PubMed Journals Articles About "Brown Shoe Company, Inc." RSS

10:08 EST 19th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Brown Shoe Company" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 493

Does an increase in energy return and/or longitudinal bending stiffness shoe features reduce the energetic cost of running?

This study focused on the effects of shoe energy return and shoe longitudinal bending stiffness on the energetic cost and biomechanics of running.

Textile and Shoe Allergic Contact Dermatitis in Military Personnel.

Allergic contact dermatitis is a common dermatosis among military personnel. Given the unique military demands, it is not surprising that shoe dermatitis and textile dermatitis are common. Our study aimed to compare the clinical and demographic parameters between military personnel and civilians evaluated for the suspicion of shoe and textile dermatitis in a tertiary clinic in Israel.

Running Economy While Running in Shoes Categorized as Maximal Cushioning.

The purpose of the study was to determine if running economy was influenced by wearing maximal cushioning shoes vs. control (neutral cushioning) shoes. Participants (n=10, age=28.2±6.1yrs; mass=68.1±10.2 kg; height=170±6.1 cm) completed two experiments. Each experiment included running conditions wearing control and maximal cushioning shoes. In Experiment 1, participants ran on a treadmill at three speeds in each shoe condition (6 total conditions). The speeds were: 1) preferred speed, 2) preferred speed...

In-Shoe Plantar Pressure Profiles in Amateur Basketball Players .

Biomechanical analysis of foot loading characteristics may provide insights into the injury mechanisms and guide orthotic prescription for basketball players. This study aimed to quantify in-shoe plantar pressure profiles in amateur players when executing typical basketball movements.

Reverse-Shoe Wearing Method for Treating Toe-In Gait in Children Can Lead to Hallux Valgus.

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the effect of 2 methods for treating toe-in gait in children (reverse-shoe wearing and orthopedic insoles) and to determine whether reverse-shoe wearing results in hallux valgus. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between July 2012 and July 2014, 337 children diagnosed with toe-in gait over 2 years were recruited. For 139 children, parents selected use of reverse-shoe wearing treatment (RS group) and for 198 children, parents selected orthopedic insoles treatment (OI group)...

Brown adipose tissue remodeling induced by corticosterone in Wistar male rats.

What is the central question of this study? Brown adipose tissue is centrally involved in energy metabolism. The aim of this work was to test the hypothesis that glucocorticoids excess disrupts BAT phenotype and function. What is the main finding and its importance? This work highlights that glucocorticoids might be an important modulator of brown fat physiology. Furthermore, it suggests a role for brown adipose tissue on pathophysiology of metabolic disturbances induced by glucocorticoid excess.

Use of a 'Shoe-Last' Solid-State Template in the Mechanochemical Synthesis of High-Porosity RHO-Zinc Imidazolate.

We report the first use of a non-ionic solid (NIS) as a template in mechanosynthesis of a metal-organic framework. Via eight intermolecular C-H∙∙∙O hydrogen bonds, the macrocyclic MeMeCH template predictably functions as a 'shoe-last' for the assembly of double-eight rings ( d8rs) in the liquid-assisted reaction of ZnO and imidazole (ImH). The resulting new form of ZnIm (namely xMeMeCH@RHO-ZnIm) exhibits high porosity, is thermally stable, and is available in multi-gram amounts.

Local boron concentrations in tuberous roots of Japanese radish (Raphanus sativus L.) negatively correlate with distribution of brown heart.

Internal browning (or brown heart) in radish is a physiological disorder, manifested as a reddish pigmentation in the central part of the tuberous root. Boron deficiency has been known to induce brown heart, but the relationship between B tissue concentration and the development of brown heart has not been tested. Here, we examined the relationship between these variables. Dissected root tissues of two inbred lines (i.e., cultivars) of East Asian big long radish exhibiting different severity of brown heart ...

Shoe Power.

A Man (or a Woman) is Known by the Company He/She Keeps.

In Vitro Models for Study of Brown Adipocyte Biology.

