PubMed Journals Articles About "Child Vaccination Rates Drop England Uptake Falls Fourth" RSS

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Showing "Child vaccination rates drop England uptake falls fourth" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

Disparities in HPV vaccination rates and HPV prevalence in the United States: a review of the literature.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection which is the cause of several cancers, including cervical cancer, and genital warts. Although cervical cancer can be prevented through screening, this cancer persists in the US. More recently, HPV vaccination has the potential to decrease the burden of HPV-related disease among young HPV-unexposed adolescents. Several initiatives aimed to encourage HPV vaccination have been adopted. Unfortunately, uptake of the HPV vaccine remains modest,...

Factors affecting influenza vaccination in adults aged 50-64 years with high-risk chronic diseases in South Korea.

Influenza is a communicable disease with most of the mortality burden falling on high-risk populations and those with pre-existing comorbidities and chronic diseases. In South Korea, adults aged 50-64 years are recommended for influenza vaccination, but no government financial support is offered to encourage vaccination uptake, which has led to suboptimal vaccination rates and significant public health concerns. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors affecting influenza vaccine uptake in adu...

Characteristics associated with influenza vaccination uptake among adults.

Annual influenza vaccination has been recommended for all adults since 2010. This study aimed to identify characteristics associated with influenza vaccination among adults.

Improving Human Papilloma Virus Vaccination Rates at an Urban Pediatric Primary Care Center.

Despite compelling evidence regarding its safety and efficacy, human papilloma virus vaccination rates remain low nationally with high rates of missed vaccination opportunities. Provider recommendation is the most important factor in determining vaccine approval by families; yet, studies show that providers are hesitant to strongly recommend vaccination, especially at younger ages. We hypothesized that educational and quality improvement interventions targeting our clinical team would decrease rates of miss...

Human Papillomavirus Vaccines: Successes and Future Challenges.

Over a decade has passed since the first human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was introduced. These vaccines have received unequivocal backing from the scientific and medical communities, yet continue to be debated in the media and within the general public. The current review is an updated examination that the authors made five years ago on some of the key sociocultural and behavioral issues associated with HPV vaccine uptake and acceptability, given the changing HPV vaccine policies and beliefs worldwide...

Hepatitis B vaccination among 1997-2011 birth cohorts in rural China: the potential for further catch-up vaccination and factors associated with infant coverage rates.

Hepatitis B vaccination rates in China have recently increased. This study aimed to investigate infant vaccination coverage for birth cohorts from 1997 to 2011 in rural regions and to assess catch-up vaccination potential. We used questionnaire-based interviews from a cross-section of 6,529 individuals from seven provinces. Logistic regression analyses were used to model two measures of infant vaccination status, namely, birth dose within 24 hours and three doses within the first year of life. During inter...

A System-Wide Approach to Prevention of In-Hospital Newborn Falls.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists accidents (unintentional injuries) as the fifth leading cause of infant mortality. Data analysis from a multihospital system of inpatient family birth centers revealed fluctuations in newborn birth admission falls rates at times above the benchmark reported in the literature.

Improving influenza vaccination uptake among healthcare workers by on-site influenza vaccination campaign in a tertiary children hospital.

Children are at higher risk of influenza complications. The goals of this article are, estimating influenza vaccination coverage of Health Care Workers (HCWs) in tertiary children hospital, evaluating attitudes and practices of HCWs and evaluating whether HCWs vaccination uptake improved with onsite vaccination campaign. This was a before-after trial, which was carried out in a tertiary children hospital at 2017-2018 influenza season. The vaccination team visited all participants and collected information a...

Acceptability and understanding of the ASQ-3 as part of the healthy child programme two-year health and development review in England: Parent and professional perspectives.

The Healthy Child Programme is the universal public health system in England to assess and monitor child health from 0-19. Following a review of measures for closer monitoring at ages two years, the Department of Health for England implemented the Ages & Stages Questionnaires®, Third Edition (ASQ-3™) (Hereon, ASQ-3).

What is the importance of vaccine hesitancy in the drop of vaccination coverage in Brazil?

The successful Programa Nacional de Imunizações do Brasil (Brazilian National Immunization Program) has been experiencing a major challenge with regard to vaccination coverage for children, which has been dropping. Several aspects are related, but certainly vaccine hesitancy has been strengthening itself as one of the main concerns of Brazilian public administrators and researchers. Vaccine hesitancy is the delay in acceptance or refusal despite having the recommended vaccines available in health services...

Understanding trends in neighborhood child maltreatment rates: A three-wave panel study 1990-2010.

This study examines how changes in the social and economic structure of neighborhoods relate to changes in child maltreatment report rates over an extended period. The panel study design allows us to partition the changes in child maltreatment report rates into a portion associated with how the levels of socio-economic risk factors have changed over time, and a portion related to how the relative importance of those factors in explaining maltreatment report rates has changed over time. Through the applicati...

Pharmacist insights into adolescent human papillomavirus vaccination provision in the United States.

