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PubMed Journals Articles About "Broccoli Unlikely Place Find Possible Anti Cancer Compound" RSS

19:56 EDT 26th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Broccoli Unlikely Place Find Possible Anti Cancer Compound PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Broccoli Unlikely Place Find Possible Anti Cancer Compound articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Broccoli Unlikely Place Find Possible Anti Cancer Compound" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 27,000+

Rhamnogalacturonan-I-Type Polysaccharide Purified from Broccoli Exerts Anti-Metastatic Activities Via Innate Immune Cell Activation.

To examine the anti-metastatic activities of polysaccharides in broccoli, purified polysaccharides (BCE-I, -II, and -III) were isolated by fractionation of broccoli enzyme extracts and subsequent ethanol precipitation. BCE-I mainly consisted of galactose and arabinose, whereas BCE-II mainly consisted of galacturonic acid and rhamnose, and BCE-III mainly consisted of rhamnose and galactose. Of the three fractions, stimulation of murine peritoneal macrophages by BCE-I showed the greatest enhancement of tumor ...


Storage Time and Temperature on the Sensory Properties Broccoli.

Typically, broccoli arrives at the store within 7-14 days of harvest and is kept refrigerated until purchased or considered waste. To date, information has been limited on how this time on the shelf or storage temperature affects the sensory attributes that contribute to broccoli purchase or repurchase. In this study, 100 consumers performed acceptance tests and a check-all-that-apply (CATA) section to characterize sensory changes in two cultivars of broccoli ('Diplomat' and 'Emerald Crown') stored at two t...

2,4-Disubstituted quinazolines targeting breast cancer cells via EGFR-PI3K.

A series of novel 2,4-disubstituted quinazolines were synthesized and evaluated for their anti-tumor activity against five human cancer cells (MDA-MB-231, MCF-7, PC-3, HGC-27 and MGC-803) using MTT assay. Among them, compound 9n showed the most potent cytotoxicity against breast cancer cells. Compound 9n also significantly inhibited the colony formation and migration of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells. Meanwhile, compound 9n induced cell cycle arrest at G1 phase and cell apoptosis, as well as increased accumul...


Molecular analysis of anthocyanin biosynthesis-related genes reveal BoTT8 associated with purple hypocotyl of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica L.).

Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica L.) is a highly nutritious vegetable that typically forms pure green or purple florets. However, green broccoli florets sometimes accumulate slight purplish pigmentation due to environmental factors which reduces the market value. In the present study, we aimed to develop molecular markers to distinguish broccoli genotypes as pure green or purplish floret color at the early seedling stage. Anthocyanins are known to be involved in the purple pigmentation in plants. Th...

Mathematical modeling in scheduling cancer treatment with combination of VEGF inhibitor and chemotherapy drugs.

The present paper considers a treatment of cancer with a combination of anti-VEGF (bevacizumab) and a chemotherapy drug (docetaxel). Since anti-VEGF reduces the perfusion of chemotherapy drugs, the question arises whether it is more effective to administer the two drugs at the same time, or non-overlapping, in order to reduce tumor volume more effectively. To address this question we develop a mathematical model and use it to simulate different schedules. We find that the treatment of cancer would be far mo...

Quinolone hybrids and their anti-cancer activities: An overview.

The global pandemic of drug-sensitive cancers and the increasing threat from drug-resistant cancers make an urgent need to develop more effective anti-cancer candidates. Quinolone derivatives possess promising anti-cancer activity, and some of them have already been approved to treat cancers or under clinical trials. Hybridization of quinolone with other anti-cancer pharmacophores may provide more efficient anti-cancer candidates, so quinolone hybrids worth to be investigated. In this review, the recent adv...

Putting 'place' in its place: Comparing place-based factors in interurban analyses of life expectancy in the United States.

Extant interurban research in life expectancy greatly suffers from an underestimation of the role of place. Place is often conceptualized as a level of geography; this view ignores categorical differences between types of places. In addition, despite advances in theory and research that support their use, many important place-based factors remain under-utilized as control variables. We use multivariate analyses of life expectancy for the top and bottom quartiles of household income by sex in 148 US counties...

Treatment of cancer with a combination of LAG-3Ig and anti-PD-1/anti-PD-L1 antibodies: a patent evaluation of US2018271940 A1.

