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PubMed Journals Articles About "Cellulosic Biofuel Getting Boost From Corn Fiber" RSS

08:28 EDT 20th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Cellulosic Biofuel Getting Boost From Corn Fiber PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Cellulosic Biofuel Getting Boost From Corn Fiber articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Cellulosic Biofuel Getting Boost from Corn Fiber" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,800+

In situ diode laser fenestration: an ex-vivo evaluation of irradiation effects on human aortic tissue.

The in situ laser fenestration is an interesting option for the endovascular treatment of short-necked aneurysms with an intraoperative modification of a standard endograft. According to literature evidence, diode laser emitting in the near infrared wavelength (810 nm) can be successfully used to fenestrate the endograft fabric. This paper describes a 3D navigation system for the accurate targeting of the fenestration site, then reports results of an ex-vivo study to assess whether the laser operative condi...


Optical Flow Sensor for Continuous Invasive Measurement of Blood Flow Velocity.

Continuous monitoring of intrapulse measurement of blood flow in humans is currently not achievable with clinically available instruments. In this paper, we demonstrate a method of measuring the instantaneous variations in flow during pulsatile blood flow with an optical flow sensor comprising a fiber Bragg grating sensor and illumination from a 565 nm Light-Emitting-Diode. The LED illumination heats the blood and fluctuations in temperature, due to variations in flow, are detected by the fiber sensor. A se...

Fracture Resistance and Failure Pattern of Endodontically Treated Teeth Restored with Computer-aided Design/ Computer-aided Manufacturing Post and Cores: A Pilot Study.

To evaluate the fracture resistance and failure pattern of custom made computer-aided design & computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) post and cores using a fiber reinforced composite material (FRC) and a high-density-polymer.


Susceptibility of North Dakota Hessian Fly (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) to 31 H Genes Mediating Wheat Resistance.

The agricultural landscape of North Dakota is changing. Corn and soybean are now commonplace, but once were rare. Spring sown wheat Triticum aestivum L. and durum wheat Triticum turgidum spp. durum continue to be dominant, but more winter-sown wheat is expected in the future. The presence of wheat in the landscape throughout much of the year will benefit populations of the Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Say), which occurs throughout the state, sometimes in large numbers. Hessian fly is unusual among cro...

Fingerprinting Orientation Distribution Functions in diffusion MRI detects smaller crossing angles.

Diffusion tractography is routinely used to study white matter architecture and brain connectivity in vivo. A key step for successful tractography of neuronal tracts is the correct identification of tract directions in each voxel. Here we propose a fingerprinting-based methodology to identify these fiber directions in Orientation Distribution Functions, dubbed ODF-Fingerprinting (ODF-FP). In ODF-FP, fiber configurations are selected based on the similarity between measured ODFs and elements in a pre-compute...

Improving membrane distillation performance: Morphology optimization of hollow fiber membranes with selected non-solvent in dope solution.

This study aimed at improving membrane distillation (MD) performance by mixing various non-solvents (NSs) in polymer dope solutions. The effect of each NS on the inner structure and surface morphology of hollow fiber (HF) membrane was investigated. Membrane morphology is manipulated by controlling liquid-liquid (L-L) and solid-liquid (S-L) demixing time, which is a function of the viscosity and water affinity of dope solutions. Consequently, the addition of NSs altered membrane morphology by affecting the d...

Concurrent transport and removal of nitrate, phosphate and pesticides in low-cost metal- and carbon-based materials.

Low-cost magnesium- and/or carbon-based materials have a great potential to remove soluble contaminants from surface and ground water. This study examined mechanisms that control the removal of nitrate, phosphate and pesticides (tricyclazole, malathion and isoprothiolane) during their transport through calcined magnesia (MgO) and corn stalk biochar. Various miscible column breakthrough experiments were carried out and morphology and crystallographic structures of reactive materials were examined. Approximat...

Disruption and lateralization of cerebellar-cerebral functional networks in right temporal lobe epilepsy: A resting-state fMRI study.

Numerous studies have highlighted important roles for the cerebellum in cognition and movement, based on numerous fiber connections between the cerebrum and cerebellum. Abnormal cerebellar activity caused by epileptic discharges has been reported in previous studies, but researchers have not clearly determined whether aberrant cerebellar activity contributes to the disruption of the cerebellar-cerebral networks in right temporal lobe epilepsy (rTLE). Here, thirty patients with rTLE and 30 age- and sex-match...

Mechanisms of Suture Integration in Living Tissue: Biomechanical and Histological In Vivo Analysis in Sheep.

The potential of nonabsorbable suture material to augment tissue strength in the long-term is by far not exploited by most of the currently used sutures. The authors hypothesized that different sutures yield specific histological tissue reactions associated with specific mechanical shear resistance of the suture against the tissue. Four different suture types (Orthocord, Ethibond, FiberTape, and FiberWire) were implanted in 36 sheep shoulders (supraspinatus/greater tuberosity). One thread at each time point...

