PubMed Journals Articles About "Carotid B-Mode Ultrasound Study To Compare Anti-Atherosclerotic Effect Of Torcetrapib/Atorvastatin To Atorvastatin." RSS

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Showing "Carotid Mode Ultrasound Study Compare Anti Atherosclerotic Effect" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 78,000+

Hemodynamic factors affecting carotid sinus atherosclerotic stenosis.

Carotid atherosclerotic plaque occurs predominantly at the outer wall of carotid sinus, and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) plays important roles in explaining plaque formation. This study was to investigate the hemodynamic factors in affecting carotid atherosclerotic stenosis.

Morphology and histology of silent and symptom-causing atherosclerotic carotid plaques - Rationale and design of the Helsinki Carotid Endarterectomy Study 2 (the HeCES2).

Every fifth ischemic stroke is caused by thromboembolism originating from an atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque. While prevention is the most cost-effective stroke therapy, antiplatelet and cholesterol-lowering drugs have a ceiling effect in their efficacy. Therefore, discovery of novel pathophysiologic targets are needed to improve the primary and secondary prevention of stroke. This article provides a detailed study design and protocol of HeCES2, an observational prospective cohort study with the objec...

Carotid Artery Calcification on Orthopantomograms (CACO Study) - Is it indicative of carotid stenosis?

It is unclear whether incidental carotid artery calcification (CAC) on radiographs has a defined relationship to clinically significant carotid artery stenosis, and therefore risk of stroke. The primary objective of this study was to ascertain the relationship between dental radiograph detected carotid calcification and carotid artery stenoses ≥ 50% on carotid duplex ultrasound. We conducted an observational study of patients undergoing routine dental orthopantomogram (OPG) examinations. Consecutive patie...

Neovascularization of Carotid Atherosclerotic Plaque and Quantitative Methods of Its Dynamic Assessment in Vivo.

The study demonstrates significant variety of neovascularization degree and vessel diameter in the carotid atherosclerotic plaque. It is suggested that the increase in the number of vessels with a diameter

Predicting obstructive coronary artery disease using carotid ultrasound parameters: a nomogram from a large real-world clinical data.

Carotid ultrasound is a non-invasive tool for risk assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). There is no consensus on which carotid ultrasound parameter constitutes the best measurement of atherosclerosis. We investigated which model of carotid ultrasound parameters and clinical risk factors (CRF) have the highest predictive value for CAD.

Effect of Stenting on the Near-Infrared Spectroscopy-Derived Lipid Core Burden Index of Carotid Artery Plaque.

Catheter-based intravascular near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) detects a lipid signal from atherosclerotic plaque. The aim of this study was to describe the effect of carotid artery stenting (CAS) on the lipid signal in a carotid stenosis.

Antithrombotic treatment is associated with intraplaque haemorrhage in the atherosclerotic carotid artery: a cross-sectional analysis of The Rotterdam Study.

Antithrombotic treatment plays a key role in stroke prevention, but their direct effects on the composition of carotid artery atherosclerotic plaques are unknown. To investigate the association of antithrombotic treatment with carotid artery plaque composition, with a specific focus on an intraplaque haemorrhage (IPH).

Carotid Ultrasound Examinations: Indications Correlated With Abnormal Findings.

Our purpose was to evaluate the clinical indications for carotid duplex ultrasonography and determine for each indication how often carotid artery disease was identified.We retrospectively reviewed the consecutive reports for 3191 carotid ultrasound examinations. We tracked 14 indications to determine how often examinations were requested for each indication and correlated each indication with the finding of carotid artery disease.We found 26.5% of all examinations were abnormal; 17.5% of patients showed in...

Serum Proteomic Profiling to Identify Biomarkers of Premature Carotid Atherosclerosis.

To evaluate the presence of serum protein biomarkers associated with the early phases of formation of carotid atherosclerotic plaques, label-free quantitative proteomics analyses were made for serum samples collected as part of The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. Samples from subjects who had an asymptomatic carotid artery plaque detected by ultrasound examination (N = 43, Age = 30-45 years) were compared with plaque free controls (N = 43) (matched for age, sex, body weight and systoli...

Sclerostin is expressed in the atherosclerotic plaques of patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy.

Sclerostin (SC) is a monomeric glycoprotein expressed by osteocytes that affects bone formation. Recent studies have suggested a potential role for this protein in the pathophysiology of vascular diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate SC expression in atherosclerotic plaques of patients affected by severe atherosclerotic disease who underwent carotid endarterectomy. We also evaluated possible differences in SC expression between patients with and without type 2 diabetes (T2D).

Ultrasound-Enabled Noninvasive Management of Inadvertent Carotid Cannulation.

Despite ultrasound use, accidental carotid cannulation is possible during placement of a central venous catheter (CVC), requiring operative repair of the carotid artery and removal of the catheter.

Multiple Non-Essential Transition Metals Are Accumulated in Carotid Atherosclerotic Plaques: Missing Link in Atherosclerosis?

Population studies revealed that metal exposure through food, environment, and smoking was related with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. In this study, we determined complex chemical elements in surgical carotid endarterectomy specimens and carotid tissues from autopsies without atherosclerosis. Atherosclerotic plaques from 41 endarterectomies and normal carotid tissue from 30 autopsies were collected and elemental composition was determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectromet...

