PubMed Journals Articles About "Automated Route Finding Patent Busting" RSS

05:42 EDT 19th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Automated Route Finding Patent Busting" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,100+

A comprehensive program for preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus.

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common finding in preterm infants. A hemodynamically significant PDA may require intervention for closure. This article aims to describe a transcatheter PDA closure (TCPC) program for preterm infants and the components of a comprehensive outpatient follow-up strategy.

Do patents of academic funded researchers enjoy a longer life? A study of patent renewal decisions.

This paper assesses the extent to which patent renewal data is associated with government funding in a university context by focusing on the relationship between the funded patentees and renewal decisions of their patents. The aim of this paper is to show whether receiving funding from government contributes to high-value patents as measured by the patent renewal decisions made by their owners. Our observations of academic nanotechnology patents in Canada discovered a positive relationship between funded re...

Automatic identification of relevant chemical compounds from patents.

In commercial research and development projects, public disclosure of new chemical compounds often takes place in patents. Only a small proportion of these compounds are published in journals, usually a few years after the patent. Patent authorities make available the patents but do not provide systematic continuous chemical annotations. Content databases such as Elsevier's Reaxys provide such services mostly based on manual excerptions, which are time-consuming and costly. Automatic text-mining approaches ...

The Reporting Items for Patent Landscapes statement.

The reporting quality of patent landscapes is inadequate. The Reporting Items for Patent Landscapes (RIPL) checklist can improve reporting quality.

Automating the search for a patent's prior art with a full text similarity search.

More than ever, technical inventions are the symbol of our society's advance. Patents guarantee their creators protection against infringement. For an invention being patentable, its novelty and inventiveness have to be assessed. Therefore, a search for published work that describes similar inventions to a given patent application needs to be performed. Currently, this so-called search for prior art is executed with semi-automatically composed keyword queries, which is not only time consuming, but also pron...

Feasibility of patent and proprietary medicine vendor provision of injectable contraceptives: preliminary results from implementation science research in Oyo and Nasarawa, Nigeria.

Nigerian policymakers are debating task-shifting injectable contraceptive services to Patent and Proprietary Medicine Vendors (PPMVs).

Automated Quantification of Fragmented Red Blood Cells: Neonatal Reference Intervals and Clinical Disorders of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Patients with High Values.

Schistocytes are circulating erythrocyte fragments. They can be identified microscopically from a blood smear; but automated systems evaluate more cells and avoid inconsistencies in microscopy. Studies using adult subjects indicate that automated quantification of schistocytes can be clinically useful. However, reference intervals for automated schistocyte counts of neonates have not been published, and the relevance of a high automated schistocyte count from neonates has not been reported.

Effects of time of day and taxi route complexity on navigation errors: An experimental study.

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of time of day and taxi route complexity on navigation errors. Nine pilots participated in the experiment. Four testing conditions defined by time of day conditions (i.e., nighttime versus daytime) and taxi route complexity (i.e., more complex versus less complex) were examined. Participants were instructed to perform simulated taxiing tasks in each of the testing conditions. Navigation errors during taxiing were counted. In addition, eye movement measures can reflec...

A manual corpus of annotated main findings of clinical case reports.

Clinical case reports are the `eyewitness reports' of medicine and provide a valuable, unique, albeit noisy and underutilized type of evidence. Generally a case report has a single main finding that represents the reason for writing up the report in the first place. In the present study, we present the results of manual annotation carried out by two individuals on 500 randomly sampled case reports. This corpus contains main finding sentences extracted from title, abstract and full-text of the same article t...

Patent ductus arteriosus and small for gestational age infants: Treatment approaches and outcomes.

The current treatment approach in patent ductus arteriosus suggests the identification of high-risk infants that may benefit the most from treatment. Small for gestational age infants are a high-risk population in which the treatment approach to the patent ductus arteriosus and outcomes have not been described.

Does Postmenstrual Age Affect Medical Patent Ductus Arteriosus Treatment Success in Preterm Infants?

 Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is the most common cardiovascular problem of prematurity. Our objective was to examine the effect of postmenstrual age (PMA) on response to medical PDA treatment.

Thoracic Aortic Stent Graft for Patent Ductus Arteriosus with Residual Shunt after Surgical Repair;Report of a Case.

We report a case of a 75-year-old woman with residual shunt of patent ductus arteriosus after initial surgical repair. She was successfully treated by thoracic aortic stent graft and residual shunt disappeared. Re-surgical repair for residual shunt of patent ductus arteriosus is very invasive and challenging procedure. Also endo-vascular repair using coil or an occluding device can be problematic because of anatomical change due to initial surgical repair. Thoracic aortic stent graft, as a re-intervention p...

Automated and manual hippocampal segmentation techniques: Comparison of results, reproducibility and clinical applicability.

