PubMed Journals Articles About "Automated Wearable Artificial Kidney Improve Peritoneal Dialysis" RSS

16:18 EST 15th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Automated wearable artificial kidney improve peritoneal dialysis" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 14,000+

Factors associated with systolic hypertension in peritoneal dialysis patients.

Hypertension is common in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and associated with adverse outcomes. Besides solute clearance, PD convective clearance is used to control extracellular water (ECW) volume and sodium balance. Previous studies have reported on hypertension in PD patients treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) using hypertonic glucose dialysates. However, increasing numbers of PD patients are now treated with automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) and icodextrin dialysates. As s...

Straight Versus Coiled Peritoneal Dialysis Catheters: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Despite a recent meta-analysis favoring straight catheters, the clinical benefits of straight versus coiled peritoneal dialysis catheters remain uncertain. We conducted a randomized controlled study to compare the complication rates associated with these 2 types of double-cuffed peritoneal dialysis catheters.

Association of lower serum bilirubin with loss of residual kidney function in peritoneal dialysis patients.

Bilirubin is recognized as an endogenous antioxidant, and low serum bilirubin was reported to be associated with the progression of kidney disease. However, it is unclear whether serum bilirubin levels are associated with the loss of residual kidney function (RKF) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. This study investigated the relationship between serum total bilirubin and loss of RKF.

Understanding the Effects of Kidney Disease and Dialysis Treatment on Pharmacotherapy in Children.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) by dialysis are rare conditions in pediatric patients. In pediatric patients with CKD, dialysis is mainly performed using peritoneal dialysis (PD) or intermittent hemodialysis (HD). In patients with AKI, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) using hemofiltration, hemodialysis, or both techniques can be used. This chapter reviews (1) physiology and epidemiology of kidney disease and dialysis in children...

Dialysis modality-related disparities in sudden cardiac death: hemodialysis versus peritoneal dialysis.

Patients require risk stratification and preventive strategies for sudden cardiac death (SCD) based on the dialysis modality because the process of dialysis is a risk factor for SCD. This study aimed to compare the risk of SCD in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD).

Peritoneal Dialysis Treatment in Small Children with Acute Kidney Injury: Experience in Northwest China.

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a kind of renal replacement therapy (RRT), which can be employed to treat pediatric acute kidney injury (AKI) as it is safe, simple, and cost-effective. The studies of PD treatment in pediatric AKI in China have rarely been reported in English literature.

Peritoneal Dialysis Does Not Carry the Same Risk as Hemodialysis in Patients Undergoing Hip or Knee Arthroplasty.

Dialysis has been associated with increased complication rates following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The current literature on this issue is limited and does not distinguish between hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) the differences in the infection and other complication rates after THA or TKA between patients on peritoneal dialysis and those on hemodialysis and (2) the differences in complication rates after THA or TKA b...

Patterns of peritoneal dialysis catheter practices and technique failure in peritoneal dialysis: A nationwide cohort study.

Our objective was to assess whether clusters of centers with similar peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter related practices were associated with differences in the risk of technique failure.

Implementation of Urgent Start Peritoneal Dialysis Reduces Hemodialysis Catheter Use and Hospital Stay in Patients with Unplanned Dialysis Start.

Unplanned start of renal replacement therapy is common in patients with end-stage renal disease and often accomplished by hemodialysis (HD) using a central venous catheter (CVC). Urgent start using peritoneal dialysis (PD) could be an alternative for some of the patients; however, this requires a hospital-based PD center that offers a structured urgent start PD (usPD) program.

Unilateral nephrectomy versus renal arterial embolization and technique survival in peritoneal dialysis patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common genetic disorder associated with progressive enlargement of the kidneys and liver. ADPKD patients may require renal volume reduction, especially before renal transplantation. The standard treatment is unilateral nephrectomy. However, surgery incurs a risk of blood transfusion and alloimmunization. Furthermore, when patients are treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD), surgery is associated with an increased risk of temporary or definitive switch...

Sodium toxicity in peritoneal dialysis: mechanisms and "solutions".

The major trials in peritoneal dialysis (PD) have demonstrated that increasing peritoneal clearance of small solutes is not associated with any advantage on survival, whereas sodium and fluid overload heralds higher risk of death and technique failure. On the other hand, higher sodium and fluid overload due to loss of residual kidney function (RKF) and higher transport membrane is associated with poor patient and technique survival. Recent experimental studies also show that, independently from fluid overlo...

