PubMed Journals Articles About "Circumcision Mogen Clamp Plastibell Infections" RSS

08:01 EST 19th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Circumcision Mogen Clamp Plastibell Infections" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,700+

Circumcision: postoperative complications that required reoperation.

Objective To evaluate post-operative complications of circumcision requiring surgical reintervention. Methods Retrospective analysis of medical records of patients submitted to circumcision from May 1st, 2015 to May 31st, 2016. Results A total of 2,441 circumcisions were performed; in that, 1,940 using Plastibell and 501 by the classic technique. Complications requiring surgical reintervention were found in 3.27% of patients. When separated by surgical technique, 3.4% of circumcisions using Plastibell devic...

Predictors of male circumcision incidence in a traditionally non-circumcising South African population-based cohort.

Voluntary medical male circumcision has been promoted in high HIV prevalence settings to prevent HIV acquisition in males. However, the uptake of circumcision in many sub-Saharan African settings remains low. While many studies have measured circumcision prevalence, understanding circumcision incidence and its predictors is vital to achieving ambitious circumcision prevalence targets.

Prevalence of Female Circumcision among Young Women in Beni-Suef, Egypt: A cross sectional study.

Female circumcision (FC) is a deeply-rooted practice in Egypt with deblitating physical and psychological consequences. During the last two decades there have been sincere efforts to reduce this practice. The objective of this study is to investigate the prevalence of circumcision.

Assessment of risk factors for surgical complications in neonatal circumcision clinic.

Despite the widespread use of circumcision, there is little understanding regarding risk factors associated with its complications. This investigation assesses potential risk factors contributing to complications of circumcision.

Are circumcised men safer sex partners? Findings from the HAALSI cohort in rural South Africa.

The real-world association between male circumcision and HIV status has important implications for policy and intervention practice. For instance, women may assume that circumcised men are safer sex partners than non-circumcised men and adjust sexual partnering and behavior according to these beliefs. Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is highly efficacious in preventing HIV acquisition in men and this biological efficacy should lead to a negative association between circumcision and HIV. However, b...

Penile reconstruction in a newborn following complicated circumcision: A case report.

Grade V post-circumcision penile injury is known as "total phallic loss". It is usually seen with the use of mono-polar electro-cautery for circumcision resulting in penile necrosis. We report on a newborn treated by release of the subcutaneous corporal remnant and explain why this option should be considered of choice in cautery-related Grade V injuries.

Cutting-Edge Success in Preventing Heterosexual HIV Transmission in Africa: Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Has Reached 15 Million Men.

Male circumcision is a minor surgery performed for religious and medical reasons. Three randomized clinical trials demonstrated it could reduce heterosexual HIV transmission from infected females to males by over 60%, paving the way in 2006 for multinational efforts to circumcise 27 million men in sub-Saharan Africa by 2021. It is estimated that by 2030 male circumcision will avert at least 500,000 HIV infections in Africa, saving lives and budgets. Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) of adults and a...

The German debate on male circumcision and Habermas' model of post-secularity.

This paper considers Habermas' model of a post-secular political order in the light of the debate on male circumcision that arose in Germany after a court ruled that male circumcision was an unjustifiable act of bodily harm. Central to this model is the idea that religious reasons can only become effective in central legal institutions when they are translated into secular reasons. My paper demonstrates that there are two distinguishable readings of this proviso. On the one hand, there is a broad reading ac...

Surgical plane positioning with a disposable circumcision suture device for the treatment of phimosis and redundant prepuce.

To investigate the clinical effects of circumcision by surgical plane positioning with a disposable circumcision suture device in the treatment of phimosis and redundant prepuce.

Penile Median Raphe Anomalies as an indicator of Megameatus Intact Prepuce Anomaly in Children Undergoing Routine Circumcision.

To arouse the suspicious for early diagnosis and hence, proper management of megameatus with an intact prepuce (MIP), as there is no external clue for detection of such cases, which usually come to light for the first time in a boy who is about to retract his prepuce or during neonatal circumcision.

Voluntary medical male circumcision service delivery in South Africa: The economic costs and potential opportunity for private sector involvement.

In 2010, the South African Government initiated a voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) program as a part of the country's HIV prevention strategy based on compelling evidence that VMMC reduces men's risk of becoming HIV infected by approximately 60%. A previous VMMC costing study at Government and PEPFAR-supported facilities noted that the lack of sufficient data from the private sector represented a gap in knowledge concerning the overall cost of scaling up VMMC services. This study, conducted in mid...

The emerging health impact of voluntary medical male circumcision in Zimbabwe: An evaluation using three epidemiological models.

Zimbabwe adopted voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) as a priority HIV prevention strategy in 2007 and began implementation in 2009. We evaluated the costs and impact of this VMMC program to date and in future.

Off-clamp vs on-clamp robotic partial nephrectomy: Perioperative, functional and oncological outcomes from a propensity-score matching between two high-volume centers.

