PubMed Journals Articles About "Berry Global, Inc." RSS

04:11 EDT 27th May 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Berry Global" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,500+

Modular Berry Connection for Entangled Subregions in AdS/CFT.

The Berry connection describes transformations induced by adiabatically varying Hamiltonians. We study how zero modes of the modular Hamiltonian are affected by varying the region that supplies the modular Hamiltonian. In the vacuum of a 2D conformal field theory, global conformal symmetry singles out a unique modular Berry connection, which we compute directly and in the dual three-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS_{3}) picture. In certain cases, Wilson loops of the modular Berry connection compute lengths o...

Measurement of the Berry curvature of solids using high-harmonic spectroscopy.

Berry phase and Berry curvature have become ubiquitous concepts in physics, relevant to a variety of phenomena, such as polarization, various Hall effects, etc. Studies of these phenomena call for characterization of Berry phase or curvature which is largely limited to theory, and a few measurements in optical lattices. In this work, we report polarimetry of high-harmonic emission from solids and exploit this novel capability to directly retrieve the Berry curvature of α-quartz. We show that the two manife...

Quality evaluation of six bioactive constituents in goji berry based on capillary electrophoresis field amplified sample stacking.

Goji berry, fruits of the plant Lycium barbarum L., has long been used as traditional medicine and functional food in China. In this work, a simple and easy-operation on-line concentration capillary electrophoresis (CE) for detection flavonoids in goji berry was developed by coupling of field amplified sample stacking (FASS) with an electroosmotic (EOF) pump driving water removal process. Due to the EOF pump and electrokinetic injection showing different influence on the concentration, the analytes injectio...

Exogenous gibberellic acid application induces the overexpression of key genes for pedicel lignification and an increase in berry drop in table grape.

Most table grape (Vitis vinifera L.) varieties require gibberellic acid (GA) applications to obtain an adequate berry size in order to satisfy market requirements. However, GAtreatments also produce severe berry drop in some cultivars, which occurs mainly after a cold storage period during post-harvest. Berry drop in bunches treated with GAhas been related to the hardening and thickening of the pedicel produced by the over-accumulation of cellulose and its lignification. The main goal of this study was to c...

Impact of reduced atmospheric CO2 and varied potassium supply on carbohydrate and potassium distribution in grapevine and grape berries (Vitis vinifera L.).

To assess the robustness of the apparent sugar-potassium relationship during ripening of grape berries, a controlled-environment study was conducted on Shiraz vines involving ambient and reduced (by 34%) atmospheric CO2 concentrations, and standard and increased (by 67%) soil potassium applications from prior to the onset of ripening. The leaf net photoassimilation rate was decreased by 35% in the reduced CO2 treatment. The reduction in CO2 delayed the onset of ripening, but at harvest the sugar content of ...

Hypoxia in grape berries: the role of seed respiration and lenticels on the berry pedicel and the possible link to cell death.

Mesocarp cell death (CD) during ripening is common in berries of seeded Vitis vinifera L wine cultivars. We examined if hypoxia within berries is linked to CD. Internal oxygen concentration ([O2]) across the mesocarp was measured in berries from Chardonnay and Shiraz, both seeded, and Ruby Seedless, using an oxygen micro-sensor. Steep [O2] gradients were observed across the skin and [O2] decreased toward the middle of the mesocarp. As ripening progressed the minimum [O2] approached zero in the seeded cultiv...

Seabuckthorn berry polysaccharide extracts protect against acetaminophen induced hepatotoxicity in mice via activating the Nrf-2/HO-1-SOD-2 signaling pathway.

Oxidative stress is concomitant with acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity, which has been highlighted as therapeutic targets for such diseases. The berries of Seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) have been traditionally used in Tibetan medicine for thousands of years. The effect of Seabuckthorn berry polysaccharide on drug- induced liver injury (DILI) has not yet been elucidated.

Vibronic Ground-State Degeneracies and the Berry Phase: A Continuous Symmetry Perspective.

We develop a geometric construction to prove the inevitability of the electronic ground-state Berry phase for a class of JT models with $N > 2$ intersecting electronic states. Given that any JT problem may be obtained from the subset we investigate in this letter by symmetry-breaking, the arguments here given reveal the fundamental origin of vibronic ground-state degeneracy in JT models.

GAapplication in grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) modulates different sets of genes at cluster emergence, full bloom, and berry stage as revealed by RNA sequence-based transcriptome analysis.

In grapes (Vitis vinifera L.), exogenous gibberellic acid (GA) is applied at different stages of bunch development to achieve desirable bunch shape and berry size in seedless grapes used for table purpose. RNA sequence-based transcriptome analysis was used to understand the mechanism of GAaction at cluster emergence, full bloom, and berry stage in table grape variety Thompson Seedless. At cluster emergence, rachis samples were collected at 6 and 24 h after application of GA, whereas flower clusters and ber...

Enhancing the resolution of a near-eye display with a Pancharatnam-Berry phase deflector.

We report an electro-optic image shifter to enhance the resolution of display devices with a Pancharatnam-Berry phase deflector (PBD). The switching time of our PBD is less than 1 ms. Through synchronizing and computational factorization, we are able to double the display resolution for reducing the screen door effect. Such a thin and lightweight PBD image shifter can be easily integrated into wearable display devices. Its potential application for virtual reality and augmented reality is emphasized.

Flight Activity and Field Infestation Relationships for Coffee Berry Borer in Commercial Coffee Plantations in Kona and Kau Districts, Hawaii.

