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07:14 EDT 20th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Calvert Laboratories" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 470

Laboratory Safety in Parasitology Laboratory.

Working in a laboratory is very difficult and needs special attention. Laboratory workers can be exposed to numerous potential hazards including chemical, biological, physical, and radioactive. That is why it is really important to follow the working principles in laboratories for the sake of the lab analyzers and others who work with them in the lab. Laboratory safety includes the use of certain laboratory rules, methods, infrastructures, and devices during work to protect the working person and the workin...


Optimization of laboratory procedures for intrauterine insemination: survey of methods in relation to clinical outcome.

There is a wide practice variation of used methods and outcomes in IUI in fertility laboratories. Standardization of the IUI procedure is important for reducing inconsistency among laboratories in counseling infertile couples and in pregnancy results. The aim of the study was to evaluate the currently used laboratory procedures of IUI in Dutch fertility laboratories and their effect on IUI pregnancy results. Additionally, the methods for semen analysis (SA) were evaluated, as SA is related to IUI in terms o...

Challenges in the analysis of novel flame retardants in indoor dust: results of the INTERFLAB 2 interlaboratory evaluation.

The Interlaboratory Study of Novel Flame Retardants (INTERFLAB 2) was conducted by 20 laboratories in 12 countries to test the precision and accuracy of the analysis of 24 "novel" flame retardants (NFRs). Laboratories analyzed NFRs in injection-ready test mixtures, in extracts of residential dust, and in residential dust to evaluate the influence of dust handling and extraction. For test mixtures, mean reported concentrations of PBT, PBEB, EH-TBB, TBBPA, TBDP-TAZTO, TBOEP, α-TBCO, β-DBE-DBCH, and total HB...


Proficiency testing for the detection of Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus demonstrates global capacity to detect MERS-CoV.

The first reported case of Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection was identified in Saudi Arabia in September 2012, since which time there have been over 2,000 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 750 deaths in 27 countries. Nucleic acid testing (NAT) is the preferred method for the detection of MERS-CoV. A single round of a Proficiency Testing Program (PTP) was used to assess the capability of laboratories globally to accurately detect the presence of MERS-CoV using NAT. A panel...

Consensus on BCR-ABL1 reporting in chronic myeloid leukaemia in the UK.

For patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), treatment guidelines recommend monitoring response to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) by testing the BCR-ABL1 fusion gene transcript level using reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Despite recent efforts to standardise protocols for BCR-ABL1 testing, some variability remains among laboratories in the UK regarding the techniques used and the approach to reporting results. This increases the risk of misinterpretation...

Cell-Free DNA Analysis in Maternal Blood: Differences in Estimates between Laboratories with Different Methodologies Using a Propensity Score Approach.

To evaluate the failure rate and performance of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing, mainly in terms of detection rates for trisomy 21, performed by 2 laboratories using different analytical methods.

The American Society for Clinical Pathology's 2016-2017 Vacancy Survey of Medical Laboratories in the United States.

To determine the extent and distribution of workforce shortages within the nation's medical laboratories.

First inter-laboratory study of a Supercritical Fluid Chromatography method for the determination of pharmaceutical impurities.

Supercritical Fluid Chromatography (SFC) has known a strong regain of interest for the last 10 years, especially in the field of pharmaceutical analysis. Besides the development and validation of the SFC method in one individual laboratory, it is also important to demonstrate its applicability and transferability to various laboratories around the world. Therefore, an inter-laboratory study was conducted and published for the first time in SFC, to assess method reproducibility, and evaluate whether this chr...

Mapping of the US Domestic Influenza Virologic Surveillance Landscape.

Influenza virologic surveillance is critical each season for tracking influenza circulation, following trends in antiviral drug resistance, detecting novel influenza infections in humans, and selecting viruses for use in annual seasonal vaccine production. We developed a framework and process map for characterizing the landscape of US influenza virologic surveillance into 5 tiers of influenza testing: outpatient settings (tier 1), inpatient settings and commercial laboratories (tier 2), state public health ...

Commutability and traceability in EQA programs.

The concept of commutability of samples has focused laboratories on the importance of traceability. However, the critical role of External Quality Assurance (EQA) in achieving the primary role of traceability (i.e. facilitating comparable patient results in different laboratories) has largely been lost. The aim of this paper is to review the role of EQA in achieving traceable results.

International descriptive and interventional survey for oxycholesterol determination by gas- and liquid-chromatographic methods.

Increasing numbers of laboratories develop new methods based on gas-liquid and high-performance liquid chromatography to determine serum concentrations of oxygenated cholesterol metabolites such as 7α-, 24(S)-, and 27-hydroxycholesterol. We initiated a first international descriptive oxycholesterol (OCS) survey in 2013 and a second interventional survey 2014 in order to compare levels of OCS reported by different laboratories and to define possible sources of analytical errors. In 2013 a set of two lyophil...

NIST interlaboratory studies involving DNA mixtures (MIX05 and MIX13): Variation observed and lessons learned.

Interlaboratory studies are a type of collaborative exercise in which many laboratories are presented with the same set of data to interpret, and the results they produce are examined to get a "big picture" view of the effectiveness and accuracy of analytical protocols used across participating laboratories. In 2005 and again in 2013, the Applied Genetics Group of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted interlaboratory studies involving DNA mixture interpretation. In the 2005 NIS...

Assessment of the results of a 3-Year Program for National Standardization and Quality Improvement of Medical Laboratories on Drug of Abuse Testing by the Ministry of Health in Turkey.

The aim of this study is to assess the results of inspections in the last 3 years on drug abuse testing in medical laboratories according to the last regulations in Turkey.