Relationship between Plasma Endocan Level and Clinical Outcome of Chinese Peritoneal Dialysis Patients.

Endocan is associated with endothelial dysfunction. In peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, cardiovascular disease is a common cause of mortality. We examined the relationship between serum endocan level and clinical outcome of PD patients.

Safety of Laparoscopic Gastrostomy in Children Receiving Peritoneal Dialysis.

The preferred method of dialysis for children is chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD), and these children may require delayed gastrostomy tube (GT) placement. Investigators have reported a high risk of fungal peritonitis, early bacterial peritonitis, and catheter loss when percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is performed in children already undergoing CPD. Current International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis guidelines recommend only open GT for these patients. We sought to report the safety of laparoscopic g...

Aortic Pulse Wave Velocity in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients Is Not Simply Associated with Extracellular Water Expansion.

Cardiac death is increased in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a measurement of arterial stiffness, and previous reports linked PWV to increased extracellular water (ECW). As cyclers and icodextrin are increasingly used, we wished to determine whether this association between PWV and ECW remains.

Serum albumin and mortality in patients with HIV and end-stage renal failure on peritoneal dialysis.

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an easily implementable dialysis modality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). PD may improve access to renal replacement therapy in low- and middle-income countries; however, these countries have a higher prevalence of protein-energy wasting in patients and poorer socioeconomic conditions. We evaluated the effects of HIV infection on serum albumin levels in ESRD patients starting continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) and mortality outcomes.

Geriatric nutritional risk index is associated with mortality in peritoneal dialysis patients.

Malnutrition is one of the most common complications among dialysis patients. The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) is rarely used in dialysis patients, especially peritoneal dialysis (PD).

A comparison of technique survival in Canadian peritoneal dialysis and home hemodialysis patients.

High discontinuation rates remain a challenge for home hemodialysis (HHD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). We compared technique failure risks among Canadian patients receiving HHD and PD.

Metabolic Syndrome and Mortality in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: A 5-Year Prospective Cohort Study.

Metabolic syndrome (MS) has been widely proved as a predictor of cardiovascular disease, all-cause, and cardiovascular mortality in general population. But its effects on mortality and technique failure have not been well illustrated in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We aimed to investigate the association of MS and clinical outcomes in Chinese continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) patients.

Prediction of acute kidney injury using artificial intelligence: are we there yet?

Triglyceride Glucose Index Predicting Cardiovascular Mortality in Chinese Initiating Peritoneal Dialysis: A Cohort Study.

Insulin resistance (IR) is increased among people with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The Triglyceride glucose (TyG) index is a marker of IR and is also associated with the prognosis of cardiovascular disease among patients initiating peritoneal dialysis (PD). This study was aimed at examining the associations between TyG index and cardiovascular deaths in patients initiating PD.

Platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio is associated with cardiovascular disease in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have a high incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, which is related to the inflammatory status of this population. Platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is a relatively new indicator of inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between PLR and the CVD events in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients.

Port-a-Cath device: A solution for peritoneal dialysis patients with exhausted access.

With aging population and chronic kidney disease burden increasing worldwide, the need for renal replacement therapy is rising and our patients are getting more complex due to comorbidities and long-standing kidney disease. Deteriorated vascular capital is a frequent feature we have to deal with these days, making even obtaining routine blood tests a hard task. We present two case reports of peritoneal dialysis patients without a peripheral vein access were a Port-a-Cath (Port-a-Cath Deltec Smiths Medical) ...

Colostomy in children on chronic peritoneal dialysis.

This study aimed to evaluate outcome of children on chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) with a concurrent colostomy.

Visceral adipogenesis inhibited by Pref-1 is associated with peritoneal angiogenesis.

Studies showed an increased visceral adipose tissue and peritoneal angiogenesis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. However, the relationship between the visceral adipose expands and peritoneal angiogenesis remains unclear.

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Mortality Associated with Serum Potassium in Incident Peritoneal Dialysis Patients.

Abnormalities in serum potassium are risk factors for sudden cardiac death and arrhythmias among dialysis patients. Although a previous study in hemodialysis patients has shown that race/ethnicity may impact the relationship between serum potassium and mortality, the relationship remains unclear among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients where the dynamics of serum potassium is more stable.

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