PubMed Journals Articles About "Clinical Signs Best Predictors Mortality Critically Calves" RSS

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Showing "Clinical signs best predictors mortality critically calves" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 36,000+

Clinical signs and outcomes of beef cattle undergoing cesarean section because of dystocia.

OBJECTIVE To characterize signalment, clinical signs, reproductive history, surgical management, and outcomes of beef cattle undergoing cesarean section because of dystocia at a veterinary teaching hospital. DESIGN Retrospective case series with nested cohort study. ANIMALS 173 beef cattle admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital from 2001 through 2010 that underwent cesarean section because of dystocia. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed and information collected on cattle signalment; reproductive ...

Measurement of dairy calf behavior prior to onset of clinical disease and in response to disbudding using automated calf feeders and accelerometers.

We determined if feeding and lying behavior, recorded by automatic calf feeding systems (ACFS) and accelerometers, could be used to detect changes in behavior before onset of neonatal calf diarrhea (NCD) or in response to disbudding pain in dairy calves. At 4 d of age, 112 calves had accelerometers attached to their hind leg and were housed in pens with ACFS. Calves were examined daily for signs of illness or injury. Of the 112 calves monitored, 18 were diagnosed with NCD; activities of calves with NCD were...

Respiratory signs, fever and lymphopenia in calves inoculated with Brazilian HoBi-like pestiviruses.

Hobi-like viruses (HobiPeV) comprise a novel, recently classified species of bovine pestiviruses, originally identified in commercial fetal bovine serum of Brazilian origin and, subsequently, isolated from diseased animals in several countries. Although frequently isolated from clinical cases, most HobiPeV isolates failed to reproduce overt disease in cattle upon experimental inoculation. Herein, we describe the outcome of experimental infection of four to six months-old seronegative calves with two Brazili...

Evaluation of 5 methods for diagnosing failure of passive transfer in 160 Holstein calves.

Inadequate absorption of colostral IgGis termed failure of transfer of passive immunity (FTPI). Dairy calves with FTPI have increased mortality and morbidity in their first 6 months of life.

Predictors of mortality among older patients in the medical wards of a tertiary hospital in Nigeria.

Older people face the biggest challenges in the overburdened healthcare services in Nigeria especially when hospitalized. There is no reliable data on the predictors of mortality in this population.

Clinical characteristics and predictors of mortality in patients with candidemia: a six-year retrospective study.

Although candidemia has been reported globally, little is known about the differences in candidemia episodes between ICU and surgical wards or the correlation between serum biomarkers and mortality from candidemia. A retrospective study of hospitalized patients with candidemia was conducted in southwest China. A total of 198 non-duplicate candidemia episodes were identified between January 2011 and December 2016. Candida albicans was the leading species causing candidemia (34.9%), and 78.8% of these isolate...

Subjective Global Assessment Can Be Performed in Critically Ill Surgical Patients as a Predictor of Poor Clinical Outcomes.

There is limited evidence on the applicability of subjective global assessment (SGA) in critically ill patients, despite its good performance in diagnosing undernutrition in clinical and surgical patients. Our aim was to evaluate the association between SGA and anthropometric measures and the performance of SGA in predicting clinical outcomes and mortality in critically ill surgical patients.

Preweaned heifer management on US dairy operations: Part V. Factors associated with morbidity and mortality in preweaned dairy heifer calves.

The objective of this study was to evaluate morbidity and mortality in preweaned dairy heifer calves based on different health, feeding, and management practices, as well as environmental factors. This study was conducted as part of the calf component of the National Animal Health Monitoring System's Dairy 2014 study, which included 104 dairy operations in 13 states. The calf component was an 18-mo longitudinal study focused on dairy heifer calves from birth to weaning; data were collected on 2,545 calves. ...

Association between arterial hyperoxia and mortality in critically ill patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

The relationship between arterial hyperoxia exposure and clinical outcome is under increasing scrutiny. We therefore performed an update meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of arterial hyperoxia on hospital mortality in critically ill adults.

Preweaned heifer management on US dairy operations: Part I. Descriptive characteristics of preweaned heifer raising practices.

The objective of this study was to describe preweaned dairy heifer calf management practices on dairy operations across the United States that were used to analyze factors associated with colostrum quality and passive transfer, Cryptosporidium and Giardia, morbidity and mortality, and average daily gain. This study included 104 dairy operations in 13 states that participated in the National Animal Health Monitoring System's Dairy 2014 calf component study. This 18-mo longitudinal study focused on dairy heif...

Short and Long Term Mortality Predictors in Octogenarians with Acute Coronary Syndromes.

Octogenarians with acute coronary syndromes have higher mortality and morbidity due to higher prevalence of comorbidities and frailty. The aim of this study was to explore the predictors of short and long term mortality in octogenarians with ACS.

Effects of injectable trace minerals administered concurrently with a modified live virus vaccine on long-term protection against bovine viral diarrhea virus acute infection in dairy calves.

The objective was to evaluate the effects of injectable trace minerals (ITM) concurrent with modified-live virus (MLV) vaccination on protection from bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection in dairy calves. In a previous study (Palomares et al., 2016), thirty dairy calves received two doses of a MLV vaccine subcutaneously (SC), concurrently with ITM (n = 15) or saline (n = 15), SC. Five months later, 20 of these calves received ITM (G1, n = 10) or saline (G2, n = 10) according to their ...

The effect of lung consolidation, as determined by ultrasonography, on first-lactation milk production in Holstein dairy calves.

Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is a complex disease process and many reports emphasize the negative implications of clinical BRD in dairy calves. Early diagnosis can be difficult because of inconsistent or absent clinical signs; however, the use thoracic ultrasonography has the potential to improve detection of respiratory disease. Earlier detection of BRD may result in actions to improve calf welfare and production. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to determine if lung consolidation (LC...

Continuous Electroencephalography in the Critically Ill: Clinical and Continuous Electroencephalography Markers for Targeted Monitoring.

Electrographic seizures detected by continuous electroencephalography (CEEG) in critically ill patients with altered mental status is becoming increasingly recognized. Data guiding the appropriate selection of patients to be monitored on CEEG are lacking. The aims of this article were to study the incidence of seizures in the critical care setting and to evaluate for clinical predictors to improve the efficiency of CEEG monitoring.

Predictors of outcome in patients with hematologic malignancies admitted to the intensive care unit.

Several studies showed conflicting results about prognosis and predictors of outcome of critically ill patients with hematological malignancies (HM). The aim of this study is to determine the hospital outcome of critically ill patients with HM and the factors predicting the outcome.

Risk Prediction Models for Acute Kidney Injury in Critically Ill Patients: Opus in Progressu.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a complex systemic syndrome associated with high morbidity and mortality. Among critically ill patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs), the incidence of AKI is as high as 50% and is associated with dismal outcomes. Thus, the development and validation of clinical risk prediction tools that accurately identify patients at high risk for AKI in the ICU is of paramount importance. We provide a comprehensive review of 3 clinical risk prediction tools that have been developed...

Predictors of mortality in ST-elevation MI patients: A prospective study.

We aimed to define factors predicting mortality in patients having ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who had Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) in our setting.This is a prospective study on patients presenting to the emergency department with STEMI who underwent PCI during a 12-month period. Physiological parameters were calculated using the vital signs and age of patients. Time-based factors in the institutional protocol were collected. Univariate analysis was performed to define sig...

Causes and predictors of mortality in Asian Indians with and without diabetes-10 year follow-up of the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (CURES - 150).

The incidence and prevalence of diabetes is increasing worldwide and it is the fifth leading cause of mortality accounting for over 3.8 million deaths annually. Despite the enormity of the diabetes-related health burdens, very few studies have evaluated the factors associated with mortality among people with diabetes in India. We sought to study the causes and predictors of mortality among urban Asian Indians with and without diabetes.

Evaluating treatments with topical anaesthetic and buccal meloxicam for pain and inflammation caused by amputation dehorning of calves.

To assess the effects of a topical anaesthetic (TA) and buccal meloxicam (BM) on behaviour, maximum wound temperature and wound morphology following amputation dehorning of beef calves, 50 unweaned Hereford calves were randomly allocated to: (1) sham dehorning / control (CON, n = 14); (2) amputation dehorning (D, n = 12); (3) amputation dehorning with pre-operative buccal meloxicam (DBM, n = 12); and (4) amputation dehorning with post-operative topical anaesthetic (DTA, n = 12). Videos of the calves were ca...

Oxygen supplementation for critically ill patients-A protocol for a systematic review.

In critically ill patients, hypoxaemia is a common clinical manifestation of inadequate gas exchange in the lungs. Supplemental oxygen is therefore given to all critically ill patients. This can result in hyperoxaemia, and some observational studies have identified harms with hyperoxia. The objective of this systematic review is to critically assess the evidence of randomised clinical trials on the effects of higher versus lower inspiratory oxygen fractions or targets of arterial oxygenation in critically i...

Predictors of 30-day mortality after endovascular mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke.

The aims of this single-center, retrospective cohort study are to assess the outcomes of endovascular mechanical thrombectomy (EMT) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and determine predictors of 30-day mortality at an academic comprehensive stroke center (CSC).

Predictors of one and two years' mortality in patients with colon cancer: A prospective cohort study.

Tools to aid in the prognosis assessment of colon cancer patients in terms of risk of mortality are needed. Goals of this study are to develop and validate clinical prediction rules for 1- and 2-year mortality in these patients.

Investigation of a Large-Scale Gopher Tortoise ( Gopherus polyphemus) Mortality Event on a Public Conservation Land in Florida.

In August 2015, a gopher tortoise ( Gopherus polyphemus) mortality event was documented on a 40-ha area of Lake Louisa State Park, Lake County, Florida, USA. To quantify the extent of the die-off and the seroprevalence of Mycoplasma agassizii and Mycoplasma testudineum, two causative agents of mycoplasmal upper respiratory tract disease (URTD), we conducted a tortoise shell survey on 25 and 26 August 2015 and collected blood samples from live tortoises on 2-4 September 2015 and 1-13 August 2016 within the a...

Trends of admission and predictors of neonatal mortality: A hospital based retrospective cohort study in Somali region of Ethiopia.

In Ethiopia, the trend of neonatal mortality showed slow pace of reduction from 2000-2016 compared to the reduction in infant and under-five mortality over the same period. This study aimed at unpacking the trends of admission, specific causes and rate of neonatal mortality as well as predictors of neonatal mortality at a general hospital in Somali region of Ethiopia.

Greater Nutrient Intake Is Associated With Lower Mortality in Western and Eastern Critically Ill Patients With Low BMI: A Multicenter, Multinational Observational Study.

Little is known about the impact of feeding adequacy by NUTrition Risk in the Critically Ill (NUTRIC) groups in critically ill patients with body mass index (BMI)

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