High-Energy-Density Hydrogen-Ion-Rocking-Chair Hybrid Supercapacitors Based on Ti3C2Tx MXene and Carbon Nanotubes Mediated by Redox Active Molecule.

MXenes have emerged as promising high-volumetric-capacitance supercapacitor electrode material, whereas their voltage windows are not wide. This disadvantage prevents MXenes from being made into aqueous symmetric supercapacitors with high energy density. To attain high energy density, constructing asymmetric supercapacitors is a reliable design choice. Here, we propose a strategy to achieve high energy density of hydrogen ion aqueous-based hybrid supercapacitors by integrating a negative electrode of Ti3C2T...

Lipophilic statins inhibit YAP nuclear localization, co-activator activity and colony formation in pancreatic cancer cells and prevent the initial stages of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in KrasG12D mice.

We examined the impact of statins on Yes-associated Protein (YAP) localization, phosphorylation and transcriptional activity in human and mouse pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells. Exposure of sparse cultures of PANC-1 and MiaPaCa-2 cells to cerivastatin or simvastatin induced a striking re-localization of YAP from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and inhibited the expression of the YAP/TEAD-regulated genes Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CTGF) and Cysteine-rich angiogenic inducer 61 (CYR61). Statins...

Impact of Simulated Corn Earworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Kernel Feeding on Field Corn Yield.

Corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae, has not been considered an economic pest of field corn. Historical losses estimates ranged from 1.5 to 2.5%, and a large number of foliar insecticide applications would be needed to minimize infestations. In recent years, Bt, Bacillus thuringiensis (Berliner) field corn, Zea mays (L.) Poales: Poaceae, technologies that exhibit activity against corn earworm have been introduced. However, it is unclear how much damage to corn ears (number of damag...

Neurogenic Muscle Biopsy Findings Are Common in Mitochondrial Myopathy.

Mitochondrial diseases (MIDs) involve peripheral nerves and skeletal muscle, but the prevalence of mitochondrial neuropathy is still unclear. Mitochondrial neuropathy has been found to correlate with muscle weakness that may be due to myopathic and/or neurogenic myopathy in patients with MIDs. We examined vastus lateralis muscle biopsies of 58 consecutive patients with mitochondrial myopathy (MM), compared with 204 consecutive non-MM patients. Muscle fiber denervation atrophy was found in 39/58 (67%) of MM ...

Dissolution of less-processed wood fibers without bleaching in an ionic liquid: Effect of lignin condensation on wood component dissolution.

This study evaluated the solubility of low-processed wood fibers produced from a low temperature acid hydrotropic fractionation (AHF) in an ionic liquid (IL) 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-enium acetate (DBNH[OAc]. Unbleached wood fibers produced from AHF lignin fractionation using p-Toluenesulfonic acid (p-TsOH) with or without post-treatments with lignin and hemicelluloses content up to 15% and 25%, respectively, were dissolved directly into the IL DBNH[OAc]. Post-AHF fractionation treatments using dilute a...

Antimicrobial and swelling behaviors of novel biodegradable corn starch grafted/poly(4-acrylamidobenzoic acid) co-polymers.

Novel antimicrobial copolymers resulted from free radical copolymerization of gelatinized corn starch in aqueous solution with different amounts of 4-acrylamidobenzoic acid monomer using ammonium persulfate (APS)/sodium bisulfite (NaHSO) as a redox initiator. The grafting copolymerization was evidenced by FTIR, HNMR, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction. The thermal stability was improved after the grafting reaction as detected from IPDT values calculated from the thermogravimetric analy...

Short-chain fatty acids and FFAR2 as suppressors of bone resorption.

Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) exert a variety of immune and metabolic functions by binding to G-protein-coupled receptors, mainly free fatty acid receptor 2 (FFAR2). However, the effects of SCFAs and FFARs on bone remodeling, especially in alveolar bone, have been less explored. In this study, we investigated the influence of the SCFA/FFAR2 axis on alveolar bone. Bone samples from wild-type (WT) and FFAR2-deficient mice (FFAR2-/-) were analyzed using micro-CT, histology and qPCR. WT and FFAR2-/- animals r...

Anaerobic digestion performance and microbial community structure of corn stover in three-stage continuously stirred tank reactors.

A new three-stage anaerobic digestion (TSAD) system combining the two-stage and serial continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR) was developed for the high-efficiency anaerobic digestion (AD) of corn stover. At the same hydraulic retention time of 50 d and organic loading rate (OLR) of 1.8 g TS L d, TSAD achieved a 33.2-50.5% higher methane yield than that of the traditional one-stage and two-stage AD. Moreover, the TSAD process showed higher buffering ability and system stability, relieving the negati...

