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11:12 EST 12th December 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Candidates AAFP Presidency State Their Cases" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

Firearm lobbying, suicide prevention, and the Trump presidency.


Epidemiological study of scorpion stings in the Rio Grande do Norte State, Northeastern Brazil.

This communication is a retrospective epidemiological study of the scorpion sting cases recorded from 2007 to 2014 in the Rio Grande do Norte State, Northeastern Brazil. The data was collected from the Injury Notification Information System database of the Health Department of Rio Grande do Norte State. A total of 20,555 cases were studied. The cases were distributed over all months of the period studied and occurred mainly in urban areas. Victims were predominantly 20-29 year-old women. Most victims were s...

Management of Chronic Pain and Opioid Misuse: A Position Paper from the AAFP.


AAFP PRESIDENT PLEDGES 'HONEST, BEST EFFORT' TOWARD BETTER FUTURE FOR FAMILY PHYSICIANS.

Paracoccidioidomycosis: Epidemiological and Clinical Aspects in 546 Cases Studied in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil.

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is an endemic disease in the southeast region of Brazil, which includes the state of Espírito Santo (ES). This historic case series analyses 546 patients treated in this state from 1978 to 2012. Patients aged from 7 to 83 years, 509 males and 37 females, yielding a ratio of 13.7:1. Most of the patients (81.4%) originated from rural areas in ES, 71.0% being farmers. A higher concentration of cases was observed in municipalities located along the western range of the state. Sixty...

West Nile Review: 15 Years of Human Disease in South Dakota, 2002-2016.

During the past 15 years, 2002-2016, West Nile virus (WNV) has emerged in South Dakota resulting in 509 neuroinvasive disease (NID) cases, 745 hospitalizations and 38 deaths. Culex tarsalis is the state's primary mosquito vector. South Dakota's average annual incidence of WNV-NID and death rate are the highest of any state in the U.S. WNV cases have been reported from all counties in the state. All age groups have been infected with cases peaking in the 40-44 year age group, but deaths peaking in cases 70 y...

Factors associated with TB/HIV coinfection: evidence from notification data in the State of Amazonas, Brazil, 2001-2012.

Tuberculosis (TB) in persons living with HIV (PLHIV) is the leading infectious cause of AIDS-related death. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of TB/HIV coinfection, evaluate notification of the two diseases over time by probabilistic database linkage, and identify factors associated with AIDS and TB notifications. Prevalence of TB/HIV coinfection was 7.7%. The group of PLHIV with subsequent TB diagnosis was the most representative, despite available preventive measures. Underreporting of ...

Frequency and spatial distribution of animal and object hoarder behavior in Curitiba, Paraná State, Brazil.

This study aimed to establish the frequency and spatial distribution of animal and object hoarding in Curitiba (Paraná State), the eighth most populous city in Brazil. All hoarding complaints received by the City Secretaries of Health, Environment and Social Assistance between September 2013 and April 2015 were collected (n = 226) and suspicious cases were individually investigated. A total of 113/226 (50%) of complaints were confirmed as hoarding cases, representing an overall ratio of 6.45 cases per 100,...

The epidemiology of snakebite in the Rio Grande do Norte State, Northeastern Brazil.

This report is a retrospective study of the epidemiology of snakebite cases recorded from 2007 to 2014 in the Rio Grande do Norte State, northeastern Brazil. Data was collected from the Injury Notification Information System database of the Health Department of Rio Grande do Norte. A total of 3,019 cases were studied. Cases were distributed over all months of the period studied and occurred mainly in rural areas. Snakes of the genus Bothrops, Crotalus, Micrurus, Lachesis and non-venomous snakes were respons...

In silico analysis to identify vaccine candidates common to multiple serotypes of Shigella and evaluation of their immunogenicity.

Shigellosis or bacillary dysentery is an important cause of diarrhea, with the majority of the cases occurring in developing countries. Considering the high disease burden, increasing antibiotic resistance, serotype-specific immunity and the post-infectious sequelae associated with shigellosis, there is a pressing need of an effective vaccine against multiple serotypes of the pathogen. In the present study, we used bio-informatics approach to identify antigens shared among multiple serotypes of Shigella spp...

Randomized phase 2 therapeutic equivalence study of abiraterone acetate fine particle formulation vs. originator abiraterone acetate in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: The STAAR study.

This multicenter, randomized, open-label, active-controlled study evaluated therapeutic equivalence, steady-state pharmacokinetics, and safety of a novel abiraterone acetate fine particle formulation (AAFP) 500mg plus methylprednisolone vs. the originator AA (OAA) 1000mg plus prednisone in men with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). The primary endpoint was a comparison of average of serum testosterone levels on treatment days 9 and 10 between groups.

Infectious Disease Outbreak Response: Mind the Rights Gap.

The international organization responsible for international coordinated response to disease outbreaks-the World Health Organization (WHO)-was given permission to receive reports from informants other than the state in revisions to the International Health Regulations (IHR) in 2005. However, the organization struggles to protect its corresponding right to receive reports from non-state actors on outbreak events. This article examines the consequences of this implementation gap between what is promised in th...

Handle with care: A systematic review on frailty in cardiac care and its usefulness in heart transplantation.

There is growing consensus that frailty, a state of vulnerability and a decline in functioning across multiple physiological body systems, is a valuable criterion to guide clinicians' risk prediction for poor outcomes in adult transplant candidates. In its 2016 listing criteria for heart transplantation the International Society for Heart Lung Transplantation recommends frailty assessment. We aimed to summarize the usefulness of frailty assessment in heart transplant candidates or recipients reported throug...

Carbon dots/polyvinylpyrrolidone hybrid nanofibers with efficient solid-state photoluminescence constructed by electrospinning technique.

