines for unapproved indications.

Does consumer medicines interest reflect medicines use? An Australian observational study comparing medicines call center queries with medicines use.

Consumers have questions about their medication but the nature of these concerns and how they reflect medication use is unknown.

Tragic failures in learning disability healthcare provision.

John Tingle, Associate Professor (Teaching and Scholarship), Nottingham Trent University, discusses some recent reports highlighting major failings in healthcare provision for people with learning disabilities.

Reporting of adverse drug reactions in India: A review of the current scenario, obstacles and possible solutions.

Pharmacovigilance is a practice aimed to monitor drug safety in real life conditions and capture adverse drug events during the post marketing phase of drug's life cycle. But under reporting of adverse reactions is a major cause of concern and a threat to the pharmacovigilance systems. The present article looks into the major obstacles affecting the spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in India and the possible solutions. As per available scientific literature, the major impediments to ADR...

Challenges and innovations of delivering medicines to older adults.

Older adults with multimorbidity, polypharmacy, and complex health needs are the major consumer of health care. Ensuring that medicines are used safely, effectively, and delivered efficiently in this population is challenging. In this context, the approach to medicines delivery should seek to overcome some of the difficulties of delivering medicines to older people, and ensure each medication is delivered by the optimal and most convenient route for the patient in question. However, this poses significant o...

Marketing authorisation applications submitted to the European Medicines Agency by small and medium-sized enterprises: an analysis of major objections and their impact on outcomes.

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are an important source of innovative medicines. Compared with their larger counterparts, they experience challenges as a result of insufficient human and financial resources that can hamper drug development and regulatory compliance. This analysis reviews the profile of major objections raised in applications for medicines for human use submitted by SMEs to the European Medicines Agency between 2011 and 2015 and their impact on the outcome of applications. It showe...

Conceptualising production, productivity and technology in pharmacy practice: a novel framework for policy, education and research.

People and health systems worldwide face serious challenges due to shifting disease demographics, rising population demands and weaknesses in healthcare provision, including capacity shortages and lack of impact of healthcare services. These multiple challenges, linked with the global push to achieve universal health coverage, have made apparent the importance of investing in workforce development to improve population health and economic well-being. In relation to medicines, health systems face challenges ...

Adolescents' knowledge and perception of risk toward medicines.

Adolescents often start to use medicines independently without having sufficient knowledge or previous experience, which can lead to the inappropriate use of the medicines.

Cost-Effectiveness of Product Reformulation in Response to the Health Star Rating Food Labelling System in Australia.

The Health Star Rating (HSR) system is a voluntary front-of-pack labelling (FoPL) initiative endorsed by the Australian government in 2014. This study examines the impact of the HSR system on pre-packaged food reformulation measured by changes in energy density between products with and without HSR. The cost-effectiveness of the HSR system was modelled using a proportional multi-state life table Markov model for the 2010 Australian population. We evaluated scenarios in which the HSR system was implemented o...

Prescription Drug Shortages: Impact on Neonatal Intensive Care.

Prescription drug shortages have increased significantly during the past two decades and also impact drugs used in critical care and pediatrics.

Mandatory Reporting of Fatal and Nonfatal Opioid Overdoses in a Rural Public Health Department.

In 2016, Clallam County became the first county in Washington State to mandate reporting of fatal and nonfatal opioid overdoses. This reporting improved our understanding of opioid overdoses in the community and allowed us to provide harm reduction and case management services after nonfatal overdoses. By using the Washington State Prescription Monitoring Program, we have been able to notify health care providers when their patients have experienced a fatal or nonfatal opioid overdose to help better guide t...

Lost medicines: a longer view of the pharmaceutical industry with the potential to reinvigorate discovery.

It is widely understood that the 1962 Kefauver-Harris Amendment to the Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act ushered in the modern regulation of medicines requiring a combination of safety and efficacy. However, fewer appreciate the amendment was applied retroactively to virtually all medicines sold in the USA. For various reasons, many medicines faded into history. Here, we identify and analyze >1600 medicines (including over-the-counter drugs) and their innovators prior to the enactment of Kefauver-Harris. We repo...

