PubMed Journals Articles About "Chemical Composition Microhardness Human Enamel Treated With Fluoridated" RSS

17:12 EST 9th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Chemical composition microhardness human enamel treated with fluoridated" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 32,000+

Effect of Bioactive Composites on Microhardness of Enamel Exposed to Carious Challenge.

This study verified if experimental composites containing calcium phosphate nanoparticles exert a protective effect against enamel demineralization. Three experimental resin-based composites containing 60 vol% of fillers were manipulated. Filler phase was constituted by silanized barium glass and 0%, 10% or 20% (by volume) of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DPCD) nanoparticles functionalized with the monomer triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA). Cavities (10 x 2 x 2 mm) were prepared in bovine enamel a...

The Influence of Hardness and Chemical Composition on Enamel Demineralization and Subsequent Remineralization.

The objectives were to investigate the hardness and chemical composition of sound, demineralized and pH-cycled bovine enamel and determine their influence on demineralization and remineralization behavior.

Effects of in-office bleaching agent combined with different desensitizing agents on enamel.

To analyze color change, microhardness and chemical composition of enamel bleached with in-office bleaching agent with different desensitizing application protocols.

Effect of Remineralizing Gels on Microhardness, Color and Wear Susceptibility of Bleached Enamel.

To evaluate the effect of a remineralizing gel combining fluoride and calcium silicate/phosphate or a sodium fluoride gel on bleached enamel microhardness, color, and wear susceptibility.

Influence of Surfactants and Fluoride against Enamel Erosion.

This study investigated the effect of surfactants associated with sodium fluoride (NaF) on enamel erosion prevention, using an erosion-remineralization in vitro model. Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), polysorbate 20 (P20), and cocoamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) were tested, at concentrations of 1.0 and 1.5%, and associated or not with NaF (275 ppm). The control groups were distilled water and the NaF solution. Bovine enamel samples (n = 12) were prepared and submitted to a 5-day cycling model: acid challenge (0.3% ...

Radiotherapy Reduces Microhardness and Mineral and Organic Composition, and Changes the Morphology of Primary Teeth: An in vitro Study.

We aimed to evaluate whether radiotherapy causes changes in the mineral composition, hardness, and morphology of enamel and dentin of primary teeth.

Evaluation of a clinical preventive treatment using Er,Cr:YSGG (2780 nm) laser on the susceptibility of enamel to erosive challenge.

The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of a clinical preventive treatment using Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation on bovine enamel susceptibility after erosive challenge. Twelve sound bovine incisors were used and twenty-four enamel specimens were prepared in total. Two experimental groups (n = 12) were assigned as follows: Group 1 was the control group and in Group 2, the enamel specimens were irradiated with an Er,Cr:YSGG (2780 nm) laser system for 20 s, with average output power o...

The effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser, fluoride, and CPP-ACP on caries resistance of primary enamel.

The aim of this in vitro study was to determine the effect of different remineralization agents and laser on caries resistance of primary enamel. In the study, 150 sound primary molars were used. The initial microhardness values were measured and the teeth were randomly assigned to ten treatment groups (n = 15): no treatment/negative control (C), NaF, APF, fluoride varnish (FV), CPP-ACP, laser (L), L + NaF, L + APF, L + FV, L + CPP-ACP. The microhardness values were measured after the treatments and the...

Effects of a potentially erosive antiasthmatic medicine on the enamel and dentin of primary teeth: An in situ study.

This study evaluates, in situ, the effect of an anti-asthmatic medicine on the enamel and dentin of primary teeth. Twenty-eight specimens of enamel and dentin were prepared, selected, sterilized, and stored. Microhardness, microscopic morphology, and initial surface roughness were evaluated. Fourteen volunteers wore palatal devices containing two dentin specimens and two enamel specimens. Volunteers underwent surface treatment three times a day for 5 days, with the dripping of 5 ml of salbutamol sulfate f...

