PubMed Journals Articles About "Berry Global, Inc." RSS

03:43 EDT 19th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Berry Global" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,400+

Modular Berry Connection for Entangled Subregions in AdS/CFT.

The Berry connection describes transformations induced by adiabatically varying Hamiltonians. We study how zero modes of the modular Hamiltonian are affected by varying the region that supplies the modular Hamiltonian. In the vacuum of a 2D conformal field theory, global conformal symmetry singles out a unique modular Berry connection, which we compute directly and in the dual three-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS_{3}) picture. In certain cases, Wilson loops of the modular Berry connection compute lengths o...

Measurement of the Berry curvature of solids using high-harmonic spectroscopy.

Berry phase and Berry curvature have become ubiquitous concepts in physics, relevant to a variety of phenomena, such as polarization, various Hall effects, etc. Studies of these phenomena call for characterization of Berry phase or curvature which is largely limited to theory, and a few measurements in optical lattices. In this work, we report polarimetry of high-harmonic emission from solids and exploit this novel capability to directly retrieve the Berry curvature of α-quartz. We show that the two manife...

Mycorrhizal symbiosis affects ABA metabolism during berry ripening in Vitis vinifera L. cv. Tempranillo grown under climate change scenarios.

Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis is a promising tool for improving the quality of grapes under changing environments. Therefore, the aim of this research was to determine if the ability of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) to enhance phenolic content (specifically, anthocyanins) in a climate change framework could be mediated by alterations in berry ABA metabolism during ripening. The study was carried out on fruit-bearing cuttings of cv. Tempranillo (CL-1048 and CL-1089) inoculated (+M) or not (-M) with A...

Quality evaluation of six bioactive constituents in goji berry based on capillary electrophoresis field amplified sample stacking.

Goji berry, fruits of the plant Lycium barbarum L., has long been used as traditional medicine and functional food in China. In this work, a simple and easy-operation on-line concentration capillary electrophoresis (CE) for detection flavonoids in goji berry was developed by coupling of field amplified sample stacking (FASS) with an electroosmotic (EOF) pump driving water removal process. Due to the EOF pump and electrokinetic injection showing different influence on the concentration, the analytes injectio...

Exogenous gibberellic acid application induces the overexpression of key genes for pedicel lignification and an increase in berry drop in table grape.

Most table grape (Vitis vinifera L.) varieties require gibberellic acid (GA) applications to obtain an adequate berry size in order to satisfy market requirements. However, GAtreatments also produce severe berry drop in some cultivars, which occurs mainly after a cold storage period during post-harvest. Berry drop in bunches treated with GAhas been related to the hardening and thickening of the pedicel produced by the over-accumulation of cellulose and its lignification. The main goal of this study was to c...

Authentication of Small Berry Fruit in Fruit Products by DNA Barcoding Method.

Small berry fruit products are gaining an expanded market due to their high nutrition value. However, the authenticity of products is challenged by adulteration and mislabeling. To establish an accurate and robust method for identifying both known and unknown fruit species in small berry fruit products, DNA barcoding technology based on Sanger sequencing was adopted. To overcome the influence of processing conditions on DNA recovery, mini-barcodes of rbcL and ITS and a medium-barcode of psbA-trnH were appli...

Hypoxia in grape berries: the role of seed respiration and lenticels on the berry pedicel and the possible link to cell death.

Mesocarp cell death (CD) during ripening is common in berries of seeded Vitis vinifera L wine cultivars. We examined if hypoxia within berries is linked to CD. Internal oxygen concentration ([O2]) across the mesocarp was measured in berries from Chardonnay and Shiraz, both seeded, and Ruby Seedless, using an oxygen micro-sensor. Steep [O2] gradients were observed across the skin and [O2] decreased toward the middle of the mesocarp. As ripening progressed the minimum [O2] approached zero in the seeded cultiv...

Seabuckthorn berry polysaccharide extracts protect against acetaminophen induced hepatotoxicity in mice via activating the Nrf-2/HO-1-SOD-2 signaling pathway.

Oxidative stress is concomitant with acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity, which has been highlighted as therapeutic targets for such diseases. The berries of Seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) have been traditionally used in Tibetan medicine for thousands of years. The effect of Seabuckthorn berry polysaccharide on drug- induced liver injury (DILI) has not yet been elucidated.

GAapplication in grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) modulates different sets of genes at cluster emergence, full bloom, and berry stage as revealed by RNA sequence-based transcriptome analysis.

In grapes (Vitis vinifera L.), exogenous gibberellic acid (GA) is applied at different stages of bunch development to achieve desirable bunch shape and berry size in seedless grapes used for table purpose. RNA sequence-based transcriptome analysis was used to understand the mechanism of GAaction at cluster emergence, full bloom, and berry stage in table grape variety Thompson Seedless. At cluster emergence, rachis samples were collected at 6 and 24 h after application of GA, whereas flower clusters and ber...

Grapevine field experiments reveal the contribution of genotype, the influence of environment and the effect of their interaction (GxE) on berry transcriptome.

