PubMed Journals Articles About "Broward Healthy Start Coalition Inc." RSS

20:10 EDT 20th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Broward Healthy Start Coalition" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,900+

Promoting physical activity, healthy eating and gross motor skills development among preschoolers attending childcare centers: Process evaluation of the Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention using the RE-AIM framework.

The Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention was developed to promote physical activity, gross motor skills and healthy eating among preschoolers attending childcare centers. This process evaluation aimed to report the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation and maintenance of the Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention.

Tarsal coalition in paediatric patients.

Tarsal coalition is due to failure of segmentation between two or more foot bones during embryological development at a site where the joint cleft fails to develop. Depending on the nature of the tissue connecting the bones, the abnormality is a syndesmosis, synchondrosis, or synostosis. Although the coalition exists at birth, synostosis usually develops only late during growth. Talo-calcaneal and calcaneo-navicular coalitions account for over 90% of all cases of tarsal coalition. The joint at the site of t...

Getting a healthy start: The effectiveness of targeted benefits for improving dietary choices.

There is growing policy interest in encouraging better dietary choices. We study a nationally-implemented policy - the UK Healthy Start scheme - that introduced vouchers for fruit, vegetables and milk. We show that the policy has increased spending on fruit and vegetables and has been more effective than an equivalent-value cash benefit. We also show that the policy improved the nutrient composition of households' shopping baskets, with no offsetting changes in spending on other foodstuffs.

Collaboration Challenges and Opportunities: A Survey of School Foodservice Directors and Community Health Coalition Members.

The Healthy, Huger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) presents challenges for foodservice directors (FSDs) in sourcing and preparing foods that meet nutrition standards. Concurrently, community health coalition members (CHCs) are engaging schools through community and school nutrition initiatives. We hypothesized significant differences in perceptions between FSDs and CHCs related to implementation of HHFKA such that FSDs would perceive greater foodservice challenges, while CHCs would be more supportive of community nut...

Later Start, Longer Sleep: Implications of Middle School Start Times.

Although adolescents generally get less than the recommended 9 hours of sleep per night, research and effort to delay school start times have generally focused on high schools. This study assesses the relation between school start times and sleep in middle school students while accounting for potentially confounding demographic variables.

Taking care of you in the New Year.

Nicky Mansell, Young Vet Network representative on BVA Council, gives some advice for making a healthy start to 2018.

Disease Prevention and Health Promotion in Germany: A Qualitative Analysis of the Federal Goverment's Coalition Agreement.

The creation of healthful living conditions has contributed to improving health and prolonging life in Germany and worldwide. Despite this progress, avoidable behavioural, occupational and environmental risk factors still contribute considerably to the burden of disease in Germany. Many of these risk factors are strongly influenced by political determinants. The coalition agreement outlining the agenda of Germany's federal government for 2018-2022 provides insights regarding relevant political priorities an...

Ocular Injuries and Cultural Influences in Afghanistan During 5 Months of Operation Enduring Freedom.

In support of Operation Enduring Freedom, American, North American Treaty Organization (NATO) Coalition, and Afghan forces worked together in training exercises and counterinsurgency operations. While serving at the NATO Role 3 Multinational Medical Unit, Kandahar, Afghanistan, numerous patients with explosive blast injuries (Coalition and Afghan security forces, and insurgents) were treated. A disparity was noted between the ocular injury patterns of US and Coalition forces in comparison with their Afghan ...

Fast Start-up of Shortcut Nitrification in a CSTR and an MBR.

In order to achieve fast start-up of shortcut nitrification, a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) and a membrane bioreactor (MBR) were selected for a comparative study about the start-up characteristic of shortcut nitrification. The differences in three aspects of the two reactors were investigated, namely start-up time, nitrogen transformation, and sludge performance. The results showed that the start-up of shortcut nitrification was successfully achieved in the CSTR and MBR after 44 and 56 days of ope...

False starts in 'test and start': a qualitative study of reasons for delayed antiretroviral therapy in Swaziland.

Test and start, antiretroviral therapy (ART) for all HIV-positive individuals, is a WHO-recommended treatment guideline. In Swaziland, test and start has been evaluated through the MaxART implementation study. This article examines why, in MaxART, some newly diagnosed HIV-positive clients delayed initiating ART.

Defining and Estimating Healthy Aging in Spain: A Cross-sectional Study.

Using an operational continuum of healthy aging developed by U.S. researchers, we sought to estimate the prevalence of healthy aging among older Spaniards, inform the development of a definition of healthy aging in Spain, and foster cross-national research on healthy aging.

Density-dependent dispersal strategies in a cooperative breeder.

Dispersal is a key ecological process that influences the dynamics of spatially and socially structured populations and consists of three stages - emigration, transience, and settlement - and each stage is influenced by different social, individual, and environmental factors. Despite our appreciation of the complexity of the process, we lack a firm empirical understanding of the mechanisms underlying the different stages. Here, using data from 65 GPS-collared dispersing female coalitions of the cooperativel...

Assessing Study Start-up Practices, Performance, and Perceptions Among Sponsors and Contract Research Organizations.

Site identification, site selection, and study start-up have become the focus of improvement by organizations conducting clinical trials.