The coffee berry borer (CBB), Hypothenemus hampei Ferrari (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) is a recent invader to Hawaii. To date, limited information regarding the seasonal phenology of this pest on the islands limits the implementation of integrated control strategies. As part of a coffee farmer training program, we monitored CBB flight activity in 15 coffee plantations (Kona and Kau Districts) over 10 mo with methanol-ethanol (3:1 ratio) baited traps. Concurrently, we quantified CBB infestation an...

Grapevine field experiments reveal the contribution of genotype, the influence of environment and the effect of their interaction (GxE) on berry transcriptome.

Changes in the performance of genotypes in different environments are defined as genotype x environment (GxE) interactions. In grapevine (Vitis vinifera), complex interactions between different genotypes and climate, soil, and farming practices yield unique berry qualities. However, the molecular basis of this phenomenon remains unclear. To dissect the basis of grapevine GxE interactions, we characterized berry transcriptome plasticity, genome methylation landscape, and within-genotype allelic diversity in ...

Unambiguous Signature of the Berry Phase in Intense Laser Dissociation of Diatomic Molecules.

We report strong evidence of Berry phase effects in intense laser dissociation of D molecules, manifested as Aharonov-Bohm-like oscillations in the photofragments angular distribution (PAD). Our calculations show that this interference pattern strongly depends on the parity of the diatom initial rotational state, (-1) . Indeed, the PAD local maxima (minima) observed in one case (j odd) correspond to local minima (maxima) in the other case (j even). Using simple topological arguments, we clearly show that su...

Leveraging the Global Health Service Partnership Model for Workforce Development in Global Radiation Oncology.

A major contributor to the disparity in cancer outcome across the globe is the limited health care access in low- and middle-income countries that results from the shortfall in human resources for health (HRH), fomented by the limited training and leadership capacity of low-resource countries. In 2012, Seed Global Health teamed up with the Peace Corps to create the Global Health Service Partnership, an initiative that has introduced a novel model for tackling the HRH crises in developing regions of the worl...

Children inhibit global information when the forest is dense and local information when the forest is sparse.

Visual environments are composed of global shapes and local details that compete for attentional resources. In adults, the global level is processed more rapidly than the local level, and global information must be inhibited in order to process local information when the local information and global information are in conflict. Compared with adults, children present less of a bias toward global visual information and appear to be more sensitive to the density of local elements that constitute the global lev...

Global nursing in an Ebola viral haemorrhagic fever outbreak: before, during and after deployment.

Nurses are on the forefront and play a key role in global disaster responses. Nevertheless, they are often not prepared for the challenges they are facing and research is scarce regarding the nursing skills required for first responders during a disaster situation.

Prevention and treatment effects of edible berries for three deadly diseases: Cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer and diabetes are serious threat to human health and more and more aroused people's attention. It is important to find the safe and effective prevention and treatment methods for the three deadly diseases. At present, a generally attention in the possible positive effects of edible berries for the three deadly diseases has been noted. Berry phytochemical compounds regulate different signaling pathways about cell survival, growth and differentiation. They contribute to the...

The influence of different air-drying conditions on bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of berries.

The aim of the present research was to study the effect of convective drying on color, bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of berry fruits and to chemically characterize the polyphenolic composition of raspberry, boysenberry, redcurrants and blackcurrants fruit. Drying berries at 65 ºC provoked the best conservations of color, particularly for boysenberry and blackcurrant. Drying at 65 °C was also the condition that showed higher level of polyphenols, while drying at 50 ºC or 130 ºC showed abov...

Global Emergency Medicine: A review of the literature from 2017.

The Global Emergency Medicine Literature Review (GEMLR) conducts an annual search of peer-reviewed and gray literature relevant to global emergency medicine (EM) to identify, review, and disseminate the most important new research in this field to a global audience of academics and clinical practitioners.

Offline: Are China's global ambitions good for global health?

MBL and Serine carbapenemase producing Klebsiella species: A global challenge.

Innovate Global Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Cleft Lip and Palate Charity Database.

There is an emerging interest in global surgery. The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery recognizes the important role that nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) play in the delivery of cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) surgical care. To better address the unmet burden of surgical disease, the commissioners propose the use of a centralized registry to maximize coordination of global surgical volunteerism efforts. This study aims to create a comprehensive database of CLP organizations.

High-Precision Phenotyping of Grape Bunch Architecture Using Fast 3D Sensor and Automation.

Wine growers prefer cultivars with looser bunch architecture because of the decreased risk for bunch rot. As a consequence, grapevine breeders have to select seedlings and new cultivars with regard to appropriate bunch traits. Bunch architecture is a mosaic of different single traits which makes phenotyping labor-intensive and time-consuming. In the present study, a fast and high-precision phenotyping pipeline was developed. The optical sensor Artec Spider 3D scanner (Artec 3D, L-1466, Luxembourg) was used ...

Review of the health effects of berries and their phytochemicals on the digestive and immune systems.

Berries are generally considered beneficial to health. This health-promoting potential has mainly been ascribed to berries' phytochemical and vitamin content, and little attention has been paid to the potential benefits of berries for the digestive tract, despite this being the first point of contact. In vivo studies that described the health effects of berries on individual parts of the digestive tract (ie, the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, microbiome, and immune system) were revie...

Global epidemiology of podoconiosis: A systematic review.

Podoconiosis is one of the few diseases that could potentially be eliminated within one generation. Nonetheless, the global distribution of the disease remains largely unknown. The global atlas of podoconiosis was conceived to define the epidemiology and distribution of podoconiosis through dedicated surveys and assembling the available epidemiological data.

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