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PubMed Journals Articles About "Chemical Composition Microhardness Human Enamel Treated With Fluoridated" RSS

23:19 EST 13th December 2017 | BioPortfolio

Chemical Composition Microhardness Human Enamel Treated With Fluoridated PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Chemical Composition Microhardness Human Enamel Treated With Fluoridated articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Chemical composition microhardness human enamel treated with fluoridated" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 32,000+

Effects of different radiation doses on the microhardness, superficial morphology, and mineral components of human enamel.

To evaluate the effects of three different radiotherapy doses (20, 40, and 70Gy) on the microhardness, superficial morphology, and mineral content (based on Ca and P values) of three different depths of human enamel (cervical, middle, and occlusal).


Caries prevention with fluoridated and iodinated salt in school-aged children living in areas with fluoride and iodine deficiency.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of dental caries prevention program with 3 years follow-up in children living in areas with fluoride and iodine deficiency. The study involved 625 school-aged children aged 6, 12 and 15 years receiving endogenous prevention with fluoridated and iodinated salt (300±50 mgF/kg and 40±10 mgI/kg). Enamel and dentine concentrations of CA, P, F and I were measured in 98 intact deciduous teeth by X-ray microanalysis before and after prevention program. Enamel and ...

Effect of high- or low-concentration bleaching agents containing calcium and/or fluoride on enamel microhardness.

The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate enamel microhardness following bleaching treatments using either high- or low-concentration hydrogen peroxide (HP) agents containing calcium and/or fluoride. Sixty enamel blocks were bleached with 1 of 6 different bleaching agents (n = 10). The high-concentration HP agents were Whiteness HP Maxx (35% HP), Whiteness HP Blue (35% HP, 2% calcium gluconate), Pola Office+ (37.5% HP, 5% potassium nitrate), and Opalescence Boost (38% HP, 1.1% fluoride ion, 3% potassiu...


Nd:YAG laser irradiation associated with fluoridated gels containing photo absorbers in the prevention of enamel erosion.

This study evaluated the combined effect of Nd:YAG laser irradiation and fluoridated gels containing photo absorbers against enamel erosion. Enamel specimens from bovine teeth were polished, eroded (10 min, with 1% citric acid, pH = 2.6), and randomly allocated into the experimental groups (n = 8), according to the different surface treatments: fluoridated gels (F: 9047 ppm F and F + Sn: 9047 ppm F and 3000 ppm Sn), with or without photo absorbers (E: erythrosine and MB: methylene blue), and assoc...

Effect of CPP-ACP paste with and without CO2 laser irradiation on demineralized enamel microhardness and bracket shear bond strength.

Many patients seeking orthodontic treatment already have incipient enamel lesions and should be placed under preventive treatments. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of CPP-ACP paste and CO2 laser irradiation on demineralized enamel microhardness and shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets.

A Double-Blinded, Randomized Study Evaluating the In Vivo Effects of a Novel Dental Gel on Enamel Surface Microstructure and Microhardness.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vivo effects of a 2.6% edathamil gel (Livionex® Dental Gel) on surface microhardness and microstructure in 180 pre-eroded enamel chips.

Mechanism of Action of TiF4 on Dental Enamel Surface: SEM/EDX, KOH-Soluble F, and X-Ray Diffraction Analysis.

This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the action of TiF4 on sound and carious bovine and human enamel. Sound (S) and pre-demineralised (DE) bovine and human (primary and permanent) enamel samples were treated with TiF4 (pH 1.0) or NaF varnishes (pH 5.0), containing 0.95, 1.95, or 2.45% F for 12 h. The enamel surfaces were analysed using SEM-EDX (scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy) (n = 10, 5 S and 5 DE) and KOH-soluble fluoride was quantified (n = 20, 10 S and 10 DE). Hydroxya...

4-phenylbutyrate Mitigates Fluoride-Induced Cytotoxicity in ALC Cells.