Measuring degeneration of the lateral geniculate nuclei from pituitary adenoma compression detected by 7T ultra-high field MRI: a method for predicting vision recovery following surgical decompression of the optic chiasm.

OBJECTIVEPredicting vision recovery following surgical decompression of the optic chiasm in pituitary adenoma patients remains a clinical challenge, as there is significant variability in postoperative visual function that remains unreliably explained by current prognostic factors. Available literature inadequately characterizes alterations in adenoma patients involving the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN). This study examined the association of LGN degeneration with chiasmatic compression as well as with t...

Binder free carbon nanofiber electrodes derived from polyacrylonitrile-lignin blends for high performance supercapacitors.

Lignin was blended with polyacrylonitrile (PAN) in different ratios and fabricated into carbon nanofiber electrodes by electrospinning followed by thermal stabilization, carbonization and subsequent activation by CO<sub>2</sub> of the carbonized mats. These carbon fiber electrodes exhibit high surface area, high mesoporosity, high graphitic content and high electrical conductivity. Activated carbon nanofiber (ACNF) mats derived from PAN:Lignin 70:30 blends display a surface area ...

Effects of dietary exogenous fibrolytic enzymes on ruminal fermentation characteristics of beef steers fed high- and low-quality growing diets1.

The effects of dietary pre-treatment with fibrolytic enzyme- based cocktail were evaluated in two studies: 1) in vitro true digestibility; and 2) intake, digestibility, feeding behavior, and ruminal fermentation of beef steers fed growing diets. For the in vitro assessment, ruminal inoculum was collected from 2 steers (BW = 543 ± 45 kg; 4-h after feeding; growing diets) and enzymes included or not (Trichoderma reesei fermentation extract; 0.75 µl/g of substrate DM). Within in vitro batches (n = 4), 12 sub...

"Ship in a Bottle" Design of Highly Efficient Bifunctional Electrocatalysts for Long-Lasting Rechargeable Zn-Air Batteries.

Poor durability of bifunctional oxygen electrocatalysts is one main bottleneck that suppresses the widespread application of rechargeable metal-air batteries. Herein, a "ship in a bottle" design is achieved by impregnating fine transition metal dichalcogenide nanoparticles into defective carbon pores which act as interconnected nanoreactors. The erected 3D porous conductive architecture provides a "highway" for expediting charge/mass transfer. This design not only delivers a high surface-to-volume ratio to ...

Simultaneous Determination of Cocaine and Metabolites in Human Plasma Using Solid Phase Micro-Extraction Fiber Tips C18 and UPLC-MS/MS.

The determination of cocaine (COC) and its metabolites ecgonine methyl ester (EME), benzoylecgonine (BZE), norcocaine (NCOC) and cocaethylene (CE) in human plasma is relevant in clinical and forensic toxicology. An efficient extraction and clean-up of plasma specimens for the simultaneous determination of BZE along with COC and basic metabolites is challenging due to their widely different polarities and ionization characteristics. Recently, biocompatible SPME LC tips C18 became commercially available. We a...

Weak biophoton emission after laser surgery application in soft tissues: analysis of the optical features.

Nowadays, laser scalpels are commonly used in surgery, replacing the traditional surgical scalpels for several applications involving cutting or ablating living biological tissue. Laser scalpels are generally used to concentrate light energy in a very small-sized area; light energy is then converted in heat by the tissues. In other cases, the fiber glass tip of the laser scalpel is heated to high temperature and used to cut the tissues. Depending on the temperature reached in the irradiated area, different ...

Co-delivery of metformin enhances the anti-multidrug resistant tumor effect of doxorubicin by improving hypoxic tumor microenvironment.

Doxorubicin (DOX) is a first-line chemo drug for cancer therapy, yet it fails to treat multidrug resistant tumors. Hypoxia is a major reason causing failure in chemotherapy. Particularly, hypoxia up-regulates its responsive transcription factor - hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF) to induce the overexpression of drug resistant genes. Metformin (MET) is recently found to cooperate with DOX against multiple tumors. As a mitochondrial inhibitor, MET could suppress tumor oxygen consumption, and thereby modulate hy...

Airway hypersensitivity induced by eosinophil granule-derived cationic proteins.

Vagal bronchopulmonary C-fiber sensory nerves play an important role in the manifestation of airway hypersensitivity, a common and prominent pathophysiological feature of airway inflammatory diseases. Eosinophil granule-derived cationic proteins are known to be involved in the mucosal damage and development of bronchial hyperresponsiveness during allergic airway inflammation. In view of these background information, we have carried out a series of studies to investigate the effect of cationic proteins on th...


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