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PubMed Journals Articles About "Cases Million Mark" RSS

11:56 EST 18th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Cases Million Mark PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Cases Million Mark articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Cases Million Mark" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,400+

Estimated burden of serious human fungal diseases in Turkey.

The current number of fungal infections occurring each year in Turkey is unknown. We estimated the burden of serious human fungal diseases based on the population at risk, existing epidemiological data from 1920 to 2017, and modelling previously described by the LIFE program Among the population of Turkey (80.8 million in 2017), approximately 1,785,811 (2.21%) people are estimated to suffer from a serious fungal infection each year. The model used predicts high prevalences of allergic fungal rhinosinusitis ...


Calibration method of overlay measurement error caused by asymmetric mark.

With the process nodes extending to sub-10-nm in advanced semiconductor manufacturing, the overlay requirements keep progressively scaling down, which makes it very important to measure overlay precisely for monitoring on-product performance. The overlay mark being asymmetrical when generated via the lithography process, this asymmetry will be slightly variated even in the same process or same lot, and it will bring overlay measurement error. In general, the wafer alignment data are used for correcting this...

Variation in Childhood Diarrheal Morbidity and Mortality in Africa, 2000-2015.

Diarrheal diseases are the third leading cause of disease and death in children younger than 5 years of age in Africa and were responsible for an estimated 30 million cases of severe diarrhea (95% credible interval, 27 million to 33 million) and 330,000 deaths (95% credible interval, 270,000 to 380,000) in 2015. The development of targeted approaches to address this burden has been hampered by a paucity of comprehensive, fine-scale estimates of diarrhea-related disease and death among and within countries.


Trends and Risk Factors in Orthopedic Lawsuits: Analysis of a National Legal Database.

Orthopedic surgeons frequently encounter medical malpractice claims. The purpose of this study was to assess trends and risk factors in lawsuits brought against orthopedic surgeons using a national legal database. A legal research service was used to search publicly available settlement and verdict reports between 1988 and 2013 by terms "orthopaedic or orthopedic" and "malpractice." Temporal trends were evaluated, and logistic regression was used to identify independent risk factors for case outcomes. A tot...

Prevalence and outcome of latent tuberculosis in patients receiving ixekizumab: Integrated safety analysis from 11 clinical trials of patients with plaque psoriasis.

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top ten causes of death worldwide, with approximately 10.0 million active TB cases in 2017 (range 9.0 to 11.1 million) occurring in all countries and age groups and estimates of 1.7 billion people having latent TB infection (LTBI). The lifetime risk for reactivation of LTBI is 5% to10%, and certain immunosuppressant therapies increase this risk. Data on TB risk following anti-interleukin (IL)-17A treatment in humans are limited, with no cases of LTBI reactivation reported thu...

Micro-CT for saw mark analysis on human bone.

In toolmark analysis, microscopy techniques, such as micro-CT, are used to visualise and measure toolmarks left on bones by a tool. In dismemberment cases, properties such as the width of the saw mark can provide cues to which tool was used by the culprit. The aim of the current study was to establish whether; (i) micro-CT is an appropriate imaging technique for saw mark analysis, (ii) toolmarks statistically differ when created with different tools, (iii) toolmark width can predict tool blade width, and (i...

How AI Is Optimizing the Detection and Management of Prostate Cancer.

Annually, approximately 20 million men are prostate-specific-antigen screened, and 1.3 million undergo an invasive biopsy to diagnose roughly 200,000 new cases, 50% of which end up being indolent. Approximately 30,000 men die of prostate cancer (PCa) yearly. Importantly, an estimated US$8 billion is spent on unnecessary biopsies. Thus, an integrative analysis and predictive model of prognosis is needed to help identify only lethal and aggressive forms of the disease.

Cost-effectiveness of the recombinant zoster vaccine in the German population aged ≥60 years old.