Brown adipocytes are the key cell type in brown adipose tissue (BAT) that express the genes required for heat production through the process of thermogenesis. Brown adipocyte cell culture models are important for researching the molecular pathways that control cell autonomous processes. In vitro tools for the study of brown adipocytes include BAT explant cultures and BAT primary cultures that are first proliferated and then differentiated. A number of stable brown preadipocyte cell lines have been generated...

Comparative Analysis of the Concentrations of Ions (Na, K, Ca, and Cl) in the Blood of the Brown Trout Salmo trutta from Different Rivers.

The contents of ions in the blood have been compared in three ecological groups of brown trout (parr, mature, and resident) living in rives of the basins of Lake Onega and Lake Ladoga. Brown trout from the Alats-oya (the Ladoga basin, remote from two other rivers belonging to the Onega Lake) is characterized by the lowest concentrations of the Na, Ca2, and Cl ions in blood. The probable effect of the ion level in blood of brown trout on selection of life strategy is discussed.

Analysis of storage compounds and inorganic ions in dimorphic seeds of euhalophyte Suaeda salsa.

Suaeda salsa is an annual euhalophytic herb that produces dimorphic seeds, such as small black seeds and big brown seeds. In the present study, the fatty acid composition, content of total phenols, flavonoids, carotenoid and inorganic ions in dimorphic seeds of the species collected in the field were measured. There was no significant difference in total oil content between black and brown seeds. Seed total oil content was approximately 19% based on dry weight. The most abundant fatty acid was linoleic acid...

BATLAS: Deconvoluting Brown Adipose Tissue.

Recruitment and activation of thermogenic adipocytes have received increasing attention as a strategy to improve systemic metabolic control. The analysis of brown and brite adipocytes is complicated by the complexity of adipose tissue biopsies. Here, we provide an in-depth analysis of pure brown, brite, and white adipocyte transcriptomes. By combining mouse and human transcriptome data, we identify a gene signature that can classify brown and white adipocytes in mice and men. Using a machine-learning-based ...

Transdifferentiation of Muscle Satellite Cells to Adipose Cells Using CRISPR/Cas9-Mediated Targeting of MyoD.

Brown adipocytes dissipate energy through non-shivering thermogenesis mediated by UCP1 protein, hence representing a powerful target to overcome obesity due to energy surplus. However, brown adipocytes are scarce in adult humans, especially in obese subjects, urging the development of novel strategies to boost the number of these thermogenic adipocytes from a therapeutical perspective. In this regard, transdifferentiation of myoblasts into brown adipocytes represents a promising approach. Here, we describe ...

Alleviative effect of fucoxanthin-containing extract from brown seaweed Laminaria japonica on renal tubular cell apoptosis through upregulating Na/H exchanger NHE1 in chronic kidney disease mice.

Brown seaweed is a common food for Asians, and the bioactive ingredient fucoxanthin exerts anti-apoptotic activities in several cell types. Renal tubular cell apoptosis is one of the common cellular events leading to renal fibrosis and chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the influence of fucoxanthin-containing brown seaweed extract on CKD is still unknown. We intended to evaluate the inhibitory effect of fucoxanthin-containing extract from brown seaweed on renal apoptosis under CKD condition and its mole...

Foliar application of Zn can reduce Cd concentrations in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under field conditions.

Cadmium (Cd) pollution in rice and its transfer to food chain are cause of global concern. Application of zinc (Zn) can reduce Cd uptake by plants, as both these metals are generally antagonistic in soil-plant systems. In a field experiment on Cd-contaminated acid soil, we investigated the effectiveness of foliar application of Zn in minimizing Cd accumulation and its effect on the content of mineral nutrient elements in rice. The treatment was done at an early grain filling stag using 0.3 and 0.5% w/v ZnSO...