Engine cold start analysis using naturalistic driving data: City level impacts on local pollutants emissions and energy consumption.

The analysis of vehicle cold start emissions has become an issue of utmost importance since the cold phase occurs mainly in urban context, where most of the population lives. In this sense, this research work analyzes and quantifies the impacts of cold start in urban context using naturalistic driving data. Furthermore, an assessment of the influence of ambient temperature on the percentage of time spent on cold start was also performed. Regarding the impacts of ambient temperature on cold start duration, a...

The San Francisco Cancer Initiative: A Community Effort To Reduce The Population Burden Of Cancer.

The great potential for reducing the cancer burden and cancer disparities through prevention and early detection is unrealized at the population level. A new community-based coalition, the San Francisco Cancer Initiative (SF CAN), focuses on the city and county of San Francisco, where cancer is the leading cause of death. SF CAN is an integrated, cross-sector collaboration launched in November 2016. It brings together the San Francisco Department of Public Health; the University of California, San Francisc...

Early versus later treatment start in multiple sclerosis a register based cohort study.

To assess long-term treatment effectiveness of disease-modifying therapy (DMT) initiated in early disease course versus later treatment start.

Strategies to Improve Start Time in the Operating Theatre: a Systematic Review.

Operating theatres represent a significant cost burden for healthcare providers around the world. Theatre start time is widely acknowledged as an important target for efficiency savings. However, there is uncertainty surrounding the effectiveness of strategies to improve start time, and questions regarding the barriers to their implementation. We conducted a systematic review of bibliographic databases to identify primary research papers assessing the effect of interventions on theatre start time. Two hundr...

Outcomes of random start versus clomiphene citrate and gonadotropin cycles in occult premature ovarian insufficiency patients, refusing oocyte donation: a retrospective cohort study.

The aim of this study is to present the clinical outcomes of a random start, a spontaneous folliculogenesis protocol versus Clomiphene Citrate and Gonadotropin treatment in women with occult premature ovarian insufficiency. Women underwent treatment between 1 February 2009, and 30 May 2016. 41 women were treated with the random start protocol while 48 cases received ovarian stimulation with clomiphene and gonadotropins. All included cases met the criteria of 4 months of oligo-ovulation, follicular-stimula...

Cycle day, estrogen level, and lead follicle size: analysis of 27,790 in vitro fertilization cycles to determine optimal start criteria for gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist.

To determine the optimal criteria at which to start GnRH antagonists during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) for in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Influence of temperature on the start-up of membrane bioreactor: kinetic study.

The start-up phase of a membrane bioreactor (MBR) for municipal wastewater treatment was studied to determine the effect of temperature on the organic matter removal and heterotrophic kinetics. The MBR system was analyzed during four start-up phases with values of hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 6 h and 10 h, mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) concentrations of 4,000 mg L-1 and 7,000 mg L-1 in the steady state, and temperature values of 11.5, 14.2, 22.9 and 30.1 °C. The influence of temperature on the ...

Peace, Love, Field Day: An Innovative Approach to Cultivating Healthy Academic Communities.

The American Nurses Association declared 2017 the Year of the Healthy Nurse. In an effort to promote a healthy academic environment, faculty and staff in institutions of higher learning should serve as role models for healthy living for their students. This article describes an innovative approach to cultivating a healthy academic environment. Details about planning and implementation are provided along with recommendations for future implementation.

The effect of interrupted/deferred antiretroviral therapy on disease risk: a SMART & START combined analysis.

Pooled data from SMART and START were used to compare deferred/intermittent versus immediate/continuous antiretroviral therapy (ART) on disease risk.

Quick start-up and performance of microbial fuel cell enhanced with a polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride modified carbon felt anode.

It is of significant importance to simultaneously shorten the start-up time and enhance the electricity generation performance for practical application of microbial fuel cell (MFC). In this paper, the polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDDA) modified carbon felt (PDDA-CF) electrode was prepared and used as the anode of PDDA-MFC. The anode significantly enhanced the start-up speed and electricity generation and dye wastewater degradation performances of the PDDA-MFC. The start-up time of PDDA-MFC is only...

Start-up and Capacity Enhancement of a Partial Nitrification Pilot Reactor in Continuous Flow.

The continuous flow reactor was used to treat simulated ammonia nitrogen wastewater by inoculating the sludge after filtration and adding a suspended filler. Regulations of free ammonia (FA), free nitrous acid (FNA), and dissolved oxygen (DO) in the reactor were the key to achieving a successful start-up of the pilot scale nitrosation reactor. The results show that the enrichment of ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and the elimination of nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) are achieved by adjusting the operat...

"I found that I was well and strong": Women's motivations for remaining on ART under Option B+ in Malawi.

Most Malawian women who start ART under Option B+ are still in care three years later, a higher than average adherence rate for life-threatening chronic disease treatments, worldwide (50%). We asked 75 Malawian on ART their motivations for remaining in treatment, and what barriers they overcame. Focus groups and interviews included 75 women on ART for 6+ months, at 12 health facilities. Four main motivations for continuing ART emerged: 1) evidence that ART improved their own and their children's health; 2) ...

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