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PubMed Journals Articles About "Autologous Cell-derived Tissue Engineered Cartilage For Repairing Articular Cartilage Lesions" RSS

17:05 EDT 18th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Autologous Cell-derived Tissue Engineered Cartilage For Repairing Articular Cartilage Lesions PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Autologous Cell-derived Tissue Engineered Cartilage For Repairing Articular Cartilage Lesions articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Autologous Cell derived Tissue Engineered Cartilage Repairing Articular" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 36,000+

Chondrocyte and Mesenchymal Stem Cell Derived Engineered Cartilage Exhibits Differential Sensitivity to Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines.

Tissue engineering is a promising approach for the repair of articular cartilage defects, with engineered constructs emerging that match native tissue properties. However, the inflammatory environment of the damaged joint might compromise outcomes, and this may be impacted by the choice of cell source in terms of their ability to operate anabolically in an inflamed environment. Here, we compared the response of engineered cartilage derived from native chondrocytes and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to challe...


Integration capacity of human iPS cell-derived cartilage.

New cell and tissue sources are needed for the regenerative treatment of articular cartilage damage. Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are an abundant cell source due to their self-renewal capacity. Hyaline cartilage tissue particles derived from hiPSCs (hiPSC-derived cartilage, or hiPS-Carts) 1-3 mm in diameter are one candidate source that can be used for transplantation. When transplanted to fill the defects of articular cartilage, hiPS-Carts form repair tissue by integrating with each other ...

First-in-Human Pilot Study of Implantation of a Scaffold-Free Tissue-Engineered Construct Generated From Autologous Synovial Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Repair of Knee Chondral Lesions.

Articular cartilage has limited healing capacity, owing in part to poor vascularity and innervation. Once injured, it cannot be repaired, typically leading to high risk for developing osteoarthritis. Thus, cell-based and/or tissue-engineered approaches have been investigated; however, no approach has yet achieved safety and regenerative repair capacity via a simple implantation procedure.


Osteochondral Tissue Engineering: Translational Research and Turning Research into Products.

Osteochondral (OC) defect repair is a significant clinical challenge. Osteoarthritis results in articular cartilage/subchondral bone tissue degeneration and tissue loss, which in the long run results in cartilage/ostecochondral defect formation. OC defects are commonly approached with autografts and allografts, and both these options have found limitations. Alternatively, tissue engineered strategies with biodegradable scaffolds with and without cells and growth factors have been developed. In order to appr...

Cartilage-on-cartilage contact: Effect of compressive loading on tissue deformations and structural integrity of bovine articular cartilage.

This study aims to characterize the deformations in articular cartilage under compressive loading and link these to changes in the extracellular matrix constituents described by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) relaxation times in an experimental model mimicking in vivo cartilage-on-cartilage contact.

Trophic effects of adipose-tissue-derived and bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells enhance cartilage generation by chondrocytes in co-culture.

Combining mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and chondrocytes has great potential for cell-based cartilage repair. However, there is much debate regarding the mechanisms behind this concept. We aimed to clarify the mechanisms that lead to chondrogenesis (chondrocyte driven MSC-differentiation versus MSC driven chondroinduction) and whether their effect was dependent on MSC-origin. Therefore, chondrogenesis of human adipose-tissue-derived MSCs (hAMSCs) and bone-marrow-derived MSCs (hBMSCs) combined with bovine ar...

Synthetic Materials for Osteochondral Tissue Engineering.

The objective of an articular cartilage repair treatment is to repair the affected surface of an articular joint's hyaline cartilage. Currently, both biological and tissue engineering research is concerned with discovering the clues needed to stimulate cells to regenerate tissues and organs totally or partially. The latest findings on nanotechnology advances along with the processability of synthetic biomaterials have succeeded in creating a new range of materials to develop into the desired biological resp...

How changes in interconnectivity affect the bulk properties of articular cartilage: a fibre network study.

