PubMed Journals Articles About "Broward Healthy Start Coalition Inc." RSS

10:45 EST 13th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Broward Healthy Start Coalition" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,000+

Collaboration Challenges and Opportunities: A Survey of School Foodservice Directors and Community Health Coalition Members.

The Healthy, Huger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) presents challenges for foodservice directors (FSDs) in sourcing and preparing foods that meet nutrition standards. Concurrently, community health coalition members (CHCs) are engaging schools through community and school nutrition initiatives. We hypothesized significant differences in perceptions between FSDs and CHCs related to implementation of HHFKA such that FSDs would perceive greater foodservice challenges, while CHCs would be more supportive of community nut...

Selection of seeding strategy for fast start-up of Anammox process with low concentration of Anammox sludge inoculum.

The long start-up time and large demand of Anammox seed sludge limit the practical application of Anammox process. In this study, the seeding strategy of fast start-up of Anammox process using 2.0 g VSS L of anaerobic granular sludge (AGS) or activated sludge (AS) with various low concentration of Anammox sludge as inoculum was investigated. In laboratory scale, the start-up (achieving 70% TN removal) was shortened from 21 days to 5 days when Anammox sludge concentration increased from 0.02 g ...

Effect of a Flying Versus Stationary Start on Wingate Test Outcomes Using an Electromagnetically-Braked Cycle Ergometer in Advanced Resistance-Trained Males.

The purpose of this study was to compare power outputs of the flying start to the stationary start method on an electromagnetically-braked cycle ergometer. Twenty advanced resistance-trained men (age 24.6 ± 4.5 years; 25.4 ± 2.5 kg/m) volunteered to participate in this study. A counter-balanced, repeated-measures design was utilized to randomly assign participants to either the flying start or the stationary start for their first Wingate test. Paired t tests were used to evaluate mean differences between ...

Disease Prevention and Health Promotion in Germany: A Qualitative Analysis of the Federal Goverment's Coalition Agreement.

The creation of healthful living conditions has contributed to improving health and prolonging life in Germany and worldwide. Despite this progress, avoidable behavioural, occupational and environmental risk factors still contribute considerably to the burden of disease in Germany. Many of these risk factors are strongly influenced by political determinants. The coalition agreement outlining the agenda of Germany's federal government for 2018-2022 provides insights regarding relevant political priorities an...

Measuring Sense of Community Responsibility in Community-Based Prevention Coalitions: An Item Response Theory Analysis.

Research on sense of community (SOC) has traditionally been approached from a resource perspective. Recently, however, research on the experience of SOC has evolved to include a related but distinct construct of sense of community responsibility (SOC-R), or feelings of accountability for the well-being of a community. This study applied item response theory to examine the psychometric properties of a SOC-R scale used in an evaluation of community-based substance abuse prevention coalitions. Data were colle...

Fast Start-up of Shortcut Nitrification in a CSTR and an MBR.

In order to achieve fast start-up of shortcut nitrification, a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) and a membrane bioreactor (MBR) were selected for a comparative study about the start-up characteristic of shortcut nitrification. The differences in three aspects of the two reactors were investigated, namely start-up time, nitrogen transformation, and sludge performance. The results showed that the start-up of shortcut nitrification was successfully achieved in the CSTR and MBR after 44 and 56 days of ope...

Density-dependent dispersal strategies in a cooperative breeder.

Dispersal is a key ecological process that influences the dynamics of spatially and socially structured populations and consists of three stages - emigration, transience, and settlement - and each stage is influenced by different social, individual, and environmental factors. Despite our appreciation of the complexity of the process, we lack a firm empirical understanding of the mechanisms underlying the different stages. Here, using data from 65 GPS-collared dispersing female coalitions of the cooperativel...

Assessing Study Start-up Practices, Performance, and Perceptions Among Sponsors and Contract Research Organizations.

Site identification, site selection, and study start-up have become the focus of improvement by organizations conducting clinical trials.

Grant Funding Needs Parallel the Start-Up Venture: An Analogy for Translational Research Success.

This editorial offers some ways to think about how best to position a research group for funding, by examining the parallels between what is needed for translational grants versus industry start-ups.

Early versus later treatment start in multiple sclerosis a register based cohort study.

To assess long-term treatment effectiveness of disease-modifying therapy (DMT) initiated in early disease course versus later treatment start.

Joining Parents' Bed at Night and Overweight among 2- to 6-Year-Old Children - Results from the 'Healthy Start' Randomized Intervention.

Parental and child co-sleeping has been suggested as a risk factor for short sleep duration and poor sleep quality that may lead to overweight. We examined if joining parent's bed during night was associated with child overweight.

Low-molecular-weight heparin for hip fracture patients treated with osteosynthesis: should thromboprophylaxis start before or after surgery? An observational study of 45,913 hip fractures reported to the Norwegian Hip Fracture Register.

Background and purpose - Controversies exist regarding thromboprophylaxis in orthopedic surgery. We studied whether the thromboprophylaxis in hip fracture patients treated with osteosynthesis should start preoperatively or postoperatively. Data were extracted from the nationwide Norwegian Hip Fracture Register (NHFR). The risks of postoperative deaths, reoperations, and intraoperative bleeding were studied within 6 months after surgery. Patients and methods - After each operation for hip fracture in Norway ...

Modelling the emergence of an egalitarian society in the n-player game framework.