Changes in the performance of genotypes in different environments are defined as genotype x environment (GxE) interactions. In grapevine (Vitis vinifera), complex interactions between different genotypes and climate, soil, and farming practices yield unique berry qualities. However, the molecular basis of this phenomenon remains unclear. To dissect the basis of grapevine GxE interactions, we characterized berry transcriptome plasticity, genome methylation landscape, and within-genotype allelic diversity in ...

Status and future of disease protection and grape berry quality alteration by microorganisms in viticulture.

Grapevine is one of the most widely grown fruit crops in the world. At present, however, there is much concern regarding chemical pollution in viticulture due to the application of chemical fungicides and fertilizers. One viticultural practice to resolve this issue is the application of microorganisms to grapevine as a substitute for chemicals. Some microorganisms act as an enhancer of grape berry quality as well as a suppresser of disease in grapevine through their antagonistic ability and/or systemic resi...

Unambiguous Signature of the Berry Phase in Intense Laser Dissociation of Diatomic Molecules.

We report strong evidence of Berry phase effects in intense laser dissociation of D molecules, manifested as Aharonov-Bohm-like oscillations in the photofragments angular distribution (PAD). Our calculations show that this interference pattern strongly depends on the parity of the diatom initial rotational state, (-1) . Indeed, the PAD local maxima (minima) observed in one case (j odd) correspond to local minima (maxima) in the other case (j even). Using simple topological arguments, we clearly show that su...

Prevention and treatment effects of edible berries for three deadly diseases: Cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer and diabetes are serious threat to human health and more and more aroused people's attention. It is important to find the safe and effective prevention and treatment methods for the three deadly diseases. At present, a generally attention in the possible positive effects of edible berries for the three deadly diseases has been noted. Berry phytochemical compounds regulate different signaling pathways about cell survival, growth and differentiation. They contribute to the...

Children inhibit global information when the forest is dense and local information when the forest is sparse.

Visual environments are composed of global shapes and local details that compete for attentional resources. In adults, the global level is processed more rapidly than the local level, and global information must be inhibited in order to process local information when the local information and global information are in conflict. Compared with adults, children present less of a bias toward global visual information and appear to be more sensitive to the density of local elements that constitute the global lev...

Remembering Dr. T. Berry Brazelton.

The influence of different air-drying conditions on bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of berries.

The aim of the present research was to study the effect of convective drying on color, bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of berry fruits and to chemically characterize the polyphenolic composition of raspberry, boysenberry, redcurrants and blackcurrants fruit. Drying berries at 65 ºC provoked the best conservations of color, particularly for boysenberry and blackcurrant. Drying at 65 °C was also the condition that showed higher level of polyphenols, while drying at 50 ºC or 130 ºC showed abov...

Global Availability of Cancer Registry Data.

Global Emergency Medicine: A review of the literature from 2017.

The Global Emergency Medicine Literature Review (GEMLR) conducts an annual search of peer-reviewed and gray literature relevant to global emergency medicine (EM) to identify, review, and disseminate the most important new research in this field to a global audience of academics and clinical practitioners.

Offline: Are China's global ambitions good for global health?

MBL and Serine carbapenemase producing Klebsiella species: A global challenge.

A global perspective on smoking during pregnancy.

Managed and Wild Bee Flower Visitors and Their Potential Contribution to Pollination Services of Low-Chill Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.; Ericales: Ericaceae).

Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.; Ericales: Ericaceae) is an important crop grown throughout the eastern United States and Canada. Cross-pollination by insects greatly enhances pollination and fruit set in highbush blueberry. In Florida, low-chill cultivars that flower during the winter when most bees are dormant are used, thus, making it difficult to utilize and depend on unmanaged bees. We investigated flower visitation rates by managed and wild bees and the subsequent berry formation, berry we...

High-Precision Phenotyping of Grape Bunch Architecture Using Fast 3D Sensor and Automation.

Wine growers prefer cultivars with looser bunch architecture because of the decreased risk for bunch rot. As a consequence, grapevine breeders have to select seedlings and new cultivars with regard to appropriate bunch traits. Bunch architecture is a mosaic of different single traits which makes phenotyping labor-intensive and time-consuming. In the present study, a fast and high-precision phenotyping pipeline was developed. The optical sensor Artec Spider 3D scanner (Artec 3D, L-1466, Luxembourg) was used ...

Shape complementarity at protein interfaces via global docking optimisation.

Protein complexes are characterised by shape complementarity at the interface. Here we present a simple fast global shape fitting algorithm to investigate the extent to which interfaces are global minima of complementarity. The algorithm is applied to a varied set of hetero and homo complexes and complexes between complexes showing that over 90% of large interfaces are global maxima in the space of shape complementarity.

Innovate Global Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Cleft Lip and Palate Charity Database.

There is an emerging interest in global surgery. The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery recognizes the important role that nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) play in the delivery of cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) surgical care. To better address the unmet burden of surgical disease, the commissioners propose the use of a centralized registry to maximize coordination of global surgical volunteerism efforts. This study aims to create a comprehensive database of CLP organizations.

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