Chronic fluoride over-exposure during pre-eruptive enamel development can cause dental fluorosis. Severe dental fluorosis is characterized by porous, soft enamel that is vulnerable to erosion and decay. The prevalence of dental fluorosis among the population in the USA, India and China is increasing. Other than avoiding excessive intake, treatments to prevent dental fluorosis remain unknown. We previously reported that high-dose fluoride induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and oxidative stress in amel...

Structural, mechanical and chemical evaluation of molar-incisor hypomineralization-affected enamel: A systematic review.

To systematically assess and contrast reported differences in microstructure, mineral density, mechanical and chemical properties between molar-incisor-hypomineralization-affected (MIH) enamel and unaffected enamel.

Confocal Raman mapping of collagen cross-link and crystallinity of human dentin-enamel junction.

The separation zone between enamel and dentin [dentin-enamel junction (DEJ)] with different properties in biomechanical composition has an important role in preventing crack propagation from enamel to dentin. The understanding of the chemical structure (inorganic and organic components), physical properties, and chemical composition of the human DEJ could benefit biomimetic materials in dentistry. Spatial distribution of calcium phosphate crystallinity and the collagen crosslinks near DEJ were studied using...

Aspects of the final phase of enamel formation as evidenced by observations of superficial enamel of human third molars using scanning electron microscopy.

Enamel structure reflects ameloblast function. By studying the structure of the superficial enamel, information about ameloblast function toward the end of the secretory stage may be obtained.

The performance of probiotic fermented sheep milk and ice cream sheep milk in inhibiting enamel mineral loss.

The study aimed to evaluate the effects of two different sheep milk-based food matrices - fermented sheep milk and ice cream - with added probiotic bacteria (Lactobacillus casei 431) on dental enamel subjected to an in vitro highly cariogenic challenge. Sixty enamel blocks were selected and randomly allocated into five treatment groups (n=12): conventional fermented sheep milk (CFSM), probiotic fermented sheep milk (PFSM), conventional sheep milk ice cream (CSMIC), probiotic sheep milk ice cream (PSMIC) and...

The Presence of MMP-20 Reinforces Biomimetic Enamel Regrowth.

Biomimetic synthesis of artificial enamel is a promising strategy for the prevention and restoration of defective enamel. We have recently reported that a hydrogel system composed of chitosan-amelogenin (CS-AMEL) and calcium phosphate is effective in forming an enamel-like layer that has a seamless interface with natural tooth surfaces. Here, to improve the mechanical system function and to facilitate the biomimetic enamel regrowth, matrix metalloproteinase-20 (MMP-20) was introduced into the CS-AMEL hydrog...

Retention Improvement in Fluoride Application with Cold Atmospheric Plasma.

This study aimed to apply fluoride formulations to enamel with cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) and analyze the fluoride uptake, retention, and acid resistance quantitatively. Human enamel specimens were divided randomly into 2 groups: group APF1, 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel; group APF2, 1.23% APF gel with CAP. Fluoride and CAP were applied to the samples 4 times at 1-wk intervals. The specimens were also stored in artificial saliva for 4 wk to evaluate the retention of fluoride. The fluoride...

Are grape juices more erosive than orange juices?

To evaluate the chemical characteristics of grape and orange juices, and their erosive potential in the decrease of microhardness and the loss of enamel structure.

In vitro evaluation of modified surface microhardness measurement, focus variation 3D microscopy and contact stylus profilometry to assess enamel surface loss after erosive-abrasive challenges.

The aim of the study was to compare surface loss values after erosion-abrasion cycles obtained with modified surface microhardness measurement (mSMH), focus variation 3D microscopy (FVM) and contact stylus profilometry (CSP). We cut human molars into buccal and lingual halves, embedded them in resin and ground 200 μm of enamel away. The resulting surfaces were polished. To maintain a reference area, we applied Block-Out resin to partly cover the enamel surface. The samples were incubated in artificial sali...

Local enamel demineralization diagnostics and treatment.