Aim of the study was to compare perioperative, functional and oncological outcomes after off-clamp vs on-clamp robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN).

Timing of adverse events among voluntary medical male circumcision clients: Implications from routine service delivery in Zimbabwe.

Timing of routine follow-up visits after adult male circumcision (MC) differs by country and method. Most men do not attend all routine follow-up visits. This cross-sectional study aimed to further understanding of AE timing within a large-scale, routine, MC program to improve patient safety.

Influence of supply-side factors on voluntary medical male circumcision costs in Kenya, Rwanda, South Africa, and Zambia.

In this study, we described facility-level voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) unit cost, examined unit cost variation across facilities, and investigated key facility characteristics associated with unit cost variation.

Use of a Safety Clamp When Performing Arthroscopic Knot Tying Preserves the Suture When It Is Placed Under Excessive Tension.

The purpose of this study was to compare the location of the suture breakage between tying by hand vs with a safety clamp, needle driver. FiberWire No. 2 and 2-0 (Arthrex, Naples, Florida) were fastened onto the hook attachment of the digital force gauge. Sutures were placed under excessive strain using a hand tying technique vs a safety clamp, or instrument tying. Peak forces at which the sutures failed under tension along with locations of the suture breakage, measured from the site of the knot, were reco...

Data triangulation to estimate age-specific coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV prevention in four Kenyan counties.

Kenya is 1 of 14 priority countries in Africa scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention following the recommendations of the World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. To inform VMMC target setting, we modeled the impact of circumcising specific client age groups across several Kenyan geographic areas.

Patch-Clamp Recordings from Mouse Olfactory Sensory Neurons.

Olfactory sensory neurons are bipolar cells with a single thin dendrite that ends in a protuberance, the knob, from which several thin cilia emerge. The cilia are the site of olfactory transduction since they contain the molecular machinery necessary to initiate the olfactory response.The patch clamp technique is a powerful tool to investigate ion channels and receptor mediated currents in neurons. In this chapter, we describe the preparation of dissociated olfactory neurons and their use in patch clamp ex...

Exploring the roots of antagony in the safe male circumcision partnership in Botswana.

Partnerships in global health and development governance have been firmly established as a tool to achieve effective outcomes. Botswana implements Safe Male Circumcision (SMC) for HIV prevention through a North-South partnership comprising the local Ministry of Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (funded by PEPFAR) and Africa Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Partnership (funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation). The SMC partnership experienced significant antagony and the aim of this paper i...

Dorsal penile nerve block versus eutectic mixture of local anesthetics cream for pain relief in infants during circumcision: A meta-analysis.

To compare dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) and eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA) cream for pain relief in infants during circumcision.

Progress in voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV prevention supported by the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief through 2017: longitudinal and recent cross-sectional programme data.

This article provides an overview and interpretation of the performance of the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief's (PEPFAR's) male circumcision programme which has supported the majority of voluntary medical male circumcisions (VMMCs) performed for HIV prevention, from its 2007 inception to 2017, and client characteristics in 2017.

Escherichia coli β-clamp slows down DNA polymerase I dependent nick translation while accelerating ligation.

The nick translation property of DNA polymerase I (Pol I) ensures the maturation of Okazaki fragments by removing primer RNAs and facilitating ligation. However, prolonged nick translation traversing downstream DNA is an energy wasting futile process, as Pol I simultaneously polymerizes and depolymerizes at the nick sites utilizing energy-rich dNTPs. Using an in vitro assay system, we demonstrate that the β-clamp of the Escherichia coli replisome strongly inhibits nick translation on the DNA substrate. To ...

The effect of demand-side financial incentives for increasing linkage into HIV treatment and voluntary medical male circumcision: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials in low- and middle-income countries.

Linkage to HIV treatment is a vital step in the cascade of HIV services and is critical to slowing down HIV transmission in countries with high HIV prevalence. Equally, linkage to voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) has been shown to decrease HIV transmission by 60% and increasing numbers of men receiving VMMC has a substantial impact on HIV incidence. However, only 48% of newly diagnosed HIV positive people link to HIV treatment let alone access HIV prevention methods such as VMMC globally.

Electrophysiological Methods to Measure Ca Current.

To achieve the most accurate assessment of functional Ca channel or modulator properties and their regulation, a patch clamp technique to record membrane currents is required. This technique has wide applications ranging from recording the activity of native channels in their natural environment to that of recombinant channels expressed in heterologous cells. This chapter introduces the methods that have been used for the detection of calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) currents, one of the store-opera...

Rhodotorula species infections in humans: a systematic review.

Fungal infections by Rhodotorula species are increasingly reported in the literature and consist of bloodstream infections, especially in patients with central venous catheters (CVC), as well as central nervous system (CNS), ocular and other less frequent infections.

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