HPV vaccination coverage in the United States (US) falls short of the Healthy People 2020 goal of 80% coverage among 13-15 year-old adolescents. Pharmacies are a promising alternative vaccine delivery site that may increase access to HPV vaccination. Our objective was to assess pharmacists' insights into HPV vaccination provision to adolescents. We recruited 40 licensed pharmacists in eight states with different pharmacy vaccination laws: Alabama, California, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Tennessee, Texas, and...

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among US Adolescents, 2010-2016.

Although research suggests racial/ethnic disparities in influenza vaccination and mortality rates, few studies have examined racial/ethnic trends among US adolescents. We used national cross-sectional data to determine (1) trends in influenza vaccination rates among non-Hispanic white (hereinafter, white), non-Hispanic black (hereinafter, black), and Hispanic adolescents over time and (2) whether influenza vaccination rates among adolescents varied by race/ethnicity.

Falls after hospital discharge: a randomized clinical trial of individualized multi-modal falls prevention education.

Older people are at high risk of falls after hospital discharge. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of providing individualized falls prevention education in addition to usual care on falls rates in older people after hospital discharge compared to providing a social intervention in addition to usual care.

Low uptake of nasal influenza vaccine in polish and other ethnic minority children in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Failure to vaccinate is well-recognised in Europe as a contributing factor to outbreaks of infectious diseases. Low immunisation rates are often associated with religious, social and ethnic minorities, including refugees or migrant groups. Polish people form Scotland's newest and largest migrant group. They have moved to Scotland since 2004, joining established ethnic minorities from China, the Indian subcontinent and Africa. Scotland has had a seasonal influenza nasal vaccination programme for all primary ...

Mode of HPV vaccination delivery and equity in vaccine uptake: A nationwide cohort study.

Ten years after its introduction, equity in human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake remains unattained, not least for the groups at highest risk of cervical cancer. In Sweden, three different delivery modes of the vaccine have been in effect since May 2007. We used this as a natural experiment to investigate girls' HPV vaccine uptake in relation to parental country of birth and socioeconomic characteristics, by mode of delivery. Our nationwide study cohort comprised 689,676 girls born between 1990 and 200...

Barriers to effective uptake and provision of immunization in a rural district in Uganda.

Hoima, one of the largest districts in mid- western Uganda, has persistently performed poorly with low immunization coverage, high immunization drop outs rates and repeated outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases especially measles. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the state of immunization services and to identify the gaps in immunization health systems that contribute to low uptake and completion of immunization schedules in Hoima District.

Perspectives of vaccinators on the factors affecting uptake of meningococcal ACWY vaccine amongst school leavers in London.

Uptake of meningococcal ACWY (Men ACWY) vaccine amongst school leavers is suboptimal in London (9.9% compared to 17.4% nationally in 2015/16). This study explores service delivery barriers and elicits insights from general practice staff on their interaction with this cohort. The purpose was to inform the National Health Service England (London) public health commissioning team's strategy to improve Men ACWY vaccination uptake in London.

Child sexual exploitation. An analysis of serious case reviews in England: poor communication, incorrect assumptions and adolescent neglect.

Child sexual exploitation (CSE) has evolved from being a largely concealed and unrecognised form of child abuse to being the subject of substantial political and public attention. The purpose of this research was to explore health professionals' role in detection and prevention.

Parents avoiding child vaccination in the neonatal period - an analysis of attitudes.

Parents' avoidance of vaccination is a growing phenomenon and leads to the deterioration of the epidemiological situation regarding diseases included in active prevention programs. The aim of the study was to analyze the attitudes of parents who avoid vaccination in newborns.

Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection and uptake of hepatitis B vaccine among healthcare workers, Makueni County, Kenya 2017.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a vaccine-preventable infection that can spread in healthcare setting. Data on HBV infections and vaccine in African healthcare workers (HCWs) are limited. We estimated HBV infection prevalence, hepatitis B vaccination status and identified factors associated with vaccination in one Kenyan county.

What Is a Falls Risk Factor? Factors Associated with Falls per Time or per Step in Individuals with Glaucoma.

To determine whether visual field (VF) damage or other factors confer a similar risk of falling when falls are ascertained as a rate over time (falls/year) as when ascertained over activity (falls/step).

The Rates and Medical Necessity of Cesarean Delivery in the Era of the Two-Child Policy in Hubei and Gansu Provinces, China.

To describe the cesarean rates in different child policy periods and assess the medical necessity of cesareans during the 2-child policy period.

Healthy elderly and influenza vaccination.

In many countries, those at risk for complications due to influenza are invited for influenza vaccination, to prevent serious consequences for themselves and those around them. However, vaccination rates are decreasing. The first invitation for vaccination may provide an opportunity to convey ample information about the (dis)advantages of vaccination. We aimed to identify subgroups less likely to be vaccinated after their first invitation. Using data from 87 general practices participating in NIVEL Primary ...

Long-term trends in child maltreatment in England and Wales, 1858-2016: an observational, time-series analysis.

It is unclear whether child maltreatment is increasing or decreasing in England and Wales. More evidence is needed, from multiple sources and over longer periods of time, to explore trends in child maltreatment. We investigated whether the annual incidence of child maltreatment has changed over time, using official record data and time-series methods to establish long-term trends.

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