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PubMed Journals Articles About "Battle Future Food Africa" RSS

17:30 EST 8th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Battle Future Food Africa PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Battle Future Food Africa articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Battle Future Food Africa" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 13,000+

Food Hygiene Knowledge and Practice among Food Vendors in Uyo, Nigeria.

The role of food vendors in food hygiene and safety is an important one which, if neglected, could lead to outbreaks of food borne illnesses, currently major causes of morbidity and mortality, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and East Asia.


The Severe Typhoid Fever in Africa Program Highlights the Need for Broad Deployment of Typhoid Conjugate Vaccines.

The Typhoid Surveillance in Africa Program (TSAP) and the Severe Typhoid Fever in Africa (SETA) program have refined our understanding of age and geographic distribution of typhoid fever and other invasive salmonelloses in Africa and will help inform future typhoid control strategies, namely, introduction of typhoid conjugate vaccines.

Air quality and health impact of future fossil fuel use for electricity generation and transport in Africa.

Africa has ambitious plans to address energy deficits and sustain economic growth with fossil fueled power plants. The continent is also experiencing faster population growth than anywhere else in the world that will lead to proliferation of vehicles. Here we estimate air pollutant emissions in Africa from future (2030) electricity generation and transport. We find that annual emissions of two precursors of fine particles (PM) hazardous to health - sulfur dioxide (SO) and nitrogen oxides (NO) - approximatel...


'When you take pills you must eat': Food (in)security and ART adherence among older people living with HIV.

South Africa has increasing numbers of persons living with HIV on antiretroviral treatment (ART). There is evidence for a relationship between food, food security and HIV. Despite increasing rates of people older than 50 living with HIV coinciding with greater levels of co-morbidity, the existing research is largely limited to those aged 15-49 years. In this paper, we therefore explore how older people living with HIV (OPLWH) in two urban communities within South Africa negotiate and ensure they have suffic...

Scientific assessments in European food law: Making it future-proof.

European food laws increasingly use scientific evidence to protect consumers from hazards and to prevent the use of misleading information. In this article, the use of risk assessment in European food law is analysed and the implications of the recently adopted adjustments to the EU's General Food Law are reviewed. The risk analysis cycle that has been implemented in many authorisation decisions of the European Commission has resulted in the increased level of public health protection since 2002. The food l...

Preparation of low-molecular-weight, collagen hydrolysates (peptides): Current progress, challenges, and future perspectives.

Collagen hydrolysates (peptides) derived from food processing byproducts have been used to produce commercially valuable food ingredients due to their potential to trigger certain desirable physiological responses in the body. Low-molecular-weight (LMW) collagen hydrolysates are generally thought to exert better bioactivities than their larger counterparts. However, the preparation of LMW collagen hydrolysates is often impeded by their special structure, cross-linking, and hydroxyproline. This review briefl...

Renal denervation: bleak past, brighter future.

Prevalence of Campylobacter and Salmonella in African food animals and meat: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Campylobacter and Salmonella, particularly non-typhoidal Salmonella, are important bacterial enteric pathogens of humans which are often carried asymptomatically in animal reservoirs. Bacterial foodborne infections, including those derived from meat, are associated with illness and death globally but the burden is disproportionately high in Africa. Commercial meat production is increasing and intensifying in many African countries, creating opportunities and threats for food safety.

Second-line HIV treatment failure in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Increased second-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) failure rate narrows future options for HIV/AIDS treatment. It has critical implications in resource-limited settings; including sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where the burden of HIV-infection is immense. Hence, pooled estimate for second-line HIV treatment failure is relevant to suggest valid recommendations that optimize ART outcomes in SSA.

Ambivalence toward healthy and unhealthy food and moderation by individual differences in restrained eating.

Food may be a particularly ambivalent stimulus, as it may be associated with high feelings of both positivity and negativity (objective ambivalence), in addition to feelings of conflict (subjective ambivalence). In this study we examine objective and subjective ambivalence toward healthy and unhealthy food, as well as nonfood objects. We show that food (particularly unhealthy food) images do elicit higher ambivalence than nonfood images, particularly due to increased negative feelings. Furthermore, individu...

Exploring the Concept of Food Insecurity and Family Hunger in Senegal, West Africa.

APPROACHES TO IMPROVE SOIL FERTILITY IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA.

Soil fertility provides the foundation for nutritious food production and resilient and sustainable livelihoods. A comprehensive survey and summit was conducted to understand barriers to enhancing soil fertility in sub-Saharan Africa and provide evidence-based recommendations. The focus regions were West Africa, East Africa, Great Lakes, and Ethiopia. Overall recommendations were developed with four emerging themes: 1) strengthening inorganic fertilizer based systems, 2) access to and use of quality organic...

The First Detection of Human Bocavirus Species 2 and 3 in Raw Sewage and Mussels in South Africa.

Human bocavirus (HBoV) has a global distribution and is associated with respiratory and enteric infections, particularly in the paediatric population. In this study, raw sewage and mussel samples were analysed for the presence of HBoV using nested PCR with primers targeting the VP1/VP2 junction. Amplification and sequencing of the 382 bp region followed by phylogenetic analysis indicated the presence of HBoV 2 in mussel samples and HBoV 3 in sewage samples. This is the first report describing the presence ...

Seasonality of antenatal care attendance, maternal dietary intake, and fetal growth in the VHEMBE birth cohort, South Africa.