Each year, around 300,000 Herpes Zoster (HZ) cases are observed in the German population, resulting in costs over €182 million to society. The objective of this study was to estimate the potential public health and economic impact of the new Adjuvanted Recombinant Zoster Vaccine (RZV, Shingrix) in the German population ≥ 60 years of age (YOA) and to identify the optimal age of vaccination. We used a static, multi-cohort Markov model that followed a hypothetical cohort of 1 million people ≥ 60 YOA l...

Double trouble: visceral leishmaniasis in twins after traveling to Tuscany - a case report.

Leishmaniasis is endemic in many countries worldwide, with a prevalence of 12 million people infected, and an estimated annual incidence of 500 000 visceral leishmaniasis cases. In Europe visceral leishmaniasis is considered endemic mainly in the Mediterranean countries and cases in non-endemic European countries north of the Alps have primarily been reported in returning travellers. The incubation period is typically described between 6 weeks to 6 months. The cases presented highlight the occurrence of l...

Alignment mark optimization for improving signal-to-noise ratio of wafer alignment signal.

Phase diffraction gratings are widely used as alignment marks in wafer alignment systems. A higher alignment accuracy can be obtained by using higher diffraction orders of the alignment mark. Meanwhile, the alignment accuracy is also affected by the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the alignment signal. The diffraction efficiency of the alignment mark is significantly reduced in the practical lithography process because of the strong absorption of the opaque film stacks on the mark surface, especially the met...

"Hurdles on the path to 90-90-90 and beyond": Qualitative analysis of barriers to engagement in HIV care among individuals in rural East Africa in the context of test-and-treat.

Despite substantial progress, gaps in the HIV care cascade remain large: globally, while about 36.7 million people were living with HIV in 2015, 11.9 million of these individuals did not know their HIV status, 12.7 million were in need of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and 13.0 million were not virally suppressed. We sought to deepen understanding of the barriers to care engagement at three critical steps of the care cascade proposed to make greatest impact for attaining the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets aimed at s...

A retrospective survey on herpes zoster disease burden and characteristics in Beijing, China.

Little data are available on the overall incidence and characteristics of herpes zoster (HZ) in China, thus a community-based retrospective survey was conducted during December 2012 to March 2013 to collect HZ incident data over the past year in selected districts of Beijing, China. A total of 237 incident HZ cases were identified from 118,220 residents and majority of HZ patients (219/237, 92.4%) sought healthcare. Annual HZ incident rates were 1.90/1000 after adjusted and higher among females (2.4/1000) t...

Population Health And Economic Impacts Of Reaching Chronic Hepatitis B Diagnosis And Treatment Targets In The US.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine have concluded that eliminating the public health problem of chronic hepatitis B is feasible. We examined the economic and public health impact of reaching the World Health Organization targets of having 90 percent of chronic hepatitis B cases diagnosed and 80 percent being treated by 2030 in the United States with an annual incremental increase in screening and treatment rates. To reach the targets by 2030 would require screening approximately...

Childhood cancer: incidence and spatial patterns in the city of Campinas, Brazil, 1996-2005.

This article analyzes cancer incidence and spatial patterns in children and adolescents (0-19 years of age) residing in the city of Campinas in Southeastern Brazil who were diagnosed from 1996-2005. Cancers were classified according to the Third International Classification of Childhood Cancer (ICCC-3) Groups. The four most common groups were studied: leukemias, lymphomas, and central nervous system and soft tissue neoplasms. Age-standardized incidence rates were calculated using the world standard populati...

Herpes Zoster in the Emergency Department: Potential for Severe Outcomes.

An estimated one million cases of herpes zoster are reported in the United States annually. Although most cases of herpes zoster are self-limiting and require little interventions, some occurrences can result in potentially debilitating and/or life-threatening outcomes. The purpose of this article is to discuss the incidence, potential complications, treatment, and preventive measures of herpes zoster. A case report is utilized to emphasize the importance of a thorough evaluation and consideration of compli...

Supreme Court ruling on the withdrawal of life-sustaining nutrition.

Richard Griffith, Senior Lecturer in Health Law at Swansea University, considers the Supreme Court's decision on the need to bring cases concerning the withdrawing of clinically assisted nutrition to court.

