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PubMed Journals Articles About "Candidates AAFP Presidency State Their Cases" RSS

13:39 EDT 19th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Candidates AAFP Presidency State Their Cases" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 15,000+

AAFP News: AFP Edition.


AAFP News: AFP Edition.

Performance of candidates disclosing dyslexia with other candidates in a UK medical licensing examination: cross-sectional study.

The aim of this study was to compare performance of candidates who declared an expert-confirmed diagnosis of dyslexia with all other candidates in the Applied Knowledge Test (AKT) of the Membership of the Royal College of General Practitioners licensing examination.


Modulation of autophagy as a strategy for development of new vaccine candidates against tuberculosis.

Effective prevention of tuberculosis (Tb) would undoubtedly be of paramount relevance in the control of its global burden, which resulted in more than 6 million new cases in 2016. Research aimed to improve the current vaccine, Bacillus Calmette- Guérin (BCG), or directed to develop new candidates, has taken into account the interaction between the host and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Recently, autophagy, an intracellular process of the host, has been shown to act as a mechanism that contributes to ba...

Criminal liability of medical professionals in the São Paulo State Court of Appeals.

Objective To collect criminal justice data involving medical professionals in the São Paulo State Court of Appeals and to establish the number of criminal proceedings involving said professionals, the content of the accusations and the conviction rate per specialty. Methods A keyword search was carried out in the State Appellate Court case law website with the term "medical error" for decisions rendered from January 1st, 2011 to December 31st, 2016, and the subject "criminal law" was selected. Results A to...

Prevalence and risk factors of antibodies to human leukocyte antigens in haploidentical stem cell transplantation candidates: A multi-center study.

We investigated the prevalence of and risk factors for antibodies to HLA in 1,663 haploidentical transplant candidates. Among these cases, 349 (21.0%) showed positive panel-reactive antibody (PRA) either for class I or class II HLA. Multivariate analysis showed the following: i) risk factors associated with the prevalence of PRA either for class I or class II HLA were female gender (P=0.018), prior transfusions (P

An MS-CASPT2 Calculation of the Excited Electronic States of an Axial Difluoroborondipyrromethene (BODIPY) Dimer.

The previously reported (Duman et al., J. Org. Chem. 2012, 77, 4516) calculated state energies of monomeric difluoroborondipyrromethene (BODIPY) and its axial dimer would suggest that these dyes are promising candidates for singlet fission, and that the dimer was computed to have an unusual low-lying doubly excited state. We find that these results were affected by the use of an imbalanced active space in multireference calculations and are not correct. Multi-state complete-active-space second-order perturb...

Does the sequence of rotations in Multiple Mini Interview stations influence the candidates' performance?

In Multiple Mini Interviews (MMIs), the candidates start out with different stations depending on the sequence of rotation they are assigned; thus, their perceived difficulty level and nervousness with their first station may differ. We examined whether such differences influenced the candidates' overall performance in the MMI. A 32-item questionnaire was developed and administered to candidates for admission interviews at a medical school regarding their perceptions of the MMI. Candidates' interview scores...

Prevalence of Chagas disease among blood donors in Piauí State, Brazil, from 2004 to 2013.

Despite the decline in prevalence of Chagas disease in Brazil, the Northeast region of the country has favorable conditions for its resurgence. The study aimed to analyze positive Chagas disease serology rates among blood donors in Piauí State from 2004 to 2013. Prevalence of positive Chagas disease serology in blood donor screening was 1%, ranging from 0.4% in the Uruçuí Regional Health District to 2.4% in the São Raimundo Nonato Regional Health District. Of the state's 220 municipalities, 58.6% report...

Dengue in Araraquara, state of São Paulo: epidemiology, climate and Aedes aegypti infestation.

OBJECTIVE To describe the epidemiology of dengue in a medium-sized city in the state of São Paulo. METHODS Data, such as circulating serotypes, severe cases and deaths, age group, sex, among others, were obtained on reported and confirmed dengue cases in Araraquara, state of São Paulo, between 1991 and 2015. Climatic and infestation data were also analyzed. These variables were evaluated descriptively, using statistical measures such as frequencies, averages, minimum and maximum. Dengue incidence rates we...

The role of inter-regional flows in the spread of epidemics in a city of regional influence with a tropical climate.

The aim of this research was to investigate the origin of imported cases of dengue in the city of Araraquara, Brazil and to describe the disease's main epidemiological characteristics. The study encompassed all confirmed cases of dengue recorded in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN) [Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação] from 1998 to 2013. Cases whose origin of infection was likely located outside Araraquara were considered imported. The epidemiological study entailed a de...

State-based Review of Maternal Deaths: The Ohio Experience.

Ohio established a Pregnancy-Associated Mortality Review system in 2010 to ensure that all maternal deaths are identified and preventive actions developed. The need for detailed and reliable information to supplement vital statistics data has led to the development of state-based and urban-based maternal death reviews. Although processes vary from state to state, in general, an expert panel is convened to review individual cases and make recommendations for systems change. This article describes the develop...

The incidence of sexual violence among children and adolescents in Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, in 2012 and 2013.

The scope of this study was to establish the incidence of sexual violence against children and adolescents in Recife, State of Pernambuco (Brazil) between 2012 and 2013. Data was collected from the records of rape examination reports carried out at the Recife Institute of Forensic Medicine. Of the 867 cases recorded, 328 of the victims were children and adolescents. An incidence of 3.67 cases per 10,000 inhabitants in the 0 to 18 age range was identified. The majority of the victims were female (92.1%) betw...

