PubMed Journals Articles About "Berry Research Project Seeks Alaskan Volunteer Citizen Scientists" RSS

08:09 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Berry research project seeks Alaskan volunteer citizen scientists" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 25,000+

Building flux capacity: Citizen scientists increase resolution of soil greenhouse gas fluxes.

Though citizen science programs have been broadly successful in diverse scientific fields, their adoption has lagged in some disciplines, including soil science and ecosystem ecology. Collaborations with citizen scientists may be viewed as a conundrum in these disciplines, which often require substantial labor and technical experience; citizen scientists could improve sampling capacity but may reduce sample quality or require training and oversight prior to and while performing specialized tasks. To demonst...

DNA barcoding Brooklyn (New York): A first assessment of biodiversity in Marine Park by citizen scientists.

DNA barcoding is both an important research and science education tool. The technique allows for quick and accurate species identification using only minimal amounts of tissue samples taken from any organism at any developmental phase. DNA barcoding has many practical applications including furthering the study of taxonomy and monitoring biodiversity. In addition to these uses, DNA barcoding is a powerful tool to empower, engage, and educate students in the scientific method while conducting productive and ...

Remote optimization of an ultracold atoms experiment by experts and citizen scientists.

We introduce a remote interface to control and optimize the experimental production of Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) and find improved solutions using two distinct implementations. First, a team of theoreticians used a remote version of their dressed chopped random basis optimization algorithm (RedCRAB), and second, a gamified interface allowed 600 citizen scientists from around the world to participate in real-time optimization. Quantitative studies of player search behavior demonstrated that they colle...

Implications of the GC-HARMS Fishermen's Citizen Science Network: Issues Raised, Lessons Learned, and Next Steps for the Network and Citizen Science.

This paper is intended to complement our extended documentation and analysis of the activities of the Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health Risks related to the Macondo Spill project Community Outreach and Dissemination Core entitled, "Building and maintaining a citizen science network with fishermen and fishing communities after the Deepwater Horizon oil disaster using a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) approach." We discuss nuances of CBPR practice, including trust-building, clarification of sta...

Stirring the strategic direction of scuba diving marine Citizen Science: A survey of active and potential participants.

Citizen Science (CS) strengthens the relationship between society and science through education and engagement, with win-win benefits. Marine Citizen Science (MCS) is increasingly popular, thanks to society's growing interest in marine environments and marine issues. Scuba diving significantly increases the potential of MCS, thanks to the skills and behavioural properties of people who participate in the sport. To be able to exploit this potential, however, MCS needs to face challenges related to CS, to scu...

The Flint water crisis: how citizen scientists exposed poisonous politics.

Exposing the Science in Citizen Science: Fitness to Purpose and Intentional Design.

Citizen science is a growing phenomenon. With millions of people involved and billions of in-kind dollars contributed annually, this broad extent, fine grain approach to data collection should be garnering enthusiastic support in the mainstream science and higher education communities. However, many academic researchers demonstrate distinct biases against the use of citizen science as a source of rigorous information. To engage the public in scientific research, and the research community in the practice of...

The Potential for Citizen Science to Produce Reliable and Useful Information in Ecology.

We examine features of citizen science that influence data quality, inferential power, and usefulness in ecology. Background context includes ecological sampling (probability-based, purposive, opportunistic), linkage between sampling technique and statistical inference (design-based, model-based), and scientific paradigms (confirmatory, exploratory). We distinguish several types of investigations, from intensive research with rigorous protocols targeting clearly articulated questions to mass-participation i...

Datasets from a research project examining the role of politics in social psychological research.

We present four datasets from a project examining the role of politics in social psychological research. These include thousands of independent raters who coded scientific abstracts for political relevance and for whether conservatives or liberals were treated as targets of explanation and characterized in a negative light. Further included are predictions about the empirical results by scientists participating in a forecasting survey, and coded publication outcomes for unpublished research projects varying...

Goji Berry Modulates Gut Microbiota and Alleviates Colitis in IL-10-Deficient Mice.

This study examined the beneficial effects of Goji berry against spontaneous colitis and its prebiotic role in interleukin (IL)-10-deficient mice.

Doing science in difficult socioeconomic circumstances.

Doing scientific research can be a challenging, but creative and rewarding career. However, the challenge of doing research is orders of magnitude more difficult for scientists lacking access to the necessary resources. Resource-scarce environments are quite common worldwide and are highly contingent on the financial and social climate of one's location. Through the experiences of four scientists, this Perspective explores the challenges associated with doing research in disadvantaged socioeconomic circums...

AKT-targeted anti-inflammatory activity of calyx ethanolic extract.

Korean ginseng () plays an anti-inflammatory role in a variety of inflammatory diseases such as gastritis, hepatitis, and colitis. However, inflammation-regulatory activity of the calyx of the berry has not been thoroughly evaluated. To understand whether the calyx portion of the berry is able to ameliorate inflammatory processes, an ethanolic extract of berry calyx (Pg-C-EE) was prepared, and lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages and HEK293 cells transfected with inflammation-regulatory proteins were...

Tuning Anti-Klein to Klein Tunneling in Bilayer Graphene.

