Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journals Articles About "Bioenergy, Inc." RSS

13:59 EST 14th December 2017 | BioPortfolio

Bioenergy, Inc. PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Bioenergy, Inc. articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Bioenergy, Inc." on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Bioenergy, Inc. news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Bioenergy, Inc. Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Bioenergy, Inc. for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Bioenergy, Inc. Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Bioenergy, Inc. Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Bioenergy" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 52

Evaluation of bioenergy crop growth and the impacts of bioenergy crops on streamflow, tile drain flow and nutrient losses in an extensively tile-drained watershed using SWAT.

Large quantities of biofuel production are expected from bioenergy crops at a national scale to meet US biofuel goals. It is important to study biomass production of bioenergy crops and the impacts of these crops on water quantity and quality to identify environment-friendly and productive biofeedstock systems. SWAT2012 with a new tile drainage routine and improved perennial grass and tree growth simulation was used to model long-term annual biomass yields, streamflow, tile flow, sediment load, and nutrient...


Integrated metagenomics and molecular ecological network analysis of bacterial community composition during the phytoremediation of cadmium-contaminated soils by bioenergy crops.

Two energy crops (maize and soybean) were used in the remediation of cadmium-contaminated soils. These crops were used because they are fast growing, have a large biomass and are good sources for bioenergy production. The total accumulation of cadmium in maize and soybean plants was 393.01 and 263.24μg pot(-1), respectively. The rhizosphere bacterial community composition was studied by MiSeq sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using 16S rRNA gene sequences. The rhizosphere bacteria were divide...

Editorial overview: Seeds for a bioenergy future.


Selecting elephant grass families and progenies to produce bioenergy through mixed models (REML/BLUP).

Brazil has great potential to produce bioenergy since it is located in a tropical region that receives high incidence of solar energy and presents favorable climatic conditions for such purpose. However, the use of bioenergy in the country is below its productivity potential. The aim of the current study was to select full-sib progenies and families of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum S.) to optimize phenotypes relevant to bioenergy production through mixed models (REML/BLUP). The circulating diallel-ba...

Pyrolysis, kinetics analysis, thermodynamics parameters and reaction mechanism of Typha latifolia to evaluate its bioenergy potential.

This work was focused on understanding the pyrolysis of Typha latifolia. Kinetics, thermodynamics parameters and pyrolysis reaction mechanism were studied using thermogravimetric data. Based on activation energies and conversion points, two regions of pyrolysis were established. Region-I occurred between the conversion rate 0.1-0.4 with peak temperatures 538K, 555K, 556K at the heating rates of 10Kmin(-1), 30Kmin(-1), and 50Kmin(-1), respectively. Similarly, the Region-II occurred between 0.4 and 0.8 with p...

Anaerobic digestion for bioenergy production: Global status, environmental and techno-economic implications, and government policies.

Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a mature technology that can transform organic matter into a bioenergy source - biogas (composed mainly of methane and carbon dioxide), while stabilizing waste. AD implementation around the world varies significantly, from small-scale household digesters in developing countries to large farm-scale or centralized digesters in developed countries. These differences in the implementation of AD technology are due to a complex set of conditions, including economic and environmental im...

Phenotypic and molecular characterization of sweet sorghum accessions for bioenergy production.

Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a type of cultivated sorghum characterized by the accumulation of high levels of sugar in the stems and high biomass accumulation, making this crop an important feedstock for bioenergy production. Sweet sorghum breeding programs that focus on bioenergy have two main goals: to improve quantity and quality of sugars in the juicy stem and to increase fresh biomass productivity. Genetic diversity studies are very important for the success of a breeding program, esp...

Biomass Resources: Agriculture.

Bioenergy is the single largest source of renewable energy in the European Union (EU-28); of this, 14% was produced from agricultural feedstocks in 2012. This chapter provides an overview of the current use (for bioenergy) and future potential of agricultural feedstocks for (amongst others) biorefinery purposes in the European Union. The main application of these feedstocks is currently the production of biofuels for road transport. Biodiesel makes up 80% of the European biofuel production, mainly from rape...

Oviposition Preference and Survival of the Mexican Rice Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in Bioenergy and Conventional Sugarcane and Sorghum.

