Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journals Articles About "Cannabinoid Receptor Type Agonists Pipeline Insights 2017 Updated" RSS

13:42 EST 10th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Cannabinoid Receptor Type Agonists Pipeline Insights 2017 Updated PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Cannabinoid Receptor Type Agonists Pipeline Insights 2017 Updated articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Cannabinoid Receptor Type Agonists Pipeline Insights 2017 Updated" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Cannabinoid Receptor Type Agonists Pipeline Insights 2017 Updated news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Cannabinoid Receptor Type Agonists Pipeline Insights 2017 Updated Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Cannabinoid Receptor Type Agonists Pipeline Insights 2017 Updated for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Cannabinoid Receptor Type Agonists Pipeline Insights 2017 Updated Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Cannabinoid Receptor Type Agonists Pipeline Insights 2017 Updated Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Cannabinoid Receptor Type Agonists Pipeline Insights 2017 Updated" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 25,000+

The Chemistry and Pharmacology of Synthetic Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists as New Psychoactive Substances: Origins.

Synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists (SCRAs) have proliferated as new psychoactive substances (NPS) over the past decade. Relative to other classes of NPS, SCRAs are structurally heterogeneous; however, most SCRAs act as potent, high-efficacy agonists of cannabinoid type 1 and type 2 receptors (CB and CB, respectively). Characterization of the pharmacology and toxicology of these substances is hindered by the dynamic nature of the SCRA marketplace. Beyond basic pharmacological profiling at CB and CB rece...


Effect of cannabinoid receptor agonists on isolated rat atria.

Cannabinoid CB2 receptor agonists are under investigation for clinical use. At the same time, synthetic cannabinoids have been implicated in a number of deaths. One cause of death is thought to be cardiac arrest subsequent to extreme tachycardia. Central mechanisms are thought to play a role in this, with CB1 but not CB2 receptors thought to mediate central effects. However, the direct effects on cannabinoids on the heart is less well understood. We therefore tested the effects of cannabinoids on isolated r...

Reinforcing effects of opioid/cannabinoid mixtures in rhesus monkeys responding under a food/drug choice procedure.

Cannabinoid receptor agonists such as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ-THC) enhance the antinociceptive potency of mu opioid receptor agonists such as morphine, indicating that opioid/cannabinoid mixtures might be effective for treating pain. However, such enhancement will be beneficial only if cannabinoids do not also enhance adverse effects of opioids, including those related to abuse. In rhesus monkeys, cannabinoids fail to enhance and often decrease self-administration of the mu opioid receptor agonist ...


Involvement of the CB cannabinoid receptor in cell growth inhibition and G0/G1 cell cycle arrest via the cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 in renal cell carcinoma.

The anti-tumor properties of cannabinoids have been investigated in many in vitro and in vivo studies. Many of these anti-tumor effects are mediated via cannabinoid receptor types 1 and 2 (CB and CB), comprising the endocannabinoid system (ECS). In this study, we investigated the ECS based on CB and CB receptor gene and protein expression in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines. In view of their further use for potential treatments, we thus investigated the roles of CB and CB receptors in the anti-prolif...

Novel Fubinaca/Rimonabant hybrids as endocannabinoid system modulators.

The discovery of novel modulators of the cannabinoid system is a current topic in medicinal chemistry. In this paper, we report nine novel carboxamides designed as hybrids of Fubinaca family compounds and Rimonabant. These hybrids were obtained by linking the 1-benzyl-2,5-dichloroindazole-3-carboxylic acid to different amino acids bearing a hydrophobic side chain and three different C-terminus. The new chemical entities were tested in vitro to evaluate their bioactivity by means of receptor binding assays a...

Emerging strategies targeting cb cannabinoid receptor: biased agonism and allosterism.

During these last years, the CB cannabinoid receptor has emerged as a potential anti-inflammatory target in diseases such as multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease, ischemic stroke, autoimmune diseases, osteoporosis, and cancer. However, the development of clinically useful CB agonists reveals to be very challenging. Allosterism and biased-signaling mechanisms at CB receptor may offer new avenues for the development of improved CB receptor-targeted therapies. Although there ...

6-Benzhydryl-4-amino-quinolin-2-ones as Potent Cannabinoid Type 1 (CB1) Receptor Inverse Agonists and Chemical Modifications for Peripheral Selectivity.