The remarkable compressive strength of articular cartilage arises from the mechanical interactions between the tension-resisting collagen fibrils and swelling proteoglycan proteins within the tissue. These interactions are facilitated by a significant level of interconnectivity between neighbouring collagen fibrils within the extracellular matrix. A reduction in interconnectivity is suspected to occur during the early stages of osteoarthritic degeneration. However, the relative contribution of these interco...

Stem cell-based therapeutic strategies for cartilage defects and osteoarthritis.

The gold standard cell therapy for repair of articular cartilage defects is autologous chondrocyte implantation, with good outcomes long-term. Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow or connective tissues such as fat are being pursued as alternatives for cartilage repair, and are trialled via intra-articular administration in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Early-phase clinical studies concur on safety and provide some promising insight into efficacy, but the mechanism of action remains un...

Suppressing Mesenchymal Stem Cell Hypertrophy and Endochondral Ossification in 3D Cartilage Regeneration with Nanofibrous Poly(l-Lactic Acid) Scaffold and Matrilin-3.

Articular cartilage has a very limited ability to self-heal after injury or degeneration due to its low cellularity, poor proliferative activity, and avascular nature. Current clinical options are able to alleviate patient suffering, but cannot sufficiently regenerate the lost tissue. Biomimetic scaffolds that recapitulate the important features of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of cartilage are hypothesized to be advantageous in supporting cell growth, chondrogenic differentiation, and integration of regen...

Characterization and application of size-sorted zonal chondrocytes for articular cartilage regeneration.

Current clinical approaches for articular cartilage repair have not been able to restore the tissue with zonal architecture, and its biomechanical and functional properties. Mimicking the zonal organization of articular cartilage in neo-tissue by implanting zonal chondrocyte subpopulations in multilayer construct could enhance the functionality of the graft, engineering of stratified tissue has not yet been realized due to lack of efficient and specific zonal chondrocyte isolation protocol. We show that by ...

Chondrogenic properties of collagen type XI, a component of cartilage extracellular matrix.

Cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM) has been used for promoting tissue engineering. However, the exact effects of ECM on chondrogenesis and the acting mechanisms are not well understood. In this study, we investigated the chondrogenic effects of cartilage ECM on human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and identified the contributing molecular components. To this end, a preparation of articular cartilage ECM was supplemented to pellets of chondrogenically differentiating MSCs, pellets of human chondrocytes, and...

Genetic abrogation of the fibronectin-α5β1 integrin interaction in articular cartilage aggravates osteoarthritis in mice.

The balance between synthesis and degradation of the cartilage extracellular matrix is severely altered in osteoarthritis, where degradation predominates. One reason for this imbalance is believed to be due to the ligation of the α5β1 integrin, the classic fibronectin (FN) receptor, with soluble FN fragments instead of insoluble FN fibrils, which induces matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression. Our objective was to determine whether the lack of α5β1-FN binding influences cartilage morphogenesis in viv...

Tissue Engineering in Osteoarthritis: Current Status and Prospect of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. Over the last 20 years, attempts have been made to regenerate articular cartilage to overcome the limitations of conventional treatments. As OA is generally associated with larger and diffuse involvement of articular surfaces and alteration of joint homeostasis, a tissue engineering approach for cartilage regeneration is more difficult than in simple chondral defects. Autologous and allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have rapidly emerged as in...

T1ρ mapping of articular cartilage grafts after autologous osteochondral transplantation for osteochondral lesions of the talus: A longitudinal evaluation.

Clinical results of autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) for treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus have been mixed. T1ρ imaging can be used to noninvasively detect early cartilage degeneration.

Medical ozone therapy as a potential treatment modality for regeneration of damaged articular cartilage in osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common degenerative joint disease and a growing health problem affecting more than half of the population over the age of 65. It is characterized by inflammation in the cartilage and synovium, resulting in the loss of joint structure and progressive damage to the cartilage. Many pro-inflammatory mediators are elevated in OA, including reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen peroxide (HO). Damaged articular cartilage remains a challenge to treat du...

Hyaluronan microenvironment enhances cartilage regeneration of human adipose-derived stem cells in a chondral defect model.

