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PubMed Journals Articles About "Cell Signaling Technologies" RSS

06:04 EST 14th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Cell Signaling Technologies PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Cell Signaling Technologies articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Cell Signaling Technologies" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 30,000+

B-Cell-Intrinsic Type 1 Interferon Signaling Is Crucial for Loss of Tolerance and the Development of Autoreactive B Cells.

Type 1 interferon (T1IFN) signaling promotes inflammation and lupus pathology, but its role in autoreactive B cell development in the antibody-forming cell (AFC) and germinal center (GC) pathways is unclear. Using a lupus model that allows for focused study of the AFC and GC responses, we show that T1IFN signaling is crucial for autoreactive B cell development in the AFC and GC pathways. Through bone marrow chimeras, DNA-reactive B cell transfer, and GC-specific Cre mice, we confirm that IFNαR signaling in...


The Domino Effect in EGFR-ERK Signaling.

A gradient of EGFR-ERK signaling has been classically implicated in various developmental processes. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Ogura et al. (2018) show that in the Drosophila tracheal placode, EGFR-ERK signaling propagates via a cell-by-cell relay mechanism rather than a gradient, and this sequential ERK activation controls proper placode invagination.

Wnt signaling in development and tissue homeostasis.

The Wnt-β-catenin signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved cell-cell communication system that is important for stem cell renewal, cell proliferation and cell differentiation both during embryogenesis and during adult tissue homeostasis. Genetic or epigenetic events leading to hypo- or hyper-activation of the Wnt-β-catenin signaling cascade have also been associated with human diseases such as cancer. Understanding how this pathway functions is thus integral for developing therapies to treat disea...


Comparative Analysis of Regulatory Role of Notch Signaling Pathway in 8 Types Liver Cell During Liver Regeneration.

Notch signaling is closely related to cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, cell fate decisions, DNA damage repair, and so on. However, the exactly regulatory mechanism of Notch signaling pathway in liver regeneration (LR) remains unclear. To reveal the role of Notch signaling pathway in rat liver regeneration, Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software and related pathway database were firstly used to construct the Notch signaling pathway in this study. Next, eight type cells with high purity were obtained by...

Integrative analysis of single-cell expression data reveals distinct regulatory states in bidirectional promoters.

Bidirectional promoters (BPs) are prevalent in eukaryotic genomes. However, it is poorly understood how the cell integrates different epigenomic information, such as transcription factor (TF) binding and chromatin marks, to drive gene expression at BPs. Single-cell sequencing technologies are revolutionizing the field of genome biology. Therefore, this study focuses on the integration of single-cell RNA-seq data with bulk ChIP-seq and other epigenetics data, for which single-cell technologies are not yet es...

Binding of EphrinA5 to RET receptor tyrosine kinase: An in vitro study.

Eph/Ephrin signaling pathways are crucial in regulating a large variety of physiological processes during development, such as cell morphology, proliferation, migration and axonal guidance. EphrinA (efn-A) ligands, in particular, can be activated by EphA receptors at cell-cell interfaces and have been proposed to cause reverse signaling via RET receptor tyrosine kinase. Such association has been reported to mediate spinal motor axon navigation, but conservation of the interactive signaling pathway and the m...

Characterization of a new B-ALL cell line with constitutional defect of the Notch signaling pathway.

Notch signaling contribution to B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) development is still under investigation. The serendipitous onset of B-ALL in a patient affected by the germinal Notch mutation-dependent Alagille syndrome allowed us to establish a B-ALL cell line (VR-ALL) bearing a genetic loss of function in components of Notch signaling. VR-ALL is a common-type B-ALL cell line, grows in conventional culture medium supplemented with 10% serum, and gives rise, once injected into immunodeficient NO...

Information flow in the presence of cell mixing and signaling delays during embryonic development.

Embryonic morphogenesis is organized by an interplay between intercellular signaling and cell movements. Both intercellular signaling and cell movement involve multiple timescales. A key timescale for signaling is the time delay caused by preparation of signaling molecules and integration of received signals into cells' internal state. Movement of cells relative to their neighbors may introduce exchange of positions between cells during signaling. When cells change their relative positions in a tissue, the ...

Antigen-Presenting Cell-Intrinsic PD-1 Neutralizes PD-L1 in cis to Attenuate PD-1 Signaling in T Cells.

