PubMed Journals Articles About "Clinicians Victims System Want Change" RSS

04:25 EDT 25th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Clinicians victims system want change" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 23,000+

Who Are the Victims of NGRI Acquittees? A Study of Belgian Internees.

The limited literature on victim characteristics of offenders found not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI) shows that most victims are adults who are known to the offender. It is currently unclear whether victims are mainly male or female or whether there are differences in the type of victims according to the offenders' psychiatric disorder.

A Longitudinal Study on Stability and Transitions Among Bullying Roles.

Trajectories of stability and change in bullying roles were examined through a longitudinal prospective study of 916 school students followed up biannually from age 11 to 17. Perpetrators and victims had relatively stable trajectories with most of the children remaining in the same role over time or becoming uninvolved. Bully/victim was the most unstable role with frequent transitions to perpetrators or victims. Developmental change in bullying roles was found with a decrease in physical forms over time in ...

Characterisation of Victims Of Violence in the A & E Department and Analysis of the Acceptance of a Medico-Legal Expertise Centre After its Implementation vs. Multi-Year Consolidation.

People who have become victims of domestic or public violence often suffer long-term physical, psychological and social impairment. Due to physical injury, the first contact with the health care system is frequently an A & E Department. Thus, physicians and especially surgeons play a key role in detecting victims of domestic or public violence. The specific needs of victims are adequate medical treatment of injuries, forensic documentation, as well as interdisciplinary medical support to prevent further...

Evaluation of growth chart use among clinicians in Saudi Arabia: Is there a need for change?

To identify types of growth charts and practices employed by clinicians to assess pediatric patients in Saudi Arabia; To assess clinicians' interpretation and comprehension of growth charts.

The Relationship between Social Dominance Orientation and Child Sexual Abuse Credibility Assessment.

Allegations of child sexual abuse (CSA) across various contexts have often been denied or ignored by a multitude of people, including those who do not personally know the alleged perpetrators or victims. The lack of belief of children's CSA reports is problematic, as this may affect the child's adjustment, the consequences for the alleged perpetrator, and the likelihood of other victims reporting abuse that they experienced. One plausible explanation for low credibility is the variable of social dominance o...

The efficacy of traditional cultural practices in the rehabilitation of victims of torture in Nigeria's Niger Delta.

Traditional methods of purification and healing carried out by healers and priests are of utmost importance for the mental and spiritual rehabilitation of victims of torture and perpetrators. The efficacy of traditional practices in the rehabilitation of victims of torture in Nigeria is examined.

Epidemiological and toxicological profile of homicide victims in a legal medicine unit in Brazil.

The use of illicit drugs is considered a risk factor for victimization by lethal violence and is frequently found in necropsies of homicide victims. This study aimed to evaluate the profile of these victims.

Body Transportation after Homicides: Offender and Offense Characteristics.

Body transportation is defined as moving the body of the victim from the scene of a homicide to another location. We analyzed data on 513 South Korean homicide cases with convictions to compare 104 homicides involving the transportation of victims' bodies with 409 homicides that did not. Offenders who transported their victims' bodies were significantly younger and more likely to be related to the victims and were less likely to use sharp instruments and more likely to use blunt instruments or strangle the ...

Cut-off values of serum potassium and core temperature at hospital admission for extracorporeal rewarming of avalanche victims in cardiac arrest: A retrospective multi-centre study.

Evidence of existing guidelines for the on-site triage of avalanche victims is limited and adherence suboptimal. This study attempted to find reliable cut-off values for the identification of hypothermic avalanche victims with reversible out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) at hospital admission. This may enable hospitals to allocate ECLS resources more appropriately while increasing the proportion of survivors among rewarmed victims.

Avalanche victims in cardiac arrest are unlikely to survive despite adherence to medical guidelines.

Our goals were to describe and analyse the medical management and clinical course of avalanche victims in cardiac arrest (CA), focusing on adherence to international recommendations on avalanche victims in CA regarding critical decisions.

Accelerating Psychological Health Research Findings into Clinical Practice Through the Practice-Based Implementation Network Model.

The benefits of new clinical research developments often take years to reach patients. As such, the Departments of Defense (DoD) and Veterans Affairs built the Practice-Based Implementation (PBI) Network as an infrastructure to facilitate more rapid translation of psychological health (PH) research into clinical practice changes to improve the quality of care for military and Veteran patients. To regularly identify research findings appropriate for enterprise implementation, the DoD PBI Network developed a ...

Determination of the Minimal Important Change in the Life-Space Assessment.

The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Life-Space Assessment (LSA) is a widely used measure of community mobility. To assist clinicians and researchers with assessing the significance of changes in scores, we determined the minimal important change associated with a change in health status.

Homicide victims and mechanisms in Lithuania from 2004 to 2016.

A retrospective analysis of 2000 intentional homicide cases from the State Forensic Medicine Service (Vilnius, Lithuania) was carried out in order to evaluate the portrait of homicide victims and mechanisms of death between 2004 and 2016. The definition of intentional homicide appears to be quite straightforward, as a homicide occurs when one person's cause of death can be attributed to another one. Moreover, homicide is accomplished by conscious, active, intentional, or unintentional activities or inaction...

