PubMed Journals Articles About "Behavioral Effects Of Drugs (Inpatient): 38" RSS

21:43 EDT 25th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Behavioral Effects Drugs Inpatient" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 31,000+

Effects of an Intensive Inpatient Rehabilitation Program in Elderly Patients with Obesity.

The aim of this study was to assess the short-term effectiveness of an intensive inpatient multidimensional rehabilitation program (MRP), including diet, exercise, and behavioral therapy, in elderly patients with severe obesity.

Personal Protective Equipment: Evaluating Usage Among Inpatient and Outpatient Oncology Nurses.

Chemotherapy agents have long been considered hazardous, and safety for healthcare providers when administering these drugs is a primary concern. Personal protective equipment (PPE) is known to decrease exposure to hazardous drugs. Studies report that PPE is underused among healthcare providers in inpatient and outpatient settings.

Blockade of Serotonin 2C Receptors with SB-242084 Moderates Reduced Locomotor Activity and Rearing by Cannabinoid 1 Receptor Antagonist AM-251.

The endocannabinoid and serotonin (5-HT) systems have key roles in the regulation of several physiological functions such as motor activity and food intake but also in the development of psychiatric disorders. Here we tested the hypothesis, whether blockade of serotonin 2C (5-HT2C) receptors prevents the reduced locomotor activity and other behavioral effects caused by a cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptor antagonist. As a pretreatment, we administered SB-242084 (1 mg/kg, ip.), a 5-HT2C receptor antagonist or vehi...

Cognitive-behavioral treatment with behavioral activation for smoking cessation: Randomized controlled trial.

Behavioral Activation is a behavioral-based treatment that has been proposed as suitable for smoking cessation, as it simultaneously addresses reinforcement-related variables and also mood management. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation treatment with components of behavioral activation (SCBSCT-BA) with a standard cognitive-behavioral treatment (SCBSCT), and a wait-list control group (WL).

Cocaine-induced behavioral sensitization is greater in adolescent than in adult mice and heightens cocaine-induced conditioned place preference in adolescents.

Adolescents are more sensitive than adults to the neural and behavioral effects of psychostimulants, and exhibit greater vulnerability to drug abuse, dependence or relapse into these conditions. We have reported that cocaine pretreatment during adolescence promotes the expression of behavioral sensitization to a greater extent than when the pretreatment occurs at adulthood. Behavioral sensitization has been associated to the transition from drug use to addiction and is postulated to indicate heightened sens...

Rationale and design of an integrated bio-behavioral approach to improve adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis and HIV risk reduction among opioid-dependent people who use drugs: The CHRP-BB study.

Few primary HIV prevention strategies have successfully integrated both behavioral and biomedical components, with modest HIV risk reduction outcomes among opioid-dependent people who use drugs (PWUD). In response to this unmet need, we developed a brief, bio-behavioral intervention to simultaneously promote PrEP adherence and reduce HIV risk among opioid-dependent PWUD.

Inpatient Psychiatric Treatment of Serious Behavioral Problems in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): Specialized Versus General Inpatient Units.

Psychiatric hospitalization of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is common, but there is little comparative information available on different psychiatric hospital treatment models. Children with ASD ages 4-20 were enrolled upon admission to either a specialized (N = 53) or a general child psychiatric unit (N = 27). Caregivers completed the Aberrant Behavioral Checklist-Irritability Sub-scale (ABC-I) at admission, discharge, and 2 months post-discharge and reported information on crisis s...

Does care consultation affect use of VHA versus non-VHA care?

The Partners in Dementia Care (PDC) intervention has shown improved psychosocial outcomes while reducing overall inpatient and emergency department (ED) utilization among veterans with cognitive impairment and behavioral symptoms. However, veterans who use the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) also seek care from non-VHA sources, potentially reducing the effectiveness of care coordination. We evaluated whether PDC affected VHA and non-VHA inpatient and ED use by veterans with dementia.

Behavioral inhibition and posttrauma symptomatology: Moderating effects of safety behaviors and biological sex.

Behavioral inhibition is a trait-level factor associated with posttraumatic stress. Safety behaviors may impact this link by interfering with anxiety habituation. The current study examined the unique and interactive effects of behavioral inhibition, safety behaviors, and participant sex on posttrauma symptom clusters.

Behavioral economic demand metrics for abuse deterrent and abuse potential quantification.

Behavioral economics provides a framework for quantifying drug abuse potential that can inform public health risk, clinical treatment, and research. Hypothetical purchase task (HPT) questionnaires may provide a low-cost and sensitive method by which to measure and predict the appeal of pharmaceutical drugs that differ by formulation. However, the validity of this type of analysis must be empirically established by comparing the "essential value" (EV) of different drugs across subgroups.

Parent Partners: Evaluation of a Novel Peer-Support Intervention for the Caregivers of Children Hospitalized for Behavioral Health Conditions.

Nearly 10 percent of all hospitalized children have a primary behavioral health diagnosis, but the effectiveness of treatment can be limited by caregivers' challenges navigating the behavioral health system. In this study, we assessed a novel peer-support intervention ("parent partners") designed for the caregivers of children admitted to an inpatient psychiatric unit.

Side Effects of Frequently Used Antihypertensive Drugs on Wound Healing in vitro.

The number of patients who has a daily intake of antihypertensive drugs is rising, due to an also rising prevalence of lifestyle diseases. Interestingly, knowledge about effects of these drugs in terms of wound healing is low.

Importance of inpatient hypoglycaemia: impact, prediction and prevention.

