PubMed Journals Articles About "Clinical Trial Of The Optimal Endpoint Of Early Sepsis Resuscitation" RSS

01:27 EDT 21st May 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Clinical Trial Optimal Endpoint Early Sepsis Resuscitation" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 43,000+

Effect of an Early Resuscitation Protocol on In-hospital Mortality Among Adults With Sepsis and Hypotension: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

The effect of an early resuscitation protocol on sepsis outcomes in developing countries remains unknown.

Liberal Versus Restrictive Intravenous Fluid Therapy for Early Septic Shock: Rationale for a Randomized Trial.

Prompt intravenous fluid therapy is a fundamental treatment for patients with septic shock. However, the optimal approach for administering intravenous fluid in septic shock resuscitation is unknown. Two competing strategies are emerging: a liberal fluids approach, consisting of a larger volume of initial fluid (50 to 75 mL/kg [4 to 6 L in an 80-kg adult] during the first 6 hours) and later use of vasopressors, versus a restrictive fluids approach, consisting of a smaller volume of initial fluid (≤30 mL/k...

Metabolomics in Sepsis and Its Impact on Public Health.

Sepsis, with its often devastating consequences for patients and their families, remains a major public health concern that poses an increasing financial burden. Early resuscitation together with the elucidation of the biological pathways and pathophysiological mechanisms with the use of "-omics" technologies have started changing the clinical and research landscape in sepsis. Metabolomics (i.e., the study of the metabolome), an "-omics" technology further down in the "-omics" cascade between the genome and...

A pilot randomized controlled trial of EKG for neonatal resuscitation.

The seventh edition of the American Academy of Pediatrics Neonatal Resuscitation Program recommends the use of a cardiac monitor in infants that need resuscitation. Previous trials have shown that EKG heart rate is available before pulse rate from a pulse oximeter. To date no trial has looked at how the availability of electrocardiogram (EKG) affects clinical interventions in the delivery room.

Pediatric Sepsis Update: How are Children Different?

Although there are some commonalities between pediatric and adult sepsis, there are important differences in pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and therapeutic approaches. The recognition and diagnosis of sepsis is a significant challenge in pediatric patients as vital sign aberrations and examination findings are often subtle as compared to those observed in adults. Gaps in knowledge that have been studied in depth in adult sepsis are still being investigated in pediatric patients such as best practic...

Early Goal-Directed Therapy: The History and Ongoing Impact on Management of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock.

The use of early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) for the management of severe sepsis and septic shock, a practice put forth by Dr. Rivers et al. in 2001, ushered in a new era of targeted sepsis therapy. After its publication, several further studies helped validate the protocolized approach to sepsis management, ultimately leading to its incorporation into the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines. Since that time, however, a trio of large multi-center randomized controlled trials have taken place to evaluate t...

Implementation of the Neonatal Sepsis Calculator in an Australian Tertiary Perinatal Centre.

Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is a potentially fatal condition that affects about 0.3-0.8/1,000 infants born at ≥35 weeks' gestation in developed countries. Current EOS management algorithms result in 8-15% of infants receiving antibiotics for suspected sepsis. The Neonatal Sepsis Calculator provides evidence-based estimates of individual sepsis risk, but data on its clinical application is limited.

Effect of a machine learning-based severe sepsis prediction algorithm on patient survival and hospital length of stay: a randomised clinical trial.

Several methods have been developed to electronically monitor patients for severe sepsis, but few provide predictive capabilities to enable early intervention; furthermore, no severe sepsis prediction systems have been previously validated in a randomised study. We tested the use of a machine learning-based severe sepsis prediction system for reductions in average length of stay and in-hospital mortality rate.

Predictors, Prevalence, and Outcomes of Early Crystalloid Responsiveness Among Initially Hypotensive Patients With Sepsis and Septic Shock.

The prevalence of responsiveness to initial fluid challenge among hypotensive sepsis patients is unclear. To avoid fluid overload, and unnecessary treatment, it is important to differentiate these phenotypes. We aimed to 1) determine the proportion of hypotensive sepsis patients sustaining favorable hemodynamic response after initial fluid challenge, 2) determine demographic and clinical risk factors that predicted refractory hypotension, and 3) assess the association between timeliness of fluid resuscitati...

Clinical trial design for local therapies for brain metastases: a guideline by the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology Brain Metastases working group.

The goals of therapeutic and biomarker development form the foundation of clinical trial design, and change considerably from early-phase to late-phase trials. From these goals, decisions on specific clinical trial design elements, such as endpoint selection and statistical approaches, are formed. Whereas early-phase trials might focus on finding a therapeutic signal to make decisions on further development, late-phase trials focus on the confirmation of therapeutic impact by considering clinically meaningf...

An Interpretable Machine Learning Model for Accurate Prediction of Sepsis in the ICU.

Sepsis is among the leading causes of morbidity, mortality, and cost overruns in critically ill patients. Early intervention with antibiotics improves survival in septic patients. However, no clinically validated system exists for real-time prediction of sepsis onset. We aimed to develop and validate an Artificial Intelligence Sepsis Expert algorithm for early prediction of sepsis.

Fluid resuscitation with lactated Ringer's solution vs normal saline in acute pancreatitis: A triple-blind, randomized, controlled trial.

Little is known regarding the optimal type of fluid resuscitation in acute pancreatitis (AP).

Sepsis Diagnostics in the Era of "Omics" Technologies.