Pharmaceutical Services and comprehensiveness 30 years after the advent of Brazil's Unified Health System.

This article examines pharmaceutical services and access to essential medicines in Brazil during the 30 years since the advent of Brazil's Unified Health System from a comprehensiveness perspective. The following topics are addressed: the "realignment" of pharmaceutical services; human resources in pharmaceutical services; the essential medicines concept; the rational use of medicines; technological advances and drug manufacturing; and ethical regulation. With a strong regulatory focus and a structural fram...

The effect of the implementation of low price medicine policy on medicine price in China: A retrospective study.

In an effort to relieve the pressure of drug shortages, the Chinese government implemented Low-price Medicines (LPM) policy to raise the price cap in July 2014. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of the implementation of this policy on drug price in China. Price data of 491 LPM, including 218 low-price chemical medicines (LPCM) and 273 low-price traditional Chinese medicines (LPTCM), were collected from 699 hospitals. We used interrupted time series design to identify the variation of monthl...

Report formatting in laboratory medicine - a call for harmony.

The results of medical laboratory testing are only useful if they lead to appropriate actions by medical practitioners and/or patients. An underappreciated component of the medical testing process is the transfer of the information from the laboratory report into the reader's brain. The format of laboratory reports can be determined by the testing laboratory, which may issue a formatted report, or by electronic systems receiving information from laboratories and controlling the report format. As doctors can...

"Utilization of BCG for Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer in an Era of BCG Supply Shortages".

To study trends in Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) utilization for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) before and during national BCG shortages.

Survey of occupational fatigue in anaesthetists in Australia and New Zealand.

Occupational fatigue in anaesthetists is recognised as a patient safety risk. Better understanding of the issues surrounding their fatigue is needed. This study aimed to ascertain the sources and effects of occupational fatigue amongst anaesthetists in Australia and New Zealand. An anonymous online survey was sent to 979 anaesthetists. The response rate was 38.0%. Most participants reported regularly working over 40 hours per week; men reported five more hours per week than women. Stated contributors to fat...

Using a Standardized Client Encounter in the Veterinary Curriculum to Practice Veterinarian-Employer Discussions about Animal Cruelty Reporting.

Animal cruelty is the antithesis of animal welfare. Because veterinarians take an oath to protect animal welfare, they are professionally obligated to report animal cruelty. Several US states have mandatory reporting laws for veterinarians, and both the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) and the American Animal Hospital Association support reporting. Some state veterinary practice acts, such as Arizona's, also require reporting. Despite this, animal cruelty is not always emphasized in veterinary...

Should Genetic Testing for Variants Associated with Influenza Infection Be Mandatory for Health Care Employees?

Scientists are beginning to understand more about the role of host genetics in individuals' responses to influenza virus exposure. This fictional case addresses a situation in which a health care organization proposes requiring all health care practitioners with direct patient care responsibilities to undergo mandatory genetic testing for genetic variants used to (1) predict individuals' responses to the influenza vaccine, (2) determine individual susceptibility to influenza infection, and (3) identify indi...

Review: The Health Consequences of Falsified Medicines.

To analyse and present the literature describing the health consequences of falsified medicines, focusing on mortality and morbidity, as well as the scale of the issue, the geographic extent, the medicines affected, and the harm caused at both the individual and population levels.

The current status and effects of emergency drug shortages in China: Perceptions of emergency department physicians.

The shortage of emergency drugs in China is severe. This study aimed to characterize emergency drug shortages in China and to measure their effects.

Knowledge, attitudes, behaviours, and beliefs of healthcare provider students regarding mandatory influenza vaccination.

Influenza infection poses the same risk to healthcare students as practicing clinicians. While there is substantial dialog about the benefits, risks, and ethics of mandatory influenza immunization policies in Canada, there has been little engagement of healthcare students. To explore the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviours of healthcare students, we administered a web-based survey to students at Dalhousie University. Influenza vaccination status varied by program type, with 86.3% of medical studen...

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