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PubMed Journals Articles About "Chemicals Scandinavia Updated 11022017 Prices From" RSS

11:11 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Chemicals Scandinavia Updated 11022017 Prices From PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Chemicals Scandinavia Updated 11022017 Prices From articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Chemicals Scandinavia Updated 11022017 Prices from" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,700+

Impact of European chemicals regulation on the industrial use of plasticizers and patterns of substitution in Scandinavia.

REACH aims at promoting the safe use of chemicals in Europe, inter alia by identification and regulation of substances of very high concern (SVHCs). Once identified, SVHCs need to be substituted by safer alternatives. However, substitutes are frequently not safer than the substances that they replace but rather show similar hazard profiles, resulting in regrettable substitution. This paper investigates the impact of chemicals regulation on substitution of chemicals by analyzing time trends in the industrial...


Prices For Cardiac Implant Devices May Be Up To Six Times Higher In The US Than In Some European Countries.

Medical devices are estimated to account for 6 percent of health expenditures in the US and 7 percent in European Union (EU) countries. Cardiac implants are a large segment of the market, but little is known about their prices. Using 2006-14 data from a large hospital panel survey, this article provides a systematic comparison of prices of cardiac implants between the US and four EU countries. The data reveal that prices were two to six times higher in the US than in Germany, where cardiac implants were g...

Prices for physician services in Medicare Advantage versus traditional Medicare.

To compare the prices paid to physicians by employer-sponsored Medicare Advantage (MA) plans with those paid by traditional Medicare (TM) and to determine whether the relationship between MA and TM prices is affected by the generosity of MA benchmarks.


How do housing prices affect consumption in China? New evidence from a continuous wavelet analysis.

In this paper, we revisit the relationship between housing prices and consumption in China by using a continuous wavelet analysis. This method provides an insight into the dynamic nexus in both time and frequency domains. In general, Empirical results show that there is a positive relationship between the two series in China, although it varies across time and frequencies. First, we find that disposable income is the core factor which affects both consumption and housing prices in China. Second, housing pri...

ChemDIS 2: an update of chemical-disease inference system.

Computational inference of affected functions, pathways and diseases for chemicals could largely accelerate the evaluation of potential effects of chemical exposure on human beings. Previously, we have developed a ChemDIS system utilizing information of interacting targets for chemical-disease inference. With the target information, testable hypotheses can be generated for experimental validation. In this work, we present an update of ChemDIS 2 system featured with more updated datasets and several new func...

Linking resource supplies and price drivers: lessons from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) price volatility and change, 2002 - 2017.

Worldwide, one of the drivers of substitution and adulteration is the cost of the natural resources (plants, animals, fungi) that are ingredients of traditional medicines. Relatively few studies have been done that link prices of traditional medicine ingredients to what drives changes in price, yet this is an important topic. Theoretically, prices have been widely considered as an economic indicator of resource scarcity. Rare, slow growing medicinal plants sell for high prices and common, less popular speci...

Variation in Prostaglandin Analog Prices Paid for Through Medicare Part D.

Determine the prices and price variation of the prostaglandin analogs (PGAs) used in the United States and examine their trends from 2013-2016 using Medicare Part D data.

Tax harmonisation and tobacco product prices in the European Union, 2004-2015.

The European Commission has formally opened a process of revision of its tobacco tax directive. The purpose of this study is to analyse the evolution of cigarette and roll-your-own (RYO) tobacco prices in order to identify avenues for the improvement of public health goals.

The impact of rising food prices on obesity in women: a longitudinal analysis of 31 low-income and middle-income countries from 2000 to 2014.

To examine whether changes in food prices are associated with changes in obesity prevalence among women in developing countries, and assess effect modification by individual socioeconomic status (SES).

DEVELOPMENT OF A CURATED HERSHBERGER DATABASE.

A systematic literature review was conducted to identify Hershberger bioassays for ~3200 chemicals including those used to validate the OECD/US EPA guideline assay, US EPA's chemicals screened for endocrine activity, and the library of chemicals run in US EPA 's ToxCast in vitro assays. For 134 chemicals that met pre-defined criteria, experimental results were extracted into a database used to characterize uncertainty in results and evaluate the concordance of the Hershberger assay with other in vivo rodent...

Quality disclosure and the timing of insurers' adjustments: Evidence from medicare advantage.

Mandatory quality disclosure often includes a period over which the quality of new entrants is unreported. This provides the opportunity for forward-looking firms to adjust product characteristics in advance of disclosure. Using comprehensive data on Medicare Advantage (MA) from 2007 to 2015, I exploit the design of the MA Star Rating program to examine the presence of forward-looking behavior among insurers. I find that high-quality insurers reduce prices leading up to quality disclosure, while low-quality...

White House Report on Drug Prices Is a Detailed Road Map: Price-Lowering Ideas Generated, Some Already in Motion.

White House report on drug prices is a detailed road map.

California's Drug Transparency Law: Navigating The Boundaries Of State Authority On Drug Pricing.

The California drug transparency bill (SB-17), signed into law in October 2017, seeks to promote transparency in pharmaceutical pricing, enhance understanding about pharmaceutical pricing trends, and assist in managing pharmaceutical costs. This article examines the legal and regulatory aspects of SB-17, explores legal challenges to the law, compares it to other state efforts to address rising drug prices, and discusses how California can maximize the impact of SB-17 by coupling the law with other incentiv...

The impact of pharmaceutical tendering on prices and market concentration in South Africa over a 14-year period.

We investigated the South African tendering system for medicines to (a) evaluate its impact on prices and market concentration over a 14-year period and (b) analyze the accuracy of government forecasts of drug demand.

Screening tools for the bioconcentration potential of monovalent organic ions in fish.

Currently the bioaccumulation potential of organic chemicals is assessed in a first tier approach via their octanol-water partition coefficient. This approach has been developed for neutral chemicals and cannot work for ionizable and ionic chemicals because the latter have different sorption-mechanisms and -preferences. Thus, suitable screening tools for the bioconcentration potential of ionic and ionizable chemicals need to be developed because it cannot be expected that these chemicals are non-bioaccumula...

Market Power: Price Variation Among Commercial Insurers For Hospital Services.

Much research has focused on differences in hospital prices paid by private (commercial) versus public (Medicare and Medicaid) health insurers. Far less is known about price differences across commercial payers-health maintenance organizations (HMOs) or preferred provider organizations (PPOs) versus other payers, such as casualty (automobile), workers' compensation, and travel insurers. We found that other insurers had far less negotiating power with hospitals than commercial HMO/PPO insurers did. In the pe...

Endpoint sensitivity in Amphibian Metamorphosis Assay.

The Amphibian Metamorphosis Assay (AMA) is a screening test for detecting chemicals with thyroid activity. There is little experience in data interpretation and in using AMA data for screening, testing and identifying endocrine disruptors. To investigate the sensitivity of different endpoints of the AMA, the publically available data for 57 thyroid active and inactive chemicals were compiled and analyzed. Endpoints body weight and length appeared as sensitive as apical thyroid responsive endpoints hind limb...

The environmental Kuznets curve by considering asymmetric oil price shocks: evidence from the top two.

This study is the first attempt to investigate the validity of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis by considering the asymmetric oil price effects on the CO emission in the USA and China. The oil prices were incorporated as an indicator (proxy) of energy consumption in order to avoid potential endogeneity problems and allow exploring the asymmetric effects of the energy fluctuation on the CO release. The nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag (NARDL)-bound testing approach to cointegration of...

Uncovering inequality through multifractality of land prices: 1912 and contemporary Kyoto.

Multifractal analysis offers a number of advantages to measure spatial economic segregation and inequality, as it is free of categories and boundaries definition problems and is insensitive to some shape-preserving changes in the variable distribution. We use two datasets describing Kyoto land prices in 1912 and 2012 and derive city models from this data to show that multifractal analysis is suitable to describe the heterogeneity of land prices. We found in particular a sharp decrease in multifractality, ch...

Assessing the Economic Benefits of Flood Defenses: A Repeat-Sales Approach.

In this article we identify the impact of the construction of flood defenses on property prices using a difference-in-differences repeat-sales methodology. Our data set contains information on over 12 million individual property transactions, which is merged with GIS data identifying the spatial location and main characteristics of 1,666 flood defenses built in England between 1995 and 2014. Results suggest that at the finer 6-digit postcode level the construction of flood defenses raises urban house prices...

How does managed competition affect hospital prices in a social health insurance system? The Colombian case.

This paper studies the effect on hospital service prices of a health system reform that allows managed selective contracting and regulation as a means for efficiency and price competition. Cross-sectional data about prices and market structure were analysed from a pool of 20 markets which includes 15 million Colombians. A multilevel regression method comparing three different market settings was performed. The analysis evaluates the effects of insurer choice, hospital quality and market characteristics usin...

Serum polyfluoroalkyl chemicals are associated with risk of cardiovascular diseases in national US population.

Perfluoroalkyl chemicals (PFCs) as possible cardiovascular disrupters are universally detected in humans. However, evidence from epidemiological studies appears insufficient and ambiguous.

The roles of radio-functional natural chemicals for the development of cancer radiation therapy.

Ionizing radiation (IR) targeted at killing cancer cells also damages normal human cells and tissues through oxidative stress. Thus, the practical treatment of cancer using radiation therapy (RT) is sometimes limited because of the acute side effects in individual patients. In addition, some radioresistant cancers are difficult to treat with limited doses of IR, which leads to treatment failure. Natural chemicals that have unique physiological functions and low toxicity offer significant advantages for the ...

Chemical use in the semiconductor manufacturing industry.

The semiconductor industry is known to use a number of chemicals, but little is known about the exact chemicals used due to the ingredients being kept as a trade secret.

Lack of correlation between the costs of anticancer drugs and clinical benefits in Japan.

Both overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) are primary endpoints of phase III studies of new anticancer drugs. Medical care expenditures, especially oncology drug prices, are rapidly increasing; however, impact of oncology drug prices on OS and PFS is unclear. We analyzed the relations between oncology drug prices and clinical outcomes in Japan. The costs of a full course or 1 year of treatment were estimated on the basis of the latest National Health Insurance Drug Price Standards, and ...


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