Comparison of different brown and white layer hybrid embryonic development and uptake of nutrients in the egg.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the comparison of different brown and white layers in embryonic development and uptake of nutrients in the egg. A total of 360 fertilized eggs obtained from two brown (Atak-S and Brown Nick) and two white (Atabey and Nick) layer breeders at 28 wk old. Hatching eggs from each genotype were examined on the day of setting for fresh egg analysis and then at the beginning of the embryonic day (E19) and embryonic day (E21) for egg, embryo and villus analysis. Difference...

Cell proliferation and anti-apoptosis: Essential processes for recruitment of the full thermogenic capacity of brown adipose tissue.

In mice living under normal animal house conditions, the brown adipocytes in classical brown adipose tissue depots are already essentially fully differentiated: UCP1 mRNA and UCP1 protein levels are practically saturated. This means that any further recruitment - in response to cold exposure or any other browning agent - does not result in significant augmentation of these parameters. This may easily be construed to indicate that classical brown adipose tissue cannot be further recruited. However, this is f...

Application of biomarkers in brown algae (Cystoseria indica) to assess heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Zn, Pb, Hg, Ni, Cr) pollution in the northern coasts of the Gulf of Oman.

In this study, selected biomarkers-Phytochelatin (PC) and Metallothionein (MT)- were measured in the brown algae (i.e., Cystoseria indica) obtained from the Gulf of Oman. Chemical analyses were performed to measure the concentration of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Zn, Pb, Hg, Ni, and Cr) in the brown algae. Zn had the highest concentration followed by Cr>Ni>Cu>Pb>Cd>Hg. Performing a spatial analysis revealed that heavy metals had a significant difference (p 

Bioavailability of Silicon Fertilizer Coupled Water Management on Soil Bioavailability and Cumulative Control of Rice in Compound Contaminated Paddy Soils.

The effect of wet irrigation (CK), agronomic measure flooding (WF), instantaneous silicon fertilizer combined with flooding measures (FYsi), mineral silicon fertilizer combined with flooding measures (FKsi), and a mix of two kinds of silicon fertilizer combined with flooding measures (FYK) on the bio-availability of As and Cd in soil and the accumulation of As and Cd in rice were investigated by pot experiments. The results showed that the pH of the soils combined with flooding measures was increased by 0.1...

CREG1 promotes uncoupling protein 1 expression and brown adipogenesis in vitro.

Brown adipocytes play a critical role for adaptive thermogenesis to regulate body temperature in cold or to circumvent diet-induced obesity. In the present study, we investigated the role of cellular repressor of E1A-stimulated genes 1 (CREG1) on brown adipogenesis and uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) expression by using in vitro culture models. In murine mesenchymal stem cell line C3H10T1/2, Creg1 mRNA expression significantly increased in a time-dependent manner along with Ucp1 mRNA induction in brown adipogen...

Intratrochlear steroid injections in acquired Brown syndrome-a case series.

To present our experience in the treatment of children with acquired Brown syndrome by means of intratrochlear injection of betamethasone.

Duration of a "Brown-Like" Phenotype of White Adipose Tissue Induced by the β3 Agonist CL-316,243.

"Browning" i. e. the transformation of white adipose tissue into brown-like adipose tissue could induce efficient burning of excess fat reserves via induction of non-shivering thermogenesis. For example, activation of ß3 adrenergic receptors has been show to induce such changes, however, it is still not clear, how long after termination of such a treatment, beneficial effects might be maintained. To address this question, we treated rats s.c. for 2 weeks with the ß3 agonist CL-316,243 at 1 mg/kg and a...

Emerging Role of AMPK in Brown and Beige Adipose Tissue (BAT): Implications for Obesity, Insulin Resistance, and Type 2 Diabetes.

The global prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is escalating at alarming rates, demanding the development of additional classes of therapeutics to further reduce the burden of disease. Recent studies have indicated that increasing the metabolic activity of brown and beige adipose tissue may represent a novel means to reduce circulating glucose and lipids in people with T2D. The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a cellular energy sensor that has recently been demonstrated to be important in potentially ...

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