LAG-3 is checkpoint inhibitor in cancer that coordinates the down regulation of the proliferation of antigen-specific lymphocytes. There is a great need to discover and develop new therapies focused on inhibiting the action of LAG-3 and consequently improving the immune response in the various types of cancer. Authors of patent US2018271940 propose a method to eradicate cancer that utilizes the combination of LAG-3Ig and anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 antibodies. Areas covered: Patent US2018271940 describes a meth...

Synthesis and biological evaluation of Ginsenoside Compound K analogues as a novel class of anti-asthmatic agents.

Ginsenoside Compound K (CK) showed potent activity against IgE for the treatment of asthma. A series of CK analogues were then synthesized by straightforward procedures. The in vivo anti-IgE activity evaluations using the OVA-induced asthmatic mouse model revealed preliminary SARs of the CK analogues, which showed that the sugar type, modifications on A-ring and the C20 side chain of CK all affected much on the activities. Primary SARs optimization led to the discovery of compounds T1, T2, T3, T8 and T12, w...

Transcriptome reveals the gene expression patterns of sulforaphane metabolism in broccoli florets.

Sulforaphane is a new and effective anti-cancer component that is abundant in broccoli. In the past few years, the patterns of variability in glucosinolate content and its regulation in A. thaliana have been described in detail. However, the diversity of glucosinolate and sulforaphane contents in different organs during vegetative and reproductive stages has not been clearly explained. In this paper, we firstly investigated the transcriptome profiles of the developing buds and leaves at bolting stage of bro...

Effect of High-dose Vitamin C Combined With Anti-cancer Treatment on Breast Cancer Cells.

The anti-cancer effect of high doses of intravenous vitamin C (high-dose vitamin C) remains controversial despite growing evidence that high-dose vitamin C exerts anti-tumorigenic activity by increasing the amount of reactive oxygen species in cancer cells without meaningful toxicities. Therefore, this study attempted to demonstrate the in vitro anti-cancer activity of high-dose vitamin C in combination with conventional treatment in breast cancer.

Synthesis and Evaluation of Novel D-ring Substituted Steroidal Pyrazolines as Potential Anti-inflammatory Agents.

To identify new potential anti-inflammatory agents, a number of novel steroidal derivatives with nitrogen heterocyclic side chains 4a-4l were synthesized and evaluated for their anti-inflammatory effects in activated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. The synthesis scheme involves two steps, Claisen-Schmidt condensation with the corresponding pregnenolone and aromatic aldehydes as the first step followed by nucleophilic addition of thiosemicarbazide across an α, β-unsaturated carbonyl as a later step. Compound s...

Anti-cancer effects of cinnamon: Insights into its apoptosis effects.

Cancer is known as a leading cause of death worldwide. In the last two decades, the incidence of cancer has been dramatically increased mostly due to lifestyle changes. The importance of this issue has attracted further attention to discover novel therapies to prevent and treat cancers. According to previous studies, drugs used to treat cancer have shown significant limitations. Therefore, the role of herbal medicines alone or in combination with chemotherapy drugs has been extensively studied in cancer tre...

Anti- antibodies attach to mouse cancer cell lines but not normal mouse lymphocytes.

is prevalent intracellular parasite and a cause of worldwide infection in the human population. An inhibitory effect of this parasite on cancer growth has been demonstrated in cell culture and animal models. To determine whether the anticancer activities of are associated with host immune response, in the current study the reactivity of anti- antiserum with the surface of cancer cell lines was investigated. Anti- antibodies were raised in rabbit and the reaction of this antiserum in comparison with other a...

Scleroderma patients with antibodies against the large subunits of both RNA polymerases-I and -III are protected against cancer.

While compelling data suggest a cancer-induced autoimmunity model in scleroderma patients with anti-RNA polymerase III large subunit (anti-RPC155) antibodies, ~85% of these patients do not manifest cancer. We hypothesized that anti-RPC155-positive scleroderma patients without detectable cancer target additional autoantigens.

Coming 'Home': Place bonding for parents accessing or considering hospice based respite.

Little literature examines the cognitive journey taken by parents considering/receiving hospice care for their child. A constructivist grounded theory study explored 38 parents' views of considering/using a children's hospice. Data analysed from focus groups and interviews identified three main concepts. The focus of this paper is identified as Coming 'Home'. This concept depicts the desire and the sense of searching that parents experienced in trying to find a place, other than their actual home, where the...

Cystatins in cancer progression: More than just cathepsin inhibitors.

