PubMed Journals Articles About "Boston Private" RSS

05:17 EST 19th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Boston Private" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 526

Boston type I keratoprosthesis implantation technique : Video article.

Keratoprosthetics refer to the replacement of human corneal tissue with an artificially produced exchange product. The most widely implanted keratoprosthesis worldwide is the Boston Type I Keratoprosthesis (BI-KPro, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA).

Comparative Outcomes of Boston Keratoprosthesis Type 1 Implantation Based on Vision in the Contralateral Eye.

To compare the outcomes of Boston keratoprosthesis type 1 implantation after failed keratoplasty in patients who are blind or sighted in the contralateral eye.

New Challenges in Oncology for the Brazilian Private Health Sector: Specialists' Concerns After the ISPOR International Congress in Boston, Massachusetts, 2017.

The congress of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research is one of the main worldwide forums for the dissemination of research and knowledge on healthcare economics. Brazil is the largest country in Latin America, with a per-capita gross domestic product of $15 200 in 2017 and healthcare expenditure of the order of $1 318 per inhabitant. Brazilian specialists participated actively in the society's latest congress, which took place in Boston, Massachusetts, from May 20 to 24, 201...

The food environment of Brazilian public and private schools.

This study's aim was to characterize the food environment of Brazilian public and private schools. This was a national school-based cross-sectional study with 1,247 schools - among which 81.09% were public and 18.91% were private - in 124 Brazilian municipalities. The data originated from the Questionnaire on Aspects of the School Environment, used in the Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (ERICA) in 2013 and 2014. Data analysis was conducted in 2017. The chi-square test was used to compare proport...

Long-term outcomes with Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis in ocular burns.

To evaluate the long-term outcomes of Boston type I keratoprosthesis (B-Kpro) in the management of patients with ocular burn injuries.

Maternal behaviors in toddlerhood as predictors of children's private speech in preschool.

Private speech is an important strategy reflecting children's self-regulation, and thus understanding how parenting may support private speech can inform intervention work on improving self-regulation. The current study longitudinally investigated how sensitive parenting and directive parenting in toddlerhood interacted to predict preschoolers' private speech in an emotion-eliciting task. In toddlerhood, maternal parenting behaviors were observed during two freeplay sessions. Preschoolers' social and privat...

Intraocular Light Scatter in Eyes With the Boston Type 1 Keratoprosthesis.

The Boston keratoprosthesis (KPro) is the most commonly used artificial cornea. It has been proven to be successful for severe corneal disease not amenable to keratoplasty. We have observed our patients reporting debilitating glare despite attaining good visual acuities. This motivated us to objectively measure light scatter in eyes with a KPro.

The Perfect and Famous Anesthetic Known as Methyl in Boston in 1895.

Extravagant claims were made for proprietary dental anesthetics in Boston, MA, in the late 1800s. For instance, in 1883, Urial K. Mayo introduced an inhaled Vegetable Anaesthetic comprised of nitrous oxide that had been uselessly pretreated with botanical material. This misguided concept may have been inspired by homeopathy, but it was also in line with the earlier false belief of Elton R. Smilie, Charles T. Jackson, and William T.G. Morton that sulfuric ether could volatilize opium at room temperature. In ...

Choosing between nurse-led and medical doctor-led from private for-profit versus non-for-profit health facilities: A household survey in urban Burkina Faso.

Providers' qualification (Medical doctor [MD] or nurse); type of care facility ownership (for-profit [FP] or not-for-profit [NFP]) may all influence individuals' healthcare-seeking behavior and therefore merits empirical assessment to provide valuable evidence-informed policy orientation in the present context of private health system development. Previous studies have not examined these factors in combination, especially within the urban context of sub-Sahara Africa, where the private sector is rapidly gro...

Boston Type 2 keratoprosthesis- mid term outcomes from a tertiary eye care centre in India.

To analyse the anatomical and functionaloutcomes of Boston type II keratoprosthesis at a tertiary eye care centre in South India. Retrospective chart review of 10 patients operated with Boston keratoprosthesis Type 2 between Feb 2013 and June 2017 were analysed. Outcome measures analysed included, visual outcome, device retention and postoperative complications. The most common indication for surgery was SJS in 80% (8 of 10 eyes). Mean follow-up duration was 2.75 years (0.5-5 years, SD - 1.71, median 32...

Future considerations for clinical dermatology in the setting of 21 century American policy reform: corporatization and the rise of private equity in dermatology.

Within the last two decades, for-profit financial groups have become increasingly involved in health care. Outlier dermatology practices with high volumes of well-reimbursed procedures are attractive to consolidation backed by private equity. With fewer choices for independent or group private practice, junior dermatologists are increasingly seeking employment without ownership in private equity-backed corporate groups, whose primary fiscal responsibility lies with investors. Medicare's response to corporat...

Private and public willingness to pay for safety: A validity test.

Stated preference (SP) methods are often used to elicit an affected population's preferences for, e.g., increased safety or better environmental quality. SP methods are based on hypothetical market scenarios which have advantages, since decision alternatives are known to the analysis, but also necessitate thorough validity tests of the results, since decisions are hypothetical. This study suggests a validity test based on theoretical predictions and empirical findings for private and public safety measures....