Unlike other primates, human foragers have an egalitarian society. Therefore, the evolution of egalitarian behaviour has been the subject of long-standing debate in a wide variety of disciplines. A recent hypothesis states that a social control against potentially dominant individuals played an important role in the emergence of an egalitarian society. In the present study, we modelled this hypothesis based on the n-player game framework, in which the owner, who may attempt to monopolise resources, could be...

Strategies to Improve Start Time in the Operating Theatre: a Systematic Review.

Operating theatres represent a significant cost burden for healthcare providers around the world. Theatre start time is widely acknowledged as an important target for efficiency savings. However, there is uncertainty surrounding the effectiveness of strategies to improve start time, and questions regarding the barriers to their implementation. We conducted a systematic review of bibliographic databases to identify primary research papers assessing the effect of interventions on theatre start time. Two hundr...

Outcomes of random start versus clomiphene citrate and gonadotropin cycles in occult premature ovarian insufficiency patients, refusing oocyte donation: a retrospective cohort study.

The aim of this study is to present the clinical outcomes of a random start, a spontaneous folliculogenesis protocol versus Clomiphene Citrate and Gonadotropin treatment in women with occult premature ovarian insufficiency. Women underwent treatment between 1 February 2009, and 30 May 2016. 41 women were treated with the random start protocol while 48 cases received ovarian stimulation with clomiphene and gonadotropins. All included cases met the criteria of 4 months of oligo-ovulation, follicular-stimula...

Peace, Love, Field Day: An Innovative Approach to Cultivating Healthy Academic Communities.

The American Nurses Association declared 2017 the Year of the Healthy Nurse. In an effort to promote a healthy academic environment, faculty and staff in institutions of higher learning should serve as role models for healthy living for their students. This article describes an innovative approach to cultivating a healthy academic environment. Details about planning and implementation are provided along with recommendations for future implementation.

The effect of interrupted/deferred antiretroviral therapy on disease risk: a SMART & START combined analysis.

Pooled data from SMART and START were used to compare deferred/intermittent versus immediate/continuous antiretroviral therapy (ART) on disease risk.

Quick start-up and performance of microbial fuel cell enhanced with a polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride modified carbon felt anode.

It is of significant importance to simultaneously shorten the start-up time and enhance the electricity generation performance for practical application of microbial fuel cell (MFC). In this paper, the polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDDA) modified carbon felt (PDDA-CF) electrode was prepared and used as the anode of PDDA-MFC. The anode significantly enhanced the start-up speed and electricity generation and dye wastewater degradation performances of the PDDA-MFC. The start-up time of PDDA-MFC is only...

Start-up and Capacity Enhancement of a Partial Nitrification Pilot Reactor in Continuous Flow.

The continuous flow reactor was used to treat simulated ammonia nitrogen wastewater by inoculating the sludge after filtration and adding a suspended filler. Regulations of free ammonia (FA), free nitrous acid (FNA), and dissolved oxygen (DO) in the reactor were the key to achieving a successful start-up of the pilot scale nitrosation reactor. The results show that the enrichment of ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and the elimination of nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) are achieved by adjusting the operat...

Dietary Intake Among Head Start Preschooler-caregiver Dyads.

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between Head Start preschooler-caregiver dyad's dietary intake and factors influencing dietary intake.

Ovarian response and follow-up outcomes in women diagnosed with cancer having fertility preservation: Comparison of random start and early follicular phase stimulation - cohort study.

To determine response to controlled ovarian stimulation in a random start cycle and utilisation of cryopreserved oocytes and embryos in cancer patients.

The effect of primary drug resistance on CD4 cell decline and the viral load set-point in HIV positive individuals before the start of antiretroviral therapy.

To evaluate the effect of primary resistance and selected polymorphic amino-acid substitutions in HIV reverse transcriptase (RT) and protease (PR) on the CD4 count and viral load (VL) set point before the start of ART.

"I found that I was well and strong": Women's motivations for remaining on ART under Option B+ in Malawi.

Most Malawian women who start ART under Option B+ are still in care three years later, a higher than average adherence rate for life-threatening chronic disease treatments, worldwide (50%). We asked 75 Malawian on ART their motivations for remaining in treatment, and what barriers they overcame. Focus groups and interviews included 75 women on ART for 6+ months, at 12 health facilities. Four main motivations for continuing ART emerged: 1) evidence that ART improved their own and their children's health; 2) ...

START: STructure-Assisted RNA Translation.

Cap-dependent translation initiation begins by assembly of a pre-initiation ribosomal complex that scans the 5' Untranslated Region in order to localise the start codon. During this process, RNA secondary structures are melted by RNA helicases. Guenther et al reported that the yeast helicase Ded1, an orthologue of the mammalian DDX3 helicase, is responsible for this activity. When Ded1 is non-functional, RNA structures in the 5'UTR promote translation initiation on Alternative Translation Initiation Sites (...

Hepatitis E Virus Genotype 3 Genomes from RNA-Positive but Serologically Negative Plasma Donors Have CUG as the Start Codon for ORF3.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a pathogen that causes hepatitis worldwide. Molecular studies have identified HEV RNA in blood products although its significance is not understood. This study was undertaken to characterize HEV genomes in asymptomatic plasma donors from Sweden and Germany lacking anti-HEV. Complete open reading frames (ORFs) were obtained from HEV strains in 5 out of 18 plasma donors who tested positive for HEV RNA. All strains had CUG as the start codon of ORF3, while 147 GenBank strains all had...

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