Cystatins are endogenous and reversible inhibitors of cysteine peptidases that are important players in cancer progression. Besides their primary role as regulators of cysteine peptidase activity, cystatins are involved in cancer development and progression through proteolysis-independent mechanisms. Mechanistic studies of cystatin function revealed that they affect all stages of cancer progression including tumor growth, apoptosis, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. Recently, the involvement of cystati...

Cancer combinatorial immunotherapy using anti-OX40 agonist and anti-PD-L1 antagonist: a patent evaluation of US2018256711A1.

: OX40 is checkpoint inhibitor in cancer that coordinates the downregulation of the proliferation of antigen-specific lymphocytes. There is a great need to discover and develop new therapies focused on inhibiting the action of OX40 and consequently improving the immune response in the various types of cancer. Authors of patent US2018256711A1 propose a method to eradicate cancer that utilizes anti-OX40 agonist antibody in combination with anti-PD-L1 antagonist antibody. : Patent US2018256711A1 describes a me...

Anti-proliferative and anti-malarial activities of spiroisoxazoline analogues of artemisinin.

A series of spiroisoxazoline analogues of artemisinin was synthesized by employing 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition between various in situ generated nitrile oxides and artemisitene. All the synthesized compounds were tested for their anti-proliferative and anti-malarial activities. Among the compounds tested, compound 11a was found to be potent against the HCT-15 cancer cell line with IC  = 4.04 μM when compared to 5-fluorouracil (IC  = 35.53 μM). DNA cell cycle analysis shows that 11a was inhibitin...

The mechanism of anticancer action and potential clinical use of kaempferol in the treatment of breast cancer.

In the last century, natural compounds have achieved remarkable achievements in the treatment of tumors through chemotherapy. This inspired scientists to continuously explore anticancer agents from natural compounds. Kaempferol is an ordinary natural compound, the most common flavonoid, which is widely existed in vegetables and fruits. It has been reported to have various anticancer activities, including breast cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, cervical cancer, colon cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer...

EGFR inhibitors from cancer to inflammation: Discovery of 4-fluoro-N-(4-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy)pyrimidin-5-yl)benzamide as a novel anti-inflammatory EGFR inhibitor.

EGFR inhibitors are well-known as anticancer agents. Quite differently, we report our effort to develop EGFR inhibitors as anti-inflammatory agents. Pyrimidinamide EGFR inhibitors eliciting low micromolar IC and the structurally close non-EGFR inhibitor urea analog were synthesized. Comparing their nitric oxide (NO) production inhibitory activity in peritoneal macrophages and RAW 246.7 macrophages indicated that their anti-inflammatory activity in peritoneal macrophages might be a sequence of EGFR inhibitio...

An innovative anti-cancer Chinese herbal formula exhibited multi-targeted efficacies in metastatic breast cancer mouse model.

The incidence and mortality of cancer metastasis is high worldwide. Despite of the chemotherapeutic agents, many cancer patients still take traditional Chinese herbal prescriptions as adjuvant treatments. However, most of these herbal formulae/products lack of evidence-based efficacy. Based on our previous investigations on anti-tumor, anti-angiogenic, anti-metastatic, bone protective and immunomodulating activities of various Chinese herbal medicines, four constituent herbs, namely , , , and were eventual...

Immune Checkpoint Modulators in Cancer Immunotherapy: Recent Advances and Combination Rationales.

As a new hallmark of cancer, immune surveillance evading plays a critical role in carcinogenesis. Through modulating the immune checkpoints, immune cells in tumor microenvironment can be harnessed to battle cancer cells. In recent years, the administration of anti-CTLA or/and anti-PD-1/L1 antibody has exhibited unexpected antitumor effect in multiple types of cancer, motivating the researchers to find more potential immune checkpoints as clinical targets. A wealth of clinical trials have been done to evalua...

Anti-lung cancer activity and inhibitory mechanisms of a novel Calothrixin A derivative.

CAA45 is a calothrixin A (CAA) analogue with anti-cancer activity at nanomolar concentration. This study aimed to investigate the anti-lung cancer activity of CAA45 and explore its mechanisms of actions.

Oxytocin in the tumor microenvironment is associated with lower inflammation and longer survival in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer patients.

Prior research demonstrates a protective role for oxytocin in ovarian cancer based on its anti-proliferative, anti-migratory, and anti-invasive effects in vitro and in vivo. However, the role of endogenous oxytocin has not been examined in ovarian cancer patients. Oxytocin also has anti-inflammatory properties that have not been examined in cancer. The purpose of this investigation was to examine relationships between endogenous oxytocin, tumor-associated inflammation (interleukin-6), and survival in advanc...


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