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PubMed Journals Articles About "Candidates AAFP Presidency State Their Cases" RSS

23:06 EST 20th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Candidates AAFP Presidency State Their Cases" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

The National Landscape of Deceased Donor Kidney Transplantation for the Highly Sensitized: Transplant Rates, Waitlist Mortality, and Post-Transplant Survival Under KAS.

Deceased donor kidney transplantation (DDKT) rates for highly sensitized (HS) candidates increased early after implementation of the Kidney Allocation System (KAS) in 2014. However, this may represent a bolus effect, and a granular investigation of the current state of DDKT for HS candidates remains lacking. We studied 270,722 DDKT candidates from the SRTR from 12/4/2011-12/3/2014 ('pre-KAS') and 12/4/2014-12/3/2017 ('post-KAS'), analyzing DDKT rates for HS candidates using adjusted negative binomial regres...


Search for CP Violation in Neutrino and Antineutrino Oscillations by the T2K Experiment with 2.2×10^{21} Protons on Target.

The T2K experiment measures muon neutrino disappearance and electron neutrino appearance in accelerator-produced neutrino and antineutrino beams. With an exposure of 14.7(7.6)×10^{20} protons on target in the neutrino (antineutrino) mode, 89 ν_{e} candidates and seven anti-ν_{e} candidates are observed, while 67.5 and 9.0 are expected for δ_{CP}=0 and normal mass ordering. The obtained 2σ confidence interval for the CP-violating phase, δ_{CP}, does not include the CP-conserving cases (δ_{CP}=0, π). ...

Descriptive report of cases of congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus infection in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, from 2015 to 2017.

to characterize cases of congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus infection (CZS) and other infectious etiologies, resident in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, from October 30, 2015, to June 30, 2017.


Criminal liability of medical professionals in the São Paulo State Court of Appeals.

Objective To collect criminal justice data involving medical professionals in the São Paulo State Court of Appeals and to establish the number of criminal proceedings involving said professionals, the content of the accusations and the conviction rate per specialty. Methods A keyword search was carried out in the State Appellate Court case law website with the term "medical error" for decisions rendered from January 1st, 2011 to December 31st, 2016, and the subject "criminal law" was selected. Results A to...

Prevalence and risk factors of antibodies to human leukocyte antigens in haploidentical stem cell transplantation candidates: A multi-center study.

We investigated the prevalence of and risk factors for antibodies to HLA in 1,663 haploidentical transplant candidates. Among these cases, 349 (21.0%) showed positive panel-reactive antibody (PRA) either for class I or class II HLA. Multivariate analysis showed the following: i) risk factors associated with the prevalence of PRA either for class I or class II HLA were female gender (P=0.018), prior transfusions (P

An MS-CASPT2 Calculation of the Excited Electronic States of an Axial Difluoroborondipyrromethene (BODIPY) Dimer.

The previously reported (Duman et al., J. Org. Chem. 2012, 77, 4516) calculated state energies of monomeric difluoroborondipyrromethene (BODIPY) and its axial dimer would suggest that these dyes are promising candidates for singlet fission, and that the dimer was computed to have an unusual low-lying doubly excited state. We find that these results were affected by the use of an imbalanced active space in multireference calculations and are not correct. Multi-state complete-active-space second-order perturb...

Does the sequence of rotations in Multiple Mini Interview stations influence the candidates' performance?

In Multiple Mini Interviews (MMIs), the candidates start out with different stations depending on the sequence of rotation they are assigned; thus, their perceived difficulty level and nervousness with their first station may differ. We examined whether such differences influenced the candidates' overall performance in the MMI. A 32-item questionnaire was developed and administered to candidates for admission interviews at a medical school regarding their perceptions of the MMI. Candidates' interview scores...

Cryptococcal meningitis epidemiology: 17 years of experience in a State of the Brazilian Pantanal.

This study aimed to describe cryptococcal meningitis (CM) cases and the associated demographic, clinical, and microbiological data obtained from cities in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul in the Midwestern region of Brazil.

The role of inter-regional flows in the spread of epidemics in a city of regional influence with a tropical climate.

