PubMed Journals Articles About "Calcium For Pre-Eclampsia Prevention (CPEP)" RSS

01:28 EST 19th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Calcium Eclampsia Prevention CPEP" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,700+

Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems.

Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are common causes of serious morbidity and death. Calcium supplementation may reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia, and may help to prevent preterm birth. This is an update of a review last published in 2014.

rial of feasibility and acceptability of routine low-dose aspirin versus arly creening est indicated aspirin for pre-eclampsia prevention ( study): a multicentre randomised controlled trial.

Evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of routine aspirin in low-risk women, compared with screening-test indicated aspirin for the prevention of pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction.

Toxoplasma gondii infection and pre-eclampsia among Sudanese women.

Pre-eclampsia is the main cause of maternal and perinatal adverse effects. Although the exact mechanism and pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia are not yet fully understood, there are recent studies on the association between various infections and pre-eclampsia. This study investigated the association between maternal Toxoplasma gondii infection and pre-eclampsia.

Angiotensin II Type I Receptor Agonistic Autoantibody Induces Podocyte Injury via Activation of the TRPC6- Calcium/Calcineurin Pathway in Pre-Eclampsia.

Angiotensin II type I receptor agonistic autoantibody (AT1-AA) is closely related to pre-eclampsia, which is characterized by proteinuria and hypertension. AT1-AA has been shown to enhance the effect of AngII in pre-eclampsia, such as production of endothelin-1, activation of ROS, and vasoconstriction, which are considered to be associated with hypertension; however, whether or not AT1-AA participates in podocyte damage leading to the generation of proteinuria has not been reported. In this study we investi...

Placental Elasticity as a New Non-invasive Predictive Marker of Pre-eclampsia.

Point shear wave elastography is an ultrasonography technique used to evaluate tissue elasticity. We examined whether placental elasticity is useful for predicting the onset of pre-eclampsia. Two hundred twenty-one participants were divided into two groups: one group at low risk (n = 185) and the other at high risk (n = 36) for pre-eclampsia. The two groups were compared with respect to shear wave velocity (SWV) of the placenta. Use of SWV as a predictor of pre-eclampsia was also investigated by cre...

Aspirin In The Prevention Of Pre-Eclampsia: Where Are We Now?

What outcomes should researchers select, collect, and report in pre-eclampsia research? A qualitative study exploring the views of women with lived experience of pre-eclampsia.

To identify outcomes relevant to women with lived experience of pre-eclampsia.

Association of pre-eclampsia risk with maternal levels of folate, homocysteine and vitamin B12 in Colombia: A case-control study.

Maternal serum concentrations of folate, homocysteine, and vitamin B12 have been associated with pre-eclampsia. Nevertheless, reported studies involve limited number of cases to reliably assess the nature of these associations. Our aim was to examine the relation of these three biomarkers with pre-eclampsia risk in a large Colombian population.

Prediction of pre-eclampsia: review of reviews.

Primary studies and systematic reviews provide varied accuracy estimates for prediction of pre-eclampsia. We undertook a review of published systematic reviews to collate published evidence on the ability of available tests to predict pre-eclampsia, to identify high value avenues for future research and to minimise future research waste in this field.

The vitamin D and calcium controversy: an update.

Calcium and vitamin D supplementation is widely recommended for prevention of falls and fracture, particularly in the elderly where calcium intakes and vitamin D levels are often inadequate. A number of meta-analyses have questioned the benefits of untargeted or 'holistic' supplementation for falls and fracture, and raised the possibility of adverse cardiovascular effects. This review provides an update on these controversies.

Interventionist versus expectant care for severe pre-eclampsia between 24 and 34 weeks' gestation.

Severe pre-eclampsia can cause significant mortality and morbidity for both mother and child, particularly when it occurs remote from term, between 24 and 34 weeks' gestation. The only known cure for this disease is delivery. Some obstetricians advocate early delivery to ensure that the development of serious maternal complications, such as eclampsia (fits) and kidney failure are prevented. Others prefer a more expectant approach, delaying delivery in an attempt to reduce the mortality and morbidity for the...

Pre-eclampsia is associated with altered expression of the renal sodium transporters NKCC2, NCC and ENaC in urinary extracellular vesicles.

Pre-eclampsia is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy characterised by hypertension and sodium retention by the kidneys. To identify changes in sodium uptake proteins in the tubules of the distal nephron, we studied their expression in urinary extracellular vesicles or exosomes (uEVs). Urine was collected from women with pre-eclampsia or during normal pregnancy, and from healthy non-pregnant controls. uEVs were isolated by centrifugation and analyzed by Western blot. Expression, proteolytic cleavage and pho...

Pre-eclampsia and the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in offspring: Findings from the ALSPAC birth cohort study.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent heterogeneous neurodevelopmental syndrome associated with various environmental factors. This study examined the association between maternal pre-eclampsia and offspring ADHD at 7- and 10-years. The study cohort consisted of more than 7200 children who participated in Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort study. ADHD was diagnosed using parent reported Development and Wellbeing Assessment (DAWBA). Log-binomial reg...