The PD-1 pathway, consisting of the co-inhibitory receptor PD-1 on T cells and its ligand (PD-L1) on antigen-presenting cells (APCs), is a major mechanism of tumor immune evasion. PD-1 and PD-L1 blockade antibodies have produced remarkable clinical activities against a subset of cancers. Binding between T cell-intrinsic PD-1 and APC-intrinsic PD-L1 triggers inhibitory signaling to attenuate the T cell response. Here, we report that PD-1 is co-expressed with PD-L1 on tumor cells and tumor-infiltrating APC...

UBTOR/KIAA1024 regulates neurite outgrowth and neoplasia through mTOR signaling.

The mTOR signaling pathways regulate cell growth and are involved in multiple human diseases. Here, we identify UBTOR, a previously unannotated gene as a functional player in regulating cell growth and mTOR signaling. Reduction of UBTOR function in cultured hippocampal neurons and PC12 cells promotes neurite outgrowth. UBTOR depletion activates mTOR signaling and promotes cell growth, whilst UBTOR overexpression suppresses colony formation in cancer cell lines. Studies in cultured cells and zebrafish model ...

Targeting Bruton's tyrosine kinase for the treatment of B cell associated malignancies and autoimmune diseases: Preclinical and clinical developments of small molecule inhibitors.

B cell receptor (BCR) signaling plays a key role in B cell development and function. Aberrant BCR signaling has been confirmed as a central driver for the pathogenesis of various B cell malignancies. Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a vital component of BCR signaling and exhibits overexpression in various B cell leukemias and lymphomas. Inhibiting BTK has been proved as an efficient way for B cell malignancy intervention. Remarkable achievements have been made in the pursuit of selective BTK inhibitors, re...

Cre/lox-controlled spatio-temporal perturbation of FGF signaling in zebrafish.

Spatio-temporal perturbation of signaling pathways in vivo remains challenging and requires precise transgenic control of signaling effectors. Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) signaling guides multiple developmental processes including body axis formation and cell fate patterning. In zebrafish, mutants and chemical perturbations affecting FGF signaling have uncovered key developmental processes; however, these approaches cause embryo-wide perturbations, rendering assessment of cell-autonomous versus non-auton...

B Cell Receptor Crosslinking Augments Germinal Center B Cell Selection when T Cell Help Is Limiting.

Antigen-dependent engagement of germinal center (GC) B cell receptors (BCRs) promotes antigen internalization and presentation for follicular helper T cells. However, whether BCR signaling is critical or synergistic with T cell help for GC B cell selection or differentiation is unclear. Here, by adapting an experimental approach that enables independent delivery of BCR-crosslinking antigen or T cell help to GC B cells in vivo, we showed that T cell help was sufficient to induce GC B cell expansion and ...

A temporal examination of calcium signaling in cancer- from tumorigenesis, to immune evasion, and metastasis.

Although the study of calcium (Ca) is classically associated with excitable cells such as myocytes or neurons, the ubiquity of this essential element in all cellular processes has led to interest in other cell types. The importance of Ca to apoptosis, cell signaling, and immune activation is of special import in cancer.

Pathway perturbations in signaling networks: Linking genotype to phenotype.

Genes and gene products interact with each other to form signal transduction networks in the cell. The interactome networks are under intricate regulation in physiological conditions, but could go awry upon genome instability caused by genetic mutations. In the past decade with next-generation sequencing technologies, an increasing number of genomic mutations have been identified in a variety of disease patients and healthy individuals. As functional and systematic studies on these mutations leap forward, t...

An optimized protocol to quantify signaling in human transitional B cells by phospho flow cytometry.

Phospho flow cytometry is a powerful technique to analyze signaling in rare cell populations. This technique, however, requires harsh conditions for cell fixation and permeabilization, which can denature surface antigens or antibody-conjugated fluorochromes. These are among several technical limitations which have been a barrier to quantify signaling in unique B cell subsets. One such immature subset, transitional B cells (TrBs), may play a role in suppressing solid organ transplant rejection, graft-versus-...

Achieving greater efficiency and higher confidence in single-cell cloning by combining cell printing and plate imaging technologies.

In recent years, health authorities have increased emphasis on demonstrating that a cell line, which is used for the generation of biologics, is clonally derived. Within the past few years, single-cell manipulation technologies, especially microfluidic drop-on-demand dispensing, have gained increased attention in the biopharmaceutical industry. This work discusses the development and characterization of a single-cell printing workflow followed by plate imaging. By combining single-cell printing and plate im...

