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Biomarkers Predicting Response In Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Previously Treated With Erlotinib Hydrochloride PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Biomarkers Predicting Response In Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Previously Treated With Erlotinib Hydrochloride articles that have been published worldwide.
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It has been proposed that circulating endothelial cells (CECs) and microparticles (MPs) may be useful for the assessment of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, little is known about the potential clinical relevance of these biomarkers in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Therefore, we investigated the utility of baseline levels of CECs and MPs in SCLC patients.
Upregulated expression and aberrant activation of the epidermal growth-factor receptor (EGFR) are found in lung cancer, making EGFR a relevant target for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Treatment with anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is associated with modest improvement in overall survival in patients with squamous cell lung cancer (SqCLC) who have a significant unmet need for effective treatment options. While there is evidence that using EGFR gene copy number, EGFR mutation, and EGFR protein ex...
Complete resection of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) offers the potential for cure after surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients may not benefit and may experience severe toxicity. There are no validated molecular tools to allow better patient selection.
Nivolumab, an anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody, has been shown to yield a durable response and significant prolongation of the survival in some patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, identification of patients who are likely to respond to nivolumab remains difficult at present.
Oncogenic fusion genes consisting of echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML4) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) can be detected in 5-7% of lung adenocarcinoma cases. The prevalence of ALK rearrangement in non-adenocarcinoma, non-small cell lung cancers (NA-NSCLC) is currently unknown. In addition, the efficacy of crizotinib in these patients has not been well established.
Biomarkers for predicting the effect of anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody against non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are urgently required. Although it is known that the blood levels of soluble programmed cell death ligand 1 (sPD-L1) are elevated in various malignancies, the nature of sPD-L1 has not been thoroughly elucidated. We investigated the significance of plasma sPD-L1 levels as a biomarker for anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody, nivolumab therapy.
Numbers of prognostic factors of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) have been demonstrated in previous studies. However, the identification of biomarkers with easy access, convenience and low consumption is of great value in clinics.
This study evaluated whether tumor expression of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) could predict the response of EGFR-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) therapy.
Patients with N1 non-small cell lung cancer represent a heterogeneous population. The aim of this study is to determine the difference of survival rate between subtypes of N1 disease in surgically resected non-small cell lung cancer patients and to compare the survival in these patients with multi-N1 and single N2 (skip metastasis) disease.
Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are potential biomarkers for cancer diagnosis, screening, and prognosis. This study aimed to identify serum miRNAs as predictors of survival in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We profiled serum miRNAs in a pilot set of 4 patients with good survival (>24 months) and 4 patients with poor survival (
In this issue of Cancer Cell, Hellmann et al. describe in two clinical trials the importance of tumor mutational burden as an independent predictive marker for outcomes with combination nivolumab plus ipilimumab as first-line therapy in metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer and in relapsed small-cell lung cancer.
The aim of this multi-center study was to discover and validate radiomics classifiers as image-derived biomarkers for risk stratification of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) of cell-free circulating tumor DNA (cfDNA) enables non-invasive genomic analysis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Although plasma-detected genomic alterations (GAs) have been shown to predict targeted therapy response, evidence of durability of response is lacking or limited to small cohorts as is the impact of cfDNA NGS results on clinical decisions.
Coagulation activation and venous thromboembolism (VTE) are hallmarks of cancer; however, there is an unmet need of improved biomarkers for individualized anticoagulant treatment. The present sub-study of the RASTEN trial was designed to explore the role of coagulation biomarkers in predicting VTE risk and outcome in a homogenous cancer patient population. RASTEN is a multicenter, randomized phase-3 trial investigating the survival effect of low molecular weight heparin enoxaparin when added to standard tre...
Anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) agents enhance the antitumor immunoresponse. A number of reports have indicated that patients with malignancies who receive anti-PD-1 agents are at risk for tuberculosis (TB) infection. In this report, we present a patient with non-small cell lung cancer who developed pulmonary tuberculosis while receiving the anti-PD-1 agent nivolumab, and who subsequently demonstrated a paradoxical response (PR) 10 days after initiation of anti-MTB treatment. We suggest that anti-PD-1 a...
Targeted therapy with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib is used in the first line of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) treatment. The aim of the present study was independent validation of microRNAs (miRNAs) identified in previous studies as biomarkers predicting response to sunitinib therapy.
The present study aimed to identify a high-risk population with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to predict TNM stages using the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). This retrospective study included preoperative data of 171 patients and 105 controls. Compared with healthy controls, patients with NSCLC had higher levels of NLR and PLR (NLR, 2.719±0.183 vs. 1.813±0.079, P
Recently it has been shown that radiomic features of computed tomography (CT) have prognostic information in stage I-III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. We aim to validate this prognostic radiomic signature in stage IV adenocarcinoma patients undergoing chemotherapy.
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive disease with median survival of < 2 years. Tumour biopsies for research are scarce, especially from extensive-stage patients, with repeat sampling at disease progression rarely performed. We overcame this limitation for relevant preclinical models by developing SCLC circulating tumour cell derived explants (CDX) which mimic the donor tumour pathology and chemotherapy response. To facilitate compound screening and identification of clinically relevant biomarkers...
Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in the United States and the leading cause of mortality in cancer patients. Biomarkers predicting survival of patients with lung cancer have a profound effect on patient prognosis and treatment. However, predictive biomarkers for survival and their relevance for lung cancer are not been well known yet. The objective of this study was to perform machine learning with data from The Cancer Genome Atlas of patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) to find survival-spe...
The absolute neutrophil count (ANC), absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), absolute monocyte count (AMC) and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are known markers of inflammation. We evaluated whether ANC, ALC, AMC and NLR, both before and after treatment with nivolumab, are indicative markers of overall survival (OS) and evaluated change in NLR as a predictive marker of response in non -small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with nivolumab.
Accumulating evidence reveals that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a crucial role in pathogenesis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), providing a new concept to exploit novel biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis or therapeutic target of NSCLC. The intention of this study was to examine the viability of lncRNA PRAL as a biomarker for NSCLC and explore its biological function in NSCLC cell lines.
Anti-PD1 (programmed cell death protein 1) therapy can lead to unconventional tumor responses including radiologic pseudoprogression. Here we determine the real-world incidence of radiologic pseudoprogression in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and compare radiologic response criteria for disease response assessment.
Primary lung adenocarcinoma is extremely rare in the pediatric age group. We report an 18-year-old man with non-small cell lung carcinoma stage IV with brain and bone metastatic. Lung biopsy showed expression of PDL1 along with rearrangement of ALK gene at chromosome 2p23. However, neither mutation of ROS1 nor epidermal growth factor receptor overexpression was seen. Second-generation anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor (alectinib) is initiated as first line of treatment. After 8 months of treatment ...
To explore the intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) model in lung cancer patients with different histopathological subtypes. A total of 105 patients were recruited, including 68 cases of adenocarcinoma, 22 cases of squamous carcinoma and 15 cases of small cell carcinoma. All patients underwent magnetic resonance examination consisting of axial IVIM-DWI sequence on a 3.0 T whole body scanner, then the standard ADC (sADC), diffusion coefficient (D), pseudo-diffusion coefficient(...