Analysis of Polymorphisms in Genes Differentially Expressed in the Enamel of Mice with Different Genetic Susceptibilities to Dental Fluorosis.

Genes expressed during amelogenesis are candidates to increase the risk of dental fluorosis (DF). Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the association between polymorphisms in enamel development genes and susceptibility to DF in mice. Mice of both sexes, representing strains 129P3/J (n = 20; resistant to DF) and A/J (n = 20; susceptible to DF), were divided into 2 groups. Each strain received a diet with a low concentration of fluoride (F) and drinking water containing 0 or 50 mg/L of F for 6 weeks. Clinical ...

In situ Effect of Tooth Mousse containing CPP-ACP on human enamel subjected to in vivo acid attacks.

This in situ study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of Tooth Mousse (GC) containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) on human enamel erosion and to compare the difference in erosion between the anteriorly and posteriorly positioned human enamel.

TiF4 varnish protects the retention of brackets to enamel after in vitro mild erosive challenge.

The effect of fluoride agents on the retention of orthodontic brackets to enamel under erosive challenge is little investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) and sodium fluoride (NaF) agents on the shear bond strength of brackets to enamel and on the enamel microhardness around brackets under erosive challenge. Brackets were bonded to bovine incisors. Five groups were formed according to fluoride application (n=10): TiF4 varnish, TiF4 solution, NaF varnis...

Influence of Fluoridated Groundwater and 1,100 Ppm Fluoride Dentifrice on Biomarkers of Exposure to Fluoride.

This research aimed to determine the influence of fluoridated groundwater and 1,100 ppm fluoride dentifrice on biomarkers of exposure to fluoride in preschoolers. A cross-sectional study was performed on thirty preschoolers recruited from naturally fluoridated and non-fluoridated areas (n=15). Total Daily Fluoride Intake (TDFI) from diet and dentifrice, and Daily Urinary Fluoride Excretion (DUFE) was measured over 24 h. Nails samples were collected twice during 30 days. Fluoride analyses were performed usin...

Influence of Composition and Thermal Treatments on Microhardness of the Filled Skutterudite Sm(y) (Fe(x) Ni(1−x)₄Sb₁₂.

Samples belonging to the series Sm(y)(Fe(x)Ni(1−x)₄Sb₁₂ were heated in Ar atmosphere up to 400 °C and cooled down to room temperature several times, with the aim to evaluate the effect of thermal cycles on microhardness. The treatment temperature was chosen in correspondence of the maximum ZT value, in order to simulate the operating conditions of the material in a thermoelectric device. Vickers measurements allowed to detect the effect of both composition and thermal treatments on the microhardnes...

Comparison of Profilometric and Microindentation Analyses for Determining the Impact of Saliva on the Abrasion of Initially Eroded Enamel.

The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the impact of saliva on the abrasion of eroded enamel using two measuring methods. A total of 80 bovine enamel specimens from 20 bovine incisors were allocated to four experimental groups (n = 20 specimens per group). After baseline surface microhardness (SMH) measurements and profilometry all specimens were subjected to erosion (2 min, 1% citric acid, pH: 3.6, 37°C). SMH was determined again, and the depths of the Knoop indentations were calculated. Therea...

Effect of Reduced Universal Adhesive Application Time on Enamel Bond Fatigue and Surface Morphology.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of reduced application times of universal adhesives on enamel bond fatigue and surface morphology of the treated enamel with constant force atomic force microscopy (AFM).

Proteomic analysis of dentin-enamel junction and adjacent protein-containing enamel matrix layer of healthy human molar teeth.

The dentin-enamel junction (DEJ) is the border where two different mineralized structures - enamel and dentin - meet. The protein-rich DEJ, together with the inner enamel region of mature teeth, is known to exhibit higher fracture toughness and crack growth resistance than bulk phase enamel. However, an explanation for this behavior has been hampered by the lack of compositional information for the DEJ and the adjacent enamel organic matrix (EOM). We studied proteomes of the DEJ and EOM of healthy human mol...

