PubMed Journals Articles About "Biofilms Eradication Begun" RSS

03:16 EDT 19th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Biofilms eradication begun" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 816

Combination of essential oil and ciprofloxacin to inhibit/eradicate biofilms in multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae.

This study aimed to test biofilm inhibition activities of each of essential oils (EOs), main compounds of EOs and enzymes against pathogenic Klebsiella pneumoniae METHODS AND RESULTS: Effect of seven EOs and three enzymes was tested on formation and eradication of Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilm. Peppermint oil showed robust biofilm inhibitory effect, causing inhibition ranged from 69.2-98.2% at 5 μl ml. Thyme oil was found to have the best biofilm-eradication ability, causing eradication ranged from 80.1-98...

Helicobacter pylori eradication improves the quality of life regardless of the treatment outcome: A multicenter prospective cohort study.

Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication is recommended for improving the quality of life (QOL) of patients with epigastric symptoms, especially reflux and dyspepsia. However, no reports have investigated the improvement of QOL after the eradication of Hp irrespective of epigastric symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the improvement in the QOL after the eradication of Hp irrespective of epigastric symptoms, and evaluate the factors associated with an improved QOL after the eradication of Hp.This ...

Inhibitory effects of extracellular polymeric substances on ofloxacin sorption by natural biofilms.

Natural biofilms have strong affinities for organic contaminants, and their extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) have been thought to control the sorption process. However, the role of EPS in the sorption of antibiotics, an emerging concern, is poorly understood. Here, soluble (SEPS) and bound EPS (BEPS) were extracted from intact biofilms incubated at different lengths of time to obtain SEPS- and BEPS-free biofilms. Batch sorption experiments and infrared spectroscopy were used to investigate the role ...

Helicobacter pylori eradication rates of concomitant and sequential therapies in Korea.

The efficacy of the standard triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication has decreased to an unacceptable level. We aimed to compare the efficacy of sequential and concomitant therapies as for the first-line treatments for H. pylori eradication and analyzed the effect of clarithromycin resistance on the eradication rates.

Phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity within biofilms with particular emphasis on persistence and antimicrobial tolerance.

Phenotypic changes or phase variation within biofilms is an important feature of bacterial dormant life. Enhanced resistance to antimicrobials is one of the distinct features displayed by a fraction of cells within biofilms. It is believed that persisters are mainly responsible for this phenotypic heterogeneity. However, there is still an unresolved debate on the formation of persisters. In this short review, we highlight all known genomic and proteomic changes encountered by bacterial cells within biofilms...

Endoscopic and Immunohistochemical Characteristics of Gastric Cancer with versus without Helicobacter Pylori Eradication.

The rate of gastric cancer (GC) after Helicobacter pylori eradication has gradually increased; therefore, we investigate the clinicopathological features of GC following eradication in comparison with those of GC with H. pylori infection.

The effects of extrinsic factors on the structural and mechanical properties of Pseudomonas fluorescens biofilms: A combined study of nutrient concentrations and shear conditions.

The growth of biofilms on surfaces is a complicated process influenced by several environmental factors such as nutrient availability and fluid shear. In this study, combinations of growth conditions were selected for the study of Pseudomonas fluorescens biofilms including as cultivation time (24- or 48 h), nutrient levels (1:1 or 1:10 King B medium), and shear conditions (75 RPM shaking, 0.4 mL minor 0.7 mL min). The use of Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM) determined biofilm structure, w...

Charge-Switchable Nanozymes for Bioorthogonal Imaging of Biofilm-Associated Infections.

Early detection of biofilms is crucial for limiting infection-based damage. Imaging these biofilms is challenging: conventional imaging agents are unable to penetrate the dense matrix of the biofilm, and many imaging agents are susceptible to false positive/negative responses due to phenotypical mutations of the constituent microbes. We report the creation of pH-responsive nanoparticles with embedded transition metal catalysts (nanozymes) that effectively target the acidic microenvironment of biofilms. Thes...

Polio close to eradication The WHO Global Polio Eradication Initiative has been highly successful. With a dramatic decrease in polio since it started in 1988, the number of globally reported cases reached a record low of 37 in 2016. This article describes the WHO Endgame Strategic Plan including milestones that have been reached and challenges that have to be overcome in order to reach the goal of polio eradication by 2020. Efforts to strengthen immunizations systems and to detect and interrupt polio virus ...

Hygrocin C from marine-derived Streptomyces sp. SCSGAA 0027 inhibits biofilm formation in Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SCSGAB0082 isolated from South China Sea gorgonian.

Several ansamycins have been reported to inhibit bacterial biofilm formation and accelerate the eradication of developed biofilms, but little is known about the effect of hygrocin C, an ansamycin, on bacterial biofilm formation. Here, hygrocin C was isolated from the marine-derived Streptomyces sp. SCSGAA 0027 and reported for the first time to be capable of inhibiting the biofilm formation of Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SCSGAB0082 with the production of anti-microbial lipopeptides ...

Role of tyrosol on Candida albicans, Candida glabrata and Streptococcus mutans biofilms developed on different surfaces.

To assess the effect of tyrosol on the production of hydrolytic enzymes (by Candida biofilm cells) and acid (by Streptococcus mutans biofilms), as well as to quantify single and mixed biofilms of these species formed on acrylic resin (AR) and hydroxyapatite (HA).

Estimation of spatial distribution of quorum sensing signaling in sequencing batch biofilm reactor (SBBR) biofilms.

Quorum sensing (QS) signaling, plays a significant role in regulating formation of biofilms in the nature; however, little information about the occurrence and distribution of quorum sensing molecular in the biofilm of carriers has been reported. In this study, distribution of QS signaling molecules (the acylated homoserine lactones-AHLs, and AI-2), extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and the mechanical properties in sequencing batch biofilm reactor (SBBR) biofilms have been investigated. Using increas...

Efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in bacterial biofilm eradication.

Chronic wounds typically require several concurrent therapies, such as debridement, pressure offloading, and systemic and/or topical antibiotics. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) towards reducing or eliminating bacterial biofilms in vitro and in vivo.

Analysis of Clostridium difficile biofilms: imaging and antimicrobial treatment.

Clostridium difficile, a spore-forming Gram-positive anaerobic bacillus, is the most common causative agent of healthcare-associated diarrhoea. Formation of biofilms may protect C. difficile against antibiotics, potentially leading to treatment failure. Furthermore, bacterial spores or vegetative cells may linger in biofilms in the gut causing C. difficile infection recurrence.

A significant increase in the pepsinogen I/II ratio is a reliable biomarker for successful Helicobacter pylori eradication.

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication is usually assessed using the 13C-urea breath test (UBT), anti-H. pylori antibody and the H. pylori stool antigen test. However, a few reports have used pepsinogen (PG), in particular, the percentage change in the PG I/II ratio. Here, we evaluated the usefulness of the percentage changes in serum PG I/II ratios for determining the success of eradication therapy for H. pylori.

Comparative Study of Clarithromycin- versus Metronidazole-Based Triple Therapy as First-Line Eradication for Helicobacter pylori.

Clarithromycin (CAM)-based triple therapy comprising proton pump inhibitors and amoxicillin is administered as first-line eradication treatment against Helicobacter pylori infection. However, the eradication rate achieved with CAM-based triple therapy has decreased to

Combat biofilm by bacteriostatic aptamer-functionalized graphene oxide.

Biofilms are the main reason for a large number deaths and high health costs. Their better protection compared to planktonic form against conventional antibiotics leads to poor treatment efficiency. Nanoagent-targeted delivery is a promising avenue for disease therapeutic, but its application targeting biofilms has not been reported currently. The roles, if any, of aptamers acting as delivery carrier and targeting factor, the graphene oxide (GO), and GO modified with aptamers against biofilms were then syst...

Efficacy of Reduced Dosage of Amoxicillin in an Eradication Therapy for Helicobacter pylori Infection in Patients on Hemodialysis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

An optimum Helicobacter pylori-eradication regimen for hemodialysis patients is yet to be established because of different pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin involved between hemodialysis patients and healthy subjects. We investigated to establish appropriate doses of amoxicillin for H. pylori infection eradication in hemodialysis patients.

Biofilms in Endodontics-Current Status and Future Directions.

Microbiota are found in highly organized and complex entities, known as biofilms, the characteristics of which are fundamentally different from microbes in planktonic suspensions. Root canal infections are biofilm mediated. The complexity and variability of the root canal system, together with the multi-species nature of biofilms, make disinfection of this system extremely challenging. Microbial persistence appears to be the most important factor for failure of root canal treatment and this could further ha...

Biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella spp. under mono and dual-species conditions and their sensitivity to cetrimonium bromide, peracetic acid and sodium hypochlorite.

The aim of this study was evaluated the biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus 4E and Salmonella spp. under mono and dual-species biofilms, onto stainless steel 316 (SS) and polypropylene B (PP), and their sensitivity to cetrimonium bromide, peracetic acid and sodium hypochlorite. The biofilms were developed by immersion of the surfaces in TSB by 10 d at 37°C. The results showed that in monospecies biofilms the type of surface not affected the cellular density (p>0.05). However, in dual-species biofilm...

Role of nutrient limitation in the competition between uropathogenic strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli in mixed biofilms.

Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli form mixed species biofilms in catheter-associated urinary tract infections. Recently, a detrimental effect of K. pneumoniae over E. coli was observed in mixed species biofilms grown in an artificial urine medium. The mechanism behind this competitive interaction was studied. K. pneumoniae partially outcompeted E. coli in early-stage batch-fed biofilms, whereas both microorganisms co-exist at longer times (K. pneumoniae:E. coli ratio, 55:1), as shown by cell counts...

Mechanistic studies of the antibiofilm activity and synergy with antibiotics of isosorbide mononitrate.

The use of nitric oxide (NO), a naturally occurring antimicrobial agent, as an alternative strategy to combat bacterial biofilms has recently gained considerable momentum in light of the global threat of emerging antibiotic resistance. While previous NO-based anti-biofilm approaches were aimed at killing bacteria cells within biofilms, NO has also been recently identified as a key mediator of biofilm dispersal, causing the release of cells from the biofilm community. This is of great interest towards the de...

Inhibition of Adherence of Mycobacterium avium to Plumbing Surface Biofilms of Methylobacterium spp.

Both Mycobacterium spp. and Methylobacterium spp. are opportunistic premise plumbing pathogens that are found on pipe surfaces in households. However, examination of data published in prior microbiological surveys indicates that Methylobacterium spp. and Mycobacterium spp. tend not to coexist in the same household plumbing biofilms. That evidence led us to test the hypothesis that Methylobacterium spp. in biofilms could inhibit the adherence of Mycobacterium avium. Measurements of adherence of M. avium cell...

The increasing relevance of biofilms in common dermatological conditions.

Biofilms are diverse groups of microorganisms encased in a self-produced matrix that offers protection against unfavourable conditions and antibiotics.

Conductive properties of methanogenic biofilms.

Extracellular electron transfer between syntrophic partners needs to be efficiently maintained in methanogenic environments. Direct extracellular electron transfer via electrical current is an alternative to indirect hydrogen transfer but requires construction of conductive extracellular structures. Conductive mechanisms and relationship between conductivity and the community composition in mixed-species methanogenic biofilms are not well understood. The present study investigated conductive behaviors of me...

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