Dietary factors associated with preeclampsia or eclampsia among women in delivery care services in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a case control study.

Preeclampsia or eclampsia, which is one of the direct obstetric complication, results in maternal and child morbidity and mortality. The factors associated with it remains unclear. So, the aim of the study was to assess the dietary factors associated with preeclampsia or eclampsia among women in delivery care services in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

A prospective study of the influence of the skeleton on calcium mass transfer during hemodialysis.

Calcium gradient, the difference between serum calcium and dialysate calcium d[Ca], is the main contributor factor influencing calcium transfer during hemodialysis. The impact, however, of bone turnover, on calcium mass transfer during hemodialysis is still uncertain.

Calcium Metabolism and Skeletal Changes during Pregnancy and Lactation.

Calcium metabolism changes dramatically during pregnancy and lactation because offspring needs a supply of calcium. Approximately 30g of calcium, which passes through the placenta, is accumulated in a fetus during pregnancy mostly in the third trimester, and 220-340mg/day of calcium is supplied via breast milk during lactation. However, there are elaborate mechanisms to maintain maternal calcium homeostasis, which differs during pregnancy and lactation. Extra required calcium supply to the offspring in neit...

Calcium detection, its quantification, and grayscale morphology-based risk stratification using machine learning in multimodality big data coronary and carotid scans: A review.

Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke. Typically, atherosclerotic calcium is found during the mature stage of the atherosclerosis disease. It is therefore often a challenge to identify and quantify the calcium. This is due to the presence of multiple components of plaque buildup in the arterial walls. The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines point to the importance of calcium in the coronary and carotid arteries and further recommend ...

Altered methylation and expression patterns of genes regulating placental nitric oxide pathway in patients with severe preeclampsia.

Pre-eclampsia is a common pregnancy disorder syndrome whose molecular mechanism is not clear. Nitric oxide (NO) is a key regulator of placentation. Reduction of NO has previously been associated with endothelial dysfunction in pre-eclamptic women. Therefore, we measured expression and methylation of some placental genes that were involved in NO pathway like named ARG II, PRMT1 and DDAH2 in pre-eclampsia and normal pregnancies in order to determine whether impairment of expression of these genes in the pre-e...

Effectiveness of a SCERTS Model-Based Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Hong Kong: A Pilot Study.

A SCERTS model-based intervention with different durations (5-month vs. 10-month) was provided to 122 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (age = 53.43 ± 9.05 months) in Hong Kong. Before and after the intervention, the children were assessed with the Chinese Psychoeducational Profile-Third Edition (CPEP-3) and the Developmental Assessment Chart (DAC). Educators and parents expressed their views toward the intervention in focus groups. Results showed that participating children improved sig...

Effect of Calcium Citrate versus Calcium Carbonate on elevated PTH after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. A Double-blinded, Randomized Trial.

Following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels potentially harmful to bone health are commonly observed. Owing to assumed superior absorption, calcium citrate is often recommended over calcium carbonate following RYGB for the treatment of elevated PTH. We aimed to investigate the impact of either calcium carbonate or calcium citrate (1200 mg elementary calcium) in patients with elevated PTH levels following RYGB.

Calcium signalling and breast cancer.

The past two decades have seen the identification of important roles for calcium signalling in many of the hallmarks of cancer. One of the cancer types that has been a particular focus of such studies is breast cancer. The breast is intrinsically linked to the calcium ion due to the importance of milk calcium in neonatal growth and development. Indeed, some of the calcium channels and pumps involved in transporting calcium ions into milk also have altered expression in some breast cancers. However, altered ...

Assessment of NICE and USPSTF guidelines for identifying women at high risk of pre-eclampsia for tailoring aspirin prophylaxis in pregnancy: An individual participant data meta-analysis.

To assess the accuracy of the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines for predicting pre-eclampsia in pregnancy to guide aspirin prophylaxis.

Global inequities in dietary calcium intake during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Evidence shows that adequate calcium intake during pregnancy reduces the risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. In most low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) daily calcium intake is well below recommendations. To map calcium intakes during pregnancy worldwide and identify populations with low calcium intake will provide the evidence base to more targeted actions to improve intakes.

Vitamin D, Calcium, or Combined Supplementation for the Primary Prevention of Fractures in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Recommendation Statement.

The potential ecological effects of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate in dental caries prevention.

Contemporary caries prevention protocols recommend not only effective remineralizing agents but also ecological measures to reverse the dental plaque dysbiosis responsible for the disease pathogenesis. There is a high-level of evidence supporting the remineralizing efficacy of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP) from studies around the world. There is now emerging evidence that CPP-ACP may also have a beneficial influence on the dental plaque microbial ecology and homeostasis. The ec...

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