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Biomarker-Guided Fluorouracil In Treating Patients With Colorectal Cancer Receiving Combination Chemotherapy PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Biomarker-Guided Fluorouracil In Treating Patients With Colorectal Cancer Receiving Combination Chemotherapy articles that have been published worldwide.
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) overexpression is associated with increased tumor invasiveness and proliferation in CRC, and COX-2 inhibition has demonstrated chemopreventive activity. This study investigated the addition of celecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, to the irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil, and leucovorin (IFL) regimen for patients with previously untreated metastatic CRC.
A high percentage of oncological patients die yearly because of colorectal cancer (CRC). Worldwide, CRC represents the fourth leading cause of death among oncological patients. Numerous studies have been conducted in order to identify new biomarkers for the early diagnosis of patients with CRC. From this point of view, an ideal biomarker is represented by the expression of microRNAs. In this paper, we wish to summarize the expressions of microRNAs in CRC and to present the pathophysiological and genetic int...
To evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of dose-modified regimen of 5-fluorouracil plus oxaliplatin and irinotecan (mFOLFOXIRI) for patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC).
Sentinel lymph node procedures for gastric cancer resections using indocyanine green (ICG) linked to Nanocoll outperformed normal ICG but did not provide information on possible lymph node metastasis. Carcinoembryonic antigen targeted fluorescent imaging using SGM-101 was successful in both pancreatic and colorectal cancer. A large phase III multicentre trial will soon be initiated in colorectal cancer patients.
Cell free DNA (cfDNA) has shown promising utility as prognostic biomarker for patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), with an ongoing need to optimize and validate the laboratory methodology. Here, we report our optimization and validation of a direct fluorescent assay and display the potential utility in patients with colorectal cancer.
Although the combination of chemotherapy and surgical resection has effectively increased the survival rate of colorectal cancer patients in recent decades, acquired drug resistance is still a problem that leads to treatment failure. Dihydroartemisinin (DHA), a semisynthetic derivative of artemisinin, has recently been reported to show anticancer effects against numerous types of cancer, including colorectal cancer. This study showed that DHA exerted a strong anticancer effect against several colorectal can...
Regorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor that inhibits angiogenesis, growth, and proliferation, prolongs survival as monotherapy in patients with refractory colorectal cancer. This international, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial assessed the efficacy of regorafenib with folinic acid, fluorouracil, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) as a second-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer.
A significant number of patients with colorectal cancer will have an emergency presentation requiring surgery. This study aims to evaluate short-term outcomes for patients undergoing emergency colorectal cancer surgery in Australasia.
Colorectal cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers worldwide. Gut flora can modulate the host response to chemotherapeutic drugs. However, the understanding regarding the relationship between the gut microbiota and the antitumor efficacy of 5- Fluorouracil (5-FU) treatment is limited. Therefore, we compared the tumor size and profiled the gut microbiota of mice treated with 5-FU, combined with probiotics or ABX (an antibiotic cocktail of antibiotics) by using the Colorectal Cancer (CRC) mouse...
Cluster of differentiation 24 (CD24) has recently been reported as a biomarker for colorectal cancer. However, the clinical and prognostic significance of CD24 in colorectal cancer remains controversial. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to clarify this issue.
Colorectal carcinoma is the third most common cancer worldwide. Approximately 20% of patients with colorectal cancer will have metastatic disease at the time of initial diagnosis, and approximately 30% to 50% of patients with primary colon cancer will relapse and die of metastatic cancer. The 5-year survival rate of metastatic colorectal cancer remains disappointing at approximately 10%.Angiogenesis plays a significant role in tumor growth and metastasis in colorectal carcinoma. There are currently 4 US Foo...
Bevacizumab (BV) has been approved for treating colorectal cancer since 2004. Although BV use may lead to adverse effects, few studies have reported incidences requiring surgical intervention. We aimed to identify the risk factors and adequate interventions for complications requiring surgical intervention after BV treatment.
Colorectal cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Saudi Arabia. Cancer has a multifactorial nature and can be described as a disease of altered gene expression. The profiling of gene expression has been used to identify cancer subtypes and to predict patients' responsiveness. Telomere-associated proteins that regulate telomere biology are essential molecules in cancer development. Thus, the present study examined their contributions to colorectal cancer progression in Saudi patients.
Altered extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is an important part of the pathology of gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. In the intestine, type XVI collagen (col-16) plays a role in pathogenesis by affecting ECM architecture and induce cell invasion. Measuring col-16 in serum may therefore have biomarker potential in GI disorders such as colorectal cancer (CRC) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this study was to determine whether col-16 can serve as a biomarker for altered ECM remodeling in patients wi...
Recently, a wide variety of studies have suggested that elevated platelet counts are associated with survival in patients with colorectal cancer. On one hand several studies suggest a negative connection in colorectal cancer patients with pre-operative thrombocytosis, on the other hand other studies contradicts this. However, it remains unknown whether elevated platelet counts are associated with survival in colorectal cancer patients. We therefore conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic rol...
Clinical guidelines recommend adjuvant chemotherapy for high-risk patients with stage II-III colorectal cancer. However, chemotherapeutic administration rates differ significantly between hospitals. We assessed the prognostic benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with stage IIb/c colorectal cancer, and the prognostic impact of inter-hospital variations in the administration of adjuvant chemotherapy for stage II-III colorectal cancer.
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common cancer worldwide that affects men and women of all racial and ethnic groups. Recent evidence supports the role of microRNAs in CRC. We planned to investigate microRNA200c expression and its relation with diagnosis, prognosis, metastasis and overall survival in CRC patients. This study enrolled 90 subjects (3'0 CRC patients, 30 patients with benign colorectal polyps and 30 healthy control subjects).
Counselling patients and their relatives about non-curative management options in colorectal cancer is difficult because of a paucity of published data. This study aims to determine outcomes in patients unsuitable for curative surgery and the rates of subsequent surgical intervention.
In this analysis, we investigated the cost-effectiveness of panitumumab plus mFOLFOX6 (oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil, and leucovorin) compared with bevacizumab plus mFOLFOX6 in the first-line treatment of patients with wild-type RAS metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).
Small ubiquitin‑like modifier proteins are involved in tumorigenesis; however, the potential effects and functions of the family member ubiquitin‑like modifier‑activating enzyme 2 (UBA2) on colorectal cancer are not clear. The present study aimed to examine the effects of UBA2 on the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. The mRNA and protein expression levels of UBA2 in patients with colorectal cancer were measured by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain re...
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignant in the world, and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) has become a new gene. Here, we report a novel lncRNA MAPKAPK5-AS1 which acts as a critical oncogene in the CRC. In addition, we attempted to explore the functions of MAPKAPK5-AS1 on tumor progression in vitro and in vivo. qRT-PCR was performed to examine the expression of MAPKAPK5-AS1 in CRC tissues and cells. MAPKAPK5-AS1 expression was significantly up-regulated in 50 colorectal cancer tissues and inc...
Impact of primary tumour location and RAS/BRAF mutational status in metastatic colorectal cancer treated with first-line regimens containing oxaliplatin and bevacizumab: Prognostic factors from the AIO KRK0207 first-line and maintenance therapy trial.
The major prognostic relevance of primary tumour location (LPT) in advanced colorectal cancer was shown in large retrospective studies, but quantitative estimates are highly heterogeneous, and there is still limited information about its impact within the framework of biomarker-guided treatment strategies. Therefore, we analysed LPT in relation to other clinical and molecular parameters, based on mature survival data from the recent randomised AIO KRK0207 trial.
High thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) activity increases the incorporation of trifluridine (FTD) into DNA; thus, FTD antitumor activity is likely to increase in patients with high tumoral TK1 activity. To date, no established predictive biomarker to indicate the clinical benefit of FTD/tipiracil (TPI) has been identified. We aimed to determine the relationship between TK1 expression and FTD/TPI efficacy in refractory metastatic colorectal cancer.
Screening programs efficiently reduce incidence of and mortality from colorectal cancer. Participation rates in Germany are still relatively low. By knowing how doctors manage their own colorectal cancer screening provides information how they estimate the potential of these strategies and what they recommend their patients.
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most frequent causes of cancer death. The diagnosis and treatment for metastatic CRC and patients with drug resistance remains poor. Cancer cells characteristically produce and release exosomes, which act as a new signal pattern in the occurrence and development of tumors. Circulating exosomes constitute promising biomarkers for early diagnosis of cancer patients. However, the potential of exosomes for clinical biomarker is hampered by their variousness and multi-source...