Imaging techniques used to measure hippocampal atrophy are key to understanding the clinical progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Various semi-automated hippocampal segmentation techniques are available and require human expert input to learn how to accurately segment new data. Our goal was to compare 1) the performance of our automated hippocampal segmentation technique relative to manual segmentations, and 2) the performance of our automated technique when provided with a training set from two differe...

International Divergence in Gene Patenting.

This review explores the recent divergence in international patent law relating to the patenting of genes and related subject matter. This divergence stems primarily from decisions of the highest courts in the United States and Australia on the eligibility of patent claims relating to the BRCA gene sequences. Patent offices, courts, and policy makers have struggled for many years to clearly articulate the bounds of patent claims on isolated and synthetic DNA and related products and processes, including met...

Updated Meta-analysis on the Closure of Patent Foramen Ovale in Reduction of Stroke Rates: the DEFENSE-PFO Trial Does not Change the Scenario.

We aimed to analyze whether patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure reduces the risk of stroke, assessing also some safety outcomes after the publication of a new trial.

PDA: To treat or not to treat.

Management of patent ductus arteriosus in extremely preterm infants remains a topic of debate. Treatment to produce ductal closure was widely practiced until the past decade, despite lack of evidence that it decreases morbidities or mortality. Meta-analyses of trials using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have shown effectiveness in accelerating ductal closure, but no reduction in neonatal morbidities, regardless of agent used, indication, timing, gestational age, or route of administration. Surgical li...

The implementation of an automated coding system for cause-of-death statistics.

The production of cause-of-death statistics requires the coding and selection of an underlying cause of death from death certificates. Nowadays, this is done manually in many countries around the world. However, automated coding systems have been available since the 1970s and more and more countries are switching from manual to automated coding. The introduction of an automated coding system is expected to change the coding process and its outcomes in a fundamental way. Therefore, we studied the implementat...

Comparative effectiveness of drugs used to constrict the patent ductus arteriosus: a secondary analysis of the PDA-TOLERATE trial (NCT01958320).

To evaluate the effectiveness of drugs used to constrict patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in newborns 

Reduced Stroke After Transcatheter Patent Foramen Ovale Closure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Recent randomized control trials (RCTs) have suggested benefit with transcatheter patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure plus antiplatelet therapy over medical treatment alone for secondary stroke prevention.

Population-based opportunistic osteoporosis screening: Validation of a fully automated CT tool for assessing longitudinal BMD changes.

The automated BMD tool was retrospectively applied to non-contrast abdominal CT scans in 1603 consecutive asymptomatic adults (mean age, 55.9 years; 770 M/833 F) undergoing longitudinal screening (mean interval, 5.7 years; range, 1.0-12.3 years). The spinal column was automatically segmented, with standardized L1 and L2 anterior trabecular ROI placement. Automated and manual L1 HU values were compared, as were automated supine-prone measures. L1-L2 CT attenuation values were converted to BMD values through ...

Hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus and the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is prevalent in premature newborns and has been linked to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a serious pulmonary complication of premature birth. Although a causal relationship has not been proven, the link is greatest among infants born at lower gestational age who are treated with mechanical ventilation in the presence of a large ductal shunt. Despite strong association in epidemiological studies, treatment of a patent ductus arteriosus has not been shown t...

Evaluation of Patent Blue as the Vital Dye in an Animal Model of Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty.

To evaluate the safety and feasibility of patent blue (PB) as the vital dye in Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK).

Pharmacotherapy for patent ductus arteriosus closure.

Even though up to 60% of premature infants less than 28 weeks gestation develop persistent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), there remains controversy regarding if, when, and how to close the PDA. Failure to close the PDA has been associated with significant morbidity but no cause-and-effect has been proven for short-term or long-term outcomes in modern times. Surgical closure has the advantage of eliminating the PDA, but short-term complications and long-term adverse outcomes are worrisome. Intravenous indom...

How does navigation system behavior influence human behavior?

Navigation systems are ubiquitous tools to assist wayfinders of the mobile information society with various navigational tasks. Whenever such systems assist with self-localization and path planning, they reduce human effort for navigating. Automated navigation assistance benefits navigation performance, but research seems to show that it negatively affects attention to environment properties, spatial knowledge acquisition, and retention of spatial information. Very little is known about how to design naviga...

Angiographic appearance of patent saphenous vein grafts more than 25 years after coronary artery bypass grafting.

Nine patients with ten angiographical patent saphenous vein grafts (SVG) more than 25 years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) at Kawasaki Medical School Hospital between 1976 and 1992 were reviewed. Patent SVG disease was assessed using the FitzGibbon classification, and clinical characteristics which might affect the longevity of SVG were retrospectively evaluated. The mean duration between surgery and current coronary angiography was approximately 30 years (25-35 years). There were two perfe...

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