The article describes focal enamel demineralization - the most common disease of teeth hard tissues. Local and general factors of this pathological process advent and development were described. The main tools of focal enamel demineralization diagnostics and treatment were observed. The main role of enamel mesoporous structure in the remineralization therapy possibility was underlined. There are still a lot of questions in focal enamel demineralization diagnostics after publications analysis because of the ...

Impact of pH and application time of meta-phosphoric acid on resin-enamel and resin-dentin bonding.

To evaluate the immediate microshear resin-enamel bond strength (μSBS) and the immediate and 6-month microtensile bond strength (μTBS) and nanoleakage (NL) of the adhesive interface performed by different pHs of 40% meta-phosphoric acid (MPA) were compared with conventional 37% ortho-phosphoric acid (OPA) under different application times. Additionally, the enamel etching patterns were evaluated and the chemical/morphological changes induced by these differents groups were evaluated.

Characterization of enamel caries lesions in rat molars using synchrotron X-ray microtomography.

Dental caries is a ubiquitous infectious disease with a nearly 100% lifetime prevalence. Rodent caries models are widely used to investigate the etiology, progression and potential prevention or treatment of the disease. To explore the suitability of these models for deeper investigations of intact surface zones during enamel caries, the structures of early-stage carious lesions in rats were characterized and compared with previous reports on white spot enamel lesions in humans. Synchrotron X-ray microcompu...

Demineralized dentin and enamel matrices as suitable substrates for bone regeneration.

In recent decades, tooth derivatives such as dentin (D) and enamel (E) have been considered as potential graft biomaterials to treat bone defects. This study aimed to investigate the effects of demineralization on the physical-chemical and biological behavior of D and E.

A New Sugarcane Cystatin Strongly Binds to Dental Enamel and Reduces Erosion.

Cystatin B was recently identified as an acid-resistant protein in acquired enamel pellicle; it could therefore be included in oral products to protect against caries and erosion. However, human recombinant cystatin is very expensive, and alternatives to its use are necessary. Phytocystatins are reversible inhibitors of cysteine peptidases that are found naturally in plants. In plants, they have several biological and physiological functions, such as the regulation of endogenous processes, defense against p...

Effect of alcohol stimulation on salivary pellicle formation on human tooth enamel surface and its lubricating performance.

This study was to investigate the salivary pellicle formation on the surface of human tooth enamel and its lubricating behavior under alcohol stimulation. Normal saliva and alcohol-stimulated saliva were collected from a young male volunteer after rinsing mouth with deionized water and different-concentration alcohol aqueous solution, respectively. Saliva-adsorption treatment was conducted in vitro on enamel surface to obtain salivary pellicle. Microscopic examinations and lubrication testing of salivary pe...

Dental enamel defect diagnosis through different technology-based devices.

Dental enamel defects (DEDs) are faulty or deficient enamel formations of primary and permanent teeth. Changes during tooth development result in hypoplasia (a quantitative defect) and/or hypomineralisation (a qualitative defect).

Effect of final irrigation protocols on microhardness reduction and erosion of root canal dentin.

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of final irrigation protocols on microhardness reduction and erosion of root canal dentin. Sixty root canals from mandibular incisors were instrumented and randomly divided into six groups (n = 10) according to the irrigant used: QMiX, 17% EDTA, 10% citric acid (CA), 1% peracetic acid (PA), 2.5% NaOCl (solution control), and distilled water (negative control). The chelating solutions were used to irrigate the canal followed by 2.5% NaOCl as a final flush. After the ir...

MICROHARDNESS OF BULK-FILL COMPOSITE MATERIALS.

The aim of the study was to determine microhardness of high- and low-viscosity bulk-fill composite resins and compare it with conventional composite materials. Four materials of high-viscosity were tested, including three bulk-fills: QuiXfi l (QF), x-tra fi l (XTF) and Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill (TEBCF), while nanohybrid composite GrandioSO (GSO) served as control. The other four were low-viscosity composites, three bulk-fill materials: Smart Dentin Replacement (SDR), Venus Bulk Fill (VBF) and x-tra base (XB...


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