Outcomes of the Boston Type I Keratoprosthesis as the Primary Penetrating Corneal Procedure.

To report the outcomes of the Boston type I keratoprosthesis (KPro) as the primary penetrating corneal procedure.

Public-private partnerships in practice: collaborating to improve health finance policy in Ghana and Kenya.

Social health insurance (SHI), one mechanism for achieving universal health coverage, has become increasingly important in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as they work to achieve this goal. Although small private providers supply a significant proportion of healthcare in LMICs, integrating these providers into SHI systems is often challenging. Public-private partnerships in health are one way to address these challenges, but we know little about how these collaborations work, how effectively, and w...

Nurse work environment: comparison between private and public hospitals.

To compare the characteristics of the work environment that enable the professional practice of nurses in private and public organizations.

Validation of the Thai version of the short Boston Naming Test (T-BNT) in patients with Alzheimer's dementia and mild cognitive impairment: clinical and biomarker correlates.

Impairments in the Boston Naming Test (BNT), which measures confrontational word retrieval, frequently accompanies Alzheimer's dementia (AD) and may predict a more rapid progression of illness. This study aims to validate the Thai version of the 15-item BNT (T-BNT) in participants with AD and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and to externally validate the T-BNT using clinical and biomarker measurements.

Health governance and the public-private relationship in small municipalities.

Within the institutional healthcare system, the public and private sectors come into relationship mainly in the context of the execution of medium-complexity health services, especially in small municipalities (SMs). The aim of this study is to analyse the relationship between public managers and private providers in the regional governance process with regard to the factors involved in the contracting process and management and planning mechanisms of medium-complexity actions. This is a qualitative case st...

Modeling groundwater nitrate exposure in private wells of North Carolina for the Agricultural Health Study.

Unregulated private wells in the United States are susceptible to many groundwater contaminants. Ingestion of nitrate, the most common anthropogenic private well contaminant in the United States, can lead to the endogenous formation of N-nitroso-compounds, which are known human carcinogens. In this study, we expand upon previous efforts to model private well groundwater nitrate concentration in North Carolina by developing multiple machine learning models and testing against out-of-sample prediction. Our pu...

Private naive bayes classification of personal biomedical data: Application in cancer data analysis.

Clinicians would benefit from access to predictive models for diagnosis, such as classification of tumors as malignant or benign, without compromising patients' privacy. In addition, the medical institutions and companies who own these medical information systems wish to keep their models private when in use by outside parties. Fully homomorphic encryption (FHE) enables computation over encrypted medical data while ensuring data privacy. In this paper we use private-key fully homomorphic encryption to desig...

Men's Participation and Performance in the Boston Marathon from 1897 to 2017.

This study examined men's participation and performance in the Boston Marathon. Data from all 368,940 official male finishers in the Boston Marathon from 1897 through 2017 were analyzed using different analyses and regression models for all runners, annual top hundred finishers, annual top ten finishers and annual winners. Effect of calendar year on race time was examined alone, in a uni-variable model, and together with country of origin and weather conditions (average air temperature and precipitation) in...

Dual practice of public hospital physicians in Vietnam.

Although many public hospital physicians in Vietnam offer private service on the side, little is known about the magnitude and nature of the phenomenon so-called dual practice, let alone the dynamics between the public and private health sectors. This study investigates how and to what degree public hospital physicians engage in private practice. It also examines the commitment of dual practitioners to the public sector. The analysis is based on a hospital-based survey of 483 physicians at 10 public hospita...

Transcranial stimulation over right inferior frontal gyrus increases the weight given to private information during sequential decision making.

Decision makers often follow other similarly-situated people in making decisions, creating a sequential decision-making context. Although rational behavior is often to make the same choice as previous decision makers, which can result in an information cascade, people may assign inappropriately higher weight to their own private information and discount public information about predecessors' choices. Recent findings suggest that overweighting private information may be associated with increased activities i...

A cross-sectional study to identify the distribution and characteristics of licensed and unlicensed private drug shops in rural Eastern Uganda to inform an iCCM intervention to improve health outcomes for children under five years.

Malaria, pneumonia and diarrhea are leading causes of death in young children in Uganda. Between 50-60% of sick children receive treatment from the private sector, especially drug shops. There is an urgent need to improve quality of care and regulation of private drug shops in Uganda. This study was conducted to determine the distribution, the licensing status and characteristics of drug shops in four sub-districts of Kamuli district.

Operating time for total knee arthroplasty in public versus private sectors: where does the efficiency lie?

Efforts to improve theatre efficiency aim to reduce health costs and maximize productivity. Operating lists in the private sector typically contain more cases than the public sector but it is unclear if this is a result of shorter operative times or reduced times between cases. We aimed to answer the question: Are operating times from skin incision to skin closure shorter in private compared to the public sector for total knee arthroplasty (TKA)?

Antibiotic Resistance Induction in Eyes With Boston Type I Keratoprosthesis.

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