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Automated Wearable Artificial Kidney Improve Peritoneal Dialysis PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Automated Wearable Artificial Kidney Improve Peritoneal Dialysis articles that have been published worldwide.
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Hypertension is common in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and associated with adverse outcomes. Besides solute clearance, PD convective clearance is used to control extracellular water (ECW) volume and sodium balance. Previous studies have reported on hypertension in PD patients treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) using hypertonic glucose dialysates. However, increasing numbers of PD patients are now treated with automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) and icodextrin dialysates. As s...
Despite a recent meta-analysis favoring straight catheters, the clinical benefits of straight versus coiled peritoneal dialysis catheters remain uncertain. We conducted a randomized controlled study to compare the complication rates associated with these 2 types of double-cuffed peritoneal dialysis catheters.
Bilirubin is recognized as an endogenous antioxidant, and low serum bilirubin was reported to be associated with the progression of kidney disease. However, it is unclear whether serum bilirubin levels are associated with the loss of residual kidney function (RKF) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. This study investigated the relationship between serum total bilirubin and loss of RKF.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) by dialysis are rare conditions in pediatric patients. In pediatric patients with CKD, dialysis is mainly performed using peritoneal dialysis (PD) or intermittent hemodialysis (HD). In patients with AKI, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) using hemofiltration, hemodialysis, or both techniques can be used. This chapter reviews (1) physiology and epidemiology of kidney disease and dialysis in children...
Patients require risk stratification and preventive strategies for sudden cardiac death (SCD) based on the dialysis modality because the process of dialysis is a risk factor for SCD. This study aimed to compare the risk of SCD in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD).
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a kind of renal replacement therapy (RRT), which can be employed to treat pediatric acute kidney injury (AKI) as it is safe, simple, and cost-effective. The studies of PD treatment in pediatric AKI in China have rarely been reported in English literature.
Dialysis has been associated with increased complication rates following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The current literature on this issue is limited and does not distinguish between hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) the differences in the infection and other complication rates after THA or TKA between patients on peritoneal dialysis and those on hemodialysis and (2) the differences in complication rates after THA or TKA b...
Our objective was to assess whether clusters of centers with similar peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter related practices were associated with differences in the risk of technique failure.
Unplanned start of renal replacement therapy is common in patients with end-stage renal disease and often accomplished by hemodialysis (HD) using a central venous catheter (CVC). Urgent start using peritoneal dialysis (PD) could be an alternative for some of the patients; however, this requires a hospital-based PD center that offers a structured urgent start PD (usPD) program.
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common genetic disorder associated with progressive enlargement of the kidneys and liver. ADPKD patients may require renal volume reduction, especially before renal transplantation. The standard treatment is unilateral nephrectomy. However, surgery incurs a risk of blood transfusion and alloimmunization. Furthermore, when patients are treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD), surgery is associated with an increased risk of temporary or definitive switch...
The major trials in peritoneal dialysis (PD) have demonstrated that increasing peritoneal clearance of small solutes is not associated with any advantage on survival, whereas sodium and fluid overload heralds higher risk of death and technique failure. On the other hand, higher sodium and fluid overload due to loss of residual kidney function (RKF) and higher transport membrane is associated with poor patient and technique survival. Recent experimental studies also show that, independently from fluid overlo...
Endocan is associated with endothelial dysfunction. In peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, cardiovascular disease is a common cause of mortality. We examined the relationship between serum endocan level and clinical outcome of PD patients.
The preferred method of dialysis for children is chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD), and these children may require delayed gastrostomy tube (GT) placement. Investigators have reported a high risk of fungal peritonitis, early bacterial peritonitis, and catheter loss when percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is performed in children already undergoing CPD. Current International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis guidelines recommend only open GT for these patients. We sought to report the safety of laparoscopic g...
Cardiac death is increased in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a measurement of arterial stiffness, and previous reports linked PWV to increased extracellular water (ECW). As cyclers and icodextrin are increasingly used, we wished to determine whether this association between PWV and ECW remains.
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an easily implementable dialysis modality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). PD may improve access to renal replacement therapy in low- and middle-income countries; however, these countries have a higher prevalence of protein-energy wasting in patients and poorer socioeconomic conditions. We evaluated the effects of HIV infection on serum albumin levels in ESRD patients starting continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) and mortality outcomes.
Malnutrition is one of the most common complications among dialysis patients. The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) is rarely used in dialysis patients, especially peritoneal dialysis (PD).
High discontinuation rates remain a challenge for home hemodialysis (HHD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). We compared technique failure risks among Canadian patients receiving HHD and PD.
Metabolic syndrome (MS) has been widely proved as a predictor of cardiovascular disease, all-cause, and cardiovascular mortality in general population. But its effects on mortality and technique failure have not been well illustrated in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We aimed to investigate the association of MS and clinical outcomes in Chinese continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) patients.
Insulin resistance (IR) is increased among people with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The Triglyceride glucose (TyG) index is a marker of IR and is also associated with the prognosis of cardiovascular disease among patients initiating peritoneal dialysis (PD). This study was aimed at examining the associations between TyG index and cardiovascular deaths in patients initiating PD.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have a high incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, which is related to the inflammatory status of this population. Platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is a relatively new indicator of inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between PLR and the CVD events in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients.
With aging population and chronic kidney disease burden increasing worldwide, the need for renal replacement therapy is rising and our patients are getting more complex due to comorbidities and long-standing kidney disease. Deteriorated vascular capital is a frequent feature we have to deal with these days, making even obtaining routine blood tests a hard task. We present two case reports of peritoneal dialysis patients without a peripheral vein access were a Port-a-Cath (Port-a-Cath Deltec Smiths Medical) ...
This study aimed to evaluate outcome of children on chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) with a concurrent colostomy.
Studies showed an increased visceral adipose tissue and peritoneal angiogenesis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. However, the relationship between the visceral adipose expands and peritoneal angiogenesis remains unclear.
Abnormalities in serum potassium are risk factors for sudden cardiac death and arrhythmias among dialysis patients. Although a previous study in hemodialysis patients has shown that race/ethnicity may impact the relationship between serum potassium and mortality, the relationship remains unclear among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients where the dynamics of serum potassium is more stable.