Snoring and carotid artery disease: A new risk factor emerges.

Previous studies have identified a relationship between snoring, carotid intima media thickening, and the presence of atherosclerosis. This study examines the correlation between snoring and carotid artery disease through use of duplex ultrasound identifying greater than 50% internal carotid artery stenosis.

Carotid magnetic resonance imaging in persons living with HIV and 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk score.

Both traditional and HIV-specific risk factors contribute to greater incidence of cardiovascular disease in persons living with HIV (PLWH). Using state-of-the-art, high-resolution magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the common carotid arteries, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between carotid vessel wall thickness (c-VWT) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score in PLWH.

Relationship between high sodium and low PUFA intake and carotid atherosclerosis in elderly women.

Several biologically active molecules including nutrients can affect the vascular endothelium which becomes dysfunctional and, as a consequence, predisposes to atherosclerosis. However, the impact of the intake of sodium and polyunsaturated fatty acids on carotid atherosclerosis in a population of elderly women has scarcely been studied. Our aim was to investigate the association between carotid intima-media thickness and atherosclerotic plaque and nutrient intake in asymptomatic elderly women. Carotid athe...

Angiography with the 256-multislice spiral computed tomography and its application in evaluating atherosclerotic plaque and cerebral ischemia.

Ulceration of carotid arterial plaque is associated with cerebral events. Detection of ulcerated plaques will benefit patient from stroke and other ischemic events. The aim of this study was to evaluate morphology of atherosclerotic plaques in the carotid arteries and to assess its clinical impact in predicting cerebral events.A total of 386 patients were examined with 256-multislice spiral computed tomographic angiography (MSCTA).It was found that 356 of the 386 patients had cerebral ischemic symptoms. Spe...

Feasibility of A-mode ultrasound based intraoperative registration in computer-aided orthopedic surgery: A simulation and experimental study.

A fast and accurate intraoperative registration method is important for Computer-Aided Orthopedic Surgery (CAOS). A-mode ultrasound (US) is able to acquire bone surface data in a non-invasive manner. To utilize A-mode US in CAOS, a suitable registration algorithm is necessary with a small number of registration points and the presence of measurement errors. Therefore, we investigated the effects of (1) the number of registration points and (2) the Ultrasound Point Localization Error (UPLE) on the overall re...

Carotid Artery Endarterectomy versus Carotid Artery Stenting for Patients with Contralateral Carotid Occlusion: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Results from studies investigating the effect of contralateral carotid artery occlusion (CCO) in patients with carotid artery stenosis undergoing carotid artery endarterectomy (CEA) or carotid artery stenting (CAS) are variable in the literature.

A dual-mode imaging catheter for intravascular ultrasound application.

Both the morphological anatomy and functional parameters such as flow speed of the artery provide valuable information for the evaluation of cardiovascular diseases. Direct measurement of the arterial wall can be achieved by intravascular optical/ultrasound imaging methods, however no functional data are acquired with these methods. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) and Doppler wire have been used to assess the blood flow information, but do not provide cross-sectional images of the artery. This study is the fi...

Comparison of Fimasartan and Amlodipine Therapy on Carotid Atherosclerotic Plaque Inflammation.

The renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in promoting atherosclerotic plaque inflammation, which may be inhibited by angiotension-II receptor blockers.

Helicobacter pylori infection is not related to increased carotid intima-media thickness in general population.

The aim is to determine whether there is an independent association between Hp infection and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in a cross-section observational study. Among of 14588 routine health check-up participants, 13770 subjects underwent the C-urea breath test (C-UBT) and ultrasound measurement of CIMT. Traditional atherosclerotic risk factors were also recorded. The ratio of increased CIMT in Hp positive group (28.6%) was not significant difference compared with Hp negative group (29.7%) (p =...

Fast Von Mises strain imaging on ultrasound carotid vessel wall by flow driven diffusion method.

The elasticity of the vessel wall is important for the clinical identification of rupture-risks. The Von Mises strain can be a potential index for the indication of carotid vessel pathologies. In this paper, a fast clinically applicable real-time algorithm from time-sequence of B-mode carotid images is developed. Due to the compression induced by the normal cardiac pulsation, tissue motion occurs radially and non-rigidly. To obtain an accurate motion field, we developed a variational functional integrating ...

Osteocalcin value to identify subclinical atherosclerosis over atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score in middle-aged and elderly Chinese asymptomatic men.

Our study examined whether osteocalcin contributed to identifying carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) over the atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score.

The real-time ultrasonography for fusion image in glioma neurosugery.

The aim of study is to evaluate the general performance and efficiency of the using real time intraoperative ultrasound system with Volume Navigation system technology in glioma. Compare glioma intraoperative ultrasound and contrast agent ultrasound images to obtained preoperative MRI with fusion image in a real-time.

Apolipoprotein A-IV: a potential therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.

Apolipoprotein A-IV is lipid-binding protein, which is synthesized by the intestine and secreted into mesenteric lymph. ApoA-IV is correlated with chylomicrons and high density lipoprotein, but a large portion is free-lipoprotein, in circulation. Studies showed that apoA-IV has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties, and is able to mediate reverse cholesterol transport, which suggest that it may has anti-atherosclerotic effects and be related to protection from atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseas...

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