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PubMed Journals Articles About "Building Bridges Within Cell Using Light" RSS

13:46 EST 24th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

Building Bridges Within Cell Using Light PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Building Bridges Within Cell Using Light articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Building bridges within cell using light" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 30,000+

Building bridges between disciplines for sustainable management of plant virus diseases.


Bedside Back to Bench: Building Bridges between Basic and Clinical Genomic Research.

Genome sequencing has revolutionized the diagnosis of genetic diseases. Close collaborations between basic scientists and clinical genomicists are now needed to link genetic variants with disease causation. To facilitate such collaborations, we recommend prioritizing clinically relevant genes for functional studies, developing reference variant-phenotype databases, adopting phenotype description standards, and promoting data sharing.

Wind-Driven Formation of Ice Bridges in Straits.

Ice bridges are static structures composed of tightly packed sea ice that can form during the course of its flow through a narrow strait. Despite their important role in local ecology and climate, the formation and breakup of ice bridges is not well understood and has proved difficult to predict. Using long-wave approximations and a continuum description of sea ice dynamics, we develop a one-dimensional theory for the wind-driven formation of ice bridges in narrow straits, which is verified against direct n...


Relationship between ancient bridges and population dynamics in the lower Yangtze River Basin, China.

It has been suggested that population growth dynamics may be revealed by the geographic distribution and the physical structure of ancient bridges. Yet, this relationship has not been empirically verified. In this study, we applied the archaeological records for ancient bridges to reveal the population growth dynamics in the lower Yangtze River Basin in late imperial China. We investigated 89 ancient bridges in Yixing that were built during the Ming and Qing dynasties (AD1368-1911). Global Position System i...

Uniformity from Diversity: Vast-Range Light Sensing in a Single Neuron Type.

The brightness of our visual environment varies tremendously from day to night. In this issue of Cell, Milner and Do describe how the population of retinal neurons responsible for entrainment of the brain's circadian clock cooperate to encode irradiance across a wide range of ambient-light intensities.

Silicon-based dielectric metamaterials: Focus on the current synthetic challenges.

Metamaterials have optical properties that are unprecedented in nature. They have opened new horizons in light manipulation, with the ability to bend, focus, and completely reflect, transmit or absorb an incident wave front. Optically active metamaterials in particular could be used for applications ranging from 3D information storage, more efficient photovoltaic cells, high security watermarks, and fiber optics. Silicon (Si) particles are some of the most promising building blocks for optically active meta...

Flow Cytometry of B-Cell Neoplasms.

Flow cytometric evaluation is considered a standard ancillary study for the diagnosis of most B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. Establishing a neoplastic B-cell population depends on identification of light chain restriction or lack of light chain expression in mature neoplasms and demonstration of aberrant antigen expression in both immature and mature neoplasms, as compared with normal counterparts. The immunophenotypes of the most common B-cell neoplasms are herein described, with an emphasis on thei...

Light-induced functions in DNA.

The chemical toolbox for synthetic modification by nucleotide building blocks and postsynthetic methods delivers light-induced functions to DNA in great variety and allows not only to initiate photoinduced processes but additionally the temporal and spatial control of these artificial functions. Herein, selected light-induced artificial functions in DNA are briefly summarized. This includes the postsynthetic 'photoclick' labeling strategy, benzophenone and acetophenone nucleosides as photosensitizers to ind...

Unconventional Roles of Opsins.

Rhodopsin is the classical light sensor. Although rhodopsin has long been known to be important for image formation in the eye, the requirements for opsins in non-image formation and in extraocular light sensation were revealed much later. Most recent is the demonstration that an opsin in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, is expressed in pacemaker neurons in the brain and functions in light entrainment of circadian rhythms. However, the biggest surprise is that opsins have light-independent roles, cou...

Frequency voltage controlled light transmittance in ferroelectric liquid crystal cells.

Light transmittance of a short-pitch deformed-helix ferroelectric liquid crystal cell was numerically studied when low and high voltage frequencies ([Formula: see text] kHz and [Formula: see text] kHz, respectively) are applied to the cell. The reported finding in the decay of light transmittance at increasing frequency is obtained due to reasonable simplifications of the temporal dependence of director's azimuthal angle. By taking experimentally known data, we numerically demonstrate that the increase in t...

Photobiomodulation with 670 nm light ameliorates Müller cell-mediated activation of microglia and macrophages in retinal degeneration.

Müller cells, the supporting cells of the retina, play a key role in responding to retinal stress by releasing chemokines, including CCL2, to recruit microglia and macrophages (MG/MΦ) into the damaged retina. Photobiomodulation (PBM) with 670 nm light has been shown to reduce inflammation in models of retinal degeneration. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether 670 nm light had an effect on Müller cell-initiated inflammation under retinal photo-oxidative damage (PD) in vivo and in vitro. Spragu...

Attraction factors for Paederus fuscipes ' dispersal, a vector of Paederus dermatitis towards human residential premises.

Paederus fuscipes, a vector of Paederus dermatitis in most tropical and subtropical countries of the world have a high prevalence in human dwellings due to their positively phototaxic behaviour which has caused a tremendous impact on human health. In this paper, P. fuscipes dispersal flights were studied for two seasons of the rice cultivation phases in residential premises built close to rice field areas (≈32-60 m and 164 m) in mainland Penang, Malaysia. We examined the effects of different light illumin...

Team building: conceptual, methodological, and applied considerations.

Team building has been identified as an important method of improving the psychological climate in which teams operate, as well as overall team functioning. Within the context of sports, team building interventions have consistently been found to result in improvements in team effectiveness. In this paper we review the extant literature on team building in sport, and address a range of conceptual, methodological, and applied considerations that have the potential to advance theory, research, and applied int...