Temporal Changes in the Composition of a Large Multicenter Kidney Exchange Clearinghouse: Do the Hard-to-Match Accumulate?

One criticism of kidney paired donation (KPD) is that easy-to-match candidates leave the registry quickly, thus concentrating the pool with hard-to-match sensitized and blood type O candidates. We studied candidate/donor pairs who registered with the National Kidney Registry, the largest US KPD clearinghouse, from 1/2012-6/2016. There were no changes in age, gender, BMI, race, ABO, or PRA of newly registering candidates over time, with consistent registration of hard-to-match candidates (59% type O and 38% ...

At all hospitals in the State of Iowa over a decade, the number of cases performed during weekends or holidays increased approximately proportionally to the total caseload.

We tested the hypothesis that over many years - a decade - hospitals' proportions of surgical cases that were performed on weekends and holidays remained stable.

Trump and the GOP agenda: implications for retirement policy.

Policymakers need to act to protect Americans' retirement security. A significant portion of Americans are at risk of not being able to maintain their standard of living in retirement and research suggests that this percentage is likely to grow. This commentary provides background on the current state of American retirement, highlights recent efforts to reform retirement policy, and predicts what to expect under President Donald Trump. Retirement has not been a major focus of national policymakers in recent...

Significantly Lower Rates of Kidney Transplantation among Candidates Listed with the Veterans Administration: A National and Local Comparison.

The process for evaluating kidney transplant candidates and applicable centers is distinct for patients with Veterans Administration (VA) coverage. We compared transplant rates between candidates on the kidney waiting list with VA coverage and those with other primary insurance.

A Three-State System Based on Branched DNA Hybrids.

There is a need for materials that respond to chemical or physical stimuli through a change in their structure. While a transition between water-soluble form and solid is not uncommon for DNA-based structures, systems that transition between three different states at room temperature and ambient pressure are rare. Here we report the preparation of branched DNA hybrids with eight oligodeoxycytidylate arms via solution-phase, H-phosphonate-based synthesis. Some hybrids assemble into hydrogels upon lowering th...

Selection of Candidates for Lung Transplantation and Controversial Issues.

Lung transplantation is a widely accepted treatment to manage the advanced stages of many lung diseases that have failed to respond to all other therapeutic interventions. There have been ever-expanding indications for lung transplantation as a treatment for lung disease. The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) updated guidelines for candidate selection in 2014. This document was published to serve as a guide in selecting appropriate candidates for lung transplantation. Ideal ca...

Acute Chagas disease in the state of Pará, Amazon Region: is it increasing?

Acute Chagas disease (ACD) has a distinct epidemiological profile in the Amazon Region, with cases and outbreaks of Trypanosoma cruzi infection being possibly related to the ingestion of contaminated food. Data on ACD in the state of Pará retrieved from 2000 to 2016 from the Brazilian Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) were evaluated. During this period, 2,030 of the 16,807 reported cases were confirmed, with a higher incidence between the months of August and December, thus characterising a se...

Molecular diagnosis of Strongyloides stercoralis among transplant candidates.

Strongyloidiasis can occur without any symptoms or as a potentially fatal hyperinfection or disseminated infection, principally in immunosuppressed patients. Our study aimed to evaluate the application of conventional polymerase chain reaction (cPCR) and real-time PCR (qPCR). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real-time PCR (qPCR) targeting the 18S rRNA gene for detection of Strongyloides stercoralis infection among transplant candidates were applied in stool samples obtained from 150 transplant candidates...

The Economic Problem of Candidacy.

Candidates frequently accept one or multiple low-fee cases as part of their training experience. Although the practical and unconscious meanings of the formerly taboo topic of money have recently been discussed in the literature, the candidate's experience in regard to the fee is rarely discussed. The author argues that the candidate is positioned to face a Gordian knot of personal, training, and clinical intensity in the duration of training that impacts casework. This paper discusses two prototypical char...

Medical Malpractice in Orthopedic Surgery: A Westlaw-Based Demographic Analysis.

A recent study that evaluated the risk of facing a malpractice claim by physician specialty found that orthopedic surgeons were at a significantly greater risk of being sued than other medical specialists. To date, no studies have characterized trends in orthopedic surgery malpractice claims. The Westlaw legal database was used to locate state and federal jury verdicts and settlements related to medical malpractice and orthopedic surgery from 2010 to 2016. Eighty-one cases were analyzed. The mean age of the...

Nasojejunal-stent technique (NJST): A new system to prevent fully covered metal stent migration in the treatment of benign esophageal diseases.

Fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMS) have been used for the treatment of benign esophageal conditions such as perforation, leaks, and strictures [1]; high clinical success is reported [2]. Different anchoring methods have been described (clips, suturing devices, over-the-scope clips and Shim technique [2]), because of high migration rates (4-36%) [3,4]. However, not all cases are candidates, mostly in "difficult" cases where enteral feeding is needed [5]. We report the use of the nasojejunal-...

Diarrheal diseases and hospitalization of children under five years of age according to population-based surveys in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, in the years 1997 and 2006.

The scope of this paper was to assess the temporal and geographical trends of diarrhea and its implications on the demands of hospitalizations of children under five years of age in the state of Pernambuco in 1997 and 2006. Databases of two population-based surveys were assessed with probabilistic samples of 2078 children (1997) and 1650 children (2006) evaluated in 18 municipalities of Pernambuco, including the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Urban Interior and Rural Interior. Prevalence was considered to i...


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