Carbon dots (CDs) are the promising candidates for the application in the optoelectronic and biological areas due to their excellent photo-stability, unique photoluminescence, good biocompatibility, low toxicity and chemical inertness. However, the self-quenching of photoluminescence as they are dried into the solid-state dramatically limits their further applications. Therefore, realizing the efficient photoluminescence and large-scale production of CDs in the solid state is an urgent challenge. Herein, th...

Guidelines for the management of human brucellosis in the State of Paraná, Brazil.

Human brucellosis is a re-emerging disease with the potential for bioterrorism. The number of cases in Brazil has increased; however, the ideal management has not been established. These guidelines are intended for use by clinicians and other health-care workers providing medical care for patients with suspected brucellosis in the State of Paraná. We included a brief description of the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, prevention of exposure, prevention of disease by chemoprophylaxis, treatme...

Patients with cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas may benefit from expanded hypercoagulability and cancer screening.

OBJECTIVE Cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) have been associated with dural sinus occlusion, and previous reports have suggested the association of hypercoagulability with some cases. But the prevalence of a hypercoagulable state has not been systematically analyzed in conjunction with laboratory markers and clinical manifestations, including history of thromboembolism or systemic malignancy. The authors hypothesize that laboratory or clinical evidence of a hypercoagulable state, including cancer...

miRCarta: a central repository for collecting miRNA candidates.

The continuous increase of available biological data as consequence of modern high-throughput technologies poses new challenges for analysis techniques and database applications. Especially for miRNAs, one class of small non-coding RNAs, many algorithms have been developed to predict new candidates from next-generation sequencing data. While the amount of publications describing novel miRNA candidates keeps steadily increasing, the current gold standard database for miRNAs - miRBase - has not been updated s...

Child protective services utilization of child abuse pediatricians: A mixed methods study.

Several children's hospitals and medical schools across Texas have child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) who work closely with child protection workers to help ensure accurate assessments of the likelihood of maltreatment in cases of suspected abuse and neglect. Since the state does not mandate which cases should be referred to a CAP center, we were interested in studying factors that may influence workers' decisions to consult a CAP. We used a mixed methods study design consisting of a focus group followed by a...

Protecting a diamond quantum memory by charge state control.

In recent years, solid-state spin systems have emerged as promising candidates for quantum information processing. Prominent examples are the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond, phosphorous dopants in silicon (Si:P), rare-earth ions in solids and VSi-centers in silicon-carbide. The Si:P system has demonstrated that its nuclear spins can yield exceedingly long spin coherence times by eliminating the electron spin of the dopant. For NV centers, however, a proper charge state for storage of nuclear spin q...

Alteration of PDGFRβ-Akt-mTOR Pathway Signaling in Fibrosarcomatous Transformation of Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans.

Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a cutaneous mesenchymal tumor of intermediate malignancy and fibroblastic/myofibroblastic differentiation. Fibrosarcomatous (FS) component is a high-grade component of DFSP. The detailed oncogenic difference between DFSP and FS components is not clear. We thus investigated the Akt-mTOR pathway in both components. We used 65 tumor samples obtained from 65 patients. The phosphorylation of Akt-mTOR pathway proteins (Akt, mTOR, 4EBP1, and S6RP) and PDGFRα/β was assess...

De Novo Synthesis of Possible Candidates for the Inagami-Tamura Endogenous Digitalis-Like Factor (EDLF).

The de novo synthesis of possible candidates for the Inagami-Tamura endogenous digitalis-like factor (EDLF) was achieved in order to validate a previously proposed structure. Our synthetic approach involves a highly regio- and diastereoselective Mizoroki-Heck reaction and a Friedel-Crafts-type cyclodehydration to construct steroidal tetracycle 14 as a versatile common intermediate leading to seven 2,14β-dihydroxyestradiol analogues 1a-c, 2a-c, and 3 as possible candidates. By comparing the potency of inhib...

Heath Sector Network Governance and State-building in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Longstanding patterns of interaction exist between state and non-state actors seeking to improve public health in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). DRC is a weak state, and, in many cases, private actors have stepped in to fill the void created by the lack of state health care provision. However, the role of these interactions in creating a governance network in the health sector has been underexplored. Using data from 18 months of qualitative field research, this study aimed to explore governance netwo...

State-Specific Rates of Primary and Secondary Syphilis Among Men Who Have Sex with Men - United States, 2015.

In 2015, the rate of reported primary and secondary syphilis in the United States was 7.5 cases per 100,000 population, nearly four times the previous lowest documented rate of 2.1 in 2000 (1). In 2015, 81.7% of male primary and secondary syphilis cases with information on the sex of the sex partner were among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (collectively referred to as MSM) (1). These data suggest a disproportionate incidence of disease among MSM. However, attempts to quantify this dispa...

Atypical Presentations of Tularemia.

Francisella tularensis is a gram-negative coccobacillus that causes a condition commonly referred to as tularemia. There has been a dramatic increase in tularemia cases reported in South Dakota, many of which were challenging to diagnose due to atypical clinical manifestations. We describe an interesting case of pneumonic tularemia and summarize six similar cases, several of which presented with lung nodules suggestive of malignancy. According to the literature, this is only the third outbreak of pneumonic ...

Spatial distribution of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the state of Paraná, Brazil.

The geographic distribution of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) makes it a disease of major clinical importance in Brazil, where it is endemic in the state of Paraná. The objective of this study was to analyze the spatial distribution of CL in Paraná between 2001 and 2015, based on data from the Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (Information System for Notifiable Diseases) regarding autochthonous CL cases. Spatial autocorrelation was performed using Moran's Global Index and the Local Indicat...


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