The aim of this research was to investigate the origin of imported cases of dengue in the city of Araraquara, Brazil and to describe the disease's main epidemiological characteristics. The study encompassed all confirmed cases of dengue recorded in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN) [Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação] from 1998 to 2013. Cases whose origin of infection was likely located outside Araraquara were considered imported. The epidemiological study entailed a de...

Changes in Practice and Perception of Hepatitis C and Liver Transplantation: Results of a National Survey.

With new practice guidelines, it is important to understand how liver transplant (LT) centers have incorporated direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) into the management of hepatitis C virus-infected (HCV+) candidates and recipients. To explore how DAAs have affected LT centers' willingness to treat HCV+ candidates and recipients and to use HCV+ donors, we surveyed high volume US LT centers (11/2014-12/2015) regarding practices for HCV+ candidates, recipients, and donors, before vs. after DAAs. We used the Scient...

The incidence of sexual violence among children and adolescents in Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, in 2012 and 2013.

The scope of this study was to establish the incidence of sexual violence against children and adolescents in Recife, State of Pernambuco (Brazil) between 2012 and 2013. Data was collected from the records of rape examination reports carried out at the Recife Institute of Forensic Medicine. Of the 867 cases recorded, 328 of the victims were children and adolescents. An incidence of 3.67 cases per 10,000 inhabitants in the 0 to 18 age range was identified. The majority of the victims were female (92.1%) betw...

Temporal Changes in the Composition of a Large Multicenter Kidney Exchange Clearinghouse: Do the Hard-to-Match Accumulate?

One criticism of kidney paired donation (KPD) is that easy-to-match candidates leave the registry quickly, thus concentrating the pool with hard-to-match sensitized and blood type O candidates. We studied candidate/donor pairs who registered with the National Kidney Registry, the largest US KPD clearinghouse, from 1/2012-6/2016. There were no changes in age, gender, BMI, race, ABO, or PRA of newly registering candidates over time, with consistent registration of hard-to-match candidates (59% type O and 38% ...

Dengue 4 in Ceará, Brazil: characterisation of epidemiological and laboratorial aspects and causes of death during the first epidemic in the state.

BACKGROUND The first dengue cases in Brazil with laboratory confirmation occurred in the northern region of the country, with the isolation of two serotypes, dengue virus 1 (DENV-1) and DENV-4. In Ceará, the introduction of DENV-4 was reported during a DENV-1 epidemic in 2011, with only two isolations. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to characterise the first DENV-4 epidemic in the state of Ceará, Brazil. METHODS The study population was composed of patients with suspected dengue that were reported t...

At all hospitals in the State of Iowa over a decade, the number of cases performed during weekends or holidays increased approximately proportionally to the total caseload.

We tested the hypothesis that over many years - a decade - hospitals' proportions of surgical cases that were performed on weekends and holidays remained stable.

Significantly Lower Rates of Kidney Transplantation among Candidates Listed with the Veterans Administration: A National and Local Comparison.

The process for evaluating kidney transplant candidates and applicable centers is distinct for patients with Veterans Administration (VA) coverage. We compared transplant rates between candidates on the kidney waiting list with VA coverage and those with other primary insurance.

Conclusive Experimental Demonstration of One-Way Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Steering.

Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen steering is a quantum phenomenon wherein one party influences, or steers, the state of a distant party's particle beyond what could be achieved with a separable state, by making measurements on one-half of an entangled state. This type of quantum nonlocality stands out through its asymmetric setting and even allows for cases where one party can steer the other but where the reverse is not true. A series of experiments have demonstrated one-way steering in the past, but all were based...

Acute Chagas disease in the state of Pará, Amazon Region: is it increasing?

Acute Chagas disease (ACD) has a distinct epidemiological profile in the Amazon Region, with cases and outbreaks of Trypanosoma cruzi infection being possibly related to the ingestion of contaminated food. Data on ACD in the state of Pará retrieved from 2000 to 2016 from the Brazilian Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) were evaluated. During this period, 2,030 of the 16,807 reported cases were confirmed, with a higher incidence between the months of August and December, thus characterising a se...