Human Trafficking of Immigrants and Refugees in North Carolina.

North Carolina is home to refugee and immigrant groups who are vulnerable to becoming victims of human trafficking. Culturally relevant training and education is necessary to appropriately serve foreign-born victims of sex or labor trafficking. Health care professionals can be instrumental in identifying victims and providing coordinated and collaborative care.

Condemnation of Statutory Rape Based on Respondent Race, Perpetrator Race, and Victim Race.

Race impacts perceptions of crimes, perpetrators, and victims. Although statutory rape generally receives little empirical or media attention, it has important implications for victims and offenders across the United States and appears to be enforced in a haphazard way. This study used a between-subjects experimental survey design at two universities ( = 1,370) to assess the impact of respondent race, perpetrator race, and victim race on attitudes toward statutory rape. Results of a repeated measures analys...

Prevalence of violence against indigenous women victims of human trafficking and its implications on physical injuries and disabilities in Monterrey city, Mexico.

Human trafficking victims suffer different kinds of physical abuse and torture that cause severe physical injuries. During 2016-17 a total of 68 indigenous labor and sex-trafficking women victims were surveyed in Monterrey city, Mexico to explore the prevalence of violence against them and its implications on physical injuries and disabilities. We found that women reported different types of injuries and long term disabilities. Considering the level of violence and occupational hazards faced by victims, we ...

Which neuroimaging techniques are really needed in Chiari I? A short guide for radiologists and clinicians.

To describe the most appropriate techniques and suggested protocols meant to address the various scenarios that clinicians and pediatric neurosurgeons may face in their day-to-day practice connected with Chiari I.

Advance Care Planning in the Nursing Home Setting: A Practice Improvement Evaluation.

This study evaluated a practice improvement initiative conducted over a 6 month period in 15 Canadian nursing homes. Goals of the initiative included: (1) use the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) model to improve advance care planning (ACP) within the sample of nursing homes; (2) investigate whether improved ACP practice resulted in a change in residents' hospital use and ACP preferences for home-based care; (3) engage participating facilities in regular data collection to inform the initiative and provide a basi...

Morbi-Mortality of the Victims of Internal Conflict and Poor Population in the Risaralda Province, Colombia.

This work studies the health status of two populations similar in most social and environmental interactions but one: the individuals from one population are victims of an internal armed conflict. Both populations are located in the Risaralda province, Colombia and the data for this study results from a combination of administrative records from the health system, between 2011 and 2016. We implemented a methodology based on graph theory that defines the system as a set of heterogeneous social actors, includ...

Child Sexual Abuse Perpetrators: What Forensic Nurses Need to Know.

Child sexual abuse is a problem of epidemic proportions resulting in lifelong physical and mental health consequences for victims. Most child sexual abuse victims never disclose and do not receive needed treatment. Clearly, pediatric healthcare providers must understand the dynamics of child sexual abuse to better identify and protect potential victims. Forensic nurses are at the forefront of caring for victims of sexual abuse and are strong voices in the education of parents, community members, and other h...

'We just been forced to do it': exploring victimization and agency among internally displaced young mothers in Bogotá.

Armed conflict in Colombia has a history of 50 years that continues to this day. According to the Victims Record of Colombia, from 1985 to 2013 2.683.335 women have been victims of the armed conflict. Women have been described as the main victims of the armed conflict, especially in the Colombian cultural context that in some regions is still considered to be a 'machista' and patriarchal one. In contrast, some authors have explicitly stressed Colombian women's agency instead of positioning them only as vi...

Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury and its relationships with school bullying and peer rejection.

The central goal of this study was to examine the associations of school bullying and peer rejection with non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), as well as their interactive role in a sample of non-clinical adolescents. Six hundred and forty adolescents (253 Males, M = 15.60, SD = 1.65) self-reported measures of school bullying and NSSI and provided sociometric ratings of peer rejection. The results showed that being involved in bullying (as bullies, victims, or bully-victims) increases the likelihood to ...

The Evaluation of Quality of Medical Care Support of Victims of Road Traffic Accidents at Pre-Admission Stage in Conditions of the Russian Arctic.

The retrospective continuous documented study of volume and quality of emergency medical care of victims of road traffic accidents occurred in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation in 2012-2016. It is determined that on the examined territory there are enough of forces and means for timely and qualitative emergency medical care support of victims of road traffic accidents. It is established that more than 80% of all victims received medical care at the very site of accident during 20 minutes and no long...

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: An Update for the Forensic Nurse.

Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is the sexual abuse of children through buying, selling, or trading their sexual services. This may involve engaging a child under the age of 18 years in prostitution, pornography, stripping, exotic dancing, escort services, or other sexual services. CSEC is a problem of epidemic proportions throughout the world including the United States; however, the actual number of CSEC victims in the United States is unknown. Studies indicate that most child victims ar...

Assessment of the disaster medical response system through an investigation of a 43-vehicle mass collision on Jung-ang expressway.

It was considered the challenges of the actual response and the potential for improvement, including the activities of the disaster response system, national emergency medical center, and the regional base hospital for the treatment of multiple traffic accident victims. The purpose of this study was to analyze the accident management system through real investigating the multiple collision over 10 vehicles with mass casualty events as a disaster situation.

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