How cellular Zn signaling drives physiological functions.

Zinc is an essential micronutrient affecting many aspects of human health. Cellular Zn homeostasis is critical for cell function and survival. Zn, acting as a first or second messenger, triggers signaling pathways that mediate the physiological roles of Zn. Transient changes in Zn concentrations within the cell or in the extracellular region occur following its release from Zn binding metallothioneins, its transport across membranes by the ZnT or ZIP transporters, or release of vesicular Zn. These transient...

Unleashing the Therapeutic Potential of CAR-T Cell Therapy Using Gene-Editing Technologies.

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, an emerging immunotherapy, has demonstrated promising clinical results in hematological malignancies including B-cell malignancies. However, accessibility to this transformative medicine is highly limited due to the complex process of manufacturing, limited options for target antigens, and insufficient anti-tumor responses against solid tumors. Advances in gene-editing technologies, such as the development of Zinc Finger Nucleases (ZFNs), Transcription Activat...

B cell MHC Class II Signaling: a Story of Life and Death.

MHC class II regulates B cell activation, proliferation, and differentiation during cognate B cell -T cell interaction. This is, in part, due to the MHC class II signaling in B cells. Activation of MHC Class II in human B cells or "primed" murine B cells leads to tyrosine phosphorylation, calcium mobilization, AKT, ERK, JNK activation. In addition, crosslinking MHC class II with monoclonal Abs kill malignant human B cells. Several humanized anti-HLA-DR/MHC class II monoclonal Abs entered clinical trials for...

Spatial modeling of the membrane-cytosolic interface in protein kinase signal transduction.

The spatial architecture of signaling pathways and the interaction with cell size and morphology are complex, but little understood. With the advances of single cell imaging and single cell biology, it becomes crucial to understand intracellular processes in time and space. Activation of cell surface receptors often triggers a signaling cascade including the activation of membrane-attached and cytosolic signaling components, which eventually transmit the signal to the cell nucleus. Signaling proteins can fo...

TCR signal strength controls thymic differentiation of iNKT cell subsets.

During development in the thymus, invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells commit to one of three major functionally different subsets, iNKT1, iNKT2, and iNKT17. Here, we show that T cell antigen receptor (TCR) signal strength governs the development of iNKT cell subsets, with strong signaling promoting iNKT2 and iNKT17 development. Altering TCR diversity or signaling diminishes iNKT2 and iNKT17 cell subset development in a cell-intrinsic manner. Decreased TCR signaling affects the persistence of Egr2 expres...

TGF-β Determines the Pro-migratory Potential of bFGF Signaling in Medulloblastoma.

The microenvironment shapes cell behavior and determines metastatic outcomes of tumors. We addressed how microenvironmental cues control tumor cell invasion in pediatric medulloblastoma (MB). We show that bFGF promotes MB tumor cell invasion through FGF receptor (FGFR) in vitro and that blockade of FGFR represses brain tissue infiltration in vivo. TGF-β regulates pro-migratory bFGF function in a context-dependent manner. Under low bFGF, the non-canonical TGF-β pathway causes ROCK activation and cortical...

Propofol inhibits Wnt signaling and exerts anticancer activity in glioma cells.

Aberrant activation of Wnt signaling is implicated in gliomagenesis. Propofol, the most commonly used intravenous anesthetic agent in clinics, exhibits potent antitumor activity in a variety of cancer cells through different mechanisms. However, the role of propofol on Wnt signaling and glioma cell growth remains to be fully elucidated. In the present study, propofol was identified as a potent inhibitor of Wnt signaling. In 293T cells transfected with Wnt1 or Wnt3 expression plasmids or treated with Wnt3A-c...

Deltex interacts with Eiger and consequently influences the cell death in Drosophila melanogaster.

TNF-JNK signaling is one of the highly conserved signaling pathways that regulate a broad spectrum of cellular processes including proliferation and apoptosis. Eiger, the sole homologue of TNF in Drosophila, initiates the TNF-JNK pathway to induce cell death. Previously, Deltex (Dx) has been identified as a Notch signaling component that regulates vesicular trafficking of Notch. In the present study, we have investigated the interaction between these two proteins in order to identify how Dx influences the a...


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