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21:59 EST 10th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "CPAP Device Assessment" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,500+

Infant CPAP for low-income countries: An experimental comparison of standard bubble CPAP and the Pumani system.

Access to inexpensive respiratory support to newborn infants improves survival in low-income countries. Standard bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been extensively used worldwide for more than 30 years. One project aimed at providing affordable CPAP is the Pumani system developed by Rice 360°. Compared to standard bubble CPAP the system has an unconventional design. The aim was to compare the Pumani system with two traditional bubble CPAP systems, focusing on in-vitro performance and sa...

Influence of a structured follow-up on CPAP adherence in patients with an OSAS.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is the reference therapy for moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). However, CPAP adherence is dissatisfying. We analyzed influencing factors on CPAP adherence and we evaluated if a structured follow-up enhances its adherence.

Profile of CPAP treated patients in Ontario, Canada, 2006-2013: a population-based cohort study.

Many studies have demonstrated the benefits of treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). However, both recognition of OSA and acceptance of treatment are suboptimal. Current data on CPAP initiation at a population level is lacking.

Correction: Infant CPAP for low-income countries: An experimental comparison of standard bubble CPAP and the Pumani system.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196683.].

Diabetes sleep treatment trial: Premise, design, and methodology.

The Diabetes Sleep Treatment Trial (DSTT) is a multi-site, double-blinded, randomized, sham-controlled trial. The study objective is to test whether treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment results in improved glycemic control and diabetes self-management behavior compared to participants on a sham-CPAP (sub-therapeutic) device in participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and co-morbid OSA. The purpose of this paper is to describe the premi...

Home continuous positive airway pressure for cardiopulmonary indications in infants and children.

A number of reports exist regarding the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to manage obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in children, which we term 'conventional CPAP'. In contrast, there are few reports of home CPAP use for other indications, which we have grouped under the term 'cardiopulmonary'. The aims of this study were to (1) document cardiopulmonary indications for CPAP use in a cohort of infants and children, and (2) evaluate its effectiveness in this group.

Evaluation of the efficacy of a dedicated table to improve CPAP adherence in children: a pilot study.

Only a few studies have addressed strategies to improve continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence in children with obstructive sleep apnea. The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy of a table based on token economy to improve CPAP adherence.

Multicenter Assessment of Grafts in Coronaries: Midterm Evaluation of the C-Port Device (the MAGIC Study).

The commercially available C-Port distal anastomotic device (Food and Drug Administration cleared in 2007) is an automated miniature vascular stapler that performs the coronary anastomosis. This prospective multicenter registry sought to evaluate midterm patency using this device compared with hand-sewn grafts.

Assessment of a novel radiation reduction protocol for pediatric and adult congenital device implantation.

Device implantation requires fluoroscopic guidance, which carries inherent risks of ionizing radiation. We evaluated the impact of a low-dose fluoroscopic protocol on radiation exposure during device implantation.

Pulmonary rehabilitation and oropharyngeal exercises as an adjunct therapy in obstructive sleep apnea: a randomized controlled trial.

It is well recognized that the most effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Different treatment possibilities comprise surgery, mandibular advancement, pulmonary rehabilitation, and oropharyngeal and facial exercises (PR program). However, these treatments showed inconsistent results. The purpose of the study was to compare the short-term effects of CPAP and the combination of PR program with CPAP on OSA severity, ventilatory functions, and change...

Comparison of Bubble CPAP Devices Using RAM Cannula for Extubation Failure in Very Low Birth Weight Infants: Randomized and Cohort Studies.

Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) generates a variable pressure due to bubble size and frequency, and these pressure oscillations may contribute to lung recruitment and gas exchange. Single-outlet bCPAP devices generate larger pressure fluctuation than bCPAP devices with diffusers, but clinical efficacy is unclear. Our hypothesis was that a single-outlet bCPAP device (B&B Bubbler©) would decrease extubation failure and improve oxygenation compared with a bCPAP device with a diffuser (B...

Factors influencing adherence to continuous positive airway pressure treatment in obstructive sleep apnea and mortality associated with treatment failure - a national registry-based cohort study.

Adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is crucial. Our aim was to identify protective and risk factors against the discontinuation of CPAP treatment in patients with OSA and to estimate the mortality risk in those who were non-adherent to CPAP therapy.

Comparison of the SphygmoCor XCEL device with applanation tonometry for pulse wave velocity and central blood pressure assessment in youth.