A novel series of 6-benzhydryl-4-amino-quinolin-2-ones was discovered as cannabinoid type 1 receptor (CB1R) inverse agonists based on the high-throughput screening hit, compound 1a. Structure-activity relationships were studied to improve in vitro/in vivo pharmacology and restrict distribution to the peripheral circulation. We adopted several strategies such as increasing topological polar surface area, incorporating discrete polyethylene glycol side chains and targeting P-glycoprotein (P-gp) to minimize ac...

Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor agonists for acute stroke.

Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor agonists have been shown to have a neuroprotectant effect in reducing infarct size and improving functional outcome in animal models of cerebrovascular disease. However, the sedative effects of GABA receptor agonists have limited their wider application in people with acute stroke, due to the potential risk of stupor. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2013, and previously updated in 2014 and 2016.

The endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol regulates oligodendrocyte progenitor cell migration.

While the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) is thought to enhance the proliferation and differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) in vitro, less is known about how endogenous 2-AG may influence the migration of these cells. When we assessed this in Agarose drop and Boyden chemotaxis chamber assays, inhibiting the sn-1-diacylglycerol lipases α and β (DAGLs) that are responsible for 2-AG synthesis significantly reduced the migration of OPCs stimulated by platelet-derived growth ...

Synthetic cannabinoid use among a sample of individuals enrolled in community-based recovery programs: Are synthetic cannabinoids actually preferred to other drugs?

Over the past decade, availability and use of novel psychoactive substances such as synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists (SCRA) have proliferated globally. However, the prevalence of SCRAs use remains uncertain, as does the degree to which individuals reporting SCRA use prefer SCRA to other drugs.

Corrigendum to "Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists Reduce the Short-Term Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Oxidative Stress Linked to Excitotoxicity in the Rat Brain" Neuroscience 285C (2015) 97-106.

PPARα/CB1 receptor dual ligands as a novel therapy for alcohol use disorder: evaluation of a novel oleic acid conjugate in preclinical rat models.

Recent studies have demonstrated the utility of drugs modulating the endogenous cannabinoid system to control excessive alcohol intake. Among them, drugs interacting with acylethanolamide receptors including cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonists/inverse agonists, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR α) agonists or peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR λ) agonists have demonstrated utility in the reduction of alcohol intake in animal models. However, few studies have addre...

Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and cardiovascular protection in type 2 diabetes: a pathophysiology-based review of clinical implications.

Cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOT) with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA) have had variable results to date: with two CVOTs being positive and two concluding neutrality/safety results for primary cardiovascular outcome. Mechanistic insights delving into the pathophysiologic mechanisms that may link certain GLP-1 RA to cardioprotection may help define the application of this medication class in clinical practice based on the evidence of the CVOT data. We discuss the various mechanisms th...

Synthesis of novel 2-(1-adamantanylcarboxamido)thiophene derivatives. Selective cannabinoid type 2 (CB2) receptor agonists as potential agents for the treatment of skin inflammatory disease.

A set of CB2R ligands, based on the thiophene scaffold, was synthesized and evaluated in in vitro assays. Compounds 8c-i, k, l, bearing the 3-carboxylate and 2-(adamantan-1-yl)carboxamido groups together with apolar alkyl/aryl substituents at 5-position or at 4- and 5-positions of the thiophene ring possess high CB2R affinity at low nanomolar concentration, good receptor selectivity, and agonistic functional activity. The full agonist 8g, showing the best balance between receptor affinity and selectivity, ...

The novel peripherally active cannabinoid type 1 and serotonin type 3 receptor agonist AM9405 inhibits gastrointestinal motility and reduces abdominal pain in mouse models mimicking irritable bowel syndrome.

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) plays a crucial role in numerous physiological processes in the central and peripheral nervous systems. In the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, selective cannabinoid (CB) receptor agonists exert potent inhibitory actions on motility and pain signalling. In the present study, we used mouse models of diarrhea, hypermotility, and abdominal pain to examine whether a novel synthetic CB receptor agonist AM9405 [(2-(2,6-dihydroxy-4-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)phenyl)-1,3-dimethyl-1H-benzo[d]im...

Cannabinoid receptor types 1 and 2 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α: distribution in the skin of clinically healthy cats and cats with hypersensitivity dermatitis.

