PubMed Journals Articles About "Clinical Data Forgers Face Harsh Punishment China" RSS

10:21 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Clinical Data Forgers Face Harsh Punishment China" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 53,000+

Parental harsh discipline and adolescent problem behavior in China: Perceived normativeness as a moderator.

This study examined the relations between parental harsh discipline (psychological aggression and corporal punishment) and adolescents' externalizing and internalizing problem behaviors and the moderating effects of adolescents' perceived normativeness of harsh discipline in Chinese society. Using a sample of 1158 Chinese middle-school students, our findings revealed that parental harsh discipline was associated with high levels of adolescent externalizing and internalizing behaviors. Adolescents' perceived...

Behavioral and neurobiological mechanisms of punishment: implications for psychiatric disorders.

Punishment involves learning about the relationship between behavior and its adverse consequences. Punishment is fundamental to reinforcement learning, decision-making and choice, and is disrupted in psychiatric disorders such as addiction, depression, and psychopathy. However, little is known about the brain mechanisms of punishment and much of what is known is derived from study of superficially similar, but fundamentally distinct, forms of aversive learning such as fear conditioning and avoidance learnin...

Why Hate the Good Guy? Antisocial Punishment of High Cooperators Is Greater When People Compete to Be Chosen.

When choosing social partners, people prefer good cooperators (all else being equal). Given this preference, people wishing to be chosen can either increase their own cooperation to become more desirable or suppress others' cooperation to make them less desirable. Previous research shows that very cooperative people sometimes get punished ("antisocial punishment") or criticized ("do-gooder derogation") in many cultures. Here, we used a public-goods game with punishment to test whether antisocial punishment ...

Why we sometimes punish the innocent: The role of group entitativity in collective punishment.

Because punishments are expected to give offenders what they deserve proportionally to the severity of their offenses, the punishment of an entire group because of the misdeed of a few of its members is generally considered as unfair. Group entitativity might increase support for such collective punishment, because members of highly entitative groups are perceived as more similar and interchangeable. We designed three experiments comparing support for third-party collective punishment of low versus high ent...

Meta-analysis of Prevalence of Bovine Herpes Virus 1 in Cattle in Mainland China.

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1), an important pathogen of cattle, can cause severe clinical syndromes including respiratory disease, genital disease, and late-term abortions, as well as neurological and systemic disease in cattle. For assessing the prevalence of BHV-1 infection in mainland China, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched English and Chinese literature databases for published paper regarding the prevalence of BHV-1 in cattle in...

Clinical features of 2041 human brucellosis cases in China.

Human brucellosis has become a major public health problem in China. However, the available clinical data on brucellosis cases are limited.

Using Bayesian analysis to examine associations between spanking and child externalizing behavior across race and ethnic groups.

While corporal punishment is widely understood to have undesirable associations with children's behavior problems, there remains controversy as to whether such effects are consistent across different racial or ethnic groups. We employed a Bayesian regression analysis, which allows for the estimation of both similarities and differences across groups, to study whether there are differences in the relationship of corporal punishment and children's behavior problems using a diverse, urban sample of U.S. famili...

Genetic variation in serotonin function impacts on altruistic punishment in the ultimatum game: A longitudinal approach.

Growing evidence demonstrates that the serotonin system influences punishment behavior in social decision-making and that individual differences in the propensity to punish are, at least in part, due to genetic variation. However, the specific genes and their mechanisms by which they influence punishment behavior are not yet fully characterized. Here, we examined whether serotonin system-related gene variation impacts on altruistic punishment in the ultimatum game by using a longitudinal approach with three...

Effectiveness of Guided Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs Face-to-Face Clinical Care for Treatment of Tinnitus: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Accessible clinical care is not always available to individuals with distressing tinnitus. Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy has the potential to increase access to evidence-based services that manage tinnitus. Research comparing the effectiveness of this internet-based intervention with face-to-face care is required.

My true face: Unmasking one's own face representation.

Face recognition has been the focus of multiple studies, but little is still known on how we represent the structure of one's own face. Most of the studies have focused on the topic of visual and haptic face recognition, but the metric representation of different features of one's own face is relatively unknown. We investigated the metric representation of the face in young adults by developing a proprioceptive pointing task to locate face landmarks in the first-person perspective. Our data revealed a large...

Individual differences in learning from probabilistic reward and punishment predicts smoking status.

The ability to update reward and punishment contingencies is a fundamental aspect of effective decision-making, requiring the ability to successfully adapt to the changing demands of one's environment. In the case of nicotine addiction, research has predominantly focused on reward- and punishment-based learning processes among current smokers relative to non-smokers, whereas less is known about these processes in former smokers.

"Evaluation of the Microbotox Technique: An Algorithmic Approach for Lower Face and Neck Rejuvenation and a Crossover Clinical Trial."

Microbotox consists of the injection of microdroplets of botulinum toxin into the dermis to improve the different lower-face and neck aging components. No clinical trial has evaluated its effect on the different face and neck components and no study has compared it to the "Nefertiti Lift" procedure.