Molecular diagnosis of Strongyloides stercoralis among transplant candidates.

Strongyloidiasis can occur without any symptoms or as a potentially fatal hyperinfection or disseminated infection, principally in immunosuppressed patients. Our study aimed to evaluate the application of conventional polymerase chain reaction (cPCR) and real-time PCR (qPCR). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real-time PCR (qPCR) targeting the 18S rRNA gene for detection of Strongyloides stercoralis infection among transplant candidates were applied in stool samples obtained from 150 transplant candidates...

The Economic Problem of Candidacy.

Candidates frequently accept one or multiple low-fee cases as part of their training experience. Although the practical and unconscious meanings of the formerly taboo topic of money have recently been discussed in the literature, the candidate's experience in regard to the fee is rarely discussed. The author argues that the candidate is positioned to face a Gordian knot of personal, training, and clinical intensity in the duration of training that impacts casework. This paper discusses two prototypical char...

Liver Transplantation and Waitlist Mortality for HCC and Non-HCC Candidates Following the 2015 HCC Exception Policy Change.

Historically, exception points for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) led to higher transplant rates and lower waitlist mortality compared to non-HCC candidates. As of October 2015, HCC candidates must wait 6 months after initial application to obtain exception points; the impact of this policy remains unstudied. Using 2013-2017 SRTR data, we identified 39,350 adult, first-time, active waitlist candidates and compared deceased-donor liver transplant (DDLT) rates, and waitlist mortality/dropout for HCC versus no...

Human sporotrichosis: A zoonotic outbreak in southern Brazil, 2012-2017.

Zoonotic sporotrichosis has undergone a geographical expansion in Brazil in the last decade. Rio Grande do Sul (RS) is the second state of the country in which a number of feline sporotrichosis cases have been described. Since cats are the main zoonotic source of infection, this study aimed to describe 100 cases of human sporotrichosis occurring in the last 5 years in the southern region of RS, Brazil. In addition, we aimed to illustrate the zoonotic importance of the disease, describing four cases in the s...

Medical Malpractice in Orthopedic Surgery: A Westlaw-Based Demographic Analysis.

A recent study that evaluated the risk of facing a malpractice claim by physician specialty found that orthopedic surgeons were at a significantly greater risk of being sued than other medical specialists. To date, no studies have characterized trends in orthopedic surgery malpractice claims. The Westlaw legal database was used to locate state and federal jury verdicts and settlements related to medical malpractice and orthopedic surgery from 2010 to 2016. Eighty-one cases were analyzed. The mean age of the...

NIST interlaboratory studies involving DNA mixtures (MIX13): A modern analysis.

MIX13 was an interlaboratory exercise directed by NIST in 2013. The goal of the exercise was to evaluate the general state of interpretation methods in use at the time across the forensic community within the US and Canada and to measure the consistency in mixture interpretation. The findings were that there was a large variation in analysts' interpretations between and within laboratories. Within this work, we sought to evaluate the same mock mixture cases analyzed in MIX13 but with a more current view of ...

Nasojejunal-stent technique (NJST): A new system to prevent fully covered metal stent migration in the treatment of benign esophageal diseases.

Fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMS) have been used for the treatment of benign esophageal conditions such as perforation, leaks, and strictures [1]; high clinical success is reported [2]. Different anchoring methods have been described (clips, suturing devices, over-the-scope clips and Shim technique [2]), because of high migration rates (4-36%) [3,4]. However, not all cases are candidates, mostly in "difficult" cases where enteral feeding is needed [5]. We report the use of the nasojejunal-...

Estimation of 2D to 3D dimensions and proportionality indices for facial examination.

Photo-anthropometry is a metric-based facial image comparison technique where measurements of the face are taken from an image using predetermined facial landmarks. In particular, dimensions and proportionality indices (DPIs) are compared to DPIs from another facial image. Different studies concluded that photo-anthropometric facial comparison, as it is currently practiced, is unsuitable for elimination purposes. The major limitation is the need for images acquired under very restrictive, controlled conditi...


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