The Kodak Syndrome: Risks and Opportunities Created by Decentralization of Forensic Capabilities.

Forensic science laboratories are being challenged by the expanding decentralization of forensic capabilities, particularly for digital traces. This study recommends laboratories undertake digital transformations to capitalize on the decentralization movement, develop a more comprehensive understanding of crime and security-relevant problems, and play a more central role in problem-solving collaboratively with law enforcement organizations and other stakeholders. A framework for the bilateral transfer of in...

National surveys on internal quality control for blood gas analysis and related electrolytes in clinical laboratories of China.

Internal quality control (IQC) is essential for precision evaluation and continuous quality improvement. This study aims to investigate the IQC status of blood gas analysis (BGA) in clinical laboratories of China from 2014 to 2017.

Metabolic Profiling: Status, Challenges, and Perspective.

Metabolic profiling has advanced greatly in the past decade and evolved from the status of a research topic of a small number of highly specialized laboratories to the status of a major field applied by several hundreds of laboratories, numerous national centers, and core facilities. The present chapter provides our view on the status of the remaining challenges and a perspective of this fascinating research area.

Harmonization of microbiology processes and standards: work in progress.

Clinical microbiology is a highly challenging technical discipline, which makes it difficult to harmonize processes and protocols. In addition, the lack of scientific consensus on some diagnostic algorithms and the need to address the diverse needs of different patient populations contribute to the lack of interlaboratory consistency. Laboratories utilize a number of measures and metrics, but the lack of standardized approaches and data collection means that they cannot effectively evaluate their performanc...

Implications of and lessons learned from external assurance of eight influenza diagnostics in China.

This study evaluated the ability of laboratories in the Chinese mainland to conduct molecular detection of seasonal A(H1N1), A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), A(H5N1), A(H7N9), A(H9N2), B(Victoria), and B(Yamagata). Based on a genetically engineered system of virus-like particles (VLPs), the National Center for Clinical Laboratories of China (NCCLs) developed an external quality assessment (EQA) panel. The panel was distributed to 35 laboratories in mainland China to investigate the proficiency of the 16 assays for in...

Laboratory Diagnosis and Characterization of Fungal Disease in Patients with Cystic Fibrosis (CF): A Survey of Current UK Practice in a Cohort of Clinical Microbiology Laboratories.

There is much uncertainty as to how fungal disease is diagnosed and characterized in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). A 19-question anonymous electronic questionnaire was developed and distributed to ascertain current practice in clinical microbiology laboratories providing a fungal laboratory service to CF centres in the UK. Analyses of responses identified the following: (1) current UK laboratory practice, in general, follows the current guidelines, but the scope and diversity of what is currently bein...

External quality assessment schemes for glucose measurements in Germany: factors for successful participation, analytical performance and medical impact.

Determination of blood glucose concentration is one of the most important measurements in clinical chemistry worldwide. Analyzers in central laboratories (CL) and point-of-care tests (POCT) are both frequently used. In Germany, regular participation in external quality assessment (EQA) schemes is mandatory for laboratories performing glucose testing.

Challenges of RPR interpretation in syphilis screening in Uganda: variability in non-treponemal results between different laboratories.

Syphilis is a cause of morbidity and mortality and is of particular concern in pregnancy in low income countries because of risks associated with maternal-fetal transmission. Ugandan national guidelines recommend a non-treponemal Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) followed by treponemal testing for diagnosis of syphilis. The RPR test confirms a reactive specific treponemal test, or confirms serological 'cure' with a 4-fold dilutional decrease; RPR is beset with technical and biological limitations making accurate di...

Otopathology in the United States: History, Current Situation, and Future Perspectives.

: Human temporal bone studies have documented the pathophysiologic basis of many pathologic conditions and diseases affecting the ear, contributing to the development of specific clinical knowledge and pathology-oriented treatments. Researchers dedicated to the study of anatomy and histology of the temporal bone emanated from Europe to the United States during the first part of the 20th Century. The first otopathology laboratory was founded in the United States in 1924, at Johns Hopkins University; over tim...

A bacterium-based contact assay for evaluating the quality of solid samples-Results from an international ring-test.

The contact assay measuring the inhibition of Arthrobacter globiformis dehydrogenase activity as an endpoint to evaluate the toxicity of solid samples was tested in an international ring-test to validate its performance for ISO standardization (ISO/CD 18187). This work reports the results of the ring-test involving 9 laboratories from six countries. At least 8 valid data sets were obtained for each sample and more than three quarters of the participants attained the validity criteria defined in the standard...

Evidence for the positive impact of ISO 9001 and ISO 15189 quality systems on laboratory performance - evaluation of immunohaematology external quality assessment results during 19 years in Austria.

Background ISO 9001 and ISO 15189 have been established as continuative models for quality systems beyond national laws, mandatory standards and guidelines of expert associations regarding analytical and organisational performance of medical laboratories and transfusion services. Although widely used, their impact on laboratory performance has not been investigated. Methods We retrospectively analysed the results of 167 laboratories in 59 distributions of the Austrian red cell immunohaematology external qua...

Multicenter validation study for the certification of a CFTR gene scanning method using next generation sequencing technology.

Many European laboratories offer molecular genetic analysis of the CFTR gene using a wide range of methods to identify mutations causative of cystic fibrosis (CF) and CFTR-related disorders (CFTR-RDs). Next-generation sequencing (NGS) strategies are widely used in diagnostic practice, and CE marking is now required for most in vitro diagnostic (IVD) tests in Europe. The aim of this multicenter study, which involved three European laboratories specialized in CF molecular analysis, was to evaluate the perform...


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