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CS-1008 Used With Irinotecan Versus Irinotecan Alone In Subjects With Metastatic Colorectal Carcinoma Who Failed First-line Treatment With Oxaliplatin PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest CS-1008 Used With Irinotecan Versus Irinotecan Alone In Subjects With Metastatic Colorectal Carcinoma Who Failed First-line Treatment With Oxaliplatin articles that have been published worldwide.
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Chemotherapy with irinotecan plus cisplatin has shown promise in chemo-naïve small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients. However, irinotecan treatment for relapsed or refractory SCLC has not been adequately evaluated. This phase II study evaluated the appropriate treatment schedule of irinotecan as a single agent. This study was designed to determine the antitumor activity, toxicity, and survival in previously treated SCLC patients.
While irinotecan has been studied in various pediatric solid tumors, its potential role in Wilms tumor (WT) is less clear. We evaluated response and outcome of irinotecan-containing regimens in relapsed WT and compared our results to the available literature. Among 14 evaluable patients, one complete response (CR) and two partial responses (PRs) were observed in patients with initial intermediate-risk (CR and PR) and blastemal-type histologies (PR). Two patients were alive at last follow-up showing no evide...
S-1 and irinotecan plus bevacizumab versus mFOLFOX6 or CapeOX plus bevacizumab as first-line treatment in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (TRICOLORE): a randomized, open-label, phase 3, non-inferiority trial.
Combination therapy with oral fluoropyrimidine and irinotecan has not yet been established as first-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We performed a randomized, open-label, phase 3 trial to determine whether S-1 and irinotecan plus bevacizumab is non-inferior to mFOLFOX6 or CapeOX plus bevacizumab in terms of progression-free survival (PFS).
Recent approaches in treating pancreatic adenocarcinoma, an aggressive disease with limited survival, include the use of liposomal irinotecan as an option when first-line therapy has failed. Liposomal irinotecan has been approved in combination with 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Liposomal irinotecan is a newer therapy requiring oncology nurses to obtain knowledge and skills for proper administrating, monitoring of hypersensitivity reactions during infusion, ma...
To enhance synergistic therapeutic effects in breast cancer therapy. Here, we used hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles as a biocompatible carrier to coload chemotherapy drugs Irinotecan and near-infrared IR-820 dye, which enhanced antitumor efficacy by combining chemotherapy and phototherapy.
The GLARIUS trial which investigated the efficacy of bevacizumab (BEV)/irinotecan (IRI) as compared to standard temozolomide (TMZ) in the first-line therapy of MGMT-nonmethylated glioblastoma showed that progression-free survival was significantly prolonged by BEV/IRI while overall survival was similar in both arms. The present report focusses on quality of life (QoL) and Karnofsky performance score (KPS) during the whole course of the disease.
The identification of new therapeutic strategies is urgently needed for the management of patients affected by anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) due to their short survival and poor prognosis. Aim of the study was to determine the activity of the combination irinotecan/sunitinib on ATC cell growth in vitro and the antitumor effects in vivo. Proliferation assays were performed for 72h on ATC cell lines exposed to the combination of SN-38, the active metabolite of irinotecan, and sunitinib. The simultaneous com...
Children with metastatic hepatoblastoma have a poor prognosis, even with dose intensification of cisplatin and doxorubicin. Vincristine and irinotecan have demonstrated activity in high risk disease. This report describes a 3-year-old girl with metastatic hepatoblastoma with unresectable disease after 5 cycles of cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, vincristine, and doxorubicin who had a complete response of her metastatic disease to vincristine and irinotecan (intravenous and oral forms), allowing surgical resection...
We have investigated the possible positive effect of iloprost in the healing of colonic anastomosis, in rats under intraperitoneal chemotherapy with irinotecan.
Topoisomerase 1 (TOPO-1) and carboxylesterase 2 (CES-2) are found to play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of various cancers. The prognostic role of TOPO-1 and CES-2 in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who underwent irinotecan chemotherapy was largely unknown. In the current study, we assessed the expression of TOPO-1 and CES-2 in mCRC and analyzed its potential relevance to irinotecan based therapy. A total of 98 patients with mCRC were included in this study. The expression of TOPO-1 an...
S-1 and irinotecan combination is attractive for breast cancer refractory to anthracyclines and taxanes. Patients with advanced human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer previously treated with anthracyclines and taxanes were eligible. Patients with brain metastases and homozygous for UGT1A1 *6 or *28 or compound heterozygous (*6/*28) were excluded. A dose-escalation design was chosen for the phase I portion (level 1: irinotecan 80 mg/m(2) days 1-8 and S-1 80 mg/m(2) days ...
Chemotherapy is essential to most patients with gastric cancer and the anticancer drug, irinotecan (CPT-11), and its metabolite, SN-38, an inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase I, are first-line chemotherapies for gastric cancer. Quercetin, a flavonoid that is widely found in various vegetables and fruits, has the ability to potentiate the efficacy of anticancer drugs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of quercetin combined with irinotecan/SN-38 in the AGS human gastric cancer cel...
Although gemcitabine plus cisplatin has been established as the standard first-line chemotherapy for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer (BTC), overall prognosis remains poor. We investigated the efficacy of a novel triplet combination of oxaliplatin, irinotecan, and S-1 (OIS) for advanced BTC.
We report a case of triple negative spindle cell carcinoma of the breast, responsive to irinotecan chemotherapy. A 49-year old woman who had a tumor in the chest wall with a skin ulcer visited our hospital. After being diagnosed with triple negative spindle cell carcinoma of the breast, she underwent surgery, adjuvant chemotherapy, and radiation at the other hospital. Fourteen months after the surgery, she developed an ipsilateral breast tumor as a result of local recurrence. Since eribulin and paclitaxel p...
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) overexpression is associated with increased tumor invasiveness and proliferation in CRC, and COX-2 inhibition has demonstrated chemopreventive activity. This study investigated the addition of celecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, to the irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil, and leucovorin (IFL) regimen for patients with previously untreated metastatic CRC.
One-step construction of substituted indolizino[1,2-b]quinolin-9(11H)-ones was achieved by combining visible-light-photoredox and Lewis acid catalysis for an intramolecular Povarov cycloaddition reaction under mild conditions. In this catalytic process, the visible-light-promoted dehydrogenation protocol of tetrahydroquinolines constitutes the key procedure. Moreover, this method can be applied to the formal synthesis of the precursor of irinotecan, which exhibited good anticancer activities.
Labetuzumab govitecan (IMMU-130), an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) with an average of 7.6 SN-38/IgG, was evaluated for its potential to enhance delivery of SN-38 to human colonic tumor xenografts. Mice bearing LS174T or GW-39 human colonic tumor xenografts were injected with irinotecan or IMMU-130 (SN-38 equivalents ~500 µg or ~16 µg, respectively). Serum and homogenates of tumors, liver, and small intestine were extracted, and SN-38, SN-38G (glucuronidated SN-38), and irinotecan concentrations determined...
A diet rich in fiber is associated with a low risk of developing colorectal cancer. Dietary fiber fermentation by intestinal microflora results in the production of butyrate, which has been reported as a chemopreventive agent and a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi). Irinotecan is used as second-line treatment and induces adverse effects with serious life-threatening toxicities in at least 36% of patients. Our study intends to find a synergy that could improve the efficacy and decrease the toxicity of ch...
Predictive biomarkers and prognostic models are required to identify recurrent grade III glioma patients who benefit from existing treatment. In this study of 62 recurrent grade III glioma patients, a range of clinical and paraclinical factors are tested for association with progression-free survival, overall survival, and response to bevacizumab and irinotecan therapy. Significant factors from univariate screening are included in multivariate analysis. Biomarkers previously advanced as predictive or progno...
Aflibercept combined with FOLFIRI (folinic acid, 5-fluorouracil, irinotecan) as second-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) significantly improved survival compared with FOLFIRI alone in the pivotal VELOUR (aflibercept vs. placebo in combination with irinotecan and 5-fluorouracil in the treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer after failure of an oxaliplatin-based regimen) trial. No quality-of-life assessment was performed in VELOUR; therefore, the ASQoP (Aflibercept Safety a...
Wee1 is an oncogenic nuclear kinase, which can regulate the cell cycle as a crucial G2M checkpoint. Overexpression of Wee1 can be observed in various cancer types, which may lead to a poor prognosis, but the potential therapeutic value of Wee1 in colorectal cancer has not been fully studied. In the present study, the role of Wee1 in colonic cancer was investigated. Wee1 inhibition by small interfering RNA was demonstrated to significantly restrain cancer cell proliferation and sensitize the p53 mutant colon...
Preclinical studies in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) have shown that hyaluronic acid (HA) can be effectively used to deliver chemotherapy and selectively decrease CD44 expressing (stem cell-like) tumour cells. The current study aimed to replicate these findings and obtain data on safety and activity of HA-irinotecan (HA-IR). Eligible patients with extensive stage SCLC were consented. A safety cohort (n = 5) was treated with HA-IR and Carboplatin (C). Subsequently, the patients were randomised 1:1 to rec...
Banks of genetically characterized cancer stem cells (CSCs) isolated from individual patients and grown as spheroids offer an invaluable approach to identify genetic determinants of drug resistance versus sensitivity, and to study new stem cell-directed therapies. Here, we describe our standardized procedure for in vitro drug screening on colorectal CSCs, taking irinotecan as an example.