Hypoglycaemia is a key barrier to achieving euglycaemic control in people who are hospitalized. Inpatient hypoglycaemia has been linked to adverse clinical outcomes, including mortality and longer stay in hospital. A number of studies have applied mathematical tools and statistical models to predict inpatient hypoglycaemia and identify factors that may result in hypoglycaemic events. Several different approaches have been tested to prevent inpatient hypoglycaemia. These can be categorized as human intervent...

Inpatient Prevalence, Expenditures, and Comorbidities of Sarcoidosis: Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2013-2014.

To investigate inpatient prevalence, expenditures, and comorbidities of hospitalized patients with sarcoidosis in the USA.

A Comparison of the Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Four Combined Statin and Antiplatelet Therapies on Tumor Necrosis Factor-Mediated Acute Inflammation in vivo.

Combination therapy has been administered to patients with chronic or complex diseases due to its improved therapeutic effects compared with the results of monotherapy. Due to the pleiotropic effects of statins and antiplatelets, these drugs have been studied in combination with other drugs, but not all combinations exerted obvious beneficial effects compared with individual drugs. In this study, we aimed to compare the anti-inflammatory effects of 4 different combination therapies of statins and antiplatel...

Pharmacologic Therapy of Mycotic Keratitis.

Mycotic keratitis continues to be an important cause of corneal blindness, especially in tropical and subtropical countries. The prognosis is poor compared to many other forms of keratitis because of the lack of effective antifungal drugs. The currently available antifungal drugs suffer from multiple drawbacks like poor ocular penetration, unpredictable bioavailability, and adverse effects associated with systemic medications. Over the last decade, several new drugs and drug delivery systems have been intro...

The closer the better: does better access to outpatient care prevent hospitalization?

In 2010-2012, new outpatient service locations were established in poor Hungarian micro-regions. We exploit this quasi-experiment to estimate the extent of substitution between outpatient and inpatient care. Fixed-effects Poisson models on individual-level panel data for years 2008-2015 show that the number of outpatient visits increased by 19% and the number of inpatient stays decreased by 1.6% as a result, driven by a marked reduction of potentially avoidable hospitalization (PAH) (5%). In our dynamic spe...

A Positive Mood Induction for Reducing the Formation of Nocebo Effects from Side Effect Information.

Providing treatment side effect information can increase the occurrence of side effects through nocebo effects. Nocebo effects from side effect information raise a dilemma for health care, as there is an ethical obligation to disclose potential unpleasant treatment information to patients.

The effects of inpatient music therapy on self-reported symptoms at an academic cancer center: a preliminary report.

Music therapy has shown benefits for reducing distress in individuals with cancer. We explore the effects of music therapy on self-reported symptoms of patients receiving inpatient care at a comprehensive cancer center.

Impact of Behavioral Feeding Intervention on Child Emotional and Behavioral Functioning, Parenting Stress, and Parent-Child Attachment.

Behavioral intervention is the only treatment for pediatric feeding problems with well-documented empirical support. However, parents may be hesitant to pursue behavioral intervention due to concerns about possible negative side effects on child behavioral health and the parent-child relationship. This study investigated associations between behavioral feeding treatment and parenting stress, internalizing and externalizing behavior problems in young children, and parent-child attachment quality.

Effects of stimulation of mu opioid and nociceptin/orphanin FQ peptide (NOP) receptors on alcohol drinking in rhesus monkeys.

Alcohol-use disorder (AUD) persists as a devastating public health problem; widely effective pharmacological treatments are needed. Evidence from rodent models suggests that stimulating brain receptors for the neuropeptide nociceptin/orphanin FQ (NOP) can decrease ethanol drinking. We characterized the effects of the mu opioid peptide (MOP) receptor agonist buprenorphine and the buprenorphine analog (2S)-2-[(5R,6R,7R,14S)-N-cyclopropylmethyl-4,5-epoxy-6,14-ethano-3-hydroxy-6 methoxymorphinan-7-yl]-3,3-dimet...

When fish take a bath: Psychopharmacological characterization of the effects of a synthetic cathinone bath salt 'flakka' on adult zebrafish.

Alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone (α-PVP) is a synthetic cathinone which exerts robust mental and physiological effects clinically, as well as causes aberrant stereotypic behaviors and altered locomotion in rodents. Given the rich spectrum of pharmacological activity of α-PVP in rodents and humans, as well as its high abuse potential, further studies are needed to better understand the pharmacology and toxicology of this drug. The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a relatively novel model organism in neuropharmacol...

Zebrafish behavioral phenomics applied for phenotyping aquatic neurotoxicity induced by lead contaminants of environmentally relevant level.

Environmental lead (Pb) exposure is a worldwide threat due to the ubiquitous contamination. Although the adverse effects of Pb on human health have previously been extensively explored, the eco-toxicological effects on aquatic vertebrates still need further investigation. In addition, there is a paucity in the knowledge of behavioral and physiological effects of Pb within the range of environmental relevant concentration (under 100 μg/L) on aquatic organisms such as zebrafish. Herein, we demonstrated tha...

Evaluation of the Impact of an Inpatient Hyperglycemia Protocol on Glycemic Control.

Inpatient hyperglycemia is associated with poor outcomes. Existing research assessing inpatient hyperglycemia protocols has shown improvements in average blood glucose levels with inconsistent results regarding rates of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an inpatient hyperglycemia protocol on glycemic control.

Effectiveness of serotonergic drugs in the management of problem behaviors in patients with neurodevelopmental disorders.

Neurodevelopmental disorders often result in disabilities associated with auto- and / or hetero-aggressive behaviors, that can be defined as "problem behaviors" (Lacy 2007). Therapeutic interventions are mainly directed towards the use of neuroleptic drugs or benzodiazepines, to ensure a rapid and significant sedation in most of cases. These pharmacological devices exposes the patient to clinical risks and/or long-term management difficulties. The main problem of the chronic use of benzodiazepines is the de...

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