Tobacco Product Use Among Adults - United States, 2017.

Cigarette smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and causes adverse health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, and multiple types of cancer (1). Although cigarette smoking among U.S. adults has declined considerably, tobacco products have evolved in recent years to include various combustible, noncombustible, and electronic products (1,2). To assess recent national estimates of tobacco product use among U.S. adults aged ≥18 years, CDC, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Natio...

Global Cancer Statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN Estimates of Incidence and Mortality Worldwide for 36 Cancers in 185 Countries.

This article provides a status report on the global burden of cancer worldwide using the GLOBOCAN 2018 estimates of cancer incidence and mortality produced by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, with a focus on geographic variability across 20 world regions. There will be an estimated 18.1 million new cancer cases (17.0 million excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) and 9.6 million cancer deaths (9.5 million excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) in 2018. In both sexes combined, lung cancer is the most...

A matched case-control study to assess the association between non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use and thrombotic microangiopathy.

Several case reports suggest that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use is associated with development of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). We conducted a matched population-based case-control study using linked administrative healthcare data in Ontario, Canada to assess the relationship between TMA hospitalization and recent exposure to prescription NSAIDs versus acetaminophen (acetaminophen was chosen as the referent drug because it has no known association with TMA). Cases and controls were dr...

First reported case of thrombocytopenia from a Heterodon nasicus envenomation.

The vast majority of the 2.5 million annual worldwide venomous snakebites are attributed to Viperidae or Elapidae envenomations. Of the nearly 2000 Colubridae species described, only a handful are known to cause medically significant envenomations. Considered medically insignificant, Heterodon nasicus (Western Hognose Snake) is a North American rear-fanged colubrid common in the legal pet trading industry. Previously reported cases of envenomations describe local pain, swelling, edema, and blistering. Howev...

The burden of chronic hepatitis C in China from 2004 to 2050: an individual-based modeling study.

The launch of novel direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) is expected to substantially reduce the burden of HCV in China. However, the effect of these changes has not yet been modeled in China. Therefore, we aim to predict the burden of HCV-related diseases in China by simulating different scenarios that incorporate recent therapeutic advances of HCV and China's current screening strategy. We developed an individual-based microsimulation Markov model that simulated the disease progression of HCV-infected patients...

A new method of mark detection for software-based optical mark recognition.

Software optical mark recognition (SOMR) is the process whereby information entered on a survey form or questionnaire is converted using specialized software into a machine-readable format. SOMR normally requires input fields to be completely darkened, have no internal labels, or be filled with a soft pencil, otherwise mark detection will be inaccurate. Forms can also have print and scan artefacts that further increase the error rate. This article presents a new method of mark detection that improves over e...

Tuberculosis and comorbidities in urban areas in Argentina. A gender and age perspective.

Tuberculosis continues to be a major health problem in the world with an incidence of more than 10 million cases in 2015. There are factors that change the risk of developing the disease after infection, as well as the presentation of the disease.

Development of a system dynamics model for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and its application to assess the benefits of pollution reduction.

A dynamic multimedia transport (DMT) model for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was constructed using the system dynamics software STELLA to simulate the transmission and flow of PAHs in different media. Humans are primarily exposed to PAHs via ingestion. Thus, this study used the DMT model to simulate the concentrations of PAHs in food media and the human body and assess the risk of harm to humans. On the basis of the hypothesis of PAH reduction in the Taiwanese steel industry, two scenarios were us...

Functional Prediction of Hypothetical Proteins from Shigella flexneri and Validation of the Predicted Models by Using ROC Curve Analysis.

Shigella spp. constitutes some of the key pathogens responsible for the global burden of diarrhoeal disease. With over 164 million reported cases per annum, shigellosis accounts for 1.1 million deaths each year. Majority of these cases occur among the children of the developing nations and the emergence of multi-drug resistance Shigella strains in clinical isolates demands the development of better/new drugs against this pathogen. The genome of Shigella flexneri was extensively analyzed and found 4,362 prot...


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