Oviposition preference and host suitability of the Mexican rice borer, Eoreuma loftini (Dyar) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), on bioenergy and conventional cultivars of sugarcane, Saccharum spp., and sorghum, Sorghum spp., were examined in a series of greenhouse experiments. Two energycane cultivars, two sugarcane cultivars, two high-biomass sorghum cultivars, and one sweet sorghum cultivar were assessed at two phenological stages (immature and mature). Mature plants possessed greater availability of dry leaf mat...

Waste biorefineries - integrating anaerobic digestion and microalgae cultivation for bioenergy production.

Commercialization of microalgal cultivation has been well realized in recent decades with the use of effective strains that can yield the target products, but it is still challenged by the high costs arising from mass production, harvesting, and further processing. Recently, more interest has been directed towards the utilization of waste resources, such as sludge digestate, to enhance the economic feasibility and sustainability of microalgae production. Anaerobic digestion for waste disposal and phototroph...

Pretreatment of Hardwood and Miscanthus with Trametes versicolor for Bioenergy Conversion and Densification Strategies.

The pretreatment of plant biomass negatively impacts the economics of many bioenergy and bioproduct processes due to the thermochemical requirements for deconstruction of lignocelluluose. An effective strategy to reduce these severity requirements is to pretreat the biomass with white-rot fungi, such as Trametes versicolor, which have the innate ability to deconstruct lignocellulose with a suite of specialized enzymes. In the present study, the effects of 12 weeks of pretreatment with a wild-type strain (5...

Biotechnology for bioenergy dedicated trees: meeting future energy demands.

With the increase in human demands for energy, purpose-grown woody crops could be part of the global renewable energy solution, especially in geographical regions where plantation forestry is feasible and economically important. In addition, efficient utilization of woody feedstocks would engage in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, decreasing the challenge of food and energy security, and resolving the conflict between land use for food or biofuel production. This review compiles existing knowledge on bi...

Bioenergy generation and rhizodegradation as affected by microbial community distribution in a coupled constructed wetland-microbial fuel cell system associated with three macrophytes.

Rhizodeposits excreted by various macrophytes might lead to the potential discrepancy of microbial community distribution in constructed wetland coupled with microbial fuel cell (CW-MFC), which has been considered as main factors for the variations of bioelectricity generation during wastewater treatment. In this study, CW-MFC has been associated with three macrophytes (J. effuses, T. orientalis and S. validus) for domestic sewage treatment, also unplanted CW-MFC was performed as a control system. Macrophyt...

Yield and Water Quality Impacts of Field-Scale Integration of Willow into a Continuous Corn Rotation System.

Agricultural landscape design has gained recognition by the international environmental and development community as a strategy to address multiple goals in land, water, and ecosystem service management; however, field research is needed to quantify impacts on specific local environments. The production of bioenergy crops in specific landscape positions within a grain-crop field can serve the dual purpose of producing cellulosic biomass (nutrient recovery) while also providing regulating ecosystem services ...

Moisture content prediction in poultry litter using artificial intelligence techniques and Monte Carlo simulation to determine the economic yield from energy use.

The objective of this study is to determine the economic return of poultry litter combustion in boilers to produce bioenergy (thermal and electrical), as this biomass has a high-energy potential due to its component elements, using fuzzy logic to predict moisture and identify the high-impact variables. This is carried out using a proposed 7-stage methodology, which includes a statistical analysis of agricultural systems and practices to identify activities contributing to moisture in poultry litter (for exa...

Influence of endophytic root bacteria on the growth cadmium tolerance and uptake of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.).

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of five cadmium-tolerant endophytic plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) strains on the biomass and cadmium tolerance and accumulation of the bioenergy plant switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) under cadmium (Cd)-contaminated conditions.

Microbial biotechnology and circular economy in wastewater treatment.

Microbial biotechnology is essential for the development of circular economy in wastewater treatment by integrating energy production and resource recovery into the production of clean water. A comprehensive knowledge about identity, physiology, ecology, and population dynamics of process-critical microorganisms will improve process stability, reduce CO2 footprints, optimize recovery and bioenergy production, and help finding new approaches and solutions. Examples of research needs and perspectives are prov...

Increased methane production in cyanobacteria and methanogenic microbe co-cultures.

A novel light-to-bioenergy system produced 3.5 times the baseline methane output using a co-culture of cyanobacteria (Oscillatoria sp.) and a methanogenic microbial community. Analysis of micronutrients in the system during the growth phase indicated that cobalt, iron, nickel and zinc were not appreciably consumed. The stable consumption and return of macronutrients calcium and magnesium were also observed. Essential macronutrients nitrogen, in the form of nitrate, and phosphorus showed no cycling during th...

Synergistic enzymatic saccharification and fermentation of agar for biohydrogen production.

Nowadays, marine biomass is gradually considered as another utilizable material for the sustainable bioenergy development. In the present study, galactose, the main component of agar polysaccharide, was utilized for the biohydrogen production by Enterobacter sp. CN1. The highest hydrogen yield of 303.2mL/g was obtained in the cultivation media containing 5.87g/L of galactose, together with initial pH of 7.3 and incubation temperature of 36°C, after the response surface methodology (RSM) analysis. After the...

Adaptation of continuous biogas reactors operating under wet fermentation conditions to dry conditions with corn stover as substrate.

Corn stover (CS) is the agricultural by-product of maize cultivation. Due to its high abundance and high energy content it is a promising substrate for the bioenergy sector. However, it is currently neglected in industrial scale biogas plants, because of its slow decomposition and hydrophobic character. To assess the maximum biomethane potential of CS, long-term batch fermentations were carried out with various substrate concentrations and particle sizes for 72 days. In separate experiments we adapted the b...

Effects of target pH-value on organic acids and methane production in two-stage anaerobic digestion of vegetable waste.

Vegetable waste is one of the major organic residues available for sustainable bioenergy production. The aim of this work is to study the influence of pH-value on process stability, hydrolysis, degradation degree and methane production in two-stage anaerobic system. A mixture of vegetable wastes with carrot mousse, carrots, celery, cabbage and potatoes was treated in two-stage system at target pH-values 5.5 and 6 in acidification reactor (AR). At pH 6, high concentrations of organic acids were recorded wher...

Consequences of bioenergy wood extraction for landscape-level availability of habitat for dead wood-dependent organisms.

Stumps and slash resulting from forest clearcutting is used as a source of low-net-carbon energy, but there are concerns about the consequences of biofuel extraction on biodiversity. Logging residues constitute potentially important habitats, since a large part of forest biodiversity is dependent on dead wood. Here we used snapshot field data from a managed forest landscape (25 000 ha) to predict landscape scale population changes of dead wood dependent organisms after extraction of stumps and slash after...

Proteomic characterization and schizophyllan production by Schizophyllum commune ISTL04 cultured on Leucaena leucocephala wood under submerged fermentation.

In this study Schizophyllum commune ISTL04 was grown on Leucaena leucocephala wood (LLW) for secretome analysis and schizophyllan production. There is no report on extracellular protein profile and schizophyllan production on woody biomass by this fungus under submerged fermentation conditions. Leucaena leucocephala, a promising bioenergy crop having high holocellulose content was used as substrate without pretreatment. The maximum sugar, extracellular protein and exopolysaccharide (EPS) production during f...

Synergistic effect of the enzyme complexes comprising agarase, carrageenase and neoagarobiose hydrolase on degradation of the red algae.

In the practice of converting red algae biomass into biofuel or valuable biomaterials, the critical step is the decomposition process of the agarose to give fermentable monomeric sugars. In this study, we selected three enzymes such as agarase, carrageenase and neoagarobiose hydrolase to inducible the simultaneous hydrolysis of the major substrates such as agar and carrageenan constituting the pretreated red algae, and expressed the chimeric enzymes and formed a complexes through optimization of addition ra...

Fabrication of biochars obtained from valorization of biowaste and evaluation of its physicochemical properties.

This study investigated the yields and the physicochemical properties of biochar from three different feedstocks viz., i) bioenergy byproducts (deoiled cakes of Jatropha carcus and Pongamia glabra), ii) lignocellulose biomass (Jatropha carcus seed cover), and iii) a noxious weed (Parthenium hysterophorus), obtained through slow pyrolysis at a heating rate of 40°Cmin(-1) with a nitrogen flow 100mlmin(-1) at a temperature range of 350-650°C. For successful utilization of biochar for C-sequestration, its abi...


Quick Search
Advertisement