We show that in gapped bilayer graphene, quasiparticle tunneling and the corresponding Berry phase can be controlled such that they exhibit features of single-layer graphene such as Klein tunneling. The Berry phase is detected by a high-quality Fabry-Pérot interferometer based on bilayer graphene. By raising the Fermi energy of the charge carriers, we find that the Berry phase can be continuously tuned from 2π down to 0.68π in gapped bilayer graphene, in contrast to the constant Berry phase of 2π in pri...

A digitally facilitated citizen-science driven approach accelerates participant recruitment and increases study population diversity.

Our aim was to assess whether a novel approach of digitally facilitated, citizen-science research, as followed by the Swiss Multiple Sclerosis Registry (Swiss MS Registry), leads to accelerated participant recruitment and more diverse study populations compared with traditional research studies where participants are mostly recruited in study centres without the use of digital technology.

Diversity of yeast species from Dutch garden soil and the description of six novel Ascomycetes.

A Citizen Science initiative by the Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute and the Utrecht University Museum gave rise to a project where fungal and yeast isolates were obtained and identified from Dutch soil samples. During the current study 386 yeast strains were isolated from 157 different locations in the Netherlands. These strains were identified using sequence data of the large-subunit rRNA gene (D1/D2 region) and the internal transcribed spacer 1 and 2 (ITS1 and ITS2) regions. A total of 53 differe...

Project-based learning methodology in the area of microbiology applied to undergraduate medical research.

In the recent years, there has been a decrease in the number of medical professionals dedicated to a research career. There is evidence that students with a research experience during their training acquire knowledge and skills that increase the probability of getting involved in research more successfully. In the Degree of Medicine (University of the Basque Country) the annual core subject 'Research Project' introduces students to research. The aim of this work was to implement a project-based learning met...

Protective effect of ultrasonication-processed ginseng berry extract on the D-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide-induced liver injury model in rats.

Acute hepatic failure is a life-threatening critical condition associated with rapid deterioration of liver function and liver transplantation. Several studies have shown that ginseng Mayer has antidiabetic and hepatoprotective effects. However, the hepatoprotective effect of ginseng berry is still unveiled. In this study, we evaluated the hepatoprotective effects of ultrasonication-processed ginseng berry extract (UGBE) on acute hepatic failure model in rats.

Constructing citizen engagement in health research priority-setting to attend to dynamics of power and difference.

Engaging citizens is vital to achieving people-centred health research. This paper aims to put attention to dynamics of power and dynamics of difference back at the centre of citizen engagement in health research priority-setting. Without attention to power and difference, engagement can lead to presence without voice and voice without influence, particularly for disadvantaged and marginalised groups. By analysing six key bodies of literature, the paper first identifies the different components of engagemen...

Applying art to scientific research: reasons for using an original method.

Art, by virtue of its symbolic power, may function as a cognitive instrument and even as an aid in the scientific research process, especially in the phase of hypothesis generation and data analysis given its ability to induce creative and intuitive thinking. In this article, we propose a method to put such concept into practice based on the exposure of scientists to collective artistic activities in protected settings, a methodology developed from the experiences described by renowned artists and scientist...

Introduction of an academic internship in Ireland: views of undergraduate medical students.

A combined academic and clinical training programme for junior doctors in Ireland, the academic track for internship, has recently been launched. The academic track offers newly graduated doctors protected time within the working week to undertake a research project in addition to funding, an academic supervisor, and additional training in research skills. This study seeks to investigate the views of undergraduate medical students.

The project vita: A dynamic knowledge management tool.

A project vita is a comprehensive index of factual information about a project's activities and achievements. Like an individual's professional curriculum vita or resume, it serves as evidence of past performance and capacity for future endeavors. This article situates the project vita as a knowledge management tool for use by large-scale research and development projects or coalitions. In such complex endeavors, the variety and scope of the knowledge generated can quickly outpace project staff attempts to ...

France's citizen consultation on vaccination and the challenges of participatory democracy in health.

Confronted with a rise in vaccine hesitancy, public health officials increasingly try to involve the public in the policy decision-making process to foster consensus and public acceptability. In public debates and citizen consultations tensions can arise between the principles of science and of democracy. To illustrate this, we analyzed the 2016 citizen consultation on vaccination organized in France. This consultation led to the decision to extend mandatory vaccination.

Navigating the path to a biomedical science career.

The number of biomedical PhD scientists undergoing training and graduating far exceeds the number of academic faculty positions and academic research jobs. This trend compels biomedical PhD scientists to increasingly seek career paths outside of academia. Prior studies have used quantitative methodology to determine trends and outcomes of single factors contributing to this shift, but there is a literature gap in studies considering multiple factors and in qualitative work focusing on biomedical PhD scienti...

Scientists on the Spot: Carol Ann Remme on her research and career.

Mycorrhizal symbiosis affects ABA metabolism during berry ripening in Vitis vinifera L. cv. Tempranillo grown under climate change scenarios.

Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis is a promising tool for improving the quality of grapes under changing environments. Therefore, the aim of this research was to determine if the ability of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) to enhance phenolic content (specifically, anthocyanins) in a climate change framework could be mediated by alterations in berry ABA metabolism during ripening. The study was carried out on fruit-bearing cuttings of cv. Tempranillo (CL-1048 and CL-1089) inoculated (+M) or not (-M) with A...

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