Seasonality of food availability, physical activity, and infections commonly occurs within rural communities in low and middle-income countries with distinct rainy seasons. To better understand the implications of these regularly occurring environmental stressors for maternal and child health, this study examined seasonal variation in nutrition and health care access of pregnant women and infants in rural South Africa.

Metal-Organic Frameworks for Food Safety.

Food safety is a prevalent concern around the world. As such, detection, removal, and control of risks and hazardous substances present from harvest to consumption will always be necessary. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), a class of functional materials, possess unique physical and chemical properties, demonstrating promise in food safety applications. In this review, the synthesis and porosity of MOFs are first introduced by some representative examples that pertain to the field of food safety. Following ...

Burden of fungal asthma in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Asthma is one of the neglected diseases in Africa with a high prevalence. Allergic fungal diseases have been reported to complicate asthma progression and treatment outcomes. However, data about fungal asthma and its associated complications are limited in Africa. We aimed to estimate the burden of fungal asthma among adults and children in Africa using a systematic review.

Food insecurity transitions and smoking behavior among older adults who smoke.

Cross-sectional data reveal that smoking cigarettes is highly prevalent among those who are food insecure. However, there is limited and conflicting evidence concerning whether causal factors may influence associations of food insecurity with smoking behavior. Additionally, temporality is a core feature of food insecurity that should be considered when examining linkages between food insecurity and health behaviors like smoking cessation. In 2019, data were extracted from waves 2012 and 2014 of the Health a...

Familial hypercholesterolaemia and its management in South Africa.

Lassa fever diagnostics: past, present, and future.

Lassa fever is a unique viral hemorrhagic fever that is endemic in parts of West Africa, primarily Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia, and Nigeria. The disease is caused by the Lassa virus, an Old World arenavirus that has as primary reservoir host the multimammate rodent Mastomys nataliensis, which lives in association with humans. Recent estimates suggest LF causes two million cases and 5000-10000 deaths annually, mainly in West Africa. Clinical diagnosis and laboratory confirmation have always been major chal...

Determination of Endocrine Disruption Potential of Bisphenol A Alternatives in Food Contact Materials Using In Vitro Assays: State of the Art and Future Challenges.

Alternatives to Bisphenol A (BPA) are developed for food contact materials due to increasing evidence of exposure-correlated harmful effects of BPA. In vitro assays provide the fast, affordable, and mechanism insightful ways to screen endocrine disruption (ED) which is a major concern of new BPA alternatives. In this review, we summarize the safety and regulation information of the alternatives to BPA, review the state of the art of in vitro assays for ED evaluation, highlight their advantages and limitatio...

Budgeting nitrogen flows and the food nitrogen footprint of Egypt during the past half century: Challenges and opportunities.

Egypt is the largest nitrogen (N) fertilizer consumer in Africa. However, its nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) is low, and the relationships between both dietary options and the NUE trend with reactive N (Nr) release into the environment in Egypt have not yet been studied. In this study, we estimated the changes in the N budget and NUE in Egypt during the past 56 years (1961-2016). We also calculated particular virtual N factors (the average amount of Nr released to the environment during food production per...

Addressing food insecurity in the United States: the role of policy, systems changes, and environmental supports.

This commentary provides a brief overview of the historical, contemporary, and potential future approaches for using policy, systems changes, and environmental supports (PSE) to address food insecurity in the United States. We reflect on and integrate where possible the findings put forth in the other 16 papers included in the Translational Behavioral Medicine Special Issue entitled: Food Access Among Low-Income Populations: Understanding the Potential Intersect of Diet, Obesity, Food Insecurity, and Hunger...

REVIEW Traditional Uses, Chemical Constituents and Biological Activities of Plants from the Genus Thymus.

The genus Thymus (Lamiaceae) comprises about 214 species throughout the world, mainly found in North Africa, Europe, and temperate Asia zone. They are traditionally used as food additives and folk medicines. This review comprehensively summarizes information about traditional uses, chemical constituents and biological activities of this genus and provides recommendations for future investigations. All information was gathered from scientific databases including Google Scholar, Sci-Finder, Web of Science, Sc...

Occurrence of 30 trace elements in foods from a multi-centre Sub-Saharan Africa Total Diet Study: Focus on Al, As, Cd, Hg, and Pb.

This paper reports occurrence data related to 30 trace elements in food composite samples from a multi-regional Sub-Saharan Africa Total Diet Study. Herein, 2700 samples grouped in 225 food composite samples corresponding to 13 food groups: cereals, tubers, legumes, vegetables, fruits, nuts/seeds, meat, eggs, fish, milk/dairy, oil/fats, and beverages from eight locations in four countries, namely Benin (Littoral/Borgou), Cameroon (Duala/North), Mali (Bamako/Sikasso), and Nigeria (Lagos/Kano) were prepared a...

Polyphenols and Intestinal Permeability: Rationale and Future Perspectives.

Increasing evidence links intestinal permeability (IP), a feature of the intestinal barrier, to several pathological or dysfunctional conditions. Several host and environmental factors, including dietary factors, can affect the maintenance of normal IP. In this regard, food bioactives, such as polyphenols, have been proposed as potential IP modulators, even if the mechanisms involved are not yet fully elucidated. The aim of the present paper is to provide a short overview of the main evidence from in vitro ...


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