Elastic properties measurement of human enamel based on resonant ultrasound spectroscopy.

To investigate the elastic properties of human enamel using resonant ultrasound spectroscopy (RUS).

Anti-Erosive Effect of Solutions Containing Sodium Fluoride, Stannous Chloride, and Selected Film-Forming Polymers.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-erosive effect of solutions containing sodium fluoride (F: 225 ppm F-), stannous chloride (Sn: 800 ppm Sn2+), and some film-forming polymers (Gantrez: Poly [methylvinylether-alt-maleic anhydride]; PGA: propylene glycol alginate; Plasdone: poly[vinylpyrrolidone]; and CMC: carboxymethylcellulose). Solutions were tested in an erosion-remineralization cycling model, using enamel and dentin specimens (n = 10, for each substrate). Distilled water was the negative con...

Micro and nanostructural analysis of a human tooth using correlated focused ion beam (FIB) and transmission Electron microscopy (TEM) investigations.

In this study, natural molar human tooth specimens were investigated for determining their micro- and nanoscale structural morphology, chemistry and crystallinity. The differences were tracked comparatively for both enamel and dentin layers and at their interfaces. Although dental material structures are hard and tough and the cross-sectioning of these materials using mechanical methods is challenging, FIB-SEM dual-beam instruments serve for preparing ultra-thin homogenous lamella sections. In this work, bo...

Influence of fluoride varnish on shear bond strength of a universal adhesive on intact and demineralized enamel.

The aim was to evaluate the effect of fluoride varnish on the shear bond strength (SBS) on polished and non-polished intact and demineralized enamel. Bovine incisors (half demineralized) were used. Bifluorid 12™ was applied. Bonding was made with FuturabondM + and GrandioSO, 24 h and 7 days after varnishing. In some groups, varnish was removed by polishing before bonding. SBS was measured. Fracture type was determined by stereomicroscopy and scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations of the ena...

Pig enamel revisited - Incremental markings in enamel of wild boars and domestic pigs.

The nature and periodicity of incremental markings in pig enamel is currently debated. To broaden the basis for a correct interpretation of growth marks in pig enamel, we analyzed their periodicity in teeth of wild boars and domestic pigs. For that, the numbers of enamel incremental markings were recorded in ground sections and compared with crown formation times for the respective teeth derived from literature data on tooth development and eruption in Sus scrofa. Our study revealed that laminations with a ...

Antimicrobial and Anti-Caries Effect of New Glass Ionomer Cement on Enamel Under Microcosm Biofilm Model.

The occurrence of caries lesions adjacent to restorations is a serious problem in Dentistry. Therefore, new antimicrobial restorative materials could help to prevent recurrent carious lesions. This study evaluated the effect of a new glass ionomer cement (Ion Z) on the viability of a microcosm biofilm and on the development of enamel demineralization. Enamel samples were filled with the following materials (n=9): A) Ion-Z (FGM Ltda); B) Maxxion R (FGM Ltda); C) Ketac Fil Plus (3M ESPE) and D) no restoration...

Digital enhancement of dental enamel microstructure images from intact teeth.

Dental enamel is formed by rod-like structures, the enamel prisms. Groups of prisms are packed together in successive horizontal layers of alternating directions, known as Hunter-Schreger bands (HSBs). HSBs are the major microstructural characteristic of mammalian enamel. The pattern of HSBs can vary among mammalian species and this variability may provide relevant information regarding the species life history and taxon identification. In human HSBs can be used as a biometric-based parameter for personal i...

Nanocomplexes of Carboxymethyl Chitosan/Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Reduce Oral Bacteria Adherence and Biofilm Formation on Human Enamel Surface.

This study investigated the effect of CMC/ACP on oral bacteria adherence and biofilm formation on the enamel surface as well as the underlying mechanism to determine the anti-cariogenic potential of CMC/ACP.

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