Hyaluronan (HA) is an important extracellular matrix component in the early stage of chondrogenesis. This study aimed to investigate the application of an HA microenvironment for human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs)-based articular cartilage regeneration. HA-enriched fibrin (HA/Fibrin) hydrogels were synthesized and characterized for use as HA microenvironments. The cell viability and chondrogenic gene expression of hADSCs cultured in HA/Fibrin (HA/Fibrin/hADSC) and Fibrin (Fibrin/hADSC) hydrogels were...

Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma on Chondrogenic Differentiation of Adipose- and Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

Post-traumatic and focal cartilage defects of the knee affect over 3 million Americans annually. Autologous cell-based cartilage repair, for example, autologous chondrocyte implantation, is limited by the need for ex vivo chondrocyte expansion and donor site morbidity. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), owing to their relative ease of isolation, higher replication activity, and chondrogenic potential, represent an alternative reparative cell type. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous, growth factor-rich ...

Promising Biomolecules.

The osteochondral defect (OD) comprises the articular cartilage and its subchondral bone. The treatment of these lesions remains as one of the most problematic clinical issues, since these defects include different tissues, requiring distinct healing approaches. Among the growing applications of regenerative medicine, clinical articular cartilage repair has been used for two decades, and it is an effective example of translational medicine; one of the most used cell-based repair strategies includes implanta...

How can 50 years of solute transport data in articular cartilage inform the design of arthritis therapeutics?

For the last half century, transport of nutrients and therapeutics in articular cartilage has been studied with various in vitro systems that attempt to model in vivo conditions. However, experimental technique, tissue species, and tissue storage condition (fresh/frozen) vary widely and there is debate on the most appropriate model system. Additionally, there is still no clear overarching framework with which to predict solute transport properties based on molecular characteristics. This review aims to deve...

Human Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Engineered Tissues: Clinical Considerations.

The combined power of human pluripotent stem cells and tissue engineering promises to revolutionize medicine by building tissue patches and artificial replacement organs for patients battling diverse diseases. Here, we articulate some big questions that need to be addressed before such engineered tissues become mainstream in the clinic.

Reliability of cartilage digestion and FDA-EB fluorescence staining for the detection of chondrocyte viability in osteochondral grafts.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability of cartilage digestion and fluorescein diacetate-ethidium bromide (FDA-EB) fluorescence staining for the detection of chondrocyte viability in osteochondral grafts. Sixteen fresh osteochondral grafts were harvested from pig knee condyles, and the articular cartilage tissue was preserved. Each cartilage graft was cut into two 70-µm thick pieces and randomly allocated to Group A or Group B. The cell viability of Group A was detected using FDA-EB fluore...

Cartilage Regeneration Using Arthroscopic Flushing Fluid-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Encapsulated in a One-step Rapid Cross-linked Hydrogel.

Many attempts have been made to repair articular cartilage defects, including mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based tissue engineering strategies. Although this approach shows promise, optimizing MSC sources and their delivery is challenging. This study was designed to test the feasibility of using MSCs found in the human arthroscopic flushing fluid (AFF) for cartilage regeneration, by incorporating them into a newly developed one-step rapid cross-linking hyper-branched polyPEGDA/HA hydrogel. AFF-MSCs were isol...

Combinatory approach for developing silk fibroin scaffolds for cartilage regeneration.

Several processing technologies and engineering strategies have been combined to create scaffolds with superior performance for efficient tissue regeneration. Cartilage tissue is a good example of that, presenting limited self-healing capacity together with a high elasticity and load-bearing properties. In this work, novel porous silk fibroin (SF) scaffolds derived from horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-mediated crosslinking of highly concentrated aqueous SF solution (16 wt.%) in combination with salt-leaching a...

A new mechanical indentation framework for functional assessment of articular cartilage.

The conventional mechanical properties of articular cartilage, such as compressive stiffness, have been shown to have limited capacity to distinguish visually normal from degraded cartilage samples. In this study, a new mechanical indentation framework for assessing functional properties of articular cartilage during loading/unloading, i.e. deformation and recovery, was established. The capacity of a ring-shaped indenter integrated with an ultrasound transducer to distinguish mechanically intact from proteo...


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