Cellulose synthesis and cell expansion are regulated by different mechanisms in growing Arabidopsis hypocotyls.

Plant growth is sustained by two complementary processes - biomass biosynthesis and cell expansion. The cell wall is crucial to both as it forms the majority of biomass, while its extensibility limits cell expansion. Cellulose is a major component of the cell wall and cellulose synthesis is pivotal to plant cell growth and its regulation is poorly understood. Using periodic diurnal variation in Arabidopsis thaliana hypocotyl growth, we found that cellulose synthesis and cell expansion can be uncoupled and a...

Building Bridges: The Journey of Alabama's Health Action Coalition.

The Alabama Health Action Coalition is a state coalition whose purpose is to enable access to high-quality, safe, and patient-centered health care for all Alabamians by leading change in nursing and health care.

Metabolomics analysis: Finding out metabolic building blocks.

In this paper we propose a new methodology for the analysis of metabolic networks. We use the notion of strongly connected components of a graph, called in this context metabolic building blocks. Every strongly connected component is contracted to a single node in such a way that the resulting graph is a directed acyclic graph, called a metabolic DAG, with a considerably reduced number of nodes. The property of being a directed acyclic graph brings out a background graph topology that reveals the connectivi...

Photolabile Hydrogels Responsive to Broad Spectrum Visible Light for Selective Cell Release.

We introduce an efficient method for the preparation of photolabile polymer linkers to be used in the fabrication of bioorthogonal and photodegradable hydrogels. The versatility of this synthesis strategy allows for incorporation of a series of chromophores responsive to addressable wavelengths of UV and broad spectrum visible light. Consequently, selective release of different cell types from composite hydrogels by user-defined timing can be achieved by irradiating the materials with different wavelengths ...

A Platinum(II)-based photosensitive tripod as an effective photodynamic anticancer agent via DNA damage.

Herein, two photosensitive platinum(II)-based tripods were designed and synthesized. Notably, complex 1 ({[Pt(dien)]3L}(NO3)6, L = tri(4-pyridylphenyl)amine and dien = diethylenetriamine), which mainly accumulated in cell nucleus, exhibited very low cytotoxicity in the absence of light irradiation, but displayed remarkably increase cytotoxicity upon visible light irradiation. Mechanistic investigations revealed that 1 interacted with DNA in the nucleus, induced ROS generation upon light irradiation, consequ...

Light-induced protein degradation in human-derived cells.

Controlling protein degradation can be a valuable tool for posttranslational regulation of protein abundance to study complex biological systems. In the present study, we designed a light-switchable degron consisting of a light oxygen voltage (LOV) domain of Avena sativa phototropin 1 (AsLOV2) and a C-terminal degron. Our results showed that the light-switchable degron could be used for rapid and specific induction of protein degradation in HEK293 cells by light in a proteasome-dependent manner. Further st...

The Use of Team-Building Activities to Build a Better Resident.

We implemented team building activities to build a better resident during our orientation process and we have refined the choice of activities each year since. Resident satisfaction with their team building actives provided feedback to improve the following years' experience. While there is no definite way to demonstrate the effectiveness of our team building initiative, our expectation is it will improve the residency experience and work environment, and ultimately, result in better patient care. We focus ...

Principles of Systems Biology, No. 19.

This month: building bacterial organelles (Kerfeld, Tullman-Ercek), the widening scope of single cell analysis (Takebe, Glass, Rabadan), insights from yeast (Swain, Dunham), and more (Bloom, Romesberg, Gibson).

Strengthening of Existing Bridge Structures for Shear and Bending with Carbon Textile-Reinforced Mortar.

Increasing traffic loads and changes in code provisions lead to deficits in shear and flexural capacity of many existing highway bridges. Therefore, a large number of structures are expected to require refurbishment and strengthening in the future. This projection is based on the current condition of many older road bridges. Different strengthening methods for bridges exist to extend their service life, all having specific advantages and disadvantages. By applying a thin layer of carbon textile-reinforced m...

Effects of LED -Based Photodynamic Therapy using Red and Blue Lights, with Natural Hydrophobic Photosensitizers on Human Glioma Cell Line.

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has received high attention in cancer treatment due to its minimal side effects, specific cancer-targeting, non-invasion and low cost. It utilizes a specific group of anti-cancer drugs called photosensitizers (PS), which can be only activated under a certain wavelength light illumination and kills cancer cells. To screen the potential of PS and setup of PDT treatment protocol, it is essential to assess the PDT efficacy in vitro. In this study, a light-emitting diode- (LED-) based ...

Single-cell RNA sequencing to explore immune cell heterogeneity.

Advances in single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) have allowed for comprehensive analysis of the immune system. In this Review, we briefly describe the available scRNA-seq technologies together with their corresponding strengths and weaknesses. We discuss in depth how scRNA-seq can be used to deconvolve immune system heterogeneity by identifying novel distinct immune cell subsets in health and disease, characterizing stochastic heterogeneity within a cell population and building developmental 'trajectories...

Light induced cytotoxicity of nitrofurantoin toward murine melanoma.

The cytotoxicity of nitrofurantoin (NFT) in the dark and after light exposure (UVA irradiation, λ = 385 nm) was evaluated in murine melanoma B16F10 cells. NFT induces both cell proliferation and inhibition of cell viability. The dominance of one or the other effect depends on the drug concentration, incubation time (tinc) and irradiation dose. The uptake of NFT in these cells, as well as its photocytotoxicity, reaches saturation after 24 hours of incubation. The mechanism of cell death in the dark is assoc...


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