Vascular phenotype by assessing carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV) and central SBP (cSP) in the young could be used as an intermediate cardiovascular outcome measure. Tonometry is considered the gold-standard technique, but its use is challenging in clinical practice, especially when used in children. The purpose of this study was to validate cf-PWV and cSP assessment with novel oscillometric device (SphygmoCor XCEL) in children and adolescents.

The effects of long-term CPAP on weight change in patients with co-morbid OSA and cardiovascular disease: data from the SAVE trial.

Recent evidence suggests that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment may cause weight gain, but long-term effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on weight are not well-established.

Analytical strategy for assessment of usability of medical devices from the user's perspective: a study of hemodialysis patients.

Studies have shown the importance of including the user's experience in measuring the usability of medical devices. Still, the user's assessment depends on the context of use for the treatment received. To measure the usability in such a way as to separate these effects and understand the sources affecting users' perceptions, the article proposes an analytical strategy that assesses the effect of the context of use on measuring the device's usability. Next, we create indicators that are free of these effect...

Choosing the right mask for your Asian patient with sleep apnoea: A randomized, crossover trial of CPAP interfaces.

A major challenge with the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. Mask tolerability is an important determinant of adherence, however evidence to guide selection of mask interfaces is lacking.

Validity and reliability of the WIMU inertial device for the assessment of the vertical jump.

The aim of this study was to test the validity and reliability of the inertial device WIMU (Realtrack Systems SL, Almería, Spain) for the assessment of the vertical jump, counter movement jump (CMJ) and squat jump (SJ). Fifteen soccer players were evaluated in two identical sessions separated by one week. In each session, participants performed three jumps of each type. The flight time was quantified by the inertial device WIMU and by a force platform (Twin Plates; Globus Sport and Health Technologies LLC,...

The effect of continuous positive airway pressure therapy on nasal patency.

Nasal congestion and obstruction are reported in the majority of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) users and are frequently cited as reasons for noncompliance. To our knowledge, no study has demonstrated a change in objective or subjective nasal patency in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) after a therapeutic trial of CPAP therapy.

Nasal Positive Airway Pressure and Sleep Apnea: Reflections on an Experimental Method that Became a Therapy.

Nasally applied continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, acting as a pneumatic splint, is a remarkably effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a therapy that rescues patients with life-threatening disease. By stabilizing the upper airway in sleep, nasal CPAP paved the way for the use of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation, now the standard of care in chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure. As a therapy, nasal CPAP has stood the test of time, remaining as the mainstay after ...

Histopathological demonstration of subacute endothelialization following aneurysm re-treatment with the Pipeline embolization device.

Endothelial cell coverage along the Pipeline embolization device (PED) is one of two primary proposed mechanisms of action of the device, along with induction of intra-aneurysmal thrombosis. The temporal course of endothelialization following device deployment is poorly understood in human patients.

Does the RAM Cannula Provide Continuous Positive Airway Pressure as Effectively as the Hudson Prongs in Preterm Neonates?

 To compare the level of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) delivered by the RAM cannula system (Neotech, Valencia, CA) with that delivered by a traditional CPAP nasal delivery interface (Hudson prongs; Hudson-RCI, Temecula, CA) in preterm infants with respiratory distress.

Cardiac effects of CPAP treatment in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and atrial fibrillation.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been recognized as an independent risk factor for the development and progression of atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to investigate the changes in heart rate and atrial and ventricular ectopy after continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment in patients with OSA and AF.

CPAP to diagnose laryngeal clefts by flexible endoscopy in infants.

Laryngeal clefts (LC) are uncommon but important causes of stridor in infants. Direct laryngoscopy is the recommended method for the detection of LC because LC may be missed by flexible endoscopy. As laryngomalacia by far outnumbers any other cause of stridor in this age group flexible bronchoscopy is usually the preferred method for the evaluation of significant infantile stridor. The aim is to illustrate how the application of CPAP assists the detection of LC during flexible endoscopy.

Comparison of the effect of CPAP+PPS mode and CPAP+ASB mode in weaning on acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.

To investigate the effect of different appropriate modes of weaning from mechanical ventilation (MV) in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD).

The Management of a Patient with a fragmented intrauterine device embedded within the Cervical Canal.

A 28-year-old woman presented with a malpositioned intrauterine device (IUD) that was fragmented and significantly entrenched within the cervical canal and myometrium. IUD malposition with concomitant device fragmentation and embedded segments, albeit rare, should be a consideration given the device's prevalence.

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