The Current Epidemiological Landscape of Ventilator-associated Pneumonia in the Intensive Care Unit: A Multicenter Prospective Observational Study in China.

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is among the most important hospital-acquired infections in the intensive-care unit setting. However, clinical data regarding the epidemiology of VAP in China are limited.

Meting Out Medication, Not Punishment.

Former inmates addicted to opioids too often land back in jail. A new program hopes to change that dynamic. It's based on the preached-more-than-practiced notion that people with opioid addiction need help, not punishment. Vivitrol injections are given to participants every 28 days for a year to help them stay clean.

General Anesthesia may have Similar Outcomes with Conscious Sedation in Thrombectomy Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Real-World Registry in China.

Clinical trials showed that anesthesia may not influence the functional outcome in stroke patients with endovascular therapy; however, data are lacking in China. Using real-world registry data, our study aims to compare the effects of general anesthesia or conscious sedation on functional outcomes in stroke patients treated with thrombectomy in China.

A machine learning method to monitor China's AIDS epidemics with data from Baidu trends.

AIDS is a worrying public health issue in China and lacks timely and effective surveillance. With the diffusion and adoption of the Internet, the 'big data' aggregated from Internet search engines, which contain users' information on the concern or reality of their health status, provide a new opportunity for AIDS surveillance. This paper uses search engine data to monitor and forecast AIDS in China.

Incidence and correction of vision impairment among elderly population in southern urban China.

Data on the incidence of presenting vision impairment (PVI) and spectacle coverage rate (SCR) in urban China is limited.

Prospects for national biological big data centers.

In the era of big data, scientific big data have become the new driving force for both science and technology innovation and social and economic development. China is a powerhouse in generating vast quantities of biological data, which are an essential strategic resource for population health and national security. The current situation of data loss due to the isolated data storage and the lack of systematic data monitoring and management, and the heavy dependency on international biological data centers ur...

Sex differences in default mode and dorsal attention network engagement.

Focusing on sex differences is necessary to fully understand basic neurobiological processes such as the engagement of large-scale brain networks involved in attention. Prior work suggests that women show enhanced attention during tasks of reward/punishment relative to men. Yet, sex differences in the engagement of neural networks sub serving internal and external focus has been unexplored in regard to reward and punishment. Using data from a large sample (n = 190) of healthy participants from the Human Con...

Extraction of BI-RADS findings from breast ultrasound reports in Chinese using deep learning approaches.

The wide adoption of electronic health record systems (EHRs) in hospitals in China has made large amounts of data available for clinical research including breast cancer. Unfortunately, much of detailed clinical information is embedded in clinical narratives e.g., breast radiology reports. The American College of Radiology (ACR) has developed a Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) to standardize the clinical findings from breast radiology reports.

Social reward and social punishment sensitivity in relation to dietary restraint and binge/purge symptoms.

Disordered eating symptoms are associated with disrupted sensitivity to reward and punishment, broadly assessed. However, it is unknown how eating pathology is related to sensitivity to social reward and social punishment specifically. Drawing on Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory, the current study utilized a multi-method design to test whether disordered eating symptoms, specifically dietary restraint (DR) and binge/purge (BP), were similarly or uniquely related to sensitivity to social punishment and socia...

Climate Change Impacts on the Potential Distribution of Eogystia hippophaecolus in China.

Seabuckthorn carpenter moth, Eogystia hippophaecolus (Hua, Chou, Fang, & Chen, 1990), is the most important boring pest of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) in the northwest of China. It is responsible for the death of large areas of H. rhamnoides forest, seriously affecting the ecological environment and economic development in northwestern China. To clarify the potential distribution of E. hippophaecolus in China, the present study used the CLIMEX 4.0.0 model to project the potential distribution of...

Development of an Open Metadata Schema for Clinical Pathway (openCP) in China.

By the end of the first quarter of 2017, 1212 standard Clinical Pathways (CPs) had been developed and implemented in China since 2009, however, Chinese standard CPs are still paper-based CPs.

Resting-state functional connectivity underlying costly punishment: A machine learning approach.

A large number of studies have demonstrated costly punishment to unfair events across human societies. However, individuals exhibit a large heterogeneity in costly punishment decisions, whereas the neuropsychological substrates underlying the heterogeneity remain poorly understood. Here, we addressed this issue by applying a multivariate machine learning approach to compare topological properties of resting-state brain networks as a potential neuromarker between individuals exhibiting different punishment p...

Current Status and Trends of Antibacterial Resistance in China.

The bacterial resistance surveillance system is relatively well established at the national, provincial, and hospital levels in China. Two representative national surveillance networks for bacterial resistance are the China Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (CARSS) and the China Antimicrobial Surveillance Network (CHINET), both established in 2005. CARSS data show the different bacterial resistance rates among different provinces and autonomous regions for each specific bacterium. CHINET data mai...

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