Sepsis is a multifactorial clinical syndrome with an extremely dynamic clinical course and with high diverse clinical phenotype. Early diagnosis is crucial for the final clinical outcome. Previous studies have not identified a biomarker for the diagnosis of sepsis which would have sufficient sensitivity and specificity. Identification of the infectious agents or the use of molecular biology, next gene sequencing, has not brought significant benefit for the patient in terms of early diagnosis. Therefore, we ...

Diagnosis and management of sepsis.

Sepsis is a common condition with high morbidity and mortality. Although many patients may require critical care, this article considers the features of sepsis that are of most relevance to acute general physicians. Recently updated definitions of sepsis and septic shock have been proposed which better identify patients who are likely to have a poor outcome, and therefore give an opportunity to escalate care. Despite these advances, there is still no molecular signature able to diagnose sepsis. Pathogenesis...

Inotropic Therapy for Sepsis.

Sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock represent a dynamic clinical syndrome involving a systemic inflammatory response, circulatory changes, and end-organ dysfunction from an infection. Early aggressive management to restore perfusion and/or improve hypotension is critical to improving outcomes. Although the basic management principles of early goal-directed therapy for sepsis have not undergone significant changes, there has been a recent shift in recommendations related to the timing and type of inotrop...

Adaptive and Platform Trials in Remote Damage Control Resuscitation.

The traditional approach to clinical trial design requires assuming precise values for multiple unknown parameters, resulting is a trial design that is unlikely to perform well if one or more of those assumptions turn out to be incorrect. During conduct of the trial, trial characteristics are often held fixed, even if incoming data suggest that one or more design assumptions were incorrect. This leads to an increased risk of a failed trial. In contrast, an adaptive clinical trial is designed to take advanta...

Optimal patient selection for anticoagulant therapy in sepsis: an evidence-based proposal from Japan.

Selecting an appropriate target population is essential to maximize survival benefits of anticoagulant therapy against sepsis. Our meta-analysis of three populations with sepsis and nationwide observational study in Japan showed that anticoagulants improved mortality only in sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) but not in non-DIC. This divergent effect was physiologically explained by host-protective immune responses of local thrombosis, which are mandatory in the early stage of sepsi...

HDL Cholesterol Efflux is Impaired in Older Patients with Early Sepsis: A Subanalysis of a Prospective Pilot Study.

Proper functioning of high density lipoprotein (HDL) is necessary for protection against sepsis. However, previous work has demonstrated that HDL becomes oxidized and dysfunctional (Dys-HDL) during sepsis. Older (age > 65 years) patients are at particularly high risk of sepsis and poor outcomes from sepsis.

New Diagnostic Possibilities for Neonatal Sepsis.

Progress in neonatal care has decrease morbidity and mortality due to neonatal sepsis (NS). Although diagnosis of sepsis continues to rely on blood culture, this method is too slow and limited by false-negative results. There are numerous sepsis biomarkers that have been evaluated for the early diagnosis of NS, but, to date, there is no single ideal biomarker, though novel biomarkers are becoming more sophisticated and specific in their clinical applications. This review provides an overview of the current ...

Early-phase Innate Immune Suppression in Murine Severe Sepsis Is Restored with Systemic Interferon-β.

Sepsis is a leading cause of death in the intensive care unit. Immune modulatory therapy targeting sepsis-associated proinflammatory responses has not shown survival benefit. Here, the authors evaluated innate immunity at the early stage of murine mild or severe peritoneal sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture, and the effect of systemic interferon-β, a potent inflammatory mediator, on severe sepsis as well as its mechanism of action.

Integrated Biosensor for Rapid and Point-Of-Care Sepsis Diagnosis.

Sepsis is an often fatal condition that arises when the immune response to an infection causes widespread systemic organ injury. A critical unmet need in combating sepsis is the lack of accurate early biomarkers that produce actionable results in busy clinical settings. Here, we report the development of a point-of-care platform for rapid sepsis detection. Termed IBS (integrated biosensor for sepsis), our approach leverages i) the newly-found pathophysiological role of cytokine interleukin-3 (IL-3) in early...

Clinical trial parameters that influence outcomes in lupus trials that use the systemic lupus erythematosus responder index.

The SLE Responder Index (SRI) is a composite endpoint used in SLE trials. This investigation examined the clinical trial elements that drive response measured by the SRI.

Pyruvate-enriched resuscitation for shock.

This commentary addresses the recent retraction of an article which reported favorable outcomes in septic patients treated with intravenous pyruvate. The retracted report was cited in the authors' recent minireview on the cellular mechanisms and clinical application of pyruvate to improve cardiac performance. Because the retracted article reports pyruvate-enhanced resuscitation of critically ill patients, the authors wish to inform the readership, especially critical care providers, that this particular cli...

New criteria for sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC) following the revised sepsis definition: a retrospective analysis of a nationwide survey.

Recent clinical studies have shown that anticoagulant therapy might be effective only in specific at-risk subgroups of patients with sepsis and coagulation dysfunction. The definition of sepsis was recently modified, and as such, old scoring systems may no longer be appropriate for the diagnosis of sepsis-associated coagulopathy. The aim of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors in patients diagnosed with sepsis and coagulopathy according to the new sepsis definition and assess their accuracy in comp...

Antithrombin concentrate use in disseminated intravascular coagulation of sepsis: meta-analyses revisited.

Recently, two meta-analyses examined the effect of antithrombin on mortality in patients with sepsis and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) with diverging results. In the meta-analysis observing no significant survival effect of antithrombin, the results of a large trial were included under the assumption that all 2,314 participants of the trial had sepsis and DIC, which according to post hoc analyses is not the case. To the other meta-analysis reporting beneficial effect, the same trial contribut...

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