Cannabinoid receptors and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-α) are gaining recognition as potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of skin disorders.

Cannabis sativa: A comprehensive ethnopharmacological review of a medicinal plant with a long history.

Cannabis sativa L. (C. sativa) is an annual dioecious plant, which shares its origins with the inception of the first agricultural human societies in Asia. Over the course of time different parts of the plant have been utilized for therapeutic and recreational purposes, for instance, extraction of healing oils from seed, or the use of inflorescences for their psychoactive effects. The key psychoactive constituent in C. sativa is called Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (D9-THC). The endocannabinoid system seems to ...

Clinical Efficacy of Once-weekly Glucagonlike Peptide-1 Receptor Agonists in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.

Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) are indicated for restoring normoglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). This review analyzed and compared the efficacy results from 30 trials with the once-weekly (OW) GLP-1 RAs albiglutide, dulaglutide, exenatide extended-release (ER) and semaglutide. The 4 OW GLP-1 RAs showed a higher reduction in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and body weight, when compared to placebo. Semaglutide significantly reduced the HbA1c le...

FFMPEP-d PET imaging shows age- and genotype-dependent impairments in the availability of cannabinoid receptor 1 in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.

Contradictory findings on the role of the type 1 cannabinoid receptor (CBR) during the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been reported. Here, we evaluated the CBR brain profile in an AD mouse model using longitudinal positron emission tomography with an inverse agonist for CBR, [F]FMPEP-d. APP/PS1-21 and wild-type (n = 8 in each group) mice were repeatedly imaged between 6 to 15 months of age, accompanied by brain autoradiography, western blot, and CBR immunohistochemistry with additional mice...

Targeting the Incretin/Glucagon System with Triagonists to Treat Diabetes.

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists have been efficacious for the treatment of type 2 diabetes due to their ability to reduce weight and attenuate hyperglycemia. However, the activity of GLP-1R-directed strategies is sub-maximal, and the only potent, sustainable treatment for metabolic dysfunction is bariatric surgery, necessitating the development of novel therapeutics. GLP-1 is structurally related to glucagon and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP), allowing for the development o...

Cardiovascular Effects of Different GLP-1 Receptor Agonists in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.

Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) have positive effects on weight loss, blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, and glycemic control. They exhibit a broad range of effects on the cardiovascular system that are independent of changes in blood glucose. Cardiovascular outcome trials have demonstrated safety of GLP-1 RAs but results for cardiovascular efficacy were varied. The aim of the present review is the assessment of the effects of GLP-1 RAs on cardiovascular risk factors, and major cardiovasc...

Correction to: Reassessing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Versus Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Brief Updated Analytical Report (2015-2017).

In the original publication, conclusion was incorrectly updated in the article main text. The complete statement is given below.

Cannabinoid WIN 55,212-2 induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, and inhibits proliferation, migration, invasion, and tumor growth in prostate cancer in a cannabinoid-receptor 2 dependent manner.

Cannabinoids have demonstrated anticarcinogenic properties in a variety of malignancies, including in prostate cancer. In the present study, we explored the anti-cancer effects of the synthetic cannabinoid WIN 55,212-2 (WIN) in prostate cancer.

Monoacylglycerol lipase deficiency affects diet-induced obesity, fat absorption, and feeding behavior in CB cannabinoid receptor-deficient mice.

Excess energy intake causes obesity, which leads to insulin resistance and various other complications of metabolic syndrome, including diabetes, atherosclerosis, dyslipidemia, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Although recent studies have depicted altered lipid metabolism as an underlying feature, the detailed mechanisms are still unclear. Here we describe a possible role in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity for monoacylglycerol lipase (MGL), an enzyme that is also known to hydrolyze the endocannabin...

Adenosine receptor agonists deepen the inhibition of platelet aggregation by P2Y antagonists.

Several adenosine receptor (AR) agonists have been shown in the past to possess anti-platelet potential; however, the adjunctive role of AR agonists in anti-platelet therapy with the use of P2Y receptor inhibitors has not been elucidated so far. This in vitro aggregation-based study investigates whether the inhibition of platelet function mediated by cangrelor or prasugrel metabolite can be potentiated by AR agonists. It evaluates the effect of non-selective (2-chloroadenosine), A-selective (UK 432097, MRE ...


Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement