PubMed Journals Articles About "Calcium For Pre-Eclampsia Prevention (CPEP)" RSS

15:29 EST 13th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Calcium Eclampsia Prevention CPEP" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,600+

Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems.

Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are common causes of serious morbidity and death. Calcium supplementation may reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia, and may help to prevent preterm birth. This is an update of a review last published in 2014.

rial of feasibility and acceptability of routine low-dose aspirin versus arly creening est indicated aspirin for pre-eclampsia prevention ( study): a multicentre randomised controlled trial.

Evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of routine aspirin in low-risk women, compared with screening-test indicated aspirin for the prevention of pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction.

Toxoplasma gondii infection and pre-eclampsia among Sudanese women.

Pre-eclampsia is the main cause of maternal and perinatal adverse effects. Although the exact mechanism and pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia are not yet fully understood, there are recent studies on the association between various infections and pre-eclampsia. This study investigated the association between maternal Toxoplasma gondii infection and pre-eclampsia.

Angiotensin II Type I Receptor Agonistic Autoantibody Induces Podocyte Injury via Activation of the TRPC6- Calcium/Calcineurin Pathway in Pre-Eclampsia.

Angiotensin II type I receptor agonistic autoantibody (AT1-AA) is closely related to pre-eclampsia, which is characterized by proteinuria and hypertension. AT1-AA has been shown to enhance the effect of AngII in pre-eclampsia, such as production of endothelin-1, activation of ROS, and vasoconstriction, which are considered to be associated with hypertension; however, whether or not AT1-AA participates in podocyte damage leading to the generation of proteinuria has not been reported. In this study we investi...

Placental Elasticity as a New Non-invasive Predictive Marker of Pre-eclampsia.

Point shear wave elastography is an ultrasonography technique used to evaluate tissue elasticity. We examined whether placental elasticity is useful for predicting the onset of pre-eclampsia. Two hundred twenty-one participants were divided into two groups: one group at low risk (n = 185) and the other at high risk (n = 36) for pre-eclampsia. The two groups were compared with respect to shear wave velocity (SWV) of the placenta. Use of SWV as a predictor of pre-eclampsia was also investigated by cre...

Aspirin In The Prevention Of Pre-Eclampsia: Where Are We Now?

Calcium chloride mimics the effects of acamprosate on cognitive deficits in chronic alcohol-exposed mice.

Acamprosate (calcium-bis N-acetylhomotaurinate) is the leading medication approved for the maintenance of abstinence, shown to reduce craving and relapse in animal models and human alcoholics. Acamprosate can improve executive functions that are impaired by chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) exposure. Recent work has suggested that acamprosate's effects on relapse prevention are due to its calcium component, which raises the question whether its pro-cognitive effects are similarly mediated by calcium.

Prediction of pre-eclampsia: review of reviews.

Primary studies and systematic reviews provide varied accuracy estimates for prediction of pre-eclampsia. We undertook a review of published systematic reviews to collate published evidence on the ability of available tests to predict pre-eclampsia, to identify high value avenues for future research and to minimise future research waste in this field.

Interventionist versus expectant care for severe pre-eclampsia between 24 and 34 weeks' gestation.

Severe pre-eclampsia can cause significant mortality and morbidity for both mother and child, particularly when it occurs remote from term, between 24 and 34 weeks' gestation. The only known cure for this disease is delivery. Some obstetricians advocate early delivery to ensure that the development of serious maternal complications, such as eclampsia (fits) and kidney failure are prevented. Others prefer a more expectant approach, delaying delivery in an attempt to reduce the mortality and morbidity for the...

Pre-eclampsia is associated with altered expression of the renal sodium transporters NKCC2, NCC and ENaC in urinary extracellular vesicles.

Pre-eclampsia is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy characterised by hypertension and sodium retention by the kidneys. To identify changes in sodium uptake proteins in the tubules of the distal nephron, we studied their expression in urinary extracellular vesicles or exosomes (uEVs). Urine was collected from women with pre-eclampsia or during normal pregnancy, and from healthy non-pregnant controls. uEVs were isolated by centrifugation and analyzed by Western blot. Expression, proteolytic cleavage and pho...

Dietary factors associated with preeclampsia or eclampsia among women in delivery care services in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a case control study.

Preeclampsia or eclampsia, which is one of the direct obstetric complication, results in maternal and child morbidity and mortality. The factors associated with it remains unclear. So, the aim of the study was to assess the dietary factors associated with preeclampsia or eclampsia among women in delivery care services in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

A prospective study of the influence of the skeleton on calcium mass transfer during hemodialysis.

Calcium gradient, the difference between serum calcium and dialysate calcium d[Ca], is the main contributor factor influencing calcium transfer during hemodialysis. The impact, however, of bone turnover, on calcium mass transfer during hemodialysis is still uncertain.

Serum sFlt-1/PlGF ratio has better diagnostic ability in early- compared to late-onset pre-eclampsia.

To establish gestational specific cutoffs for the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and placental growth factor (PlGF) ratio as a diagnostic tool for pre-eclampsia (PE) in an Asian population.

Calcium detection, its quantification, and grayscale morphology-based risk stratification using machine learning in multimodality big data coronary and carotid scans: A review.

Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke. Typically, atherosclerotic calcium is found during the mature stage of the atherosclerosis disease. It is therefore often a challenge to identify and quantify the calcium. This is due to the presence of multiple components of plaque buildup in the arterial walls. The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines point to the importance of calcium in the coronary and carotid arteries and further recommend ...

Effectiveness of a SCERTS Model-Based Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Hong Kong: A Pilot Study.

A SCERTS model-based intervention with different durations (5-month vs. 10-month) was provided to 122 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (age = 53.43 ± 9.05 months) in Hong Kong. Before and after the intervention, the children were assessed with the Chinese Psychoeducational Profile-Third Edition (CPEP-3) and the Developmental Assessment Chart (DAC). Educators and parents expressed their views toward the intervention in focus groups. Results showed that participating children improved sig...

NCS-1 is a regulator of calcium signaling in health and disease.

Neuronal Calcium Sensor-1 (NCS-1) is a highly conserved calcium binding protein which contributes to the maintenance of intracellular calcium homeostasis and regulation of calcium-dependent signaling pathways. It is involved in a variety of physiological cell functions, including exocytosis, regulation of calcium permeable channels, neuroplasticity and response to neuronal damage. Over the past 30 years, continuing investigation of cellular functions of NCS-1 and associated disease states have highlighted...

Placental Growth Factor informed management of suspected pre-eclampsia or fetal growth restriction: The MAPPLE cohort study.

Placental Growth Factor (PlGF) has been shown to be beneficial in diagnosing pre-eclampsia. We performed a prospective cohort study of revealed PlGF in standard clinical use in four teaching hospitals in UK, Germany, Austria and Australia.

Effect of Calcium Citrate versus Calcium Carbonate on elevated PTH after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. A Double-blinded, Randomized Trial.

Following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels potentially harmful to bone health are commonly observed. Owing to assumed superior absorption, calcium citrate is often recommended over calcium carbonate following RYGB for the treatment of elevated PTH. We aimed to investigate the impact of either calcium carbonate or calcium citrate (1200 mg elementary calcium) in patients with elevated PTH levels following RYGB.

Assessment of NICE and USPSTF guidelines for identifying women at high risk of pre-eclampsia for tailoring aspirin prophylaxis in pregnancy: An individual participant data meta-analysis.

To assess the accuracy of the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines for predicting pre-eclampsia in pregnancy to guide aspirin prophylaxis.

Global inequities in dietary calcium intake during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Evidence shows that adequate calcium intake during pregnancy reduces the risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. In most low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) daily calcium intake is well below recommendations. To map calcium intakes during pregnancy worldwide and identify populations with low calcium intake will provide the evidence base to more targeted actions to improve intakes.

Vitamin D, Calcium, or Combined Supplementation for the Primary Prevention of Fractures in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Recommendation Statement.

The potential ecological effects of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate in dental caries prevention.

Contemporary caries prevention protocols recommend not only effective remineralizing agents but also ecological measures to reverse the dental plaque dysbiosis responsible for the disease pathogenesis. There is a high-level of evidence supporting the remineralizing efficacy of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP) from studies around the world. There is now emerging evidence that CPP-ACP may also have a beneficial influence on the dental plaque microbial ecology and homeostasis. The ec...

Impact of Potassium Citrate vs. Citric Acid on Urinary Stone Risk in Calcium Phosphate Stone Formers.

No medication has been shown to be effective at preventing recurrence of calcium phosphate urinary stones. Potassium citrate may protect against calcium phosphate stones by enhancing urine citrate excretion and lowering urine calcium, but it raises urine pH which increases calcium phosphate saturation and may negate the beneficial effects. Citric acid can potentially raise urine citrate but not pH, and thus may be a useful countermeasure against calcium phosphate stones. We aimed to assess whether these two...

Prophylactic infusion of calcium gluconate to prevent a symptomatic fall in plasma ionized calcium during therapeutic plasma exchange: A comparison of two methods.

We compared two methods of calcium gluconate infusion to maintain plasma ionized calcium ([Ca ]) during therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) performed using the Spectra Optia Apheresis System. Method A, our legacy method, consisted of adding 5 mL of 10% calcium gluconate to each 500 mL bottle of 5% albumin replacement fluid. Method B used an accessory IV infusion of calcium gluconate (2 g in 50 mL of 0.9% NaCl starting at 25 mL/h). Plasma [Ca ] was measured at 20-minute intervals, and symptoms of hypocal...

Cyclophilin D Phosphorylation is Critical for Mitochondrial Calcium Uniporter Regulated Permeability Transition Pore Sensitivity.

Calcium homeostasis is critical for the cell fate, physiological calcium levels are important for cellular metabolism; however calcium overload in mitochondrial matrix can trigger mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening and necrotic cell death. A new study conducted in mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) knock out mice identifies phosphorylation of Cyclophillin D (CypD) at serine 42 to be critical for regulating MCU